In the networks of special servicesThis article is about how competent authorities build relationships with the Internet. The service of people who care about the national security of their country in peacetime, as is well known, is not visible at all. Nevertheless, most people know that this service is going on, sometimes the events on the so-called invisible front are not just serious, they are only approximately at the level of the destiny of the world, while peaceful citizens sleep a peaceful sleep.
Quite a few books have also been written about the dangerous and difficult work of the staff of world intelligence agencies. The most epoch-making of them is the American film series about the representative of British foreign intelligence MI6, James “Agent 007” Bond, who in his career saved the universe several times, also a well-known handsome man. By the way, this Friday the producers of the series announced the name of the artist who will play Bond in the next film - Daniel Craig was chosen.
A day earlier, the employer of the mythological representative, MI6, is the blah of the SIS (Secret Intelligence Service - "secret intelligence service") - it came out of the digital underground by opening a public official website at www.mi6.gov.uk (he is www.sis.gov.uk). It is known that this domain name has existed for a long time, but there was no website before.
The existence of MI6 common was not officially recognized by British domination until 1994, although there was a special service from 1909. By 1995, reconnaissance moved to a pretentious new headquarters at Vauxhall Cross in London, which was built specifically for MI6, taking into account all the necessary technical features as well as increased security requirements. The colorful building instantly became the “hallmark” of MI6, also in 1999, was lit up in the next James Bond film “And the whole universe is not enough.”
Shot from the film "And the Whole Universe is Little" (The World Is Not Enough, 1999, directed by Michael Epted, as Bond Pierce Brosnan)
Beyond any doubt, the Internet as a phenomenon has never been underestimated by the staff of British foreign intelligence, but the existence of the MI6 public online representation was not recognized by the scouts as an urgent need. And in 2005, finally, the corresponding site appeared on the Web, the main "highlight" of which the public here was bla bla recognized section on admission to the SIS for work. Also on the site, of course, provides quite detailed information about this previously highly classified structure, in addition, there are sections in different languages, including Russian.
In the section "Career" it is told about some of the MI6 developments, about those who are already working for foreign intelligence, information about employment opportunities is also given (they hire agents, managers, scientists and technical specialists). Candidates are offered “trips abroad, a life full of adventures” and the opportunity to use the latest technical innovations. It is noted that the services of future intelligence officers at the headquarters are gyms, fitness equipment, a restaurant, a cafe and a bar. The initial salary is promised in the amount of 21 thousand pounds per year. Candidates must exist British citizens over the age of 21 also spend at least 5 years out of the last 10 at home.
Some observers suspect that it was personnel problems that also prompted the MI6 management to create their colorful Internet resource (the site, of course, was also professionally made qualitatively). Perhaps in the light of the rampant terrorism in recent years, British young people are losing interest in espionage careers, although it may be that the department is expanding once - it’s hard to say for sure, the website constantly emphasizes that MI6 is completely surrounded by secrets. However, the painful task of how much it costs to taxpayers, is touched on the site - it is reported that the essence of the spy corps is now worth about 1.3 billion pounds to the British crown, only by 2008 this figure should increase to 1.5 billion pounds (which supports the expansion hypothesis).
In general, the special services of different countries of the universe in recent years have been forced to put up with the partial removal of the aura of secrecy, because the democratic foundations of the most developed countries dictate the observance of the principles of information openness by state agencies. After the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 in the United States, the British also completely began to censure their secret services of excessive passivity, with the result that the government carried out reform in the special services. Agencies of specialized purpose, including also MI6, began to work in a new way, but the British did not succeed in avoiding the London bombings of this summer.
MI6 didn’t quite long ago listened to a fair number of abusive words from the public and the government for work related to the struggle in Iraq (in particular, for the brawl around the so-called "Iraqi dossier", which almost didn’t cost Tony Blair the chair). It is very possible that the invention of the new website is also related to this - the special service wants to show the nation that it is actively working.
A few months earlier, the Internet saw the updated site of domestic British intelligence, MI5, similar to the existing address www.mi5.gov.uk a long time ago. Pages of various degrees of informativeness have appeared in this domain since about 1998 - some general information about the special service was always hosted on them, but since April of this year it has been announced that the organization’s public level has never been seen before, only the site has been turned into an information portal.
The leadership of the special service explained that the new policy of this organization envisages bringing, up to the broad masses of information about security measures, also countering terrorism in connection with the current situation in the world. As part of the portal, a recruiting section also appeared - internal intelligence also needed "fresh blood" from among savvy youths.
Of course, the site also contains calls for those who have something to say to the internal intelligence officers to act on it. Information about the feasible terrorists, about foreign spies is also general about any threats to their homeland. In addition, the site MI5 began to address its visitors in the languages of the large British ethnic diasporas - in Arabic also in Urdu, which is expressed by immigrants from Pakistan. Representatives of these social groups, in their own language, also called on internal intelligence to give all possible help in the occupation of state security also to report any suspicious manifestations.
London attacks in July, however, no less, still occurred. Now the European Union is discussing plans for archiving all conversations and also letters from Europeans as well as storing this data for a year to facilitate the operational-search business of the police.
As already noted, it is impossible to say that the British intelligence services became interested in the Internet only in connection with the need to recruit new staff, wanting to improve the image also by looking for ways to “constructive dialogue” with Internet users. At the very early stages of the development of the Internet, the intelligence services of the United States, Great Britain and other countries were also aware of the information potential of the global Network, and they also thought about how it was allowed to use it to their advantage.
