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Complete List of Nutritional Supplements E


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Nutritional Supplements "E" (table)

Nutritional supplements


How are nutritional supplements divided? How are prohibited additives different from unauthorized ones? What additives are not recommended by the Ministry of Health? It will be interesting to everyone who cares about their health and monitors nutrition.

Food Additive Classification
  • E100 — E182 - dyes that enhance or restore the color of the product.
  • E200 — E299 - preservatives, increase the shelf life of products, protecting them from germs and fungi.
  • E300 — E399 - antioxidants that protect products from oxidation.
  • E400 — E499 - stabilizers, maintain the necessary consistency of products.
  • E500 — E599 — emulsifiers create a homogeneous mixture.
  • E600 — E699 — enhancers of taste and aroma.
  • E700 - E800 - spare indices.
  • E900 — E999 - antifoam agents, prevent or reduce the formation of foam, give products a pleasant appearance.

Glaziers, sweeteners, disintegrants, acidity regulators are included in all these groups, in addition to the new E1000 group.

Prohibited supplements (supplements that prove that their action is harmful to the body)
  • E121 - citrus red 2 (dye)
  • E123 - red amaranth (dye)
  • E128 [6] - 09/03/2007. red 2G (dye)
  • E216 [7] - para-hydroxybenzoic acid propyl ether, paraben group (preservative)
  • E217 [7] - para-hydroxybenzoic acid propyl ether sodium salt (preservative)
  • E240 - formaldehyde (preservative)
Unauthorized additives (additives that have not been tested or are being tested, but have no final result yet)
  • E127 - Erythrosine - banned in a number of countries
  • E154 - Brown FK
  • E173 - Aluminum
  • E180 - Ruby lithol VK
  • E388 - Thiopropionic Acid
  • E389 - Dilaurylthiodipropionate
  • E424 - Kurdlan
  • E512 - Tin (II) chloride
  • E537 - Iron hexacyanomanganate
  • E557 - Zinc silicate
  • E912 - Montanic acid esters
  • E914 - Oxidized Polyethylene Wax
  • E916 - Calcium iodate
  • E917 - Potassium iodate
  • E918 - Nitrogen oxides
  • E919 - Nitrosyl chloride
  • E922 - Potassium persulfate
  • E923 - Ammonium persulfate
  • E924b - Calcium bromate
  • E925 - Chlorine
  • E926 - Chlorine dioxide
  • E929 - Acetone peroxide
Allowed in Russia, but prohibited in the European Union
  • E102 - Tartrazine
  • E142 - Synthetic food color Green S
  • E425 - konjac, konjac flour, konjac gum and konjac glucomannan
List of especially harmful food additives E according to the Ministry of Health
* - the substance is included in the list of food additives prohibited for use in the food industry of the Russian Federation;
** - the substance is included in the list of food additives that are not approved for use in the food industry in the Russian Federation

Preservatives (E-200 - E-299)

Code Title Notes
E-200 Sorbic acid May cause skin reactions
E-209 ** Para-hydroxybenzoic acid heptyl ether
E-210 Benzoic acid May trigger asthma attacks
E-213 ** Calcium benzoate
E-214 ** Para-hydroxybenzoic acid ethyl ester Banned in a number of countries
E-215 ** Para-hydroxybenzoic acid ethyl ester sodium salt Banned in a number of countries
E-216 * Para-hydroxybenzoic acid propyl ether Banned in Russia
E-217 * Para-hydroxybenzoic acid propyl ether sodium salt Banned in a number of countries
E-218 ** Para-hydroxybenzoic acid methyl ester Allergic skin reactions possible
E-219 ** Para-hydroxybenzoic acid methyl ester sodium salt Banned in a number of countries
E-220 sulphur dioxide Use with caution in people with kidney failure.
E-221 Sodium sulfite
E-225 ** Potassium sulfite
E-226 ** Calcium sulphite Banned in a number of countries
E-227 ** Calcium Hydrosulfite Banned in a number of countries
E-228 ** Potassium hydrosulfite (potassium bisulfite)
E-230 ** Biphenyl, diphenyl Banned in a number of countries
E-231 ** Orthophenylphenol Banned in a number of countries
E-232 ** Orthophenylphenol Sodium
E-233 ** Thiabendazole Banned in a number of countries
E-234 Lowlands
E-235 Natamycin (pimaricin) May cause allergic reactions, nausea, diarrhea
E-236 Formic acid Banned in a number of countries
E-237 ** Sodium formate Banned in a number of countries
E-238 ** Calcium formate Banned in a number of countries
E-239 Hexamethylenetetramine Banned in a number of countries
E-240 * Formaldehyde Banned in Russia and in several countries
E-241 ** Guaiac resin
E-249 Potassium nitrite Perhaps a carcinogen. It is forbidden to use in baby food
E-252 ** Potassium nitrate Many countries have restrictions on its use.
E-261 Potassium acetate It should be avoided by people with kidney disease.
E-262 Sodium Acetates, Sodium Acetate, Sodium Hydroacetate (Sodium Diacetate)
E-263 ** Calcium acetate
E-264 ** Ammonium acetate May cause nausea
E-281 ** Sodium Propionate May cause migraine
E-282 ** Calcium Propionate Also
E-283 ** Potassium propionate Also
E-284 Boric acid
E-285 Sodium tetraborate (borax)
E-296 Malic acid Not recommended for infants and young children.
E-297 Fumaric acid

Amplifiers of taste and aroma (E-600 - E-699)

Code Title Notes
E-620 Glutamic acid. Salt substitute Not recommended for use in baby food.
E-621 Monosodium Glutamate It is forbidden to use in baby food
E-622 ** Monosubstituted potassium glutamate May cause nausea, diarrhea, colic
E-625 ** Magnesium glutamate
E-627 Sodium guanylate disubstituted It is forbidden to use in baby food
E-629 ** 5-calcium guanilate
E-630 Inosinic acid
E-631 Sodium Inosinate Disubstituted It is forbidden to use in baby food
E-635 ** Sodium 5-ribonucleotides disubstituted Banned in a number of countries

Dyes (E-100 - E-199)

Code Title Notes
E-100 Curcumin
E-102 Tartrazine Causes asthma attacks. Banned in a number of countries
E-103 ** Alkanet, alkanine
E-104 Yellow quinoline Causes dermatitis. Banned in a number of countries
E-107 ** Yellow 2 G For asthma, use with caution.
E-110 Yellow "sunset" FCF, orange yellow S May cause allergic reactions, nausea. Banned in a number of countries
E-120 Cochineal; carminic acid; carmines Some health organizations advise avoiding it.
! E-121 * Citrus Red 2 Banned in Russia! Banned in a number of countries
E-122 Azorubine, carmoisine Banned in a number of countries!
E-123 * Amaranth Banned in Russia! Banned in a number of countries. Including causes fetal malformations
E-124 Ponceau 4R (crimson 4R), cochineal red A Banned in a number of countries. Carcinogen. Provokes asthma attacks
E-125 ** Ponceau, Crimson SX
E-127 ** Erythrosine Banned in a number of countries. May cause thyroid hyperactivity
E-128 ** Red 2g Banned in a number of countries
E-129 Red Charming Speaker Carcinogen. Banned in a number of countries
E-131 Blue patented V Banned in a number of countries
E-132 Indigotine, indigo carmine May cause nausea, increased and other allergic reactions. Banned in norway
E-133 Blue shiny FCF Banned in a number of countries
E-142 Green s Banned in a number of countries
E-151 Black shiny BN, black PN Banned in a number of countries
E-153 ** Vegetable coal Banned in the USA
E-154 ** Brown fk Banned in the USA
E-155 ** Brown nt Banned in a number of countries
Extra paprika, capsanthin, capsorubin Banned in a number of countries
E-160d ** Lycopene
E-166 ** Sandalwood
E-173 ** Aluminum Banned in a number of countries
E-174 ** Silver Banned in a number of countries
E-175 ** Gold Banned in a number of countries
E-180 ** Ruby lithol VK Banned in a number of countries
E-181 Food tannins
E-182 ** Orsail, Orsin

