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Full list of food supplements E


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Food supplements "E" (table)

Nutritional supplements


How are nutritional supplements divided? How are prohibited additives different from unresolved? What supplements does not recommend the Ministry of Health? It will be interesting to everyone who cares about their health and monitors nutrition.

Food Additive Classification
  • E100 — E182 - dyes that enhance or restore the color of the product.
  • E200 — E299 - preservatives, increase the shelf life of products, protecting them from germs and fungi.
  • E300 — E399 - antioxidants, protect products from oxidation.
  • E400 — E499 - stabilizers, retain the necessary consistency of products.
  • E500 — E599 - emulsifiers, create a homogeneous mixture.
  • E600 — E699 - amplifiers of taste and aroma.
  • E700 - E800 - spare indexes.
  • E900 — E999 - defoamers, prevent or reduce the formation of foam, give the products a pleasant appearance.

Enrobing agents, sweeteners, disintegrating agents, acidity regulators are included in all indicated groups, in addition to the new group E1000.

Prohibited Supplements (supplements for which it has been proven that their action harms the body)
  • E121 - citrus red 2 (dye)
  • E123 - red amaranth (dye)
  • E128 [6] - 09/03/2007. red 2G (dye)
  • E216 [7] - para-hydroxybenzoic acid propyl ether, a group of parabens (preservative)
  • E217 [7] - para-hydroxybenzoic acid of propyl ester sodium salt (preservative)
  • E240 - formaldehyde (preservative)
Unresolved supplements (supplements that have not been tested or are being tested, but there is no final result yet)
  • E127 - Erythrosine - banned in several countries
  • E154 - Brown FK
  • E173 - Aluminum
  • E180 - Ruby Litol VK
  • E388 - Thiopropionic acid
  • E389 - Dilauralthiodipropionate
  • E424 - Curdlan
  • E512 - Tin (II) Chloride
  • E537 - Iron Hexacyanomanganate
  • E557 - Zinc silicate
  • E912 - Montanic esters
  • E914 - Oxidized Polyethylene Wax
  • E916 - Calcium Iodate
  • E917 - Potassium Iodate
  • E918 - Nitrogen oxides
  • E919 - Nitrosyl chloride
  • E922 - Potassium Persulfate
  • E923 - Ammonium Persulfate
  • E924b - Calcium Bromate
  • E925 - Chlorine
  • E926 - Chlorine Dioxide
  • E929 - Acetone Peroxide
Permitted in Russia, but prohibited in the European Union
  • E102 - Tartrazine
  • E142 - Synthetic Food Color Green S
  • E425 - konzhak, konzhakovy flour, konzhakovy gum and konjakovy glucomannan
The list of especially harmful food additives E according to the information of the Ministry of Health
* - the substance is included in the list of food additives prohibited for use in the food industry of the Russian Federation;
** - the substance is included in the list of food additives that are not authorized for use in the food industry in the Russian Federation

Preservatives (E-200 - E-299)

Code Title Notes
E-200 Sorbic acid May cause skin reactions.
E-209 ** Para-hydroxybenzoic acid heptyl ester
E-210 Benzoic acid May trigger asthma attacks.
E-213 ** Calcium benzoate
E-214 ** Para-hydroxybenzoic acid ethyl ester Banned in several countries
E-215 ** Para-hydroxybenzoic acid ethyl ester sodium salt Banned in several countries
E-216 * Para-hydroxybenzoic acid propyl ester Banned in Russia
E-217 * Para-hydroxybenzoic acid propyl ether sodium salt Banned in several countries
E-218 ** Para-hydroxybenzoic acid methyl ester Allergic skin reactions are possible.
E-219 ** Para-hydroxybenzoic acid methyl ester sodium salt Banned in several countries
E-220 sulphur dioxide People with renal insufficiency should be used with caution
E-221 Sodium sulfite
E-225 ** Potassium sulfite
E-226 ** Calcium sulfite Banned in several countries
E-227 ** Calcium Hydrosulfite Banned in several countries
E-228 ** Potassium hydrosulfite (potassium bisulfite)
E-230 ** Biphenyl, diphenyl Banned in several countries
E-231 ** Orthophenylphenol Banned in several countries
E-232 ** Sodium orthophenylphenol
E-233 ** Tiabendazole Banned in several countries
E-234 Nisin
E-235 Natamycin (pimaricin) May cause allergic reactions, nausea, diarrhea.
E-236 Formic acid Banned in several countries
E-237 ** Sodium formate Banned in several countries
E-238 ** Calcium Formate Banned in several countries
E-239 Hexamethylenetetramine Banned in several countries
E-240 * Formaldehyde Banned in Russia and in several countries
E-241 ** Guaiac resin
E-249 Potassium nitrite Probably carcinogenic. It is forbidden to use in baby food
E-252 ** Potassium nitrate Many countries have restrictions on its use.
E-261 Potassium Acetate It should be avoided by people with kidney disease.
E-262 Sodium acetate, sodium acetate, sodium hydroacetate (sodium diacetate)
E-263 ** Calcium Acetate
E-264 ** Ammonium Acetate May cause nausea
E-281 ** Sodium propionate May cause migraine
E-282 ** Calcium Propionate Also
E-283 ** Potassium propionate Also
E-284 Boric acid
E-285 Sodium tetraborate (borax)
E-296 Malic (Malonic) Acid Not recommended for babies and small children.
E-297 Fumaric acid

Amplifiers of taste and aroma (E-600 - E-699)

Code Title Notes
E-620 Glutamic acid. Salt substitute Not recommended for use in baby food
E-621 Monosodium glutamate monosubstituted Prohibited for use in baby food
E-622 ** Potassium glutamate monosubstituted May cause nausea, diarrhea, colic.
E-625 ** Magnesium glutamate
E-627 Sodium guanylate disubstituted Prohibited for use in baby food
E-629 ** Calcium 5-guanylate
E-630 Inosinic acid
E-631 Sodium inosinate disubstituted Prohibited for use in baby food
E-635 ** Sodium 5-ribonucleotides disubstituted Banned in several countries

Dyes (E-100 - E-199)

Code Title Notes
E-100 Curcumin
E-102 Tartrazine Causes asthma attacks. Banned in several countries
E-103 ** Alcanet, alkanine
E-104 Quinoline Yellow Causes dermatitis. Banned in several countries
E-107 ** Yellow 2 G Use with caution in asthma.
E-110 Yellow “sunset” FCF, orange-yellow S May cause allergic reactions, nausea. Banned in several countries
E-120 Cochineal; carminic acid; carminas Some health care organizations advise avoiding it.
! E-121 * Citrus Red 2 Banned in Russia! Banned in several countries
E-122 Azorubine, karmuazin Banned in several countries!
E-123 * Amaranth Banned in Russia! Banned in several countries. Including causes malformations in the fetus
E-124 Ponso 4R (Crimson 4R), Cochineal Red A Banned in several countries. Carcinogen. Provokes asthma attacks
E-125 ** Ponso, Crimson SX
E-127 ** Erythrosine Banned in several countries. May cause hyperactivity of the thyroid gland.
E-128 ** Red 2G Banned in several countries
E-129 Red charming loudspeaker Carcinogen. Banned in several countries
E-131 Blue Patented V Banned in several countries
E-132 Indigotin, Indigo Carmine May cause nausea, increased and other allergic reactions. Banned in Norway
E-133 Blue shiny FCF Banned in several countries
E-142 Green S Banned in several countries
E-151 Black shiny BN, black PN Banned in several countries
E-153 ** Charcoal Banned in the USA
E-154 ** Brown FK Banned in the USA
E-155 ** Brown NT Banned in several countries
Extra paprika, capsanthin, capsorubin Banned in several countries
E-160d ** Lycopene
E-166 ** Sandalwood
E-173 ** Aluminum Banned in several countries
E-174 ** Silver Banned in several countries
E-175 ** Gold Banned in several countries
E-180 ** Ruby Litol VK Banned in several countries
E-181 Tannins food
E-182 ** Orsail Orsin