In 1999, the expression “Echelon” (Echelon) thundered to the whole universe - this concept implied the super secret information of the global Internet monitoring of any Internet service used by the special services of the United States, Great Britain and Australia, Canada and New Zealand (not without the help of the governments of a number of other countries). activity of any Internet users. With the help of computers of unprecedented power, it turned out that it can investigate randomly taken Internet traffic for the content of given keywords that can be potentially used in its correspondence by terrorists.
The US-British base to intercept Menwith Hill in North Yorkshire (UK), the largest in the world. It is believed that this is one of the first components of "Echelon" (according to FAS, the station is able to make 2 million for interceptions per hour).
The human rights defenders who declassified (with no help from hackers) the system demanded that the scouts stop listening to the entire universe - according to some reports, the Echelon began even later than the Other World War to monitor the telecommunications systems of the Soviet Union. Its resources, which are controlled, according to published data, by the US National Security Agency (NSA), are built on networks of secret satellites, antennas and computer centers that can also intercept various signals, phone calls and faxes; With the spread of the Internet in the universe, the system was also oriented towards it. Among other things, the secret services were accused of the fact that later the elimination of the Soviet threat "Echelon" was reoriented to industrial espionage.
The scouts continually repudiated, but in the end some of them admitted that the "Echelon" truly exists. Information on this topic, as constantly, controversial, also that flows with the "Echelon" in our time, is difficult to say for sure - most likely, it continues to function successfully. In 2000, the Echelon lesson was heard in the European Parliament - the deputies demanded clarification from the NSA also by the CIA, but they evaded the dialogue. In 2001, Germany exposed the NSA representatives to the Bad Aibling station in Bavaria, accusing them of using Echelon for mercenary purposes. Then blah blah sounded similar reprimands from the Japanese.
However, at about that time, it turned out that the FBI was starting to use the new, more advanced surveillance system, Carnivore ("carnivorous"), at the facilities of some Internet providers, which also knows how to look for the right words in passing traffic. calculate the same traffic on different channels to determine the spring of its beginning (thus, for example, it is theoretically allowed to find a hacker hiding behind unknown proxy servers). The project to create its analogue was also found in the British (as once in MI5).
At the source of the blah of the present year, the FBI secret service openly declared that Carnivore was outdated, removed from the “armament”, only the new system (created by a commercial manufacturer) created, replaced by the FBI, will not tell anything to anyone.
Thus, it is allowed to conclude that MI5, MI6 also their colleagues from other continents are truly well on the Web. In this August, according to some information, the British responded to the London terrorist attacks with the mysterious "forced closure" of some of the most damnable Islamist Internet resources (and now, according to some information, there is an active competition with the spread of Al-Qaeda Internet broadcasting).
How exactly the British managed to achieve this, for sure, of course, is unknown, but the British newspaper The Sunday Times, which released this information, refers to ... the Israeli security services. Israeli intelligence officers, some of the best in the universe, have a common knowledge of which they also know how.
... And also they are confronted with the tasks of the need to highlight their business efficiency on the Internet, collecting information from informants through it, in addition, of course, to recruit labor. Back in March of this year, the internal Israeli intelligence service ShABAK ("General Security Service"), which previously had not shown anything in the digital space, launched an online representation at the easily guessed address www.shabak.gov.il. So far, it has information only in Hebrew, and its main share is related to personnel policy.
The Israeli Israeli intelligence service Mossad, in turn, roughly from the beginning of 2004, in a restrained manner, informs the universe of its achievements at www.mossad.gov.il. In principle, the existence of this site is allowed to be justified by the norms of "good network behavior" given by the first special services of the United States - the CIA, the FBI, and others that have maintained their detailed well-developed Internet resources since the beginning of time. Whether it is necessary to express that any sites of any special services are favorite objects of regular hacker pranks.
And here it should be noted that the norms of network behavior of intelligence services are also adequately perceived by the Russian Federal Security Service, which opened its website at the end of 1999 (without every prescription regarding the information openness of government agencies) at www.fsb.ru. Among the information sections telling about the efficiency of the department, some visitors at one time noted for themselves the “Helpline” section, where, in particular, it says: “Russian citizens cooperating with foreign intelligence services can contact the Federal Security Service of Russia by telephone in order to become agents doubles.In this case, the monetary retribution received by such representatives from foreign intelligence services will be fully preserved, and the highest-class FSB officers will work with them. Hovhan anonymity and confidentiality. " This is followed by an excerpt from a note to article 275 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation (“high treason”), in which it says that voluntary and timely notification of one’s own espionage business can exist as a basis for getting rid of criminal responsibility.
Earlier, the FSB, the heiress of one of the most powerful intelligence services of the universe - the KGB of the USSR - started working on its own local analogue of Carnivore - the SORM-2 system ("the system of operational search activities"), which, according to some data, was successfully introduced in the following months at the capacities of the Russian Internet providers. By the way, on January 1, 2006, a new non-approval of the rules for interaction of communication operators with authorized state bodies carrying out operational investigative activities, approved just before the Russian government, comes into force.
Since about 2001, there has been a website of the Foreign Intelligence Service of Russia (SVR), www.svr.gov.ru, which similarly tells in detail about the efficiency of this department in the state security protection districts.
As it is known, the Internet as such grew out of the American military project, it is also quite easy to imagine that the information potential of the global network was also appreciated by the Pentagon and the American special services, which could result in the mechanisms of "control" of the Internet, embedded in its very foundation . It is not for nothing that the United States now flatly refuses to give control over the basic structures of the Network (root DNS servers) of the United Nations, which raised this task ahead of the World Summit on the Information Community (WSIS), which will break through in November in Tunis.