Anonymous operating systems
Developers provide the user with a fairly wide range of ready-made solutions that can provide an adequate level of security.
Against the background of regular scandals around total surveillance by the secret services for users using popular services such as Google, Facebook and even Angry Birds, the issue of anonymity on the Web has become very acute.
But thanks to the efforts of activists who are upholding their rights to anonymity on the Web, not only special protected Tor browsers have appeared, but entire operating systems, in particular: Tails, Whonix and Liberte Linux .
Whonix is a Linux-based operating system consisting of two separate virtual machines, one of which, the workstation, plays the role of a normal operating system, and the second works as a gateway between the Network and the workstation. Virtual machines are connected using an isolated channel-tunnel, and access to the Internet is realized only via an anonymous Tor network.
Such solutions allow you to cut off spyware programs that, even when they get into the operating system, find themselves locked inside a workstation without the ability to transfer data to the Network, since the workstation does not know the external ip address.
As the developers themselves assure, Whonix passed all possible leak tests perfectly, but warned nonetheless that the protection is not absolute. However, according to many experts, it is quite sufficient to meet even very high requirements.
A significant disadvantage of the system is the need to support two separate virtual operating systems at once, and system configuration will take time and skills.
The operating system Tails was recently introduced in version 1.0, having passed a long way of testing and optimization in the "zero" versions. In the case of version 1.0, the user is provided with a Linux system with built-in protection mechanisms, including the Tor system, cryptographic utilities and a set of add-ons to support privacy.
One of the features of Tails is the ability to work with a flash drive, disk, or even an SD card. In this case, the anonymous operating system is completely protected from interference from programs that are on the computer. For a full guarantee, you can use a CD / DVD-R disc with Tails, which at the physical level will save the user from the possibility of making any malicious changes to the system.
Thus, Tails can always be carried with you on a convenient information carrier and work in a secure system on any computer.
In addition, the developers have introduced the ability to use the familiar interface of Windows XP instead of the Linux interface, which is not only convenient for ordinary users, but it is not surprising when using Tails in public places.
The disadvantages of the system include its popularity, which pushes special services and hackers to develop ready-made solutions for circumventing the Tails system.
Liberte Linux is a rather old Linux operating system for working with Tor, which appeared in 2010.
It is a lightweight, 250 Mb, set of tools that, like Tails, can work from an external information medium such as a disk or flash drive due to the use of the Live CD technology.
The system includes the necessary tools to protect against leaks and unauthorized penetrations. In addition, the system leaves no trace without the explicit consent of the user, and the availability of OS files in read-only mode ensures its integrity. In addition, Liberte Linux will check the validity of the files before launching.
A significant drawback of the system is the lack of its regular support from a single developer who released the latest update in 2012.
Thus, developers provide the user with a fairly wide range of ready-made solutions that can provide an adequate level of security. But even using Tails, Whonix or Liberte Linux, you should not forget about the standard rules of security and remember that none of the methods of protection does not give a 100% guarantee.