Glazing agents, bread and flour improvers and other substances (E-100 - E-199)

Code Title Notes
E-900 Dimethylpolysiloxane
E-901 Beeswax, white and yellow Allergic reactions are possible.
E-902 Candle wax Also
E-903 Wax carnauba Harvested from a species of palm trees growing in Africa
E-904 Shellac It is extracted from insects. Allergic reactions are possible.
E-905a Edible oil
E-905b Vaseline
E-905c Paraffin
E-906 ** Benzoin Resin
E-908 ** Rice bran wax
E-909 ** Spermaceti wax
E-910 ** Wax Esters
E-911 ** Fatty acid methyl esters
E-912 Montanic acid esters
E-913 ** Lanolin
E-914 Oxidized Polyethylene Wax
E-916 Calcium Iodate Used to fortify food with iodine
E-917 Kalia iodate Also
E-918 ** Nitrogen oxides
E-919 ** Nitrosyl chloride
E-920 L-cysteine
E-922 ** Potassium persulphate
E-923 ** Ammonium persulfate
E-924a-b ** Bromate calcium, sodium Banned in Russia
E-925 ** Chlorine
E-926 ** Chlorine dioxide Carcinogen
E-927b Urea
E-928 Benzoyl Peroxide
E-929 ** Acetone peroxide
E-930 Calcium peroxide
E-938 # Argon
E-939 # Helium
E-940 Dichlorodifluoromethane freon-12
E-941 Nitrogen
E-942 * Diazomonium oxide
E-943a * Butane
E-943b ** Isobutane
E-944 * Propane
E-945 * Clapentafluoroethane
E-946 ** Octafluorcyclobutane
E-948 Oxygen
E-950 Acesulfame potassium
E-951 Aspartame. Sugar substitute A huge number of side effects
E-952 Cyclamic acid and its sodium, potassium and calcium salts Sugar substitute. Banned in the USA and the UK, considered carcinogenic
E-953 Isomalt
E-954 Saccharin and its sodium, potassium and calcium salts Sugar substitute. Restrictions on its use in the US, according to some carcinogen
E-957 ** Thaumatin Natural Sugar Substitute
E-959 ** Neohesperidin Dihydrochalcon
E-958 Glycyrrhizin
E-965 Maltitol Maltitol Syrup
E-966 Lactit
E-967 Xylitol Causes stone-kidney disease in laboratory animals
E-999 Quillaia Extract Substance of a natural origin, causes rich foaming in carbonated drinks, beer


A complete list of nutritional supplements E

Introduction

The table below presents a complete list of food additives E, whose chemical names are given in ascending numerical order in English and Russian.

Nutritional supplements are grouped by functional class.

The table uses the following notation:

  • * - the substance is included in the list of food additives prohibited for use in the food industry of the Russian Federation [1], [2]; (text on black background);
  • ** - the substance is included in the list of food additives that are not authorized for use in the food industry in the Russian Federation [1]; (text on a gray background);
  • # - substance, not mentioned in the documentation of the Russian Federation , included in the list according to another source [3]; (text on white background with #)

The list is based on the following materials:

  • [1] Food supplements. Supplements to the “Medical and Biological Requirements and Sanitary Standards for the Quality of Food Raw Materials and Food Products” (No. 5061-89), - M., State Committee of Sanitary and Epidemiological Surveillance of the Russian Federation, 1994
  • [2] RESOLUTION of the Chief State Sanitary Doctor of the Russian Federation of January 18, 2005
  • [3] Food Additives in the European Union, - UK Food Law University of Reading, UK Food Law (compiled by Dr David Jukes)

Additional information on the toxicity of some of the substances listed below can be found in the books available in the Russian State Library (the former State Library named after VI Lenin):

  1. Rosival, L., et al., “Foreign Substances and Food Additives in Foods,” - Moscow: “Leg. And food. Prom.”, 1982 - 264 p.
  2. Evaluation of some food additives and contaminants. 41 report of the combined experts of the FAO / WHO on food additives, Geneva, - M: “Medicine”, 1994 - 72 p.
  3. Evaluation of some food additives and contaminants. 37 reports of the combined experts FAO / WHO on food additives, Geneva, - M: “Medicine”, 1974 - 48 p.
  4. Chemistry of food additives: Abstracts of the All-Union Conference in Chernivtsi, - Kiev: NPO Nutritional Supplements, 1989 - 256 p.
  5. Principles for assessing the safety of food additives and contaminants in food, - M .: Medicine, 1991 - 158 p.
  6. Steinberg A.I. et al., "Food Additives (Hygienic Requirements and Rationing)", - M .: “Medicine”, 1969 - 95 p.

FEDERAL SUPERVISION SERVICE IN THE SPHERE OF PROTECTION
CONSUMERS RIGHTS
And the welfare of man

MAIN STATE SANITARY DOCTOR
RUSSIAN FEDERATION
P O S T A N O V L E N I E
01.18.2005 Moscow

On the prohibition of the use of food additives

The European Commission 11.11.2004 amended the EU Directive NR 95/2 / EC "Food additives used in food production (except dyes)" on the use of food additives in the confectionery and meat industry. A ban has been imposed on the use of food additives (hereinafter - additives) E 216 (para-hydroxybenzoic acid propyl ether) and E 217 (para-hydroxybenzoic acid propyl ether, sodium salt) from January 1, 2005 in the manufacture of confectionery and meat products.

In the Russian Federation, additives E 216 and E 217 are included in Appendix 7 "Food additives that do not adversely affect human health when used for the manufacture of food products" SanPiN 2.3.2.1078-01 "Hygienic requirements for the safety and nutritional value of food products", in Appendix 1 "Food additives for food production" SanPiN 2.3.2.1293-03 "Hygienic requirements for the use of food additives" and allowed for use in the food industry as preservatives in the production of confectioneries and meat GOVERNMENTAL products. The scope and conditions of use of additives regulated by sanitary legislation fully comply with EU Directive HP 95/2 / EC.

In order to prevent the threat of mass non-communicable diseases (poisoning) of the population and in accordance with federal laws of March 30, 1999 No. 52-FZ "On the sanitary-epidemiological welfare of the population" Article 51 (Collected Legislation of the Russian Federation, 1999, No. 14, Art. 1650), dated 01.01.2000 No. 29-ФЗ “On the quality and safety of food products”, Article 17.21 (Meeting of the legislation of the Russian Federation, 2000, No. 2, Article 150)

I DECIDE:

1. To prohibit the importation into the territory of the Russian Federation of food products manufactured using the E 216 additives (para-hydroxybenzoic acid propyl ether) and E 217 (para-hydroxy benzoic acid propyl ether, sodium salt), as well as from 01.03.2005 the use of these additives for food production.

