This page has been robot translated, sorry for typos if any. Original content here.

How to register a domain

Creator: Maxim Prikhodko
Published October 18, 2005

Even just now, owning a personal website on the Internet was a real luxury, which not everyone could afford. But as they say, everything flows, everything changes. Today everyone can literally own their own website. Moreover, the presence of a personal website for a business person or company is no longer just a sign of good taste, but an urgent need dictated by modern realities.

In order to acquire a website, there is no need to exist as a multimillionaire, and even to have any special knowledge, for you all can make companies that specialize in creating turnkey websites. But if you decided to make your own website with your own hands, you need to understand not only how to make your own website, but also how to place it on the Web.

The first thing that every individual who decides to create his website thinks about is his name. The names of the sites on the network are unique, so that users do not confuse them. But at least in the browser, the user also writes the name of the resource (called the domain - from the English word domain), which he wants to open, at the very lesson, the real site identifier is not the name, but the so-called IP address.

An IP address is assigned to every computer connected to the Internet. He also eats ordinary users who have connected via a modem, and the largest servers. Currently, IP addresses consist of four integers (from 0 up to 255), separated by dots, for example, Resource names are associated with IP addresses using the Domain Name Service (DNS), which translates names into IP addresses also backwards.

Domain space is organized as a tree. Top-level domains come in pairs of species. Firstly, each country has its own two-letter domain. Secondly, eat several domains consisting of three or four letters. For example, a .com domain for commercial sites or an .edu domain for educational institutions (although it is used, first, in the USA).

The next level of this log are the domains whose name consists of a pair of elements (domains of another level), for example, . Domains of the third level consist of three parts: . All domain owners of another level can create them in their domain, so third-level domains are often used on free hosting.

Domain name space management is a major challenge for special organizations. The management of the network name service is also answered by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) for overall coordination. In each of the zones defined by the top-level domain, there is already an organization responsible for managing the delegation of domain names of this level.

Naturally, it is simply impossible to “get” any desired domain at your disposal. To do this, you need to register it, after making sure that the selected domain name is not used by anyone else. You can find out if a domain name is busy, or if you are busy, then by using the whois service. Domain registration is made by special registrars. The official domain registrar in our country is RosNIIROS , or RU-CENTER .

To register a domain, you will have to collect a known package of documents and conclude an agreement with the registrar. This is allowed at the registrar's office or by mail. Methods of payment for services vary considerably. The value of registration (and similarly renewal of registration) of a domain name in RIPN ranges from 15 up to 100 dollars. It all depends on the zone in which the domain is registered. Domains .ru or .com cost, as the position, $ 20 a year.

It is possible to use the services of hosting companies, which already have an agreement with the registrar of domains and are able to quickly arrange also provide the necessary domain. In some cases it will cost even less. Often, hosting companies register a common domain for free, if the customer concludes an agreement at once for six months or a year.