Glazing agents, bread and flour improvers and other substances (E-100 - E-199)

Code Title Notes
E-900 Dimethylpolysiloxane
E-901 Beeswax, white and yellow Allergic reactions possible
E-902 Candle wax Also
E-903 Carnauba wax Derived from the sight of palm trees growing in Africa
E-904 Shellac It is obtained from insects. Allergic reactions possible
E-905a Petroleum jelly oil
E-905b Petroleum jelly
E-905c Paraffin
E-906 ** Benzoic resin
E-908 ** Rice bran wax
E-909 ** Spermaceti wax
E-910 ** Wax esters
E-911 ** Fatty Acid Methyl Esters
E-912 Montanic acid esters
E-913 ** Lanolin
E-914 Oxidized polyethylene wax
E-916 Calcium iodate Used to fortify food with iodine.
E-917 Potassium iodate Also
E-918 ** Nitrogen oxides
E-919 ** Nitrosyl chloride
E-920 L- cysteine
E-922 ** Potassium persulfate
E-923 ** Ammonium persulfate
E-924a-b ** Calcium bromate, sodium Banned in Russia
E-925 ** Chlorine
E-926 ** Chlorine dioxide Carcinogen
E-927b Urea
E-928 Benzoyl peroxide
E-929 ** Acetone peroxide
E-930 Calcium peroxide
E-938 # Argon
E-939 # Helium
E-940 Dichlorodifluoromethane Freon-12
E-941 Nitrogen
E-942 * Diazomonoxide
E-943a * Butane
E-943b ** Isobutane
E-944 * Propane
E-945 * Hlopentafluoroethane
E-946 ** Octafluorocyclobutane
E-948 Oxygen
E-950 Acesulfame Potassium
E-951 Aspartame Sugar substitute A huge amount of side effects
E-952 Cyclamic acid and its sodium, potassium and calcium salts Sugar substitute. Banned in the USA and the UK, considered a carcinogen
E-953 Isomaltitis
E-954 Saccharin and its sodium, potassium and calcium salts Sugar substitute. Restrictions on its use in the USA, according to some carcinogens
E-957 ** Thaumatin Natural Sugar Substitute
E-959 ** Neohesperidin Dihydrochalcon
E-958 Glycyrrhizin
E-965 Maltitol maltitol syrup
E-966 Lactitol
E-967 Xylitol Causes stone kidney disease in laboratory animals
E-999 Quillaya Extract Substance of natural origin, causes rich foaming in carbonated drinks, beer


Complete List of Nutritional Supplements E

Introduction

The table below is a complete list of food additives E, the chemical names of which are given in increasing order of digital codes in English and Russian.

Nutritional supplements are grouped into functional classes.

The following notation is used in the table:

  • * - the substance is included in the list of food additives prohibited for use in the food industry of the Russian Federation [1], [2]; (text on a black background);
  • ** - the substance is included in the list of food additives that do not have permission for use in the food industry in the Russian Federation [1]; (text on a gray background);
  • # - substance not mentioned in the documentation of the Russian Federation , included in the list according to another source [3]; (text on a white background with a # icon)

The list is based on the following materials:

  • [1] Nutritional Supplements. Supplements to the “Biomedical requirements and sanitary standards for the quality of food raw materials and food products” (No. 5061-89), - M., State Committee for Sanitary and Epidemiological Surveillance of the Russian Federation, 1994
  • [2] RESOLUTION of the Chief State Sanitary Doctor of the Russian Federation of January 18, 2005
  • [3] Food Additives in the European Union, - The Department of Food Science and Technology The University of Reading, UK Food Law (compiled by Dr David Jukes)

Additional information on the toxicity of some of the substances listed below can be found in books available at the Russian State Library (former V.I. Lenin State Library):

  1. Rosival L. et al., "Foreign substances and food additives in products", - M .: "Leg. And pishch. Prom.", 1982 - 264 p.
  2. Evaluation of some food additives and contaminants. 41 report of the joint FAO / WHO experts on food additives, Geneva, - M: “Medicine”, 1994 - 72 p.
  3. Evaluation of some food additives and contaminants. 37 reports of the joint FAO / WHO experts on food additives, Geneva, - M: “Medicine”, 1974 - 48 p.
  4. Chemistry of food additives: Abstracts of the All-Union Conference of Chernivtsi, - Kiev: NPO "Nutritional Supplements", 1989 - 256 p.
  5. The principles of assessing the safety of food additives and contaminants in food products, - M .: Medicine, 1991 - 158 p.
  6. Steinberg A.I. and others, "Additives to food products (Hygienic requirements and rationing)", - M .: “Medicine”, 1969 - 95 p.

FEDERAL PROTECTION SURVEILLANCE SERVICE
RIGHTS OF CONSUMERS
AND HUMAN WELL-BEING

CHIEF STATE SANITARY DOCTOR
RUSSIAN FEDERATION
P O S T A N O V L E N I E
01/18/2005 Moscow

About the prohibition of the use of food additives

On 11.11.2004, the European Commission amended the EU Directive HP 95/2 / EC "Food additives used in the manufacture of food products (except dyes)" on the use of food additives in the confectionery and meat industries. A ban was introduced on the use of food additives (hereinafter - additives) E 216 (para-hydroxybenzoic acid propyl ether) and E 217 (para-hydroxybenzoic acid propyl ether, sodium salt) in the manufacture of confectionery and meat products.

In the Russian Federation, additives E 216 and E 217 are included in Appendix 7 "Food additives that do not have a harmful effect on human health when used for the manufacture of food products" SanPiN 2.3.2.1078-01 "Hygienic requirements for safety and nutritional value of food products", in the Appendix 1 "Food additives for food production" SanPiN 2.3.2.1293-03 "Hygienic requirements for the use of food additives" and are allowed for use in the food industry as preservatives in the manufacture of confectionery and meat GOVERNMENTAL products. The scope and conditions for the use of additives, regulated by sanitary legislation, are fully consistent with EU Directive HP 95/2 / EC.

In order to prevent the threat of mass non-communicable diseases (poisoning) of the population and in accordance with federal laws of March 30, 1999 No. 52-ФЗ "On the sanitary and epidemiological welfare of the population", article 51 (Collected Legislation of the Russian Federation, 1999, No. 14, Art. 1650), dated 01.01.2000 No. 29-ФЗ "On the quality and safety of food products", article 17.21 (Collection of legislation of the Russian Federation, 2000, No. 2, article 150)

I RESOLVE:

1. To prohibit the import into the territory of the Russian Federation of food products made using additives E 216 (para-hydroxybenzoic acid propyl ether) and E 217 (para-hydroxybenzoic acid propyl ether, sodium salt), as well as from 01.03.2005 the use of these additives in food production.

2. The State Research Institute of Nutrition RAMS (as agreed) and the Federal Center for Hygiene and Epidemiology of the Federal State Healthcare Institution during 2005 to conduct in-depth toxicological and hygienic studies of additives E 216 (para-hydroxybenzoic acid propyl ether) and E 217 (para-hydroxybenzoic acids propyl ether, sodium salt).

3. The chief state sanitary doctors of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation should bring the text of this resolution to the attention of legal entities and individual entrepreneurs engaged in the production and circulation of food products, as well as importing food products into the territory of the Russian Federation.