2. The State Research Institute of Nutrition of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences (as agreed) and the Federal State Healthcare Institution "Federal Center for Hygiene and Epidemiology" to conduct in-depth toxicological and hygienic studies of supplements E 216 (para-Hydroxybenzoic acid propyl ether) and E 217 (para-Oxybenzoic acids propyl ester, sodium salt).

3. The main state sanitary doctors of the subjects of the Russian Federation shall bring the text of this resolution to the attention of legal entities and individual entrepreneurs engaged in the production and circulation of food products, as well as importing food products to the territory of the Russian Federation.

4. To impose control over the execution of this resolution on the Deputy Chief Sanitary Doctor of the Russian Federation, L. P. Gulchenko.

G. G. Onishchenko

FOOD SUPPLEMENTS E TABLE

Dyes (E-100 - E-199)

E-100 Curcumin Curcumin
E-101 (I) Riboflavin;
(Ii) Riboflavin-5'-Phosphate Sodium
(I) Riboflavin;
(Ii) Sodium salt of riboflavin-5-phosphate;
Е 102 Tartrazine Tartrazine
E-103 ** Alkanet Alcanet, alkanine
E-104 Quinoline yellow Yellow Quinoline
E-107 ** Yellow 2 G Yellow 2 G
E-110 Sunset Yellow FCF, Orange Yellow S Yellow “Sunset” FCF, Orange Yellow S
E-120 Cochineal, Carminic Acid, Carmines Cochineal; carminic acid; carminas
E-121 * Citrus red 2 Citrus Red 2
E-122 Azorubine, Carmoisine Azorubine, karmuazin
E-123 * Amaranth Amaranth
E-124 Ponceau 4R, Cochineal Red A Ponso 4R (Crimson 4R), Cochineal Red A
E-125 ** Ponceau sx Ponso, Crimson SX
E-127 ** Erythrosine Erythrosine
E-128 ** Red 2G Red 2G
E-129 Allura red ac Red charming loudspeaker
E 131 Patent Blue V Blue Patented V
E-132 Indigotine, Indigo Carmine Indigotin, Indigo Carmine
E-133 Brilliant Blue FCF Blue shiny FCF
E-140 ** Chlorophylis and Chlorophyllins: (i) Chlorophylls (II) Chlorophyllins (I) chlorophylls and (ii) chlorophyllines
E-141 Copper Complexes of Chlorophylls and Chlorophyllins (I) Copper Complexes of Chlorophylls (II) Copper Complexes of Chlorophyllins (I) copper complexes of chlorophylls and (ii) chlorophyllines
E-142 Greens s Green s
E-143 Fast green FCF Green durable FCF
E-150a Plain caramel Sugar Kohler I Simple (simple caramel)
E-150b Caustic Sulphite Caramel Sugar Kohler II, obtained by “alkaline sulfite” technology
E-150c Ammonia caramel Sugar Kohler III, obtained by the “ammonia" technology
E-150d Sulphite ammonia caramel Sugar Kohler IV, obtained by “ammonium sulfite” technology
E-151 Brilliant Black BN, Black PN Black shiny BN, black PN
E-152 Carbon Black (hydrocarbon) Coal
E-153 ** Vegetable carbon Charcoal
E-154 ** Brown FK Brown FK
E-155 ** Brown HT Ht brown
E-160a Carotenes: (i) Beta-Carotene (Synthetic) Natural Extracts (II) Carotenes: (i) b- carotene synthetic, (ii) extracts of natural carotenes
E-160b Annatto, Bixin, Norbixin Annatto, bixin, norbixin
E-160c Paprika extract, Capsanthin, Capsorubin Paprika extract, capsanthin, capsorubin
E-160d ** Lycopene Lycopene
E-160e Beta-apo-8'-carotenal (C 30) b -apo-8-carotene aldehyde (C 30)
E-160f ** Ethyl ester of beta-apo-8'-carotenic acid (C 30) Ethyl ester of b -apo-8-carotene acid (C30)
E-161a Flavoxanthin Flavoxanthin
E-161b Lutein Lutein
E-161s Cryptoxanthin Cryptoxanthin
E-161d Rubixanthin Rubixanthin
E-161e Violoxanthin Violoxanthin
E-161f Rhodoxanthin Rhodoxanthin
E-161g Canthaxanthin Canthaxanthin
E-162 Beetroot Red, Betanin Beet red, betanin
E-163 Anthocyanins Anthocyanins
E-164 Saffron Saffron
E-166 ** Sandalwood Sandalwood
E-170 Calcium Carbonates Calcium carbonates
E-171 Titanium Dioxide Titanium dioxide
E-172 Iron Oxides and Hydroxides Iron oxides and hydroxides
E-173 ** Aluminum Aluminum
E-174 ** Silver Silver
E-175 ** Gold Gold
E-180 ** Lithol Rubine BK Ruby Litol VK
E-181 Tannins, Food Grade Tannins food
E-182 ** Orchil Orsail Orsin

Preservatives (E-200 - E-299)

E-200 Sorbic acid Sorbic acid
E-201 Sodium sorbate Sodium sorbate
E-202 Potassium sorbate Potassium sorbate
E-203 Calcium sorbate Calcium Sorbate
E-209 ** Heptyl p-hydroxybenzoate Para-hydroxybenzoic acid heptyl ester
E-210 Benzoic acid Benzoic acid
E-211 Sodium benzoate Sodium Benzoate
E-212 Potassium benzoate Potassium benzoate
E-213 ** Calcium Benzoate Calcium benzoate
E-214 ** Ethyl p-hydroxybenzoate Para-hydroxybenzoic acid ethyl ester
E-215 ** Sodium Ethyl p-hydroxybenzoate Para-hydroxybenzoic acid ethyl ester sodium salt
E-216 * Propyl p-hydroxybenzoate Para-hydroxybenzoic acid propyl ester
E-217 * Sodium Propyl p-hydroxybenzoate Para-hydroxybenzoic acid propyl ester sodium salt
E-218 ** Methyl p-hydroxybenzoate Para-hydroxybenzoic acid methyl ester
E-219 ** Sodium Methyl p-hydroxybenzoate Para-hydroxybenzoic acid methyl ester sodium salt
E-220 Sulfur Dioxide sulphur dioxide
E-221 Sodium Sulphite Sodium sulfite
E-222 Sodium Hydrogen Sulphite Sodium hydrosulfite
E-223 Sodium Metabisulphite Sodium Pyrosulphite
E-224 Potassium metabisulphite Potassium pyrosulphite
E-225 ** Potassium sulphite Potassium sulfite
E-226 ** Calcium Sulphite Calcium sulfite
E-227 ** Calcium Hydrogen Sulphite Calcium Hydrosulfite
E-228 ** Potassium Hydrogen Sulphite Potassium hydrosulfite (potassium bisulfite)
E-230 ** Biphenyl, Diphenyl Biphenyl, diphenyl
E-231 ** Orthophenyl Phenol Orthophenylphenol
E-232 ** Sodium Orthophenyl Phenol Sodium orthophenylphenol
E-233 ** Thiabendazole Tiabendazole
E-234 Nisin Nisin
E-235 Natamycin (Pimaricin) Natamycin (pimaricin)
E-236 Formic Acid Formic acid
E-237 ** Sodium formate Sodium formate
E-238 ** Calcium Formate Calcium Formate
E-239 Hexamethylene Tetramine Hexamethylenetetramine
E-240 * Formaldehyde Formaldehyde
E-241 ** Gum guaicum Guaiac resin
E-242 Dimethyl Dicarbonate Dimethyl dicarbonate
E-249 Potassium nitrite Potassium nitrite
E-250 Sodium nitrite Sodium nitrite
E-251 Sodium nitrate Sodium nitrate
E-252 ** Potassium nitrate Potassium nitrate
E-260 Acetic acid Acetic acid
E-261 Potassium acetate Potassium Acetate
E-262 Sodium Acetates (I) Sodium Acetate (II) Sodium Hydrogen Acetate (Sodium Diacetate) Sodium acetate: sodium acetate, sodium hydroacetate (sodium diacetate)
E-263 ** Calcium Acetate Calcium Acetate
E-264 ** Ammonium acetate Ammonium Acetate
E-265 Dehydroacetic acid Dehydroacetate acid
E-266 Sodium Dehydroacetate Sodium Dehydroacetate
E-270 Lactic acid Lactic acid
E-280 Propionic acid Propionic acid
E-281 ** Sodium propionate Sodium propionate
E-282 ** Calcium Propionate Calcium Propionate
E-283 ** Potassium propionate Potassium propionate
E-284 # Boric acid Boric acid
E-285 # Sodium Tetraborate (Borax) Sodium tetraborate (borax)
E-290 Carbon Dioxide Carbon dioxide
E-296 Malic acid Malic (Malonic) Acid
E-297 Fumaric acid Fumaric acid

