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What tells your browser

While visiting web sites, uploading your files, your browser sends the so-called HTTP request, informing about what page you need, each such request contains various information necessary for connecting the browser and the website: The type of your operating room system (Windows 98/2000 / XP, etc.) and the type of browser used, this data can be used to detect vulnerabilities

Additional information collected by the Java-script you have:



This example shows a request for the progs.shtmll file in the anti directory on the server 127.0.0.23.


Environment variables that can be found in the request (the request can be changed by the proxy-server)

"Accept-Language" - Informs the remote computer about the language used by your browser. This information can be used to restrict access to resources or for other purposes.

"Referrer" - allows you to identify your interests :) i.e. where did you come to this resource

"Cookies" - They can contain a huge amount of information, such as e-mail, address, passwords ... All this information is in the headers of HTTP requests.

"Accept-Encoding:" - Informs the remote computer about the encoding that is being accepted by your browser.

"If-Modified-Since:" - Will download the file, if it has been changed since [date / time]

"(proxy) _connection" - Connection type. "Close" and "Keep-Alive" are the two main types of connection. The first is typical for proxy servers, the second is used by browsers for direct connection. Some proxy servers support "Keep-Alive", it looks like a direct connection to the browser. The presence of the information Proxy_ (Connection), in the request indicates that it is made through a proxy server. But some websites do not establish connections without this information. In addition, some proxies themselves change the data according to their settings

"User-Agent:" - Contains information about your OS and the type of browser.

"Host:" - The requested host.

"Accept:" - Informs the remote computer about the type of information you are accessing. Each type of data corresponds to the so-called MIME type. This type is described by a set of symbols reflecting the type of data used. Here, for example, the table of types of several most frequently used types of data:

Description of the data File Extension MIME type
Gif pictures gif image / gif
Jpeg pictures jpeg jpg jpe image / jpeg
VRML files wrl vrml model / vrml
HTML document html htm text / html
Plain text asc txt text / plain
ZIP archive zip application / zip
MS Word file doc application / msword
MS Excel file xls application / vnd.ms-excel
MS Power Point file ppt application / vnd.ms-powerpoint
Adobe Acrobat file pdf application / pdf
Flash document swf application / x-shockwave-flash