4. The control over the implementation of this resolution shall be assigned to the Deputy Chief State Sanitary Doctor of the Russian Federation Gulchenko LP

G. G. Onishchenko

TABLE OF FOOD ADDITIVES E

Dyes (E-100 - E-199)

E-100 Curcumin Curcumin
E-101 (I) Riboflavin;
(II) Riboflavin-5'-Phosphate Sodium
(I) Riboflavin;
(II) Sodium salt of riboflavin-5-phosphate;
E 102 Tartrazine Tartrazine
E-103 ** Alkanet Alkanet, alkanine
E-104 Quinoline yellow Quinoline yellow
E-107 ** Yellow 2 g Yellow 2 G
E-110 Sunset Yellow FCF, Orange Yellow S Yellow “sunny sunset” FCF, orange yellow S
E-120 Cochineal, Carminic Acid, Carmines Cochineal; carminic acid; carmines
E-121 * Citrus Red 2 Citrus Red 2
E-122 Azorubine, Carmoisine Azorubine, carmoisine
E-123 * Amaranth Amaranth
E-124 Ponceau 4R, Cochineal Red A Ponceau 4R (crimson 4R), cochineal red A
E-125 ** Ponceau sx Ponceau, Crimson SX
E-127 ** Erythrosine Erythrosine
E-128 ** Red 2g Red 2g
E-129 Allura Red AC Red Charming Speaker
E 131 Patent blue v Blue patented V
E-132 Indigotine, Indigo Carmine Indigotine, indigo carmine
E-133 Brilliant Blue FCF Blue shiny FCF
E-140 ** Chlorophylis and Chlorophyllins: (I) Chlorophylls (II) Chlorophyllins (I) Chlorophylls and (II) chlorophyllins
E-141 Copper Complexes of Chlorophylls and Chlorophyllins (I) Copper Complexes of Chlorophylls (II) Copper Complexes of Chlorophyllins (I) Copper complexes of chlorophylls and (II) chlorophyllins
E-142 Greens s Green s
E-143 Fast green fcf Green Durable FCF
E-150a Plain caramel Sugar color I simple (caramel simple)
E-150b Caustic sulphite caramel Sugar color II, obtained by "alkaline sulfite" technology
E-150c Ammonia caramel Sugar color III, obtained by "ammonia" technology
E-150d Sulphite ammonia caramel Sugar color IV, obtained by "ammonia-sulfite" technology
E-151 Brilliant Black BN, Black PN Black shiny BN, black PN
E-152 Carbon Black (hydrocarbon) Coal
E-153 ** Vegetable carbon Vegetable coal
E-154 ** Brown fk Brown fk
E-155 ** Brown ht Brown ht
E-160a Carotenes: (I) Beta-Carotene (Synthetic) Natural Extracts (II) Carotenes: (I) b- carotene synthetic, (II) extracts of natural carotenes
E-160b Annatto, Bixin, Norbixin Annatto, bixin, norbixin
E-160c Paprika extract, Capsanthin, Capsorubin Paprika extract, capsanthin, capsorubin
E-160d ** Lycopene Lycopene
E-160e Beta-apo-8'-carotenal (C 30) b -apo-8-carotene aldehyde (C 30)
E-160f ** Ethyl ester of beta-apo-8'-carotenic Acid (C 30) B -apo-8-carotinic acid ethyl ester (C30)
E-161a Flavoxanthin Flavoxanthin
E-161b Lutein Lutein
E-161s Cryptoxanthin Cryptoxanthin
E-161d Rubixanthin Rubixanthin
E-161e Violoxanthin Violoxanthin
E-161f Rhodoxanthin Rhodoxanthin
E-161g Canthaxanthin Canthaxanthin
E-162 Beetroot Red, Betanin Beetroot red, betanin
E-163 Anthocyanins Anthocyanins
E-164 Saffron Saffron
E-166 ** Sandalwood Sandalwood
E-170 Calcium carbonates Calcium carbonates
E-171 Titanium dioxide Titanium dioxide
E-172 Iron Oxides and Hydroxides Oxides and hydroxides of iron
E-173 ** Aluminum Aluminum
E-174 ** Silver Silver
E-175 ** Gold Gold
E-180 ** Lithol Rubine BK Ruby lithol VK
E-181 Tannins, Food Grade Food tannins
E-182 ** Orchil Orsail, Orsin

Preservatives (E-200 - E-299)

E-200 Sorbic acid Sorbic acid
E-201 Sodium sorbate Sodium Sorbate
E-202 Potassium sorbate Potassium sorbate
E-203 Calcium sorbate Calcium Sorbate
E-209 ** Heptyl p-hydroxybenzoate Para-hydroxybenzoic acid heptyl ether
E-210 Benzoic acid Benzoic acid
E-211 Sodium benzoate Sodium benzoate
E-212 Potassium benzoate Potassium benzoate
E-213 ** Calcium benzoate Calcium benzoate
E-214 ** Ethyl p-hydroxybenzoate Para-hydroxybenzoic acid ethyl ester
E-215 ** Sodium Ethyl p-hydroxybenzoate Para-hydroxybenzoic acid ethyl ester sodium salt
E-216 * Propyl p-hydroxybenzoate Para-hydroxybenzoic acid propyl ether
E-217 * Sodium Propyl p-hydroxybenzoate Para-hydroxybenzoic acid propyl ether sodium salt
E-218 ** Methyl p-hydroxybenzoate Para-hydroxybenzoic acid methyl ester
E-219 ** Sodium Methyl p-hydroxybenzoate Para-hydroxybenzoic acid methyl ester sodium salt
E-220 Sulfur dioxide sulphur dioxide
E-221 Sodium sulfite Sodium sulfite
E-222 Sodium Hydrogen Sulphite Sodium bisulfite
E-223 Sodium metabisulphite Sodium pyrosulfite
E-224 Potassium metabisulphite Potassium Pyrosulfite
E-225 ** Potassium sulphite Potassium sulfite
E-226 ** Calcium sulphite Calcium sulphite
E-227 ** Calcium Hydrogen Sulphite Calcium Hydrosulfite
E-228 ** Potassium hydrogen sulphite Potassium hydrosulfite (potassium bisulfite)
E-230 ** Biphenyl, diphenyl Biphenyl, diphenyl
E-231 ** Orthophenyl Phenol Orthophenylphenol
E-232 ** Sodium Orthophenyl Phenol Orthophenylphenol Sodium
E-233 ** Thiabendazole Thiabendazole
E-234 Nisin Lowlands
E-235 Natamycin (Pimaricin) Natamycin (pimaricin)
E-236 Formic acid Formic acid
E-237 ** Sodium formate Sodium formate
E-238 ** Calcium formate Calcium formate
E-239 Hexamethylene tetramine Hexamethylenetetramine
E-240 * Formaldehyde Formaldehyde
E-241 ** Gum guaicum Guaiac resin
E-242 Dimethyl dicarbonate Dimethyldicarbonate
E-249 Potassium nitrite Potassium nitrite
E-250 Sodium nitrite Sodium nitrite
E-251 Sodium nitrate Sodium nitrate
E-252 ** Potassium nitrate Potassium nitrate
E-260 Acetic acid Acetic acid
E-261 Potassium acetate Potassium acetate
E-262 Sodium Acetates (I) Sodium Acetate (II) Sodium Hydrogen Acetate (Sodium Diacetate) Sodium Acetates: Sodium Acetate, Sodium Hydroacetate (Sodium Diacetate)
E-263 ** Calcium acetate Calcium acetate
E-264 ** Ammonium acetate Ammonium acetate
E-265 Dehydroacetic acid Dehydroacetic acid
E-266 Sodium dehydroacetate Sodium Dehydroacetate
E-270 Lactic acid Lactic acid
E-280 Propionic acid Propionic acid
E-281 ** Sodium propionate Sodium Propionate
E-282 ** Calcium propionate Calcium Propionate
E-283 ** Potassium propionate Potassium propionate
E-284 # Boric acid Boric acid
E-285 # Sodium Tetraborate (Borax) Sodium tetraborate (borax)
E-290 Carbon dioxide Carbon dioxide
E-296 Malic acid Malic acid
E-297 Fumaric acid Fumaric acid

Antioxidants (E-300 - E-399)