Antioxidants (E-300 - E-399)

E-300 Ascorbic acid Vitamin C
E-301 Sodium Ascorbate Sodium salt of ascorbic acid (sodium ascorbate)

E-302 **

Calcium Ascorbate

Calcium salt of ascorbic acid (calcium ascorbate)
E-303 ** Potassium ascorbate Potassium Ascorbate
E-304 Ascorbyl palmitate Askorbilpalmitat
E-305 ** Ascorbyl stearate Askorbilstearat
E-306 Mixed Tocopherols Concentrate Tocopherol Concentrate
E-307 Alpha-tocopherol a- tocopherol
E-308 ** Synthetic Gamma-tocopherol g- tocopherol synthetic
E-309 ** Synthetic Delta-tocopherol d- tocopherol synthetic
E-310 ** Propyl gallate Propyl gallate
E-311 ** Octyl Gallate Octylgallate
E-312 ** Dodecyl Gallate Dodecyl gallate
E-313 ** Ethyl gallate Ethyl gallate
E-314 ** Guaiac resin Guaiac resin
E-315 Erythorbic (Isoascorbic) Acid Erythorbic (iso-ascorbic) acid
E-316 Sodium Erythorbate Eritorbat sodium
E-317 ** Potassium isocorcorbate Iso-potassium ascorbate
E-318 ** Calcium isocorcorbate Calcium ascorbate
E-319 Tertiary butylhydroquinone Tert-butylhydroquinone
E-320 Butylated Hydroxyanisole (BHA) Butylhydroxyanisole
E-321 Butylated Hydroxytoluene (BHT) Butylhydroxytoluene
E-322 Lecithins Lecithins
E-323 ** Anoxomer Anoksomer
E-324 ** Ethoxyquin Etoksikhin
E-325 ** Sodium Lactate Sodium lactate
E-326 Potassium lactate Potassium lactate
E-327 Calcium lactate Calcium Lactate
E-328 ** Ammonium lactate Ammonium lactate
E-329 ** Magnesium Lactate (D, L-) Magnesium lactate
E-330 Citric acid Lemon acid
E-331 Sodium Citrates (I) Monosodium Citrate (II) Disodium Citrate Trisodium Citrate Sodium citrates: (i) sodium citrate monosubstituted, (ii) sodium citrate disubstituted, (iii) triple sodium citrate
E-332 Potassium Citrates (I) Monopotassium Citrate (II) Dipotassium Citrate (iii) Tripotassium Citrate Potassium citrate: (I) monosodium potassium citrate, (II) potassium citrate disubstituted, (iii) triple potassium citrate
E-333 Calcium Citrates (I) Monocalcium Citrate (II) Dicalcium Citrate (iii) Tricalcium Citrate Calcium citrates: monosodium calcium citrate, disubstituted calcium citrate, trisal calcium citrate
E-334 Tartaric Acid (L (+) -) Tartaric acid ((L +) -)
E-335 Sodium Tartrates (I) Monosodium Tartrate (II) Disodium Tartrate Sodium tartrate: monosubstituted sodium tartrate, disubstituted sodium tartrate
E-336 Potassium Tartrates (I) Monopotassium Tartrate (II) Dipotassium Tartrate Potassium tartrates: potassium tartrate monosubstituted, potassium tartrate disubstituted
E-337 Sodium potassium tartrate Potassium Sodium Tartrate
E-338 Phosphoric Acid Orthophosphoric acid
E-339 Sodium Ortophosphates (I) Monosodium Ortophosphate (II) Disodium Ortophosphate (iii) Trisodium Ortophosphate Sodium orthophosphates: monosubstituted sodium orthophosphate, sodium orthophosphate, sodium orthophosphate
E-340 Potassium Ortophosphates (I) Monopotassium Ortophosphate (II) Dipotassium Ortophosphate (iii) Tripotassium Ortophosphate Potassium orthophosphates: potassium orthophosphate, monosubstituted, potassium orthophosphate disubstituted, potassium orthophosphate
E-341 Calcium Phosphates (I) Monocalcium Ortophosphate (II) Dicalcium Ortophosphate (iii) Tricalcium Ortophosphate Calcium orthophosphates: monosubstituted orthophosphate, disubstituted calcium orthophosphate, calcium orthophosphate
E-342 Ammonium Phosphates (I) Monoammonium Ortophosphate (II) Diammonium Ortophosphate Ammonium orthophosphates: monosubstituted orthophosphate monosubstituted, ammonium orthophosphate disubstituted
E-343 ** Magnesium Ortophosphates: (i) Monomagnesium Ortophosphate (II) Dimagnesium Ortophosphate (iii) Trimagnesium Ortophosphate Magnesium orthophosphates: (I) monosubstituted magnesium orthophosphate, (II) disubstituted magnesium orthophosphate, (iii) three-substituted magnesium orthophosphate
E-344 ** Lecitin citrate Lecithin Citrate
E-345 ** Magnesium Citrate Magnesium citrate
E-349 ** Ammonium malate Ammonium malate
E-350 ** Sodium Malates (I) Sodium Malate (II) Sodium Hydrogen Malate Sodium Malates: sodium malate, sodium malate monosubstituted
E-351 ** Potassium malate Potassium malate
E-352 ** Calcium Malates (I) Calcium Malate (II) Calcium Hydrogen Malate Calcium malates: calcium malate, calcium malate monosubstituted
E-353 Metatartaric Acid Meta-tartaric acid
E-354 Calcium Tartrate Calcium tartrate
E-355 ** Adipic acid Adipic acid
E-356 ** Sodium Adipate Sodium adipate
E-357 ** Potassium adipate Potassium adipate
E-359 ** Ammonium adipate Adipate ammonium
E-363 Succinic acid succinic acid
E-365 ** Sodium Fumarates Sodium fumarate
E-366 ** Potassium fumarates Potassium fumarate
E-367 ** Calcium Fumarates Calcium Fumarates
E-368 ** Ammonium fumarates Ammonium Fumarate
E-370 ** 1,4-Heptonolactone 1,4-heptonolactone
E-375 ** Nicotinic Acid A nicotinic acid
E-380 Ammonium citrates Ammonium citrates (ammonium salts of citric acid)
E-381 ** Ferric Ammonium Citrate Ammonium Iron Citrate
E-383 Calcium Glycerophosphate Calcium glycerophosphate
E-384 ** Isopropil citrates Isopropyl citrate mixture
E-385 Calcium Disodium Ethylene Diamine Tetra-acetate (Calcium Disodium EDTA) Calcium disodium salt of ethylenediamine triacetic acid (CaNa 2 EDTA)
E-386 Disodium Ethylene Diamine Tetra-acetate Ethylenediaminetetraacetate disodium
E-387 ** Oxystearin Oxistearin
E-388 ** Thiodipropionic acid Thiopropionic acid
E-389 ** Dilauryl Thiodipropionate Dilaurylthiodipropionate
E-390 ** Dustearyl Thiodipropionate Distearyl thiodipropionate
E-391 Phytic acid Phytic acid
E-399 ** Calcium lactobionate Calcium Lactobionate

