What are honeycombs
Bee honeycombs - wax constructions of bees, intended for storage of feed stocks (honey and perga) and raising offspring; are also the nest of the bee colony. Bee honeycombs consist of hexagonal prismatic cells located on either side of a common mediastinum, which can be artificial (an artificial honeycomb).
Types of cells
In honeycombs cells of different types are distinguished: bee, drone, transitional, queen cells.
The size of the honeycomb depends on the shape and size of the standard hive frame. In modern beekeeping, honeycombs can be removed from the hive by using a framework system. The basis for the new honeycomb is a waxed waxing on the frame - a thin piece of beeswax with the bottoms and ruffles of the cells pressed out on both sides. Starting to work on a new voschinoy, the bees first pull out the beginnings of the cells, and then build them up, adding the wax secreted by themselves. The result is a bilateral honeycomb with the correct rows of bee cells.
The first frame hive, as is commonly believed in the national tradition, was invented in 1814 by the outstanding beekeeper P. I. Prokopovich. Jan Jerzhon (created his collapsible hive in 1838) and August von Berlapsch (1852) also claim to be the first to be on this issue. However, a framework close to modern was patented in the USA by Langstroth in 1851; the framework in the hive Langstroth removed from above, it was this design and became the most common in the world.
In the hive, honeycombs are arranged vertically. Honeycomb-filled honeycombs in the standard framework contain about 4 kg of honey, which depends on the depth of the cell. As a rule, in the upper part of the frame, the cells are thicker and taper towards the bottom. The space for the passage of bees between the honeycombs is called a street, its standard width is 12-13 mm.
Bee honeycombs - the most perfect buildings of insects. Honeycombs are built from two sides, and the method of "mounting" each of the cells does not provide for any gaps and inconsistencies in all three dimensions. Due to this, the construction of a single cell takes a minimum of wax - for the construction of a single bee cell, the bees spend about 13 mg of wax, the drone - 30 mg, for the construction of the whole honeycomb - 140-150 g.
The hexagonal shape is the most economical and efficient figure for building honeycombs. The horizontal diameter of the bee cell is 5.3 - 5.7 mm (about 4 cells per 1 cm), depth is 10-12 mm; the thickness of honeycombs with unsealed brood is on average 22 mm, and after they are sealed up to 25 mm and more. The cell volume is about 0.28 cm3. In the construction of honeycombs, bees use the earth’s magnetic field as a guide. Cell combs are drone, honey and brood. Differ in size and depth. Honey - deeper, drone - wider.
Honeycombs without bees in beekeeping is called dry. Sush is substituted into families for their expansion, used to form new families (layering).