E-300 Ascorbic acid Vitamin C
E-301 Sodium ascorbate Ascorbic acid sodium salt (sodium ascorbate)

E-302 **

Calcium ascorbate

Calcium salt of ascorbic acid (calcium ascorbate)
E-303 ** Potassium ascorbate Potassium ascorbate
E-304 Ascorbyl palmitate Ascorbyl palmitate
E-305 ** Ascorbyl stearate Ascorbyl stearate
E-306 Mixed Tocopherols Concentrate Tocopherol Concentrate
E-307 Alpha-tocopherol a- tocopherol
E-308 ** Synthetic gamma-tocopherol synthetic g- tocopherol
E-309 ** Synthetic Delta-tocopherol d- tocopherol synthetic
E-310 ** Propyl gallate Propyl gallate
E-311 ** Octyl gallate Octyl gallate
E-312 ** Dodecyl gallate Dodecyl gallate
E-313 ** Ethyl gallate Ethyl gallate
E-314 ** Guaiac resin Guaiac resin
E-315 Erythorbic (Isoascorbic) Acid Erythorbic (iso-ascorbic) acid
E-316 Sodium erythorbate Sodium erythorbate
E-317 ** Potassium issoascorbate Potassium Iso-Ascorbate
E-318 ** Calcium Isoascorbate Calcium Iso-Ascorbate
E-319 Tertiary Butylhydroquinone Tert-butylhydroquinone
E-320 Butylated Hydroxyanisole (BHA) Butylhydroxyanisole
E-321 Butylated Hydroxytoluene (BHT) Butylhydroxytoluene
E-322 Lecithins Lecithins
E-323 ** Anoxomer Anoxomer
E-324 ** Ethoxyquin Ethoxyquin
E-325 ** Sodium lactate Sodium lactate
E-326 Potassium lactate Potassium lactate
E-327 Calcium lactate Calcium lactate
E-328 ** Ammonium lactate Ammonium lactate
E-329 ** Magnesium Lactate (D, L-) Magnesium Lactate
E-330 Citric acid Lemon acid
E-331 Sodium Citrates (I) Monosodium Citrate (II) Disodium Citrate Trisodium Citrate Sodium citrates: (I) sodium citrate monosubstituted, (II) sodium citrate disubstituted, (iii) sodium citrate trisubstituted
E-332 Potassium Citrates (I) Monopotassium Citrate (II) Dipotassium Citrate (iii) Tripotassium Citrate Potassium citrates: (I) potassium citrate monosubstituted, (II) potassium citrate disubstituted, (iii) potassium citrate trisubstituted
E-333 Calcium Citrates (I) Monocalcium Citrate (II) Dicalcium Citrate (iii) Tricalcium Citrate Calcium Citrates: Monosubstituted Calcium Citrate, Disubstituted Calcium Citrate, Trisubstituted Calcium Citrate
E-334 Tartaric Acid (L (+) -) Tartaric acid ((L +) -)
E-335 Sodium Tartrates (I) Monosodium Tartrate (II) Disodium Tartrate Sodium Tartrates: Sodium Tartrate Monosubstituted, Sodium Tartrate Disubstituted
E-336 Potassium Tartrates (I) Monopotassium Tartrate (II) Dipotassium Tartrate Potassium tartrate: potassium tartrate monosubstituted, potassium tartrate disubstituted
E-337 Sodium potassium tartrate Potassium Sodium Tartrate
E-338 Phosphoric acid Orthophosphoric acid
E-339 Sodium Ortophosphates (I) Monosodium Ortophosphate (II) Disodium Ortophosphate (iii) Trisodium Ortophosphate Sodium orthophosphates: sodium orthophosphate monosubstituted, sodium orthophosphate, sodium orthophosphate
E-340 Potassium Ortophosphates (I) Monopotassium Ortophosphate (II) Dipotassium Ortophosphate (iii) Tripotassium Ortophosphate Potassium orthophosphates: potassium orthophosphate, monosubstituted, disubstituted potassium orthophosphate, potassium orthophosphate
E-341 Calcium Phosphates (I) Monocalcium Ortophosphate (II) Dicalcium Ortophosphate (iii) Tricalcium Ortophosphate Calcium orthophosphates: calcium orthophosphate monosubstituted, calcium orthophosphate disubstituted, calcium orthophosphate
E-342 Ammonium Phosphates (I) Monoammonium Ortophosphate (II) Diammonium Ortophosphate Ammonium orthophosphates: Ammonium orthophosphate monosubstituted, Ammonium orthophosphate disubstituted
E-343 ** Magnesium Ortophosphates: (I) Monomagnesium Ortophosphate (II) Dimagnesium Ortophosphate (iii) Trimagnesium Ortophosphate Magnesium orthophosphates: (I) magnesium orthophosphate monosubstituted, (II) magnesium orthophosphate disubstituted, (iii) magnesium orthophosphate trisubstituted
E-344 ** Lecitin citrate Lecithin citrate
E-345 ** Magnesium Citrate Magnesium citrate
E-349 ** Ammonium malate Ammonium malate
E-350 ** Sodium Malates (I) Sodium Malate (II) Sodium Hydrogen Malate Sodium Malates: Sodium Malate, Sodium Malate Monosubstituted
E-351 ** Potassium malate Potassium malate
E-352 ** Calcium Malates (I) Calcium Malate (II) Calcium Hydrogen Malate Calcium Malates: Calcium Malate, Calcium Malate Monosubstituted
E-353 Metatartaric acid Meta-tartaric acid
E-354 Calcium tartrate Calcium tartrate
E-355 ** Adipic acid Adipic acid
E-356 ** Sodium adipate Sodium adipate
E-357 ** Potassium adipate Potassium adipate
E-359 ** Ammonium adipate Ammonium adipate
E-363 Succinic acid succinic acid
E-365 ** Sodium fumarates Sodium fumarates
E-366 ** Potassium fumarates Potassium fumarates
E-367 ** Calcium fumarates Calcium Fumarates
E-368 ** Ammonium fumarates Ammonium fumarates
E-370 ** 1,4-Heptonolactone 1,4-heptollollacton
E-375 ** Nicotinic acid A nicotinic acid
E-380 Ammonium citrates Ammonium Citrates (Ammonium Citric Acid Salts)
E-381 ** Ferric Ammonium Citrate Ammonium Iron Citrate
E-383 Calcium glycerophosphate Calcium Glycerophosphate
E-384 ** Isopropil citrates Isopropyl citrate mixture
E-385 Calcium Disodium Ethylene Diamine Tetra-acetate (Calcium Disodium EDTA) Calcium disodium salt of ethylenediamine triacetic acid (CaNa 2 EDTA)
E-386 Disodium Ethylene Diamine Tetra-acetate Disodium ethylenediaminetetraacetate
E-387 ** Oxystearin Oxystearin
E-388 ** Thiodipropionic acid Thiopropionic acid
E-389 ** Dilauryl thiodipropionate Dilaurylthiodipropionate
E-390 ** Dustearyl thiodipropionate Distearylthiodipropionate
E-391 Phytic acid Phytic acid
E-399 ** Calcium lactobionate Calcium Lactobionate

Stabilizers, Emulsifiers (E-400 - E-599)