Stabilizers, emulsifiers (E-400 - E-599)

E-400 Alginic acid Alginic acid
E-401 Sodium Alginate Sodium alginate
E-402 Potassium alginate Potassium alginate
E-403 ** Ammonium alginate Ammonium alginate
E-404 Calcium Alginate Calcium Alginate
E-405 Propan-1,2-diol alginate Propane-1,2-diol alginate
E-406 Agar Agar
E-407 Carrageenan and its salts Carrageenan and its salts
E-407a # Processed Eucheuma Seaweed [Note: Recycled Eucheuma seaweed (note - this supplement was amended in December 1996)
E-408 ** Bakers Yeast Glycan Glycan Baker's Yeast
E-409 ** Arabinogalactan Arabinogalactan
E-410 Carob bean gum Locust bean gum
E-411 Oat gum Oat gum
E-412 Guar gum Guar gum
E-413 Tragacanth Tragakait
E-414 Acacia Gum (Gum Arabic) Gum arabic
E-415 Xanthan gum Xanthan gum
E-416 Karaya gum Karay gum
E-417 Tara gum Tara gum
E-418 ** Gellan gum Gellan gum
E-419 ** Gum ghatty Ghatti gum
E-420 Sorbitol (I) Sorbitol (II) Sorbitol Syrup Sorbitol, sorbitol syrup
E-421 Mannitol Mannitol
E-422 Glycerol Glycerol
E-425 # Conjac Gum (II) Conjac Glucomannane Amendment Cognac resin, cognac glucomannan (note - this additive is under discussion and may be included in the future as an amendment to the Directive on Mixed Additives)
E-429 ** Peptones Peptones
E-430 ** Polyoxyethylene (8) Stearate Polyoxyethylene (8) stearate
E-431 ** Polyoxyethylene (40) Stearate Polyoxyethylene (40) Stearate
E-432 ** Polyoxyethylene Sorbitan Monolaurate (Polysorbate 20) Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monolaurate (polysorbate 20, twin 20)
E-433 ** Polyoxyethylene Sorbitan Monooleate (Polysorbate 80) Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monooleate (polysorbate 80, twin 80)
E-434 ** Polyoxyethylene Sorbitan Monopalmitate (Polysorbate 40) Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monopalmitate (polysorbate 40, twin 40)
E-435 ** Polyoxyethylene Sorbitan Monostearate (Polysorbate 60) Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monostearate (polysorbate 60, twin 60)
E-436 ** Polyoxyethylene Sorbitan Tristearate (Polysorbate 65) Polyoxyethylene sorbitan tristearate (polysorbate 65)
E-440 Pectins (I) Pectin (II) Amidated Pectin Pectins: pectin, amidopectin
E-441 ** Superglycerinated Hydrogenated Rapeseed Oil Hydrogenated rapeseed oil with high glycerol content
E-442 ** Ammonium Phosphatides Phosphatide ammonium salts
E-443 ** Brominated Vegetable Oil Brominated vegetable oil
E-444 ** Sucrose acetate isobutyrate Iso-butyrate acetate sucrose
E-445 Glycerol Esters of Wood rosins Esters of glycerin and resin acids
E-446 ** Succistearin Succystearin
E-450 Diphosphates (I) Disodium Diphosphate (II) Trisodium Diphosphate (iii) Tetrasodium Diphosphate (iv) Dipotassium Diphosphate (v) Tetrapotassium Diphosphate (vi) Dicalcium Diphosphate (vii) Calcium Dihydrogen diphosphate Pyrophosphates: disubstituted sodium pyrophosphate, trisubstituted sodium pyrophosphate, tetrasodium pyrophosphate, disubstituted potassium pyrophosphate, tetrapotassium diphosphate, dicalcium pyrophosphate, calcium dihydropyrophosphate
E-451 Triphosphates (I) Pentasodium Triphosphate (II) Pentapotassium Triphosphate The triphosphates: sodium triphosphate 5-substituted, potassium triphosphate 5-substituted
E-452 Polyphosphates (I) Sodium Polyphosphates (II) Potassium Polyphosphates (iii) Sodium Calcium Polyphosphate (iv) Calcium Polyphophates Polyphosphates: sodium polyphosphate, potassium polyphosphate, sodium-calcium polyphosphate, calcium polyphosphate
E-459 # Beta-Cyclodextrine b -cyclodextrin (note - this additive is under discussion and may be included in the future by an amendment to the Directive on various additives)
E-460 Cellulose (I) Microcrystalline Cellulose (II) Powdered Cellulose Cellulose: microcrystalline cellulose, cellulose powder
E-461 Methyl Cellulose Methyl cellulose
E-462 ** Ethyl cellulose Ethyl cellulose
E-463 ** Hydroxypropyl cellulose Hydroxypropylcellulose
E-464 Hydroxypropyl Methyl Cellulose Hydroxypropyl methylcellulose
E-465 ** Ethyl Methyl Cellulose Ethyl methyl cellulose
E-466 Carboxy Methyl Cellulose, Sodium Carboxy Methyl Cellulose Carboxymethylcellulose, sodium carboxymethylcellulose
E-467 ** Ethyl Hydroxyethyl Cellulose Ethylhydroxyethylcellulose
E-468 # It has been shown that it has been shown that it can crosslinked Sodium Carboxymethyl Cellulose. Carboxymethylcellulose sodium salt is three-dimensional (note — this additive is under discussion and may be included as an amendment to the Mixed Additives Directive in the future)
E-469 # It is recommended that the enzyme be hydrolysed by carboxymethylcellulose. Carboxymethylcellulose, which is hydrolyzed by enzymes (note: this additive is under discussion and may be included in the future as an amendment to the Mixed Additives Directive)
E-470a # Sodium, Potassium and Calcium Salts of Fatty Acids Sodium, potassium and calcium salts of fatty acids
E-470b # Magnesium Salts of Fatty Acids Magnesium salts of fatty acids
E-471 Mono- and Diglycerides of Fatty Acids Mono - and diglycerides of fatty acids
E-472a Acetic Acid Esters of Mono- and Diglycerides of Fatty Acids Esters of mono - and diglycerides of acetic and fatty acids
E-472b Lactic Acid Esters of Mono- and Diglycerides of Fatty Acids Esters of mono - and diglycerides of lactic and fatty acids
E-472s Citric acid Esters of Mono- and Diglycerides of Fatty Acids Esters of mono- and diglycerides of citric and fatty acids
E-472d Tartaric Acid Esters of Mono- and Diglycerides of Fatty Acids Esters of mono- and diglycerides of tartaric and fatty acids
