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A selection of articles of the Criminal Code of Ukraine


Article 359. Illegal use of special technical means of secretly obtaining information

1. Illegal use of special technical means of tacitly obtaining information - shall be punishable by a fine of one hundred to two hundred non-taxable minimum incomes of citizens or restriction of will for a term of up to four years, or imprisonment for the same period.


Article 361. Unauthorized interference in the operation of electronic computers (computers), automated systems, computer networks or telecommunication networks

1. Unauthorized interference in the operation of electronic computers (computers), automated systems, computer networks or telecommunication networks, which led to the source, loss, forgery, blocking of information, distortion of the processing of information or to a violation of the established procedure for its routing, -

shall be punishable by a fine from six hundred to one thousand non-taxable minimum incomes of citizens or restriction of will for a term of two to five years, or imprisonment for a term of up to three years, with the deprivation of the right to hold certain posts or engage in certain activities for a period of up to two years or without confiscation of software and hardware with the help of which unauthorized interference was committed, which are the property of the perpetrator.


Section 361-1. Creation for the use, distribution or marketing of harmful software or hardware, as well as their distribution or marketing

1. Creation for the purpose of use, distribution or sale, as well as distribution or sale of harmful software or hardware intended for unauthorized interference in the operation of electronic computers (computers), automated systems, computer networks or telecommunication networks, -

shall be punishable by a fine from five hundred to a thousand non-taxable minimum incomes of citizens or correctable robots for a term of up to two years, or imprisonment for the same term, with the confiscation of software or hardware intended for unauthorized interference in the operation of electronic computers (computers), automated systems , computer networks or telecommunication networks that are the property of the perpetrator.


Article 361-2. Unauthorized marketing or distribution of information with limited access, which is stored in electronic computers (computers), automated systems, computer networks or on media of such information

1. Unauthorized marketing or distribution of information with limited access, which is stored in electronic computers (computers), automated systems, computer networks or on the media of such information created and protected in accordance with applicable law, -

shall be punishable by a fine from five hundred to one thousand non-taxable minimum incomes of citizens or by imprisonment for a term of up to two years with confiscation of software or hardware with the help of which unauthorized marketing or distribution of information with limited access was carried out, which are the property of the guilty person.

Article 362. Unauthorized actions with information that is processed in electronic computers (computers), automated systems, computer networks or stored on the media of such information, committed by a person who has the right of access to it

1. Unauthorized alteration, destruction or blocking of information that is processed in electronic computers (computers), automated systems or computer networks or stored on the media of such information, committed by a person who has the right to access it, -

shall be punishable by a fine from six hundred to one thousand tax-free minimum incomes of citizens or correctable robots for a period of up to two years with the confiscation of software or hardware with the help of which unauthorized changes, destruction or blocking of information that are the property of the guilty person were made.

2. Unauthorized interception or copying of information that is processed in electronic computers (computers), automated systems, computer networks or stored on the media of such information, if this led to its source, committed by a person who has the right of access to such information, -

shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to three years with deprivation of the right to hold certain posts or engage in certain activities for the same period and with confiscation of software or hardware with the help of which unauthorized interceptions or copying of information that are the property of the guilty person were carried out.


Article 363. Violation of the rules for the operation of electronic computers (computers), automated systems, computer networks or telecommunication networks, or the procedure or rules for protecting information that is processed in them

Violation of the rules for the operation of electronic computers (computers), automated systems, computer networks or telecommunication networks, or the procedure or rules for protecting the information that is processed in them, if this has caused significant harm done by the person who is responsible for their operation, -

shall be punishable by a fine from five hundred to one thousand non-taxable minimum incomes of citizens or a restriction of will for a period of up to three years with deprivation of the right to hold certain positions or engage in certain activities for the same period.

So much for the "erasure" of information by informal methods.

Section 363-1. Obstruction of the operation of electronic computers (computers), automated systems, computer networks or telecommunication networks through the mass distribution of telecommunication messages

1. Intentional mass distribution of telecommunication messages, carried out without prior agreement of the addressees, which led to the disruption or termination of the operation of electronic computers (computers), automated systems, computer networks or telecommunication networks, -

shall be punished by a fine of five hundred to a thousand non-taxable minimum incomes of citizens or a restriction of will for a term of up to three years.

This, as I understand it, about spam.

Section 382. Failure to Enforce Judgment

1. Intentional non-fulfillment by a public official of a sentence, decision, orders, court orders that have gained legal force, or obstruction of their implementation -

shall be punished by a fine of five hundred to one thousand non-taxable minimum incomes of citizens or imprisonment for a term of up to three years, with the deprivation of the right to hold certain posts or engage in certain activities for a term of up to three years.

2. Those same acts committed by an official who holds a responsible or especially responsible position, or by a person previously convicted of a crime under this article, or if they have caused important harm to the rights and freedoms of citizens protected by law, state or public interests, or legal interests persons -

shall be punished by restraint of will for a term of up to five years or imprisonment for the same term, with the deprivation of the right to hold certain posts or engage in certain activities for a term of up to three years.

3. Intentional failure by an official to comply with a decision of the European Court of Human Rights -

the applicable sentence is deprivation of liberty for a term of three to eight years, with the deprivation of the right to hold certain posts or engage in certain activities for a term of up to three years.

Of course dumb, but not so powerful.

Article 2. Grounds for criminal liability

1. The basis of criminal liability is the commission by a person of a socially dangerous action, which contains the offense provided for by this Code.

2. A person shall be presumed innocent of committing a crime and shall not be subject to criminal punishment until her guilt has been proved legally and established by a court conviction.

