How to register a domain
Creator: Maxim Prikhodko
Published October 18, 2005
Still quite a while ago, owning a personal website on the Internet was a real luxury that not everyone could afford in the distance. But, as they say, everything flows, everything changes. Now anyone can literally own their own site. Moreover, the presence of a personal site for a business person or company is no longer just a sign of good taste, but an urgent need dictated by modern realities.
In order to acquire a website, you don’t need to exist as a multimillionaire or even have any special knowledge. Companies specializing in creating turnkey websites can do everything for you. But if you still decide to make your site with your own hands, you need to understand not only how to make a site yourself, but also how to place it on the Web.
The first thing that every individual who decides to make his site thinks about is his name. The names of sites on the network are unique so that users do not confuse them in any way. But even though in the browser the user also scribbles the name of the resource (called a domain - from the English word domain), which he wants to open, in the lesson, the real site identifier is not a name, but the so-called IP address.
An IP address is assigned to each computer connected to the Internet. He also eat from ordinary users who connected via modem, and the largest servers. Currently, IP addresses consist of four integers (from 0 up to 255), separated by periods, for example 220.127.116.11. Resource names are mapped to IP addresses using the Domain Name Service (abbreviated DNS), which translates names to IP addresses also back.
The domain space is organized as a tree. Top-level domains are pairs of types. First, each country has its own two-letter domain. Secondly, eat several domains consisting of three or four letters. For example, the .com domain for commercial sites or the .edu domain for educational institutions (it is, however, used primarily in the United States).
The next level of this log is domains whose name consists of a pair of elements (domains of another level), for example, www.computerra.com . Third-level domains consist of three parts: sundukov.narod.ru . All domain owners of other levels can create them in their domain, therefore third-level domains are often used on free hosting.
Managing the domain name space is a serious task that special organizations are involved in. Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) is also responsible for overall coordination of the management of the network name service. In each of the zones defined by the top-level domain, there is already an organization that is responsible for managing the delegation of domain names of this level.
Naturally, it is simply impossible to “get” into your possession any desired domain. To do this, you need to register it, after making sure that the selected domain name is not used by anyone else. To find out if a domain name is busy, if it’s also busy, then by whom, using the whois service. Domain registration is done by special registrars. The official domain registrar in our country is RIPN or RU-CENTER .
To register a domain, you will have to collect a well-known package of documents and also conclude an agreement with the registrar. This can be done either at the registrar's office or by mail. Methods of paying for services vary widely. The value of registration (and similar to renewal of registration) of a domain name in RIPN ranges from 15 up to 100 dollars. It all depends on the zone in which the domain is registered. .Ru or .com domains cost, as a provision, $ 20 a year.
You can similarly use the services of hosting companies that already have an agreement with a domain registrar and are able to quickly register and provide the necessary domain. In some cases, it will cost even less. Often, hosting companies register a common domain for free, if the customer concludes an agreement at once for six months or a year.