E-472e Diacetyltartaric and Fatty Acid Esters of Glycerol Esters of glycerol, diacetyltartic and fatty acids
E-472f Mixed Tartaric, Acetic and Fatty Acids Esters of Glycerol Mixed esters of glycerol, tartaric, acetic and fatty acids
E-472g Succinylated Monoglycerides Succinylated monoglycerides
E-473 Sucrose Esters of Fatty Acids Esters of sucrose and fatty acids
E-474 ** Sucroglycerides Saccharoglycerides
E-475 Polyglycerol Esters of Fatty Acids Esters of polyglycerides and fatty acids
E-476 ** Polyglycerol Polyricinoleate Polyglycerol polyricinoleate
E-477 ** Propane-1,2-diol Esters of Fatty Acids Propane-1,2-diol esters of fatty acids
E-478 ** Lactylated Fatty Acid Esters of Glycerol and Propilene Glycol Esters of Lactylated Fatty Acids of Glycerin and Propylene Glycol
E-479b ** Somally Thermally Oxidized Soya Oil Interacted with Mono- and Diglycerides of Fatty Acids Thermally oxidized soybean and bean oil with mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids
E-480 ** Dioctyl Sodium Sulphosuccinate Sodium Dioctyl Sulfosuccinate
E-481 S Stearoyl-2-lactylate Sodium stearoyl 2-lactylate
E-482 ** Calcium Stearoyl-2-lactylate Calcium stearoyl 2-lactylate
E-483 ** Stearyl tartrate Stearyltartrate
E-484 ** Stearyl citrate Stearyl citrate
E-485 ** Sodium Stearoyl Fumarate Sodium stearoyl fumarate
E-486 ** Calcium Stearoyl Fumarate Calcium stearoyl fumarate
E-487 ** Sodium laurylsulfate Sodium lauryl sulfate
E-488 ** Ethoxylated Mono- and Di-glycerides Ethoxylated mono and diglycerides
E-489 ** Methyl Glucoside - Coconut Oil Ester Ether of coconut oil and methyl glycoside
E-491 ** Sorbitan monostearate Sorbitan monostearate SPAN 60
E-492 ** Sorbitan tristearate Sorbitan tristearate
E-493 ** Sorbitan monolaurate Sorbitan monolaurat, SPAN 20
E-494 ** Sorbitan monooleate Sorbitan monooleate, SPAN 80
E-495 ** Sorbitan monopalmitate Sorbitan monopalmitat, SPAN 40
E-496 ** Sorbitan trioleat Sorbitan trioleate, SPAN 85
E-500 Sodium Carbonates (I) Sodium Carbonate (II) Sodium Hydrogen Carbonate (iii) Sodium Sesquicarbonate Sodium carbonates: sodium carbonate, sodium bicarbonate, sodium sequicarbonate
E-501 Potassium Carbonates (I) Potassium Carbonate (II) Potassium Hydrogen Carbonate Potassium carbonates: potassium carbonate, potassium bicarbonate
E-503 Ammonium Carbonates (I) Ammonium Carbonate (II) Ammonium Hydrogen Carbonate Ammonium carbonates: ammonium carbonate, ammonium bicarbonate
E-504 Magnesium Carbonates (I) Magnesium Carbonate (II) Magnesium Hydroxide Carbonate (syn. Magnesium Hydrogen carbonate) Magnesium carbonates: magnesium carbonate, magnesium hydroxycarbonate, magnesium hydroxycarbonate
E-505 ** Ferrous carbonate Iron carbonate
E-507 Hydrochloric acid Hydrochloric acid
E-508 Potassium chloride Potassium chloride
E-509 Calcium chloride Calcium chloride
E-511 Magnesium chloride Magnesium chloride
E-512 ** Stannous chloride Tin chloride
E-513 Sulfuric Acid Sulphuric acid
E-514 Sodium Sulphates (I) Sodium Sulphate (II) Sodium Hydrogen Sulphate Sodium sulfates: sodium sulfate, sodium hydrosulfate
E-515 Potassium Sulphates (I) Potassium Sulphate (II) Potassium Hydrogen Sulphate Potassium sulfates: potassium sulfate, potassium hydrogensulfate
E-516 Calcium Sulphate Calcium sulfate
E-517 Ammonium sulfate Ammonium sulfate
E-519 ** Cupric sulphate Copper sulfate
E-520 ** Aluminum sulfate Aluminum sulphate
E-521 ** Aluminum Sodium Sulphate Sodium Aluminum Sulfate (Alum Sodium Alum)
E-522 ** Aluminum Potassium Sulphate Aluminum-potassium sulfate (alum alumo-calcium)
E-523 ** Aluminum Ammonium Sulphate Aluminum-ammonium sulphate (alum alumina)
E-524 Sodium Hydroxide Sodium hydroxide
E-525 Potassium hydroxide Potassium hydroxide
E-526 Calcium Hydroxide Calcium hydroxide
E-527 Ammonium Hydroxide Ammonium hydroxide
E-528 Magnesium Hydroxide Magnesium hydroxide
E-529 Calcium oxide Calcium oxide
E-530 Magnesium Oxide Magnesium oxide
E-535 ** Sodium Ferrocyanide Sodium ferrocyanide
E-536 Potassium ferrocyanide Potassium ferrocyanide
E-537 ** Ferrous hexacyanomanganate Iron Hexacyanomanganate
E-538 ** Calcium Ferrocyanide Calcium Ferrocyanide
E-541 ** Sodium Aluminum Phosphate: (i) Acidic (II) Basic Sodium aluminophosphate: (i) acidic, (ii) basic
E-542 ** Bone Phosphate (Essentiale Calcium Phosphate, Tribasic) Bone phosphate, the basis of its calcium phosphate 3 main
E-550 ** Sodium Silicates: (I) Sodium Silicate (II) Sodium Metasilicate Sodium silicates: (i) sodium silicate, (ii) sodium meta-silicate
E-551 Silicon Dioxide Silica
E-552 ** Calcium Silicate Calcium silicate
E-553a (I) Magnesium Silicate (II) Magnesium Trisilicate (I) magnesium silicate, (ii) magnesium trisilicate
E-553b Talc Talc
E-554 ** Sodium Aluminum Silicate Sodium aluminosilicate
E-555 ** Potassium aluminum siliconate Potassium Aluminosilicate
E-556 ** Calcium Aluminum Silicate Calcium Aluminosilicate
E-557 ** Zink Silicate Zinc silicate
E-558 Bentonite Bentonite
E-559 ** Aluminum Silicate (Kaolin) Aluminosilicate (kaolin)
E-560 ** Potassium silicone Potassium silicate
E-570 Fatty acids Fatty acid
E-574 ** Gluconic Acid (D-) Gluconic acid (D-)
E-575 Glucono-delta-lactone Glucon- d- lactone
E-576 ** Sodium Gluconate Sodium gluconate
E-577 ** Potassium gluconate Potassium Gluconate
E-578 Calcium gluconate Calcium gluconate
E-579 ** Ferrous gluconate Iron Gluconate
E-580 ** Magnesium gluconate Magnesium Gluconate
E-585 Ferrous lactate Iron lactate

Amplifiers of taste and aroma (E-600 - E-699)

