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Beer, world trade beer brands

Interesting facts about beer

Beer is a low-alcohol beverage produced by alcoholic fermentation of malt wort (most often based on barley) with the help of beer yeast, usually with the addition of hops. The content of ethyl alcohol in most beers is about 3.0–6.0% by volume. (strong contains, as a rule, from 8% to 14% by volume, sometimes they also emit light beer, which contains 1-2% by volume, separately emit non-alcoholic beer, which does not include here), dry substances (mainly carbohydrates) 7 —10%, carbon dioxide 0.48–1.0%.

Beer is common in many countries of the world and is popular due to its taste and aroma. There are about a thousand varieties of beer. Taste characteristics of different types can be completely different.

Интересные факты о пиве

Beer is one of the oldest drinks known from the Neolithic along with honey, kvass and wine. According to some radical opinion, the cultivation of grain began precisely for the sake of beer, and not bread. Chemical residues of beer, dated 3500-3100 years BC. Oe., were found in Godin-Tepe in the mountains of Zagros (western Iran). Later traces of beer were found in ancient Sumer, then in Egypt and Assyria. Beer is mentioned in ancient Egyptian and Mesopotamian sources. The builders of the Egyptian pyramids received, in addition to the food allowance, beer. Already on the most ancient Sumerian clay tablets there is a hymn to the patron goddess Ninkasi brewing, which contains a recipe for the preparation of this drink; Beer is mentioned in the laws of Hammurabi. In the archives of the ancient Syrian city of Ebla, it is mentioned that Eblaites brewed a variety of beers.

The Slavic word “beer” (from the verb to drink) originally meant any drink, a drink in general, and only later became the name of an alcoholic drink in almost all Slavic languages. The origin of the English beer name beer (other-English beor), together with related words in other Germanic languages ​​(it. Bier, niderl. Bier), is unclear. According to one version, this word was borrowed through the West German monasteries from the people's lat. biber “drink, drink” (from lat. bibere “drink”). According to another version, the word goes back to the pro-German * beuwoz-, from the root * beuwo- "barley".

List of beer brands

Content

Abkhazia

Australia

Austria

Azerbaijan

America

Armenia

Belorussia

Belgium

Duvel orval westmalle

United Kingdom

Germany

Georgia

Denmark

Ireland

Spain

Kazakhstan

Latvia

Lithuania

Moldavia

Netherlands

Russia

Slovakia

Turkey

Ukraine

A more detailed list of Ukrainian beers is available here.

Czech Republic

Estonia

Via Internet & wiki