Additional Google commands
The additional commands of the Google search engine allow you to achieve even better results. With their support, you can limit the scope of the search, also tell the search engine that you do not need to view all the pages.
Operator "Plus" (+): For the situation when it is necessary to include in the text any mandatory word.
To do this, use the operator "+" before the required word. Suppose, if we have a Terminator 2 request, as a result of the request, we will find information about the movie Terminator, Terminator 2, Terminator 3. To quit only information about the movie Terminator 2, we put a "plus" before the deuce: quite a bit about "Alone at home I ". If we have a request of the type Terminator +2.
For example: Magazine + Murzilka
Equation + Bernoulli
Site operator: This operator restricts the search to a particular domain or site.
In other words, if you make a request: marketing intelligence site: www. +++++. Ru, the results will be obtained from the pages containing the words "marketing" and "intelligence" specifically on the website "+++++", but not in other parts of the web.
For example: Music site: www. +++++. Su
Books site: ru
Operator link: This operator allows you to see all the pages that link to the page on which the request was made.
So, the request link: www. +++++. Com will output pages in which there are links to +++++. Com.
For example: link: www. +++++. Com
Friends link: www. +++++. Ru
Spectrum Operator (..): For those who have to work with numbers, Google has given the opportunity to look for spectra between numbers.
In order to find all the pages containing numbers in a certain spectrum "from - to", we need to put two points (..) between these last values, in other words, the spectrum operator.
For example: Buy a book $ 100 .. $ 150
Population number 1913. 1935
Elimination of the words from the query.
Logical "NOT" (-): To exclude any words, operators use the exception "minus" (-).
In other words, the logical "NOT". Useful in options when the results of direct search are very littered
For example: Aquarium-group - we are looking for everything about the aquarium excepting the group "Aquarium"
Search for a clear phrase (""): Useful for finding a specific text (an entire article on the quote).
To do this, you need to enclose the query in quotation marks (double quotation marks). For example: "And the prison is narrow, and freedom is one And always rely on it" - we find Vysotsky's ballad on one line.
Note: Google allows you to enter less than 32 words in the query line.
Truncation of the word (*): From time to time it is required to find information about the word combination of the words, in which one or several words are ignorant.
For these purposes, instead of unknown words, the "*" operator is used. Those. "*" - at least one word or group of words.
For example: Master and * Leonardo * Vinci
The cache operator: The search engine preserves the text version, which is indexed by the search spider, in a special repository in a format called a cache.
A cached version of the page can be extracted if the unique page is inaccessible (for example, the server on which it is stored does not work). The cached page is shown in the form in which it is stored in the database of the search engine and is accompanied by an inscription at the top of the page indicating that this is a page from the cache. It also contains information about the time it takes to create a cached version. On the page from the cache, the query keys are highlighted, with each word highlighted for its convenience by its color. You can create a query that immediately produces a cached version of the page with a specific address: cache: page_address, where instead of "page_address" - the address of the page stored in the cache. If you want to find some information in the cached page, you need to write a request for this information after a space through the space bar.
For example: cache: www. +++++. Com
cache: www. +++++. ru tournaments !!!
It must be remembered that the gap between ":" and the address of the page does not have to be!
The filetype operator: As famous, Google registers not only html pages.
If, for example, it was useful to find some information in a different file type than html, you can use the filetype operator, which allows you to search for information in a certain type of files (html, pdf, doc, rtf ...).
For example: Specification html
Works filetype: rtf
Operator info: The operator info allows you to see information that is known to Google about this page.
For example: info: www. +++++. Ru
info: www. +++++. com
The allintitle operator: If the query starts with the allintitle operator, which translates as "everything in the header", Google will output the texts in which all the query words are contained in the headers (inside the HTML TITLE tag).
For example: allintitle: Free software
allintitle: Download music albums
Operator intitle: Specifies the pages in which only that word that stands directly after the intitle statement is contained in the header, and all other query words can be anywhere in the text.
If you put an intitle statement before each query word, this will be equivalent to using the allintitle operator.
For example: Programs intitle: Download
intitle: Free of charge
intitle: download soft
Operator allinurl: If the query starts with the allinurl operator, then the search is limited to those documents in which all the words of the query are contained only in the address of the page, in other words, in the url.
For example: allinurl: rus games
allinurl: books fantasy
Operator inurl: The word that is placed concretely with the operator inurl, will be found only in the address of the web page, and other words - in any place of that page.
For example: inurl: books download
Operator related: This operator describes pages that are "similar" to a particular page.
So, the related request: www.google.com will give out pages with an identical theme to Google.
For example: related: www. +++++. Com
related: www. +++++. ru
Operator define: This operator plays the role of a kind of explanatory dictionary, allowing you to get a definition of the word that is entered after the operator.
For example: define: Kangaroo
The synonym search operator (~): If you want to find texts that contain not only your keywords, but also their synonyms, then you can use the operator "~" before the word to which you need to find synonyms.
For example: Types of ~ metamorphosis
~ Object Orientation.