SEARCH RESOURCES OF THE INTERNET
Tasks, means and ways of searching for e-mail addresses
Reverse search by e-mail address (Finger)
X.500 Help Desk
Other automatic address servers and services
Requests for teleconferencing servers and mailing lists
Help from teleconferences
Documents for help
Search for e-mail and www-addresses of educational institutions and students
- white-search for the e-mail address of a particular person;
- white-search for the e-mail address of a particular organization;
- white-search for an e-mail address in a specific organization;
- white-search for the e-mail address of the host;
- reverse white-search for the subscriber by e-mail address;
- yellow-search for the e-mail address of the organization.
- a special case: the search for e-mail addresses of educational institutions and their students;
To find e-mail addresses of people, organizations and network nodes, the Netfind helpdesk (available on-line) and automatic address servers like Whois (available on-line and by e-mail) are specially designed. They fill their address databases automatically, constantly and in mass order directly from the address databases of large network nodes (or search directly in them), which contain a fairly complete set of records about their subscribers.
Basic search tools:
- automatic help service Netfind;
- automatic address servers such as Whois;
- automatic address servers of other types;
- Yellow Pages reference systems containing both e-mail addresses.
Additional ways to search:
- Special requests to automatic servers of any mass service (teleconferences or mailing lists) or receiving in any other way a list of its subscribers;
- request to subscribers of any mass service;
- a request to the staff of the network node;
- a request to the automatic address server or to the personnel of any organization that provides public access to the addresses of its correspondents (customers, partners, etc.).
Netfind on one request produces a white-search in many address databases and other help services. To use this service on your computer, you need to have a Netfind client program, in its absence you can use telnet (logname "netfind") on any of the Netfind servers in the world:
archie.au bruno.cs.colorado.edu dino.conicit.ve
ds.internic.net lincoln.technet.sg macs.ee.mcgill.ca
malloco.ing.puc.cl monolith.cc.ic.ac.uk mudhoney.micro.umn.edu
netfind.oc.com netfind.vslib.cz nic.nm.kr
In addition, Netfind is also available through the WWW server:
Whois-servers produce white-search in large databases of addresses of large nodes or entire networks. Work with whois-server occurs under certain rules (whois-protocol), so it is desirable to use a special client program (whois-client). In UNIX, such a program is called: whois, it can be set the address of any of the whois servers to search on it. Whois servers are also accessible via telnet.
telnet: //nic.ddn.mil mailto: firstname.lastname@example.org HELP
telnet: //rs.internic.net mailto: email@example.com HELP
The "main" whois Internet server containing the addresses of people and hosts.
Whois search for e-mail addresses, telephone directories.
Whois, Dectory Services.
List of known whois-servers.
"Reverse" Whois-search the organization for its domain (part of the e-mail address).
The search service Finger allows you to find a specific person by his full e-mail address. It can be used while in the UNIX operating system and look for subscribers on other UNIX machines (the good is that the Internet is theirs). Finger can show the login name of the subscriber on the remote machine (login name), some important data about him, if he indicated them (the name of the organization or unit where he works and his phone), as well as the time when he last read his e-mail (you can determine , whether he still uses his e-mail address). Many UNIX-machines have a finger-server that accepts requests not only about specific e-mail addresses, but also allows to do various searches among their users.
The X.500 global help service combines local help services that look like one large hierarchical directory. Access requires a special program (local X.500 client), but if it does not, you can use any of the world's available remote X.500 clients that can be accessed via telnet, through some Gopher and WWW servers, and even via e-mail:
telnet: //ashe.cs.tcd.de de Germany
telnet: //chico.rediris.es directorio Spain
telnet: //dir.ulcc.ac.uk dua England
telnet: //elcl.mat.torun.edu.pl de Poland
telnet: //elem4.vub.ac.be dua Belgium
telnet: //hypatia.umdc.umu.se de Sweden
telnet: //jethro.ucc.su.oz.au fred Australia
telnet: //jolly.nis.garr.it de Italy
telnet: //login.dkuug.dk ds Denmark
telnet: //nic.funet.fi dua Finland
telnet: //nic.switch.ch dua Switzerland
telnet: //paradise.ulcc.ac.uk dua England (Paradise project)
telnet: //x500.denet.dk de Denmark
telnet: //x500.ieunet.ie de Ireland
telnet: //x500.tu-chemnitz.de x500 Germany
telnet: //zoek.nic.surfnet.nl zoek Netherlands
telnet: //regulus.cs.bucknell.edu 185
Knowbot Information Service.
mail-to: firstname.lastname@example.org HELP
The server allows you to find the addresses of people who sent messages to the USENET conference.
"OKRA: net.citizen Directory Service" is one of the largest "white pages" of servers on the network with 5.3 million e-mail addresses. Search can occur by e-mail address, name, organization and host name.
Jean's People-Finding Internet Resources.
Search for people on the Internet.
Search for e-mail addresses of people.
Search for people and geographical points.
mailto: email@example.com HELP
The address server of the kiae node. Contains addresses from the kiae host database.
Address server RIPN.
Intermap server. Accumulates addresses from passing through it letters and announcements.
New Botik Server. Accumulates addresses from passing through it letters and announcements.
Information about various networks in the world.
Yellow Pages usually use classifications by type of activity, by output and services provided, by geography. Sometimes they are supplemented by a white-search (simply alphabetically).
The search server is a cross between Yellow and White Pages (itself calls the White Pages). Produces a search for people not only by their own name, but also by country, city, state, domain, hobby. You can leave information about yourself on the server.
Mass services such as teleconferencing systems or mailing lists usually have free access to lists of their subscribers.
mailto: firstname.lastname@example.org USTAT
mailto: email@example.com USTAT
The news servers distributing news USENET have a command USTAT, allowing to receive the list of subscribers subscribed on this server to this or that teleconference.
BITNET network distribution lists allow you to find out the composition of your subscribers.
This USENET teleconference regularly publishes lists of UUCP stations, which are then stored on many file servers.
Frequently published FAQ for searching for addresses.
The FAQ for searching addresses in colleges and universities is regularly published.
Placement of requests for addresses, regular publication of the FAQ for finding addresses.
Teleconferences of the Relcom network, intended for publication of address requests, as well as for posting various kinds of materials that facilitate the search (for example, Relcom network node lists and subscriber lists of some sites).
A document that helps in the search for people's e-mail addresses.
The search tools listed below have been mentioned in various manuals, but at the moment either they do not work at all, or their addresses have changed:
mailto: firstname.lastname@example.org. HELP
X.500 Help Server.
mailto: email@example.com HELP
mailto: firstname.lastname@example.org send bitnet servers
BITNIC is the address server of the Bitnet network. In addition to the actual search for addresses, it is possible to send a list of Bitnet network nodes that have their own address databases.
mailto: email@example.com man
mailto: firstname.lastname@example.org man
Knowbot Information Service.
mailto: email@example.com HELP
The same as firstname.lastname@example.org.
A document that helps in finding the addresses of people who graduate or have already graduated from a university or college.
Some White pages and search engines:
Search for e-mail addresses of colleges.
Directory of Directories - contains links to more than 100 colleges and universities in the world.
University Person Finder -is a search form based database that appears to be offline.