E-620 Glutamic Acid Glutamic acid
E-621 Monosodium glutamate Monosodium glutamate monosubstituted
E-622 ** Monopotassium glutamate Potassium Monosodium Glutamate
E-623 ** Calcium Glutamate Diglutamate Calcium
E-624 ** Monoammonium glutamate Ammonium Glutamate Monosubstituted
E-625 ** Magnesium Glutamate Magnesium glutamate
E-626 Guanylic acid Guanyl acid
E-627 Disodium guanylate Sodium guanylate disubstituted
E-628 ** Dipotassium 5'-guanylate Potassium 5'-guanylate disubstituted
E-629 ** Calcium 5'-guanylate Calcium 5'-guanylate
E-630 Inosinic acid Inosinic acid
E-631 Disodium inosinate Sodium inosinate disubstituted
E-632 ** Dipotassium Inosinate Potassium inosinate disubstituted
E-633 ** Calcium 5'-inosinate Calcium 5'-inosinate
E-634 ** Calcium 5'-ribonucleotides 5'-ribunucleotide calcium
E-635 ** Disodium 5'-ribonucleotides 5-ribunucleotide sodium disubstituted
E-640 ** Glycine and its Sodium Salt Glycine and its sodium salts
E-641 ** L-leucine L-leucine

Anti-flaming (E-900 - E-999) and other substances

E-900 Dimethyl Polysiloxane Dimethylpolysiloxane
E-901 Beeswax, White and Yellow Beeswax, white and yellow
E-902 Candelilla wax Candle wax
E-903 Carnauba wax Wax carnauba
E-904 Shellac Shellac
E-905a Mineral Oil, Food Grade Vaseline oil “edible”
E-905b Petrolatum (Petroleum Jelly) Vaseline
E-905c Petroleum wax Paraffin
E-906 ** Benzoin gum Benzoin Resin
E-908 ** Rice bran wax Rice bran wax
E-909 ** Spermaceti wax Spermaceti wax
E-910 ** Wax esters Wax Esters
E-911 ** Methyl Esters of Fatty Acids Fatty acid methyl esters
E-912 # Montanic Acid Esters Montanic acid esters
E-913 ** Lanolin Lanolin
E-914 # Oxidized Polyethylene Wax Oxidized Polyethylene Wax
E-916 ** Calcium iodate Calcium Iodate
E-917 ** Potassium iodate Kalia iodate
E-918 ** Nitrogen oxides Nitrogen oxides
E-919 ** Nitrosyl chloride Nitrosyl chloride
E-920 L-cysteine L-cysteine
E-922 ** Potassium persulphate Potassium persulphate
E-923 ** Ammonium Persulphate Ammonium persulfate
E-924b ** Calcium Bromate Calcium Bromate
E-925 ** Chlorine Chlorine
E-926 ** Chlorine Dioxide Chlorine dioxide
E-927b Carbamide Urea
E-928 Benzoyl peroxide Benzoyl Peroxide
E-929 ** Acetone peroxide Acetone peroxide
E-930 Calcium Peroxide Calcium peroxide
E-938 # Argon Argon
E-939 # Helium Helium
E-940 Dichlorodifluoromethane Dichlorodifluoromethane, freon-12
E-941 Nitrogen Nitrogen
E-942 ** Nitrous Oxide Diazomonium oxide
E-943a ** Butane Butane
E-943b ** Isobutane Isobutane
E-944 ** Propane Propane
E-945 ** Chloropentafluoroethane Clapentafluoroethane
E-946 ** Octafluorocyclobutane Octafluorcyclobutane
E-948 # Oxygen Oxygen
E-950 Acesulfame potassium Acesulfame potassium
E-951 Aspartame Aspartame
E-952 Cyclamic Acid and its Na and Ca Salts Cyclamic acid and its sodium, potassium and calcium salts
E-953 Isomaltitol Isomalt
E-954 Saccharin and its Na, K and Ca Salts Saccharin and its sodium, potassium and calcium salts
E-957 ** Thaumatin Thaumatin
E-959 ** Neohesperidine Dihydrochalcone Neohesperidin Dihydrochalcon
E-958 Glycyrrhizin Glycyrrhizin
E-965 Maltitol (I) Maltitol (II) Maltitol Syrup Maltitol, maltitol syrup
E-966 Lactitol Lactit
E-967 Xylitol Xylitol
E-999 Quillaia extract Quillaia Extract
E-1000 ** Cholic acid Cholic acid
E-1001 ** Choline Salts and Esters Choline salts and esters
E-1101 Proteases (I) Protease (II) Papain (iii) Bromelain (iv) Ficin Proteases: (i) protease (ii) papain (iii) bromelain (iv) ficin
E-1102 Glucose oxidase Glucose oxidase
E-1103 Invertases Invertase
E-1104 Lipases Lipase
E-1105 ** Lysozyme Lysozyme
E-1200 Polydextrose Polydextrose
E-1201 Polyvinylpyrrolidone Polyvinylpyrrolidone
E-1202 Polyvinylpolypyrrolidone Polyvinylpolypyrrolidone
E-1404 # Oxidized Starch Oxidized starch
E-1410 # Monostarch Phosphate Mono-Starch Phosphate
E-1412 # Distarch Phosphate Low starch phosphate
E-1413 # Phosphated Distarch Phosphate Phosphated distarch phosphate
E-1414 # Acetylated Distarch Phosphate Acetylated distarch phosphate
E-1420 # Acetylated starch Acetylated Starch
E-1422 # Acetylated Distarch Adipate Acetyltrahmaladipate
E-1440 # Hydroxy propyl starch Hydroxypropyl starch
E-1442 # Hydroxy propyl Distarch Phosphate Hydroxypropyl Dichlorophosphate
E-1450 # Starch Sodium Octenyl Succinate Starch sodium octylsuccinate
E-1451 # Acetylated Oxidized Starch Acetylated oxidized starch (note: this additive is under discussion and may be included in the future by an amendment to the Mixed Additives Directive)
E-1503 ** Castor oil Castor oil
E-1505 Triethyl citrate Triethyl citrate
E-1518 Glyceryl Triacetate (triacetin) Glyceryl triacetate (triacetin)
E-1520 Propylene Glycol Propylene glycol
E-1521 ** Polyetylene glycol Polyethylene glycol

Table
"The most harmful food additives E"

This table of the most harmful food additives E is based on the materials of the Center for Independent Ecological Expertise "KEDR" (below, tables are also given according to the INFO of the Ministry of Health)

Coming to the store, we constantly encounter products that include various food additives E: preservatives, dyes, emulsifiers, etc. Studies have shown that a number of such substances pose a serious health threat.

The table below is the MOST HARMFUL food additives E

The table opposite the designation of the food additive E indicates the nature of its harmful effects in accordance with the symbols indicated below the table.
Example: P is a cancerous cancerous dietary supplement.

