An important detail is exactly where the stomach hurts - in one of these places is a serious danger!
Pain in the abdomen and pelvis or Gastralgia (from other Greek stomach, stomach + other Greek sense of pain, suffering) - an unpleasant feeling associated with actual or possible tissue damage or described in terms of this damage (definition of the International Association pain study).
Gastralgia (from other Greek pain) - cramping pains in the stomach, usually caused by a disease of the stomach. Most common in inflammatory diseases of the stomach, dyspepsia, ulcerative lesions. It also occurs in some constitutional diseases: gouty diathesis, anemia, hysteria; often associated with lead colic, sometimes with diseases of the uterus and ovaries.
The abdomen is very large in itself. For this reason, pain in this area can develop for completely different reasons. And to find out the cause and the treatment itself, you need to determine exactly which part the pain comes from.
Abdominal pain is one of the most common complaints. About 90% of people complain about it. Intensity sometimes scares, another time - duration. Be that as it may, you can not ignore any ailments in the abdomen.
If you notice that the pain in a certain area of the abdomen lasts more than 2 weeks , you should definitely consult a doctor in order to avoid further complications.
With the stomach, we define the part of the body between the chest and groin. By looking at this diagram and understanding from which area a particular ailment is coming from, you can easily identify the problem, which will help to fix it in time.
- Gallstones, stomach ulcer, pancreas inflammation
- Gastric ulcer, heartburn, indigestion, inflammation of the pancreas, gallstones, epigastric hernia (keel above the navel)
- Gastric ulcer, duodenum, blockage of the bile ducts, inflammation of the pancreas
- Kidney stones, inflammation of the urinary tract, constipation, lumbar hernia - displacement of the spinal disc!
- Inflammation of the pancreas in the early stages of appendicitis, stomach ulcers, inflammatory bowel disease, inflammation of the small intestine, Crohn's disease, umbilical hernia
- Kidney stones, diverticular disease, constipation, inflammatory bowel disease
- Inflammation of the appendix, constipation, pain in the pelvis - this may indicate gynecological problems (endometriosis, etc.), and pain in the groin is an inguinal hernia
- Urinary canals, appendicitis, inflammatory bowel disease, pelvic pain - again, gynecological problems (diverticular disease)
- Diverticular disease, pelvic pain - gynecological problems, pain in the inguinal region - inguinal hernia!
Types of Abdominal Pain
Pain is the result of excitation of damaged tissue receptors. There are two groups of receptors:
- somatic pain mechanoreceptors (nociceptors), which have a high threshold of sensitivity, their stimulation causes a feeling of pain;
- visceral polymodal receptors, which, with mild irritation, transmit information about the state of the organ and only with severe irritation give a sensation of pain.
Accordingly, there are three types of abdominal pain: visceral, somatic and reflected. The parietal peritoneum is richly equipped with somatic receptors (therefore, such pains are sometimes called parietal), the mesentery, they are in the bile ducts and ureters. This pain is very intense and the patient can well determine its location.
Visceral pain occurs directly in the affected organ. It is painful and usually accompanied by sweating, nausea, vomiting, and a sharp blanching of the skin. This pain, although with difficulty, can be localized in the epigastrium, the umbilical region, or above the pubic symphysis.
Reflected abdominal pain appears with very intense irritation of the affected organ and is observed in diseases of the brain, meninges and many internal organs.
There are two main causes of abdominal pain - bloating of the abdominal organs (visceral pain) , and irritability of the peritoneum (somatic pain) . Bloating of any hollow organ (for example, the bile duct, large and small intestines, bladder, ureters, gynecological organs - the uterus, fallopian tubes) leads to spastic (spasmodic) and intermittent (intermittent) abdominal pain. Visceral pain is poorly localized and is usually noted by patients in the midline of the abdomen. Swelling of the front of the digestive tract is usually localized in the epigastric region. Blood supply to the front of the digestive tract is via the celiac arterial trunk. It includes the stomach, duodenum, bile ducts. Bloating of the middle part of the digestive tract is usually localized in the umbilical region. Blood supply to the middle part of the digestive tract (from the duodenum to the transverse colon) is through the superior mesenteric artery. Bloating of the lower intestine is localized in the suprapubic region. Blood supply to the lower intestine (from the transverse colon to the rectum) is via the lower mesenteric artery. In contrast to visceral pain, somatic pain is well localized. Irritation of the parietal peritoneum as a result of movement or distension leads to acute pain.
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