As a matter of fact, 2-3-day-old children see the world immediately after birth
A newborn is a child in the first 28 days (first 4 weeks of life) from the moment of birth. He spends this time between eating and sleeping, practically not honoring his mother with his attention and not distinguishing day from night. His body is incredibly vulnerable during this period, so he especially needs attention from his parents. The main need of a little man in the first month of life is bodily contact with his mother, warmth and mother's milk.
After birth, all parents, not allowing the child to settle in the new world, begin to linger and hoot with him. But does that make sense?
When these little bundles of joy are born, parents spend a lot of time grimacing and parodying emotions in front of the child in the hope of making them smile.
But have you ever wondered what a newborn baby actually sees and does he see you with his one-day eyes?
In the figure below, you can see how 2-3-day-old children see people's faces at a distance of 30 to 120 cm. Scientists have found that regardless of the grimace you make up in front of the child, he still will not see it if your face will be more than 30 cm away from his eyes
This is due to the fact that the baby’s eyes still continue to develop after birth and his vision has not yet tuned in to the vision of this world.
In any case, even if the child saw what you were doing with the muscles of his face, he still would not understand what you want to convey to him. Yes, you yourself do not know this.
What does the newborn see?
- Immediately after birth, the baby is able to respond to the presence or absence of light;
- In the first month, the child distinguishes large objects from the general blurred picture;
- Then begins to monitor their movements, as well as passing parents;
- At 3-4 months, the baby watches moving toys;
- By the age of 6 months, the child can observe small objects and recognize "their".
What does the baby like to watch?
- Most of all, newborns like to look at the faces of their parents. Most often, the subject of their love is the face of the pope, thanks to distinct features, a beard or a mustache;
- A change in the familiar appearance of the parent can cause dissatisfaction with the baby. In the best case, he simply turns away, worse, begins to cry and be capricious;
- Even newborns love to look at black and white patterns, figures or photographs.
What does the newborn see?
- In the first week of life, the child does not stop looking at the surrounding objects for more than three to four seconds;
- In two months, the gaze focuses better, but still does not stop, but glides over the subject;
- By only four months old, the child can focus on the subject;
- Sometimes newborns can “mow” their eyes a little. This phenomenon occurs due to the fact that children cannot use both eyes together. This is considered normal until six months. However, if this happens all the time, then it is better to consult a doctor;
How to make contact?
- It is noticed that in an upright position, newborn children are able to focus their eyes. Therefore, to attract the attention of the child should take it vertically;
- After this, you need to wait a while until the baby concentrates;
- Your face or object should be at a distance of about twenty to twenty five centimeters from the eyes of the child;
- Toys in the crib should not be hung in front of the child’s face, but a little further on the side or behind the legs;
- You should speak calmly, quietly enough, while it is better if you have a smile and a “lively” facial expression on your face.
In total, the newborn shows 75 reflexes. Among them:
- Reflex Moro. The child takes his hands to the side with extension of the fingers (I phase), then returns to the starting position (II phase) (while the movements of the hands are in the nature of covering the body), after 15-20 cm from the child clap on the surface on which lies child, or after a quick extension of the legs.
- Reflex Robinson. It manifests itself in the fact that the child firmly grabs the fingers of an adult embedded in his palms.
- Sucking reflex. It consists in the fact that the baby begins to rhythmically suck any object that appears in his mouth.
- Proboscis reflex. The child sticks out his lips (which resembles a proboscis) in response to touching them.
- Kussmaul's search reflex. In response to a touch in the area of the corner of the mouth, the child immediately stretches his lips towards the stimulus.
- Protective reflex. It lies in the fact that a child lying on his stomach instantly turns his head to one side so as not to suffocate.
Experts believe that the reflexes of Moreau and Robinson helped our distant ancestors in infancy cling to their mother's coat while moving. Search, proboscis and sucking reflexes are “responsible” for the baby to detect a food source. A protective reflex is necessary for the survival of the baby.
Via 4tololo.ru & razvitie-krohi.ru & wiki