As a matter of fact, 2-3-day-old children see the world immediately after birth.
Newborn - a child in the first 28 days (first 4 weeks of life) from the moment of birth. He spends this time between food and sleep, practically not honoring his mother with his attention and not distinguishing day from night. His body is incredibly vulnerable during this period, so he especially needs attention from his parents. The main need of the little man in the first month of life is physical contact with his mother, warmth and mother's milk.
After birth, all parents, not letting the child settle down in the new world, begin to lisp and hooted with it. But does this make sense?
When these small bundles of joy come to light, parents spend much time wriggling and parodying emotions in the face of a child in the hope of making them smile.
But have you ever wondered what a newborn baby actually sees and does he see you with his one-day eyes?
In the figure below, you can see how 2-3-day-old children see people's faces at a distance of 30 to 120 cm. Scientists have found that, regardless of the grimace that you are wrung in front of a child, he still will not see it if your face will be more than 30 cm away from his eyes
This is due to the fact that the eyes of the child after birth still continue to develop and his vision has not yet tuned in to the vision of this world.
In any case, even if the child saw what you were doing with the muscles of your face, he would still not understand what you want to convey to him. Yes, you yourself do not know.
What does the newborn see?
- Immediately after birth, the child is able to respond to the presence or absence of light;
- In the first month of the total blurred picture, the child distinguishes large objects;
- Then begins to monitor their movements, as well as passing parents;
- In 3-4 months the baby watches moving toys;
- By 6 months, the child can observe small objects and recognize "his".
What does a baby like to watch?
- Most of all newborns love to look at the faces of their parents. Most often, the pope's face becomes the subject of their love, thanks to the distinct features, beard or mustache;
- A change in the habitual appearance of a parent may cause discontent of the baby. At best, he just turns away, worse, starts crying and acting up;
- Even newborns love to look at black and white patterns, shapes or photos.
What does the newborn see?
- In the first week of life, the child does not stop looking at the surrounding objects for more than three or four seconds;
- At two months, the gaze focuses better, but it still does not stop, but slides over the subject;
- Only by four months old can the child focus his gaze on the subject;
- Sometimes newborns can “mow down” a little. This phenomenon occurs due to the fact that children can not use both eyes together. This is considered normal up to six months. However, if this happens all the time, it is better to consult a doctor;
How to make contact?
- It is observed that in an upright position, newborn children are able to focus their gaze. Therefore, to attract the attention of the child should take it vertically;
- After that, you need to wait for a while until the baby concentrates;
- Your face or object should be at a distance of about twenty to twenty five centimeters from the eyes of a child;
- Toys in the crib should not be hung in front of the child’s face, but a little further away - on the side, or behind the legs;
- You should speak calmly, quietly enough, while it is better if you have a smile on your face and “live” facial expressions.
Reflexes of the newborn
Total newborn shows 75 reflexes. Among them:
- Reflex Moro. The child moves his hands to the side with the extension of the fingers (phase I), then returns to the starting position (phase II) (hand movements are in the form of embracing the body), after slamming 15-20 cm from the child on the surface on which child, or after a quick extension of the legs.
- Robinson reflex. Manifested in the fact that the child firmly grabs the fingers of an adult, nested in his palms.
- Sucking reflex. It lies in the fact that the baby begins to rhythmically suck any object that is in his mouth.
- The proboscis reflex. The child sticks out his lips (which resembles a proboscis) in response to touching them.
- Search reflex Kussmaul. In response to a touch in the corner of the mouth, the child immediately pulls his lips towards the stimulus.
- Protective reflex. It lies in the fact that the child lying on his stomach, instantly turns his head to one side so as not to suffocate.
Experts believe that the Moro and Robinson reflexes helped our distant ancestors in infancy to hold on to the mother's wool during movement. Search, proboscis and sucking reflexes "responsible" for the baby to detect the source of food. The protective reflex is necessary for the survival of the infant.
Via 4tololo.ru & razvitie-krohi.ru & wiki