These 5 facts about the brain will change your life.
The brain is the central part of the nervous system of animals, usually located in the head (anterior) part of the body and is a compact cluster of nerve cells and their processes. Many animals also contain glial cells, may be surrounded by a sheath of connective tissue. In vertebrates (including humans), the brain is located in the cranial cavity and the spinal cord, located in the vertebral canal.
Mind and brain
In the philosophy of consciousness, the concepts of mind and brain are distinguished, and contradictions are noted regarding their exact relationships that lead to the mind-body problem. The brain is defined as the physical and biological matter contained within the skull and responsible for the basic electrochemical and bioelectronic neural processes. From the point of view of modern science, the brain is a complex neural network that produces and processes a huge number of logically related electrochemical impulses, and the inner world of a person, including his mind, is the product of this work.
In the modern scientific community, the point of view that the mind is a product of the work of the brain is paramount. Supporters of artificial intelligence also think so.
In addition, there are statements that the mind is computer-like and algorithmic. The points of view “brain-generating mind” and “computer-like mind” do not necessarily accompany each other.
There are different opinions about the interpenetration of the brain and such concepts as consciousness, mind, mind, mind, spirit, soul, memory, some even suggest that the mind exists in some way, independent of the brain or related to para-phenomena.
Brain in culture
Because of the key importance of the brain in the body, the topic of the brain is popular. In antiquity, eating the brain of a defeated person or animal, along with other parts of the body, symbolized the acquisition of enemy forces. In the Middle Ages, the brain was understood as the focus of life, along with the heart. At present, the subject of the brain is widespread in video games and films, in particular, films about zombies.
The beginning of the modern science of the brain was laid at the beginning of the 20th century by two discoveries: the analysis of reflex acts and the detection of the localization of functions in the cerebral cortex. Based on these discoveries, it was assumed that simple adaptive involuntary movements are carried out due to the reflex arc of the segmental level passing through the lower parts of the brain, and conscious perception and voluntary movements are provided by reflexes of higher order, whose sensorimotor arc passes through the higher parts of the brain.
Brain size in mammals
Brain mass (kg) as a function of body weight (Mt, kg) for various mammalian groups:
|Animal groups||Brain mass|
|Mammals||0.01 Mt 0.70|
|Monkey||0.02—0.03 Mt 0.66|
|Apes||0.03—0.04 Mt 0.66|
|Person||0.08—0.09 Mt 0.66|
1. The brain does not see the difference between reality and imagination.
The brain responds equally to everything you think about. In this sense, for him there is no difference between objective reality and your fantasies. For this reason, a so-called placebo effect is possible.
If the brain thinks you are taking a pharmaceutical drug (and not a sugar pill), then it responds accordingly. He drank a placebo, thinking that it was aspirin, and the brain would give the body a command to lower body temperature.
The nocebo effect works the same way, but in the opposite direction. If a hypochondriac looks at the evening news release and hears in them about the outbreak of a new disease, then he may even begin to physically feel its symptoms.
The good news is that if you look at the world in pink glasses, you probably feel happy more often due to the abnormal high level of serotonin (the hormone of joy) in the blood. Any constructive thought or dream of a bright future can improve your physical condition right here and now.
2. You see what you think most
Whatever you think, it becomes the basis of your life experience. For example, if you buy a new car, you will often notice cars of this brand in the city. The fact is that after the purchase you think about your car more often than you have thought so far.
Why is it important to know? The fact is that you can get out of any stressful situation simply by reprogramming your thinking. On the other hand, if you try to analyze the political situation presented by different media in different ways, then you will believe only those that reflect your own point of view.
There is something else. Have you ever noticed that people quickly grouped by interests? Positive people are more often friends with the same positive , and hypochondriacs - with hypochondriacs , aren't they? This is no coincidence. If you want to change something in your life, start by changing the mental patterns.
3. Most of the time your brain runs on autopilot.
On average, the human brain generates 60 thousand thoughts per day. But more than 40 thousand of them will be the same thoughts that you drove in your head yesterday. That is why it is so easy to slip into a corkscrew of a negative perception of life. And this is why we often need to change the familiar environment to an unfamiliar one in order to “clear out” our brains.
Negative thoughts create stress and anxiety on their own, even if there is no real reason. And they really destroy the immune system, which is forced to react to it (see paragraph number 1).
Train your brain. Make him more likely to register positive thoughts. The more you try, the faster and easier you will get. To be conscious of life is to try to take all these unconscious processes under your control. The ultimate goal of the practice is to ensure that the majority of your thoughts, arising by default, are positive.
4. Turning off periodically is vital
You can literally drown in thousands of negative thoughts that get stuck in your head during the day. Therefore, you need to "turn off": it will give a break for the immune system, make you healthier and happier.
The easiest way to "turn off" the brain for a few minutes is meditation. It allows you to turn your mind into a convenient and effective tool.
And further. About vacation. Choose an active holiday: skiing, diving, hiking. The easier it is for you to focus on the exciting process, the more effectively the head is “cleaned”.
5. You can change your brain. Literally. Physically
When you focus on some kind of mental activity, your brain is actively generating new neural connections at this point. Biologists call this process neuroplasticity .
Here is how it works. If you think you are not able to lose weight, then over time you will only be strengthened in this thought. But if you replace this subconscious belief with the thought: “I am in excellent physical form,” then your brain will build new neural connections to it every time. You will begin to notice more and more new opportunities that will allow you to turn this subconscious mind into a new reality.
You have the opportunity to subjugate your consciousness and change. You have the opportunity to achieve all that you want. The main thing is to believe in it. After all, any physical process begins with the thoughts that arise in your head.?