How to make an RJ-45 patchcord (wiring procedure)
From left to right, types of connectors:
- 8-pin 8P8C, used RJ45, this is the main connector used in the organization of LAN;
- 6-pin 6P6C, using RJ25;
- 4-pin 6P4C, using RJ14 (also often used instead of 6P2C in RJ11);
- 4-pin 4P4C connector used to connect handsets (often mistakenly called RJ9; RJ10).
The middle two connectors 6P6C and 6P4C can be plugged into the same standard 6-pin socket (far right).
RJ-registered jack (RJ, read "ar-jay") - a standardized physical network interface including a description of the design of both connectors ("plugs" and "sockets") and their switching circuit (colors of twisted pair conductors). Used to connect telecommunications equipment. These standards include RJ11, RJ14, RJ25, RJ45 and others. Often in our country, standards are mistakenly used to designate connectors.
Registered Jack connectors considered in this article were originally developed and patented by Bell Labs in 1975 to unify the connectors used and simplify work when connecting terminal equipment.
Thanks to the support of the Federal Communications Agency, the United States very quickly gained mass distribution in telephone networks as a standard when connecting subscribers.
There is much confusion associated with these standards. The six-way connector, often used in telephony, can be used as RJ11, RJ14 or even RJ25, which are essentially the names of the standards using this physical connector. RJ11 is a two-core connection, while RJ14 is a four-core connection, and RJ25 uses all six cores.
The term “RJ45” is erroneously used to refer to the 8P8C connector used in computer networks. In fact, a real RJ45 is physically incompatible with 8P8C, as it uses the 8P2C circuit with a key. The erroneous use of the term “RJ45” is probably caused by the fact that real RJ45 is not widely used, as well as their external similarity.
Main types of connectors
The table shows the main types of connectors used and their possible names.
|Rj9||4P4C||connector used to connect handsets to a telephone set||RJ10 RJ22|
|Rj12||6P6C||six-pin phone-compatible connector is rarely used||Rj25|
|Rj14||6P4C||the most popular telephone jack is a cheaper variation in which only 2 pins are used is designated 6P2C|
|Rj21||50 pin||connector is used to connect PBX or other telecommunications equipment, may be called a connector "Telco", or "Amphenol"|
|Rj45||8P8C||The main connector used in telecommunications equipment, there are variations with the key labeled as RJ-49S|
|Rj50||10P10C||connector used in American Power Conversion UPS and Eaton Corporation|
T / r
Color coding (modern)
|one||X||R||+||white / orange||yellow|
|four||X||T||+||white / green||brown|
|Contact||Rj25||Rj14||Rj11||The wire||T / r||±||Color coding (modern)||Outdated|
|one||X||3||T||+||white / green||Orange|
|2||X||X||2||T||+||white / orange||the black|
|five||X||X||2||R||-||orange / white||yellow|
|6||X||3||R||-||green / white||blue|