E-400 Alginic acid Alginic acid
E-401 Sodium alginate Sodium Alginate
E-402 Potassium alginate Potassium alginate
E-403 ** Ammonium alginate Ammonium alginate
E-404 Calcium alginate Calcium alginate
E-405 Propan-1,2-diol alginate Propane-1,2-diol alginate
E-406 Agar Agar
E-407 Carrageenan and its salts Carrageenan and its salts
E-407a # Processed Eucheuma Seaweed [Note - this additive was added by an amendment agreed in December 1996] Recycled Eucheuma Seaweed (Note - This supplement was amended in December 1996)
E-408 ** Bakers Yeast Glycan Baker's Yeast Glycan
E-409 ** Arabinogalactan Arabinogalactan
E-410 Carob bean gum Carob Gum
E-411 Oat gum Oat gum
E-412 Guar gum Guar gum
E-413 Tragacanth Tragakait
E-414 Acacia Gum (Gum Arabic) Gum arabic
E-415 Xanthan gum Xanthan gum
E-416 Karaya Gum Karayi gum
E-417 Tara gum Tara gum
E-418 ** Gellan gum Gellan gum
E-419 ** Gum ghatty Ghatti gum
E-420 Sorbitol (I) Sorbitol (II) Sorbitol Syrup Sorbitol, sorbitol syrup
E-421 Mannitol Mannitol
E-422 Glycerol Glycerol
E-425 # Konjac (I) Konjac Gum (II) Konjac Glucomannane [Note - this additive is under discussion and may be included in a future amendment to the Directive on miscellaneous additives] Cognac resin, Cognac glucomannan (note - this supplement is under discussion and may be included in the future as an amendment to the Mixed Additives Directive)
E-429 ** Peptones Peptones
E-430 ** Polyoxyethylene (8) Stearate Polyoxyethylene (8) stearate
E-431 ** Polyoxyethylene (40) Stearate Polyoxyethylene (40) stearate
E-432 ** Polyoxyethylene Sorbitan Monolaurate (Polysorbate 20) Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monolaurate (Polysorbate 20, Tween 20)
E-433 ** Polyoxyethylene Sorbitan Monooleate (Polysorbate 80) Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monooleate (polysorbate 80, tween 80)
E-434 ** Polyoxyethylene Sorbitan Monopalmitate (Polysorbate 40) Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monopalmitate (Polysorbate 40, Tween 40)
E-435 ** Polyoxyethylene Sorbitan Monostearate (Polysorbate 60) Polyoxyethylene Sorbitan Monostearate (Polysorbate 60, Tween 60)
E-436 ** Polyoxyethylene Sorbitan Tristearate (Polysorbate 65) Polyoxyethylene sorbitan tristearate (Polysorbate 65)
E-440 Pectins (I) Pectin (II) Amidated Pectin Pectins: pectin, amidopectin
E-441 ** Superglycerinated Hydrogenated Rapeseed Oil High glycerine hydrogenated rapeseed oil
E-442 ** Ammonium phosphatides Phosphatide ammonium salts
E-443 ** Brominated vegetable oil Brominated vegetable oil
E-444 ** Sucrose Acetate Isobutyrate Sucrose iso-butyrate acetate
E-445 Glycerol Esters of Wood rosins Esters of glycerol and resin acids
E-446 ** Succistearin Succistearin
E-450 Diphosphates (I) Disodium Diphosphate (II) Trisodium Diphosphate (iii) Tetrasodium Diphosphate (iv) Dipotassium Diphosphate (v) Tetrapotassium Diphosphate (vi) Dicalcium Diphosphate (vii) Calcium Dihydrogen diphosphate Pyrophosphates: disubstituted sodium pyrophosphate, trisubstituted sodium pyrophosphate, tetrasodium pyrophosphate, disubstituted potassium pyrophosphate, tetracal diphosphate, dicalcium pyrophosphate, calcium dihydropyrophosphate
E-451 Triphosphates (I) Pentasodium Triphosphate (II) Pentapotassium Triphosphate Triphosphates: 5-substituted sodium triphosphate, 5-substituted potassium triphosphate
E-452 Polyphosphates (I) Sodium Polyphosphates (II) Potassium Polyphosphates (iii) Sodium Calcium Polyphosphate (iv) Calcium Polyphophates Polyphosphates: sodium polyphosphate, potassium polyphosphate, sodium-calcium polyphosphate, calcium polyphosphate
E-459 # Beta-cyclodextrine [Note - this additive is under discussion and may be included in a future amendment to the Directive on miscellaneous additives b -cyclodextrin (note - this supplement is under discussion and may be included in the future as an amendment to the Directive for various additives)
E-460 Cellulose (I) Microcrystalline Cellulose (II) Powdered Cellulose Cellulose: microcrystalline cellulose, pulp in powder
E-461 Methyl cellulose Cellulose
E-462 ** Ethyl cellulose Ethyl cellulose
E-463 ** Hydroxypropyl cellulose Hydroxypropyl cellulose
E-464 Hydroxypropyl Methyl Cellulose Hydroxypropyl methylcellulose
E-465 ** Ethyl Methyl Cellulose Ethyl methyl cellulose
E-466 Carboxy Methyl Cellulose, Sodium Carboxy Methyl Cellulose Carboxymethyl cellulose, sodium carboxymethyl cellulose
E-467 ** Ethyl Hydroxyethyl Cellulose Ethyl hydroxyethyl cellulose
E-468 # Crosslinked Sodium Carboxymethyl Cellulose [Note - this additive is under discussion and may be included in a future amendment to the Directive on miscellaneous additives] Carboxymethyl cellulose sodium salt is three-dimensional (note - this additive is under discussion and may be included in the future as an amendment to the Mixed Additives Directive)
E-469 # Enzymically Hydrolysed Carboxymethylcellulose [Note - this additive is under discussion and may be included in a future amendment to the Directive on miscellaneous additives] Hydrolyzable by the action of enzymes carboxymethyl cellulose (note - this additive is under discussion and may be included in the future as an amendment to the Directive on mixed additives)
E-470a # Sodium, Potassium and Calcium Salts of Fatty Acids Sodium, potassium and calcium salts of fatty acids
E-470b # Magnesium Salts of Fatty Acids Magnesium salts of fatty acids
E-471 Mono- and Diglycerides of Fatty Acids Fatty Acid Mono- and Diglycerides
E-472a Acetic Acid Esters of Mono- and Diglycerides of Fatty Acids Esters of mono- and diglycerides of acetic and fatty acids
E-472b Lactic Acid Esters of Mono- and Diglycerides of Fatty Acids Esters of lactic and fatty acids mono- and diglycerides
E-472s Citric acid Esters of Mono- and Diglycerides of Fatty Acids Esters of mono- and diglycerides of citric and fatty acids
E-472d Tartaric Acid Esters of Mono- and Diglycerides of Fatty Acids Esters of mono - and diglycerides of tartaric and fatty acids
E-472e Diacetyltartaric and Fatty Acid Esters of Glycerol Esters of glycerol, diacetyl tartaric and fatty acids
E-472f Mixed Tartaric, Acetic and Fatty Acids Esters of Glycerol Mixed esters of glycerol, tartaric, acetic and fatty acids
E-472g Succinylated monoglycerides Succinylated Monoglycerides
E-473 Sucrose Esters of Fatty Acids Sucrose and fatty acid esters
E-474 ** Sucroglycerides Sugar Glycerides
E-475 Polyglycerol Esters of Fatty Acids Esters of polyglycerides and fatty acids
E-476 ** Polyglycerol Polyricinoleate Polyglycerol Polyricinoleates
E-477 ** Propane-1,2-diol Esters of Fatty Acids Propane-1,2-diol fatty acid esters
E-478 ** Lactylated Fatty Acid Esters of Glycerol and Propilene Glycol Esters of lactylated fatty acids glycerol and propylene glycol
E-479b ** Thermally Oxidized Soya Bean Oil Interacted with Mono- and Diglycerides of Fatty Acids Thermally oxidized soybean and bean oil with mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids
E-480 ** Dioctyl Sodium Sulphosuccinate Sodium Dioctyl Sulfosuccinate
E-481 S stearoyl-2-lactylate Stearoyl-2-lactylate sodium
E-482 ** Calcium Stearoyl-2-lactylate Calcium Stearoyl-2-Lactylate
E-483 ** Stearyl tartrate Stearyl tartrate
E-484 ** Stearyl citrate Stearyl citrate
E-485 ** Sodium stearoyl fumarate Sodium stearoyl fumarate
E-486 ** Calcium Stearoyl Fumarate Calcium Stearoyl Fumarate
E-487 ** Sodium laurylsulfate Sodium Lauryl Sulfate
E-488 ** Ethoxylated Mono- and Di-glycerides Ethoxylated Mono- and Diglycerides
E-489 ** Methyl Glucoside - Coconut Oil Ester Coconut Oil and Methyl Glycoside
E-491 ** Sorbitan monostearate Sorbitan monostearate SPEN 60
E-492 ** Sorbitan tristearate Sorbitan tristearate
E-493 ** Sorbitan monolaurate Sorbitan monolaurate, SPEN 20
E-494 ** Sorbitan monooleate Sorbitan monooleate, SPEN 80
E-495 ** Sorbitan monopalmitate Sorbitan monopalmitate, SPEN 40
E-496 ** Sorbitan trioleat Sorbitan trioleate, SPEN 85
E-500 Sodium Carbonates (I) Sodium Carbonate (II) Sodium Hydrogen Carbonate (iii) Sodium Sesquicarbonate Sodium carbonates: sodium carbonate, sodium bicarbonate, sodium sequicarbonate
E-501 Potassium Carbonates (I) Potassium Carbonate (II) Potassium Hydrogen Carbonate Potassium carbonates: potassium carbonate, potassium bicarbonate
E-503 Ammonium Carbonates (I) Ammonium Carbonate (II) Ammonium Hydrogen Carbonate Ammonium carbonates: ammonium carbonate, ammonium bicarbonate
E-504 Magnesium Carbonates (I) Magnesium Carbonate (II) Magnesium Hydroxide Carbonate (syn. Magnesium Hydrogen carbonate) Magnesium Carbonates: Magnesium Carbonate, Magnesium Hydroxycarbonate, Magnesium Hydroxycarbonate
E-505 ** Ferrous carbonate Iron carbonate
E-507 Hydrochloric acid Hydrochloric acid
E-508 Potassium chloride Potassium chloride
E-509 Calcium chloride Calcium chloride
E-511 Magnesium Chloride Magnesium chloride
E-512 ** Stannous chloride Tin chloride
E-513 Sulfuric acid Sulphuric acid
E-514 Sodium Sulphates (I) Sodium Sulphate (II) Sodium Hydrogen Sulphate Sodium sulfates: sodium sulfate, sodium hydrogen sulfate
E-515 Potassium Sulphates (I) Potassium Sulphate (II) Potassium Hydrogen Sulphate Potassium sulfates: potassium sulfate, potassium hydrogen sulfate
E-516 Calcium sulphate Calcium sulphate
E-517 Ammonium sulfate Ammonium sulfate
E-519 ** Cupric sulphate Copper sulphate
E-520 ** Aluminum sulfate Aluminum sulphate
E-521 ** Aluminum Sodium Sulphate Aluminum-sodium sulfate (alum alumina)
E-522 ** Aluminum potassium sulphate Aluminum-potassium sulfate (alum alum-potassium)
E-523 ** Aluminum Ammonium Sulphate Aluminum-ammonium sulfate (alum-ammonium alum)
E-524 Sodium Hydroxide Sodium hydroxide
E-525 Potassium hydroxide Potassium hydroxide
E-526 Calcium Hydroxide Calcium hydroxide
E-527 Ammonium Hydroxide Ammonium hydroxide
E-528 Magnesium Hydroxide Magnesium hydroxide
E-529 Calcium oxide Calcium oxide
E-530 Magnesium oxide Magnesium oxide
E-535 ** Sodium ferrocyanide Sodium ferrocyanide
E-536 Potassium ferrocyanide Potassium ferrocyanide
E-537 ** Ferrous hexacyanomanganate Iron hexacyanomanganate
E-538 ** Calcium ferrocyanide Calcium Ferrocyanide
E-541 ** Sodium Aluminum Phosphate: (I) Acidic (II) Basic Sodium aluminum phosphate: (I) acidic, (II) basic
E-542 ** Bone Phosphate (Essentiale Calcium Phosphate, Tribasic) Bone phosphate, the basis of its calcium phosphate 3-basic
E-550 ** Sodium Silicates: (I) Sodium Silicate (II) Sodium Metasilicate Sodium silicates: (I) sodium silicate, (II) sodium meta-silicate
E-551 Silicon Dioxide Silica
E-552 ** Calcium silicate Calcium silicate
E-553a (I) Magnesium Silicate (II) Magnesium Trisilicate (I) Magnesium silicate; (II) Magnesium trisilicate
E-553b Talc Talc
E-554 ** Sodium Aluminum Silicate Sodium Aluminosilicate
E-555 ** Potassium aluminum silicate Potassium Aluminosilicate
E-556 ** Calcium Aluminum Silicate Calcium Aluminosilicate
E-557 ** Zink silicate Zinc Silicate
E-558 Bentonite Bentonite
E-559 ** Aluminum Silicate (Kaolin) Aluminosilicate (kaolin)
E-560 ** Potassium silicate Potassium silicate
E-570 Fatty acids Fatty acid
E-574 ** Gluconic Acid (D-) Gluconic acid (D-)
E-575 Glucono-delta-lactone Glucono- d- lactone
E-576 ** Sodium gluconate Sodium Gluconate
E-577 ** Potassium gluconate Potassium gluconate
E-578 Calcium gluconate Calcium gluconate
E-579 ** Ferrous gluconate Iron gluconate
E-580 ** Magnesium Gluconate Magnesium Gluconate
E-585 Ferrous lactate Iron lactate

