How to register a domain
Creator: Maxim Prikhodko
Published on October 18, 2005
Still quite a while ago owning a personal website on the Internet was a real luxury, which could not be afforded by anyone in the distance. But, as they say, everything flows, everything changes. Now, anyone who wants to own their own website can literally. Moreover, the existence of a personal website from a business person or company is no longer simply a sign of a good tone, but an urgent need dictated by modern realities.
In order to acquire a site, does not need to exist as a multimillionaire, and even have any special knowledge, for you all can do companies that specialize in creating sites "turnkey". But if you still decided to make your site with your own hands, you need to understand not only how to do it yourself, but also how to place it on the web.
The first thing about which any individual thinks, who decided to make his site, is his name. The names of sites on the network are unique, so that users do not confuse them. But even in the browser, the user also scrolls the name of the resource (called the domain - from the English word domain), which he wants to open, in the class itself, the real site identifier is not a name, but a so-called IP address.
An IP address is assigned to each computer connected to the Internet. It is also used by ordinary users who are connected through a modem, and at the largest servers. Currently, IP addresses consist of four integers (from 0 to 255), separated by periods, for example 188.8.131.52. Resource names are correlated with IP addresses using the Domain Name Service (DNS), which converts names to IP addresses also back.
The space of domains is organized in the form of a tree. Top-level domains come in pairs of species. First, each country has its own two-letter domain. Secondly, to eat several domains consisting of three or four letters. For example, the .com domain for commercial sites or the .edu domain for educational institutions (it is true, it is used first in the USA).
The next level of this log are domains, the name of which consists of a pair of elements (domains of another level), for example, www.computerra.com . Domains of the third level consist of three parts: sundukov.narod.ru . They can be created in their domain by all owners of domains of a different level, so third-level domains are often used on gratuitous hosting.
The management of the space of domain names is a serious task that special organizations are engaged in. For general coordination, the management of the network name service is also answered by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA). In each of the zones defined by the top-level domain, you already have to eat your own organization, which is also responsible for managing the domain names of this level.
Naturally, it is simply impossible to "get" at your disposal any desired domain. To do this, you need to register it, after making sure that the selected domain name is not used by anyone else. To find out whether the domain name is occupied, also if it is occupied, then by whom, it is possible with the help of the whois service. Domains are registered by special registrars. The official domain registrar in our country is RosNIIROS , or RU-CENTER .
To register a domain, you will have to collect a well-known package of documents and also enter into an agreement with the registrar. To do this is allowed either in the registrar's office, or by mail. Ways of payment for services vary considerably. The value of registration (and similarly the renewal of registration) of a domain name in RIPN ranges from $ 15 to $ 100. It all depends on the zone in which the domain is registered. The .ru or .com domains cost $ 20 a year as a provision.
You can similarly use the services of hosting companies that already have an agreement with the domain registrar and are able to quickly issue also provide the necessary domain. In some cases, this will cost even less. Often, hosting companies register the domain generically free of charge, if the client concludes at once for six months or a year.