INTERNET SEARCH RESOURCES
Tasks, tools and methods for finding e-mail addresses
Netfind help desk
Reverse Email Search (Finger)
X.500 help desk
Other automatic address servers and services
Yellow Pages Systems
Requests for newsgroup servers and mailing lists
Help from newsgroups
Search for e-mail and www-addresses of educational institutions and students
- white-search e-mail addresses of a specific person;
- white-search e-mail addresses of a specific organization;
- white-search e-mail addresses in a specific organization;
- white-search for an e-mail address of a host;
- reverse white-search for a subscriber by e-mail address;
- yellow-search e-mail address of the organization.
- special case: search for e-mail addresses of educational institutions and their students;
To search for e-mail addresses of people, organizations and network nodes, the Netfind help service (available on-line) and automatic address servers of the Whois type (available both on-line and by e-mail) are specially designed. They also fill in their address bases automatically, constantly and in bulk directly from the address bases of large network nodes (or search directly in them), which contain a fairly complete set of records about their subscribers.
Basic search tools:
- Netfind automatic help desk
- automatic address servers such as Whois;
- automatic address servers of other types;
- Yellow pages help systems containing e-mail addresses.
Additional search methods:
- special requests to the automatic servers of a mass service (newsgroups or mailing lists) or any other way to obtain a list of its subscribers;
- a request to subscribers of any mass service;
- a request to the host network personnel;
- a request to an automatic address server or to the staff of an organization that provides public access to the addresses of its correspondents (customers, partners, etc.).
Netfind on a single request performs a white search in many address databases and other help services. To use this service, you need to have the Netfind client program on your computer; in its absence, you can use telnet (logname "netfind") on any of the Netfind servers in the world:
archie.au bruno.cs.colorado.edu dino.conicit.ve
ds.internic.net lincoln.technet.sg macs.ee.mcgill.ca
malloco.ing.puc.cl monolith.cc.ic.ac.uk mudhoney.micro.umn.edu
netfind.oc.com netfind.vslib.cz nic.nm.kr
In addition, Netfind is available through the WWW server:
Whois-servers perform white-searches in large databases of addresses of large nodes or entire networks. Work with whois-server occurs according to certain rules (whois-protocol), therefore it is advisable to use a special client program (whois-client). In UNIX, such a program is called: whois, it can be given the address of any of the whois-servers to search on it. Whois servers are also available via telnet.
telnet: //nic.ddn.mil mailto: email@example.com HELP
telnet: //rs.internic.net mailto: firstname.lastname@example.org HELP
The "main" whois-server of the Internet, containing the addresses of people and nodes.
Whois search e-mail addresses, telephone directories.
Whois, Dectory Services.
List of famous whois servers.
"Reverse" Whois-search for an organization by its domain (parts of an e-mail address).
The Finger search service allows you to find a specific person by their full e-mail address. You can use it while in the UNIX operating system and look for subscribers on other UNIX machines (since the Internet consists of them). Finger can show the registration name of the subscriber on the remote machine (login name), some important data about him, if he indicated them (name of the organization or unit where he works and his phone), as well as the time he last read his email (you can determine whether he still uses his e-mail address). Many UNIX machines have a finger server that accepts requests not only about specific e-mail addresses, but also allows you to do various searches among your users.
The X.500 Global Reference Service brings together local reference services that look like one large hierarchical directory. Access requires a special program (local X.500 client), but if it is not, then you can use any of the available public remote X.500 clients in the world, which can be accessed via telnet, through some Gopher and WWW servers, and even via e-mail:
telnet: //ashe.cs.tcd.de de Germany
telnet: //chico.rediris.es directorio Spain
telnet: //dir.ulcc.ac.uk dua England
telnet: //elcl.mat.torun.edu.pl de Poland
telnet: //elem4.vub.ac.be dua Belgium
telnet: //hypatia.umdc.umu.se de Sweden
telnet: //jethro.ucc.su.oz.au fred Australia
telnet: //jolly.nis.garr.it de Italy
telnet: //login.dkuug.dk ds Denmark
telnet: //nic.funet.fi dua Finland
telnet: //nic.switch.ch dua Switzerland
telnet: //paradise.ulcc.ac.uk dua England (Paradise project)
telnet: //x500.denet.dk de Denmark
telnet: //x500.ieunet.ie de ireland
telnet: //x500.tu-chemnitz.de x500 Germany
telnet: //zoek.nic.surfnet.nl zoek Netherlands
telnet: //regulus.cs.bucknell.edu 185
Knowbot Information Service.
mail-to: email@example.com HELP
The server allows you to find the addresses of people sending messages in the USENET conference.
"OKRA: net.citizen Directory Service" is one of the largest "white pages" servers on the network with 5.3 million e-mail addresses. Search can be done by e-mail address, name, organization and host name.
Jean's People-Finding Internet Resources.
Search for people on the Internet.
Search e-mail addresses of people.
Search for people and geographical points.
mailto: firstname.lastname@example.org HELP
The address server of the kiae host. Contains addresses from the base of the kiae host.
Address server RIPN.
Intermap Server Accumulates addresses from letters and announcements passing through it.
New Botik Server. Accumulates addresses from letters and announcements passing through it.
Help about various networks in the world.
On the Yellow Pages, classifications are usually used according to occupation, by product and service rendered, by geographical feature. Sometimes they are supplemented with white-search (just alphabetically).
A search engine is a cross between Yellow and White Pages (he calls himself White Pages). It searches for people not only by its own name, but also by country, city, state, domain, hobby. On the server you can leave information about yourself.
Mass services such as teleconferencing systems or mailing lists usually provide free access to their subscriber lists.
mailto: email@example.com USTAT
mailto: firstname.lastname@example.org USTAT
The news servers distributing USENET news have the USTAT command, which allows receiving a list of subscribers subscribed to this or that newsgroup on this server.
BITNET's mailing lists let you know the composition of your subscribers.
In this USENET newsgroup, lists of UUCP stations are regularly published, which are then stored on many file servers.
The FAQ on finding addresses is published regularly.
Regularly published FAQ on finding addresses in colleges and universities.
Placement of address requests, regular publication of the FAQ on finding addresses.
Relcom network newsgroups designed to publish address requests, as well as to post various kinds of materials that facilitate searches (for example, lists of Relcom network nodes and subscriber lists of some nodes).
A document that helps in finding e-mail addresses of people.
The following search tools have been mentioned in various manuals, but currently either do not work at all, or their addresses have changed:
mailto: email@example.com. Help
X.500 help desk server.
mailto: firstname.lastname@example.org HELP
mailto: email@example.com send bitnet servers
BITNIC - address server of the Bitnet network. In addition to the actual address search, it can send a list of Bitnet network nodes that have their address databases.
mailto: firstname.lastname@example.org man
mailto: email@example.com man
Knowbot Information Service.
mailto: firstname.lastname@example.org HELP
The same as email@example.com.
A document that helps you find the addresses of people who have graduated or have already graduated from a university or college.
Some White pages and search engines:
Search for college email addresses.
Directory of Directories - Contains links to more than 100 colleges and universities in the world.
University Person Finder -is a search form based database that appears to be offline.