Amplifiers of taste and aroma (E-600 - E-699)

E-620 Glutamic acid Glutamic acid
E-621 Monosodium glutamate Monosodium Glutamate
E-622 ** Monopotassium glutamate Monosubstituted potassium glutamate
E-623 ** Calcium glutamate Calcium Diglutamate
E-624 ** Monoammonium glutamate Ammonium glutamate monosubstituted
E-625 ** Magnesium Glutamate Magnesium glutamate
E-626 Guanylic acid Guanilic acid
E-627 Disodium guanylate Sodium guanylate disubstituted
E-628 ** Dipotassium 5'-guanylate Potassium 5'-guanilate disubstituted
E-629 ** Calcium 5'-guanylate 5'-calcium guanilate
E-630 Inosinic acid Inosinic acid
E-631 Disodium inosinate Sodium Inosinate Disubstituted
E-632 ** Dipotassium inosinate Potassium Inosinate Disubstituted
E-633 ** Calcium 5'-inosinate 5'-calcium inosinate
E-634 ** Calcium 5'-ribonucleotides 5'-Calcium Ribunucleotides
E-635 ** Disodium 5'-ribonucleotides Sodium 5-ribunucleotides disubstituted
E-640 ** Glycine and its Sodium Salt Glycine and its sodium salts
E-641 ** L-leucine L-Leucine

