Drinking and consumption of vitamins at high loads
The consumption of vitamins and water at elevated loads increases. Lack of them leads to excessive fatigue.
Therefore, with increased nervous and physical stress intake of vitamins and water in the body should be increased.
Onions and garlic in operational-combat activities can not be used. In such conditions, the most complete source of vitamins - ordinary bee honey. A spoon of honey in the morning and a spoon in the evening will perfectly compensate for the deficiency of vitamins.
It is good to take with a dragee "Undevit", sold in every pharmacy. It would be better if the body is filled with vitamins before specific events, taking 3-4 peas of "Undevita" per day.
During an active search in a mountainous or mountainous-wooded area, it is helpful to take 1 pea of “Undevita” in the morning and one in the evening.
On the drinking mode should pay special attention. About this, as the practice of recent years has shown, even experienced employees have a vague concept.
So that on the march not to thirst, it is necessary that the water was retained in the body. Only salt can cope with this task. Therefore, to retain water in the morning, you need to eat something salty [suitable soup on a salty bouillon cube].
Water in the morning need to drink plenty. Do not drink anything during the day! It will be very unpleasant, but not fatal. If it becomes completely unbearable, rinse your mouth with water from a jar, do not swallow the water, but spit it out. This is done in the hot desert, and when climbing in the mountains.
If a person in the desert or at a mountain transition begins to drink, he immediately begins to sweat. Along with sweat, salt leaves the body. As a result, water is discharged even more intensely, which leads to exhausting perspiration and causes even more thirst. It turns out a vicious circle - the more a person drinks, the more he wants it.
Besides the fact that indiscriminate intake of water during the day does not quench thirst, but increases perspiration, which leads to the leaching of vital salts from the body, it has a harmful effect on the heart, causing it to idle to pump excess fluid. Therefore, we must endure until the evening - at the evening bivouk you can drink plenty. In the morning and in the evening you can drink it also because in these hours the load on the heart is the smallest.
Thirst on the march is well satisfied with all the same minty or sweet-sour lollipops, dried apricots and prunes. Slow absorption of these products enhances salivation and prevents dry mouth.
If a particular march or ascent uphill is made not in a diaphoretic, but in a quiet mode, from time to time, but not often, you can take a sip from a jar in 2-3 sips, but the water should be slightly salted.
Salt should be consumed about 15 grams per day, given that the bouillon cubes are 80% salt. The physiological norm of salt on a heavy march is 20-25 g per day.
It must be remembered that melt water and water in mountain streams do not contain the necessary body salts. Therefore, the water extracted in nature must be salted.
It is forbidden to consume snow in natural form or to suck ice - it does not quench your thirst, but a cold is guaranteed. Eating snow as such causes a very unpleasant phenomenon - the so-called “Arctic thirst”.
If you already have to eat snow, then do not eat it in its natural loose state. This leads to dehydration. Snow should be rolled up with palms in the form of "sausage" and there is a caution, very slowly and gradually.
Drink glacial water in very small sips. If the water from the glacier streams has a whitish hue, it must be defended and then drained.
Attention! Drinking water does not immediately eliminate thirst! Water must pass through the esophagus, stomach, into the intestine, and only there begin to be absorbed and enter the blood. All this takes 10-15 minutes. Therefore, having seized upon the water, drink first a little and often.
With operational search and other operational-combat activities, hot meal meals are obtained two times according to the principle: breakfast and dinner.
Haste leads to reduced alertness and caution.
Dullness reduces the level of operational observation.
All this leads to ambush and other troubles ...