3. No one may be prosecuted for that crime more than once.

I remember the film "Fracture" ...

Article 6. The effect of the law on criminal liability in relation to crimes committed on the territory of Ukraine

1. Persons who have committed crimes in Ukraine are subject to criminal liability for this Code.

2. A crime shall be recognized as committed in the territory of Ukraine if it was started, continued, completed or stopped in the territory of Ukraine.

3. A crime shall be recognized as committed in the territory of Ukraine if its executor or at least one of the accomplices acted in the territory of Ukraine.

4. The question of the criminal liability of diplomatic representatives of foreign states and other citizens who, according to the laws of Ukraine and international treaties, whose consent was binding is provided by the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, is not a criminal court in the courts of Ukraine, in the event they commit a crime in Ukraine, is decided by the diplomatic by way.



Section 12. Classification of Crimes

1. Depending on the severity of the crime, crimes are divided into crimes of minor severity, moderate severity, serious and especially serious.

2. A crime of minor gravity is a crime for which a penalty of imprisonment for a term of not more than two years is prescribed, or another, milder punishment.

3. A crime of medium gravity is a crime for which a penalty of imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years is prescribed.

4. A serious crime is a crime for which a penalty of imprisonment for a term not exceeding ten years is prescribed.

5. An especially serious crime is a crime for which a punishment of imprisonment of up to ten years or life imprisonment is prescribed.

A hack is rarely average, not that heavy.

Article 66. Circumstances that mitigate the punishment

1. When sentencing, the circumstances that mitigate it shall be recognized:

1) appearance with recognition, sincere repentance or active assistance in solving the crime;

2) voluntary compensation for the loss caused or elimination of the damage caused;

3) commission of a crime by minors;

4) the commission of a crime by a woman in a state of pregnancy;

5) the commission of a crime due to the coincidence of difficult personal, family or other circumstances;

6) the commission of a crime under the influence of threat, coercion or through material, official or other dependence;

7) commission of a crime under the influence of strong emotional disturbance caused by unlawful or immoral actions of the victim;

8) commission of a crime exceeding the bounds of emergency;

9) performing a special task of preventing or disclosing the criminal activity of an organized group or criminal organization, combined with the commission of a crime in the cases provided for by this Code.

Sorry, pretending to be pregnant will not work

Article 80. Release from serving a sentence in connection with the expiration of the statute of limitations for the execution of a conviction

1. A person shall be released from serving his sentence, if from the date of entry into force of a guilty verdict he has not been executed within the following terms:

1) two years - in the case of conviction to punishment less severe than limitation of will;

2) three years - in the case of sentencing to punishment in the form of limitation of will or imprisonment for a crime of minor gravity;

3) five years - in the case of sentencing to punishment in the form of imprisonment for a crime of medium gravity, as well as in the conviction of imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years for a serious crime;

In general - they did something bad - it's time to hide for 2 years at least.

Section 114. Espionage

1. Transfer or collection for the purpose of transferring to the foreign state, foreign organization or their representatives statements that represent state secrets, if these actions are committed by a foreigner or stateless person, -

Shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of eight to fifteen years.

Probably, you are tying everything for your server in Melbourne, so that later you can transfer it to another country.

Article 176. Infringement of copyright and neighboring rights

1. Illegal reproduction, distribution of works of science, literature and art, computer programs and databases, as well as illegal reproduction, distribution of performances, phonograms, videograms and speech programs, their illegal replication and distribution on audio and video tapes, floppy disks, and other media information, or other intentional violation of copyright and neighboring rights, if it caused material damage in a significant amount, -

shall be punishable by a fine from two hundred to one thousand tax-free minimum incomes of citizens or correctable robots for a term of up to two years, or imprisonment for the same term, with confiscation of all copies of works, tangible media of computer programs, databases, performances, phonograms, videograms, speech programs and tools and materials that were specially used for their manufacture.

Well, who is licensed, Windows users?

Section 190. Fraud

1. The possession of another's property or the acquisition of the right to property through deception or abuse of trust (fraud) -

shall be punishable by a fine of up to fifty tax-free minimum incomes of citizens or by fixable robots for a term of up to two years, or restriction of will for a period of up to three years.

I think they can be attracted for this as a last resort.

Article 301. Import, manufacture, sale and distribution of pornographic items

1. Import to Ukraine of works, images or other objects of a pornographic nature for the purpose of marketing or distribution or their manufacture, storage !! , transportation or other movement for the same purpose, or their marketing or distribution, as well as coercion to participate in their creation -

shall be punishable by a fine from fifty to one hundred tax-free minimum incomes of citizens or by arrest for a term of up to six months, or restriction of will for a term of up to three years, with confiscation of pornographic items and means of their manufacture and distribution.

2. The very actions committed with respect to film and video production, computer programs of a pornographic nature, as well as the sale to minors or distribution among them of works, images or other objects of a pornographic nature, -

shall be punishable by a fine from one hundred to three hundred tax-free minimum incomes of citizens or restriction of will for a term of up to five years, or imprisonment for the same term, with the confiscation of pornographic film and video production, means of its manufacture and demonstration.

This was published to draw attention to the last addition to the article - the words "storage", which can be used, apparently, as an excuse for a warrant / search / confiscation.

Section 373. Coercion to Testify

1. Forcing to testify during interrogation by means of unlawful actions by a person conducting an inquiry or pre-trial investigation, -

shall be punishable by restriction of will for a term of up to three years or imprisonment for the same term.

2. Those same actions combined with the use of violence or with mockery of a person -

the applicable sentence is deprivation of liberty for a term of three to eight years.

Not bad if you can prove it.