Antiflamings (E-900 - E-999) and other substances

E-900 Dimethyl polysiloxane Dimethylpolysiloxane
E-901 Beeswax, White and Yellow Beeswax, white and yellow
E-902 Candelilla wax Candle wax
E-903 Carnauba wax Carnauba wax
E-904 Shellac Shellac
E-905a Mineral Oil, Food Grade Petroleum jelly oil “edible”
E-905b Petrolatum (Petroleum Jelly) Petroleum jelly
E-905c Petroleum wax Paraffin
E-906 ** Benzoin gum Benzoic resin
E-908 ** Rice bran wax Rice bran wax
E-909 ** Spermaceti wax Spermaceti wax
E-910 ** Wax esters Wax esters
E-911 ** Methyl Esters of Fatty Acids Fatty Acid Methyl Esters
E-912 # Montanic Acid Esters Montanic acid esters
E-913 ** Lanolin Lanolin
E-914 # Oxidized Polyethylene Wax Oxidized polyethylene wax
E-916 ** Calcium iodate Calcium iodate
E-917 ** Potassium iodate Potassium iodate
E-918 ** Nitrogen oxides Nitrogen oxides
E-919 ** Nitrosyl chloride Nitrosyl chloride
E-920 L-cysteine L-cysteine
E-922 ** Potassium persulphate Potassium persulfate
E-923 ** Ammonium persulphate Ammonium persulfate
E-924b ** Calcium bromate Calcium bromate
E-925 ** Chlorine Chlorine
E-926 ** Chlorine dioxide Chlorine dioxide
E-927b Carbamide Urea
E-928 Benzoyl peroxide Benzoyl peroxide
E-929 ** Acetone peroxide Acetone peroxide
E-930 Calcium peroxide Calcium peroxide
E-938 # Argon Argon
E-939 # Helium Helium
E-940 Dichlorodifluoromethane Dichlorodifluoromethane, Freon-12
E-941 Nitrogen Nitrogen
E-942 ** Nitrous oxide Diazomonoxide
E-943a ** Butane Butane
E-943b ** Issobutane Isobutane
E-944 ** Propane Propane
E-945 ** Chloropentafluoroethane Hlopentafluoroethane
E-946 ** Octafluorocyclobutane Octafluorocyclobutane
E-948 # Oxygen Oxygen
E-950 Acesulfame potassium Acesulfame Potassium
E-951 Aspartame Aspartame
E-952 Cyclamic Acid and its Na and Ca Salts Cyclamic acid and its sodium, potassium and calcium salts
E-953 Isomaltitol Isomaltitis
E-954 Saccharin and its Na, K and Ca Salts Saccharin and its sodium, potassium and calcium salts
E-957 ** Thaumatin Thaumatin
E-959 ** Neohesperidine Dihydrochalcone Neohesperidin Dihydrochalcon
E-958 Glycyrrhizin Glycyrrhizin
E-965 Maltitol (I) Maltitol (II) Maltitol Syrup Maltitol, Maltitol Syrup
E-966 Lactitol Lactitol
E-967 Xylitol Xylitol
E-999 Quillaia extract Quillaya Extract
E-1000 ** Cholic acid Cholic acid
E-1001 ** Choline salts and esters Choline Salts and Esters
E-1101 Proteases (I) Protease (II) Papain (iii) Bromelain (iv) Ficin Proteases: (I) protease (II) papain (iii) bromelain (iv) ficin
E-1102 Glucose oxide Glucose oxidase
E-1103 Invertases Invertases
E-1104 Lipases Lipase
E-1105 ** Lysozyme Lysozyme
E-1200 Polydextrose Polydextrose
E-1201 Polyvinylpyrrolidone Polyvinylpyrrolidone
E-1202 Polyvinylpolypyrrolidone Polyvinylpolypyrrolidone
E-1404 # Oxidized starch Oxidized starch
E-1410 # Monostarch phosphate Mono starch phosphate
E-1412 # Distarch phosphate Dichramphosphate
E-1413 # Phosphated Distarch Phosphate Phosphated Dichlorophosphate
E-1414 # Acetylated Distarch Phosphate Acetylated Dichramphosphate
E-1420 # Acetylated starch Acetylated Starch
E-1422 # Acetylated distarch adipate Acetyldicrachmaladipate
E-1440 # Hydroxy propyl starch Hydroxypropyl Starch
E-1442 # Hydroxy propyl Distarch Phosphate Hydroxypropyl Dicramphosphate
E-1450 # Starch Sodium Octenyl Succinate Starch sodium octenyl succinate
E-1451 # Acetylated Oxidised Starch [Note - this additive is under discussion and may be included in a future amendment to the Directive on miscellaneous additives] Acetylated oxidized starch (note - this additive is under discussion and may be included in the Amendment to the Mixed Additives Directive in the future)
E-1503 ** Castor oil Castor oil
E-1505 Triethyl Citrate Triethyl citrate
E-1518 Glyceryl Triacetate (triacetin) Glyceryl triacetate (triacetin)
E-1520 Propylene Glycol Propylene glycol
E-1521 ** Polyetylene Glycol Polyethylene glycol

Table
"The most harmful food additives E"

This table of the most harmful food additives E was compiled based on the materials of the Center for Independent Ecological Expertise "KEDR" (below are also given tables according to the INFO data of the Ministry of Health)

Coming to the store, we are constantly faced with products that include various food additives E: preservatives, dyes, emulsifiers, etc. Studies have shown that a number of such substances pose a serious threat to health.

The table below is the MOST HARMFUL food supplement E

The table opposite the designation of food additive E indicates the nature of its harmful effects in accordance with the symbols indicated under the table.
Example: P is a cancer-forming carcinogenic food supplement.

Food supplement Harmful
act
Food supplement Harmful
act
Food supplement Harmful
act
Food supplement Harmful
act
E 102
E 103
E 104
E 105
E 110
E 111
E 120
E 121
E 122
E 123
E 124
E 125
E 126
E 127
E 129
E 130
E 131
E 141
E 142
E 150
E 151
E 152
E 153
E 154
E 155
E 160
E 171
E 173
ABOUT!
(H)
P
(H)
ABOUT!
(H)
ABOUT!
(H)
P
Ooh !! (H)
ABOUT!
(H)
(H)
ABOUT!
ABOUT!
(H)
R
P
R
P
VC
(H)
R
RK, RD
ABOUT!
VC
P
P
E 180
E 201
E 210
E 211
E 212
E 213
E 214
E 215
E 216
E 219
E 220
E 222
E 223
E 224
E 228
E 230
E 231
E 232
E 233
E 239
E 240
E 241
E 242
E 249
E 250
E 251
E 252
E 270
ABOUT!
ABOUT!
R
R
R
R
R
R
P (h)
R
ABOUT!
ABOUT!
ABOUT!
ABOUT!
ABOUT!
R
VC
VC
ABOUT!
VC
R
P
ABOUT!
R
RD
RD
R
ABOUT!
d / children
E 280
E 281
E 282
E 283
E 310
E 311
E 312
E 320
E 321
E 330
E 338
E 339
E 340
E 341
E 343
E 400
E 401
E 402
E 403
E 404
E 405
E 450
E 451
E 452
E 453
E 454
E 461
E 462
R
R
R
R
WITH
WITH
WITH
X
X
R
Rx
Rx
Rx
Rx
RK
ABOUT!
ABOUT!
ABOUT!
ABOUT!
ABOUT!
ABOUT!
Rx
Rx
Rx
Rx
Rx
Rx
Rx
E 463
E 465
E 466
E 477
E 501
E 502
E 503
E 510
E 513E
E 527
E 620
E 626
E 627
E 628
E 629
E 630
E 631
E 632
E 633
E 634
E 635
E 636
E 637
E 907
E 951
E 952
E 954
E 1105
Rx
Rx
Rx
P
ABOUT!
ABOUT!
ABOUT!
Ooh !!
Ooh !!
Ooh !!
ABOUT!
RK
RK
RK
RK
RK
RK
RK
RK
RK
RK
ABOUT!
ABOUT!
WITH
VC
(H)
R
VC

Symbols of harmful effects of additives:

  • ABOUT! - dangerous
  • Ooh !! - very dangerous
  • (H) - prohibited
  • RK - causes intestinal disorders
  • RD - violates blood pressure
  • C - rash
  • P - crustacean
  • RG - causes upset stomach
  • X - cholesterol
  • P - suspicious
  • VK - harmful to the skin

LIST
“ESPECIALLY HARMFUL FOOD ADDITIVES E”
INFO MINISTRY INFORMATION

Symbols of especially harmful effects of additives:

  • * - the substance is included in the list of food additives prohibited for use in the food industry of the Russian Federation;
  • ** - the substance is included in the list of food additives that do not have permission for use in the food industry in the Russian Federation [1];

Preservatives (E-200 - E-299)

Code Title Notes
E-200 Sorbic acid May cause skin reactions.
E-209 ** Para-hydroxybenzoic acid heptyl ether  
E-210 Benzoic acid May trigger asthma attacks
E-213 ** Calcium benzoate  
E-214 ** Para-hydroxybenzoic acid ethyl ester Banned in a number of countries
E-215 ** Para-hydroxybenzoic acid ethyl ester sodium salt Banned in a number of countries
E-216 * Para-hydroxybenzoic acid propyl ether Banned in Russia
E-217 * Para-hydroxybenzoic acid propyl ether sodium salt Banned in a number of countries
E-218 ** Para-hydroxybenzoic acid methyl ester Allergic skin reactions possible
E-219 ** Para-hydroxybenzoic acid methyl ester sodium salt Banned in a number of countries
E-220 sulphur dioxide Use with caution in people with kidney failure.
E-221 Sodium sulfite  
E-225 ** Potassium sulfite  
E-226 ** Calcium sulphite Banned in a number of countries
E-227 ** Calcium Hydrosulfite Banned in a number of countries
E-228 ** Potassium hydrosulfite (potassium bisulfite)  
E-230 ** Biphenyl , diphenyl Banned in a number of countries
E-231 ** Orthophenylphenol   Banned in a number of countries
E-232 ** Orthophenylphenol Sodium  
E-233 ** Thiabendazole   Banned in a number of countries
E-234 Lowlands  
E-235 Natamycin (pimaricin) May cause allergic reactions, nausea, diarrhea
E-236 Formic acid Banned in a number of countries
E-237 ** Sodium formate Banned in a number of countries
E-238 ** Formate Caption Banned in a number of countries
E-239 Hexamethylenetetramine   Banned in a number of countries
E-240 * Formaldehyde Banned in Russia Banned in a number of countries
E-241 ** Guaiac resin  
E-249 Potassium nitrite Perhaps a carcinogen. It is forbidden to use in baby food
E-252 ** Potassium nitrate Many countries have restrictions on its use.
E-261 Potassium acetate It should be avoided by people with kidney disease.
E-262 Sodium Acetates Sodium Acetate, Sodium Hydroacetate (Sodium Diacetate )  
E-263 ** Calcium acetate  
E-264 ** Ammonium acetate May cause nausea
E-281 ** Sodium Propionate May cause migraine
E-282 ** Calcium Propionate Also
E-283 ** Potassium propionate Also
E-284 Boric acid  
E-285 Sodium tetraborate (borax)  
E-296 Malic acid Not recommended for infants and young children.
E-297 Fumaric acid  

Amplifiers of taste and aroma (E-600 - E-699)

Code Title Notes
E-620 Glutamic acid. Salt substitute Not recommended for use in baby food.
E-621 Monosodium Glutamate It is forbidden to use in baby food
E-622 ** Monosubstituted potassium glutamate May cause nausea, diarrhea, colic
E-625 ** Magnesium glutamate  
E-627 Sodium guanylate disubstituted It is forbidden to use in baby food
E-629 ** 5-calcium guanilate  
E-630 Inosinic acid  
E-631 Sodium Inosinate Disubstituted It is forbidden to use in baby food
E-635 ** Sodium 5-ribonucleotides disubstituted Banned in a number of countries

Dyes (E-100 - E-199)

Code Title Notes
E-100 Curcumin    
E-102 Tartrazine   Causes asthma attacks. Prohibited in a number of countries.
E-103 ** Alkanet , alkanine  
E-104 Quinoline yellow Causes dermatitis. Banned in a number of countries
E-107 ** Yellow 2 G For asthma, use with caution.
E-110 Yellow "sunset" FCF, orange yellow S May cause allergic reactions, nausea. Banned in a number of countries.
E-120 Cochineal; carminic acid; carmines Some health organizations advise avoiding it.
! E-121 * Citrus Red 2 Banned in Russia! Banned in a number of countries.
E-122 Azorubine , carmoisine Banned in a number of countries.
! E-123 * Amaranth Banned in Russia! Banned in a number of countries. Including causes fetal malformations
E-124 Ponceau 4R (crimson 4R), cochineal red A Banned in a number of countries. Carcinogen. It provokes asthma attacks.
E-125 ** Ponceau , Crimson SX  
E-127 ** Erythrosine   Banned in a number of countries. May cause hyperactivity of the thyroid gland.
E-128 ** Red 2g Banned in a number of countries.
E-129 Red Charming Speaker Carcinogen. Banned in a number of countries
E-131 Blue patented V Banned in a number of countries
E-132 Indigotine , indigo carmine May cause nausea, increased and other allergic reactions Banned in Norway
E-133 Blue shiny FCF Banned in a number of countries
E-142 Green s Banned in a number of countries
E-151 Black shiny BN, black PN Banned in a number of countries
E-153 ** Vegetable coal Banned in the USA
E-154 ** Brown fk Banned in the USA
E-155 ** Brown nt Banned in a number of countries
Extra paprika, capsanthin, capsorubin Banned in a number of countries
E-160d ** Lycopene  
E-166 ** Sandalwood  
E-173 ** Aluminum Banned in a number of countries
E-174 ** Silver Banned in a number of countries
E-175 ** Gold Banned in a number of countries
E-180 ** Ruby lithol VK Banned in a number of countries
E-181 Food tannins  
E-182 ** Orsail , Orsin  

Glazing agents, bread and flour improvers and other substances (E-900 E-999)

Code Title Notes
E-900 Dimethylpolysiloxane  
E-901 Beeswax, white and yellow Allergic reactions possible
E-902 Candle wax Also
E-903 Carnauba wax Derived from the sight of palm trees growing in Africa
E-904 Shellac It is obtained from insects. Allergic reactions possible
E-905a Petroleum jelly oil  
E-905b Petroleum jelly  
E-905c Paraffin  
E-906 ** Benzoic resin  
E-908 ** Rice bran wax  
E-909 ** Spermaceti wax  
E-910 ** Wax esters  
E-911 ** Fatty Acid Methyl Esters  
E-912 Montanic acid esters  
E-913 ** Lanolin  
E-914 Oxidized polyethylene wax  
E-916 Calcium iodate Used to fortify food with iodine.
E-917 Potassium iodate Also
E-918 ** Nitrogen oxides  
E-919 ** Nitrosyl chloride  
E-920 L- cysteine  
E-922 ** Potassium persulfate  
E-923 ** Ammonium persulfate  
E-924a-b ** Calcium bromate , sodium Banned in Russia!
E-925 ** Chlorine  
E-926 ** Chlorine dioxide Carcinogen
E-927b Urea  
E-928 Benzoyl peroxide  
E-929 ** Acetone peroxide  
E-930 Calcium peroxide  
E-938 # Argon  
E-939 # Helium  
E-940 Dichlorodifluoromethane Freon-12  
E-941 Nitrogen  
E-942 * Diazomonoxide  
E-943a * Butane  
E-943b ** Isobutane  
E-944 * Propane  
E-945 * Hlopentafluoroethane  
E-946 ** Octafluorocyclobutane  
E-948 Oxygen  
E-950 Acesulfame Potassium  
E-951 Aspartame Sweetener A huge amount of side effects
E-952 Cyclamic acid and its sodium, potassium and calcium salts Sugar substitute. Banned in the USA and the UK, considered a carcinogen
E-953 Isomaltitis  
E-954 Saccharin and its sodium, potassium and calcium salts Sugar substitute. Restrictions on its use in the USA, according to some carcinogens
E-957 ** Thaumatin Natural Sugar Substitute
E-959 ** Neohesperidin Dihydrochalcon  
E-958 Glycyrrhizin  
E-965 Maltitol maltitol syrup  
E-966 Lactitol  
E-967 Xylitol Causes kidney stone disease in laboratory animals
E-999 Quillaya Extract Substance of natural origin, causes rich foaming in carbonated drinks, beer