Food supplement Harmful
act
Food supplement Harmful
act
Food supplement Harmful
act
Food supplement Harmful
act
Е 102
E 103
Е 104
Е 105
Е 110
E 111
Е 120
Е 121
Е 122
E 123
Е 124
Е 125
Е 126
E 127
Е 129
Е 130
E 131
E 141
E 142
Е 150
Е 151
Е 152
Е 153
Е 154
E 155
E 160
Е 171
Е 173
ABOUT!
(H)
P
(H)
ABOUT!
(H)
ABOUT!
(H)
P
OO !! (H)
ABOUT!
(H)
(H)
ABOUT!
ABOUT!
(H)
R
P
R
P
VC
(H)
R
RK, RD
ABOUT!
VC
P
P
E 180
Е 201
E 210
Е 211
Е 212
Е 213
Е 214
Е 215
Е 216
Е 219
E 220
Е 222
Е 223
Е 224
Е 228
Е 230
Е 231
Е 232
Е 233
Е 239
E 240
Е 241
Е 242
Е 249
Е 250
Е 251
Е 252
E 270
ABOUT!
ABOUT!
R
R
R
R
R
R
R (Z)
R
ABOUT!
ABOUT!
ABOUT!
ABOUT!
ABOUT!
R
VC
VC
ABOUT!
VC
R
P
ABOUT!
R
RD
RD
R
ABOUT!
d / children
Е 280
E 281
Е 282
Е 283
E 310
Е 311
E 312
E 320
E 321
E 330
Е 338
Е 339
E 340
E 341
Е 343
E 400
E 401
E 402
E 403
E 404
E 405
Е 450
E 451
E 452
Е 453
Е 454
E 461
E 462
R
R
R
R
WITH
WITH
WITH
X
X
R
PX
PX
PX
PX
RK
ABOUT!
ABOUT!
ABOUT!
ABOUT!
ABOUT!
ABOUT!
PX
PX
PX
PX
PX
PX
PX
Е 463
Е 465
E 466
E 477
E 501
E 502
Е 503
Е 510
E 513E
Е 527
E 620
E 626
E 627
E 628
E 629
E 630
E 631
E 632
E 633
Е 634
Е 635
E 636
E 637
E 907
Е 951
Е 952
E 954
E 1105
PX
PX
PX
P
ABOUT!
ABOUT!
ABOUT!
OO !!
OO !!
OO !!
ABOUT!
RK
RK
RK
RK
RK
RK
RK
RK
RK
RK
ABOUT!
ABOUT!
WITH
VC
(H)
R
VC

Symbols of harmful effects of additives:

  • ABOUT! - dangerous
  • OO !! - very dangerous
  • (3) - prohibited
  • RK - causes intestinal disorders
  • RD - violates blood pressure
  • C - rash
  • P - crustacean
  • RJ - causes indigestion
  • X - cholesterol
  • P - suspicious
  • VK - harmful to the skin

LIST
"SPECIALLY HARMFUL FOOD SUPPLEMENTS E"
INFORMATION INFO OF THE MINISTRY OF HEALTH

Symbols of especially harmful effects of additives:

  • * - the substance is included in the list of food additives prohibited for use in the food industry of the Russian Federation;
  • ** - the substance is included in the list of food additives that are not authorized for use in the food industry in the Russian Federation [1];

Preservatives (E-200 - E-299)

Code Title Notes
E-200 Sorbic acid May cause skin reactions.
E-209 ** Para-hydroxybenzoic acid heptyl ester  
E-210 Benzoic acid May trigger asthma attacks.
E-213 ** Calcium benzoate  
E-214 ** Para-hydroxybenzoic acid ethyl ester Banned in several countries
E-215 ** Para-hydroxybenzoic acid ethyl ester sodium salt Banned in several countries
E-216 * Para-hydroxybenzoic acid propyl ester Banned in Russia
E-217 * Para-hydroxybenzoic acid propyl ether sodium salt Banned in several countries
E-218 ** Para-hydroxybenzoic acid methyl ester Allergic skin reactions are possible.
E-219 ** Para-hydroxybenzoic acid methyl ester sodium salt Banned in several countries
E-220 sulphur dioxide People with renal failure apply with caution
E-221 Sodium sulfite  
E-225 ** Potassium sulfite  
E-226 ** Calcium sulfite Banned in several countries
E-227 ** Calcium Hydrosulfite Banned in several countries
E-228 ** Potassium hydrosulfite (potassium bisulfite)  
E-230 ** Biphenyl , diphenyl Banned in several countries
E-231 ** Orthophenylphenol   Banned in several countries
E-232 ** Sodium orthophenylphenol  
E-233 ** Tiabendazole   Banned in several countries
E-234 Nisin  
E-235 Natamycin (pimaricin) May cause allergic reactions, nausea, diarrhea.
E-236 Formic acid Banned in several countries
E-237 ** Sodium formate Banned in several countries
E-238 ** Capitate Formate Banned in several countries
E-239 Hexamethylenetetramine   Banned in several countries
E-240 * Formaldehyde Banned in Russia Banned in several countries
E-241 ** Guaiac resin  
E-249 Potassium nitrite Probably carcinogenic. It is forbidden to use in baby food
E-252 ** Potassium nitrate Many countries have restrictions on its use.
E-261 Potassium Acetate It should be avoided by people with kidney disease.
E-262 Sodium acetates sodium acetate, sodium hydroacetate ( sodium diacetate)  
E-263 ** Calcium Acetate  
E-264 ** Ammonium Acetate May cause nausea
E-281 ** Sodium propionate May cause migraine
E-282 ** Calcium Propionate Also
E-283 ** Potassium propionate Also
E-284 Boric acid  
E-285 Sodium tetraborate (borax)  
E-296 Malic ( Malonic) Acid Not recommended for babies and small children.
E-297 Fumaric acid  

Amplifiers of taste and aroma (E-600 - E-699)

Code Title Notes
E-620 Glutamic acid. Salt substitute Not recommended for use in baby food
E-621 Monosodium glutamate monosubstituted Prohibited for use in baby food
E-622 ** Potassium Monosodium Glutamate May cause nausea, diarrhea, colic.
E-625 ** Magnesium glutamate  
E-627 Sodium guanylate disubstituted Prohibited for use in baby food
E-629 ** Calcium 5-guanylate  
E-630 Inosinic acid  
E-631 Sodium inosinate disubstituted Prohibited for use in baby food
E-635 ** Sodium 5-ribonucleotides disubstituted Banned in several countries

Dyes (E-100 - E-199)

Code Title Notes
E-100 Curcumin    
E-102 Tartrazine   Causes asthma attacks. Prohibited in several countries.
E-103 ** Alcanet , alkanine  
E-104 Yellow Quinoline Causes dermatitis. Banned in several countries
E-107 ** Yellow 2 G Use with caution in asthma.
E-110 Yellow “Sunset” FCF, Orange Yellow S May cause allergic reactions, nausea. Banned in several countries.
E-120 Cochineal; carminic acid; carminas Some health care organizations advise avoiding it.
! E-121 * Citrus Red 2 Banned in Russia! Banned in several countries.
E-122 Azorubine , karmuazin Banned in several countries.
! E-123 * Amaranth Banned in Russia! Banned in several countries. Including causes malformations in the fetus
E-124 Ponso 4R (Crimson 4R), Cochineal Red A Banned in several countries. Carcinogen. It provokes asthma attacks.
E-125 ** Ponso , Crimson SX  
E-127 ** Erythrosine   Banned in several countries. May cause hyperactivity of the thyroid gland.
E-128 ** Red 2G Banned in several countries.
E-129 Red charming loudspeaker Carcinogen. Banned in several countries
E-131 Blue Patented V Banned in several countries
E-132 Indigotin , Indigo Carmine May cause nausea, increased and other allergic reactions. Forbidden in Norway.
E-133 Blue shiny FCF Banned in several countries
E-142 Green s Banned in several countries
E-151 Black shiny BN, black PN Banned in several countries
E-153 ** Charcoal Banned in the USA
E-154 ** Brown FK Banned in the USA
E-155 ** Brown NT Banned in several countries
Extra paprika, capsanthin, capsorubin Banned in several countries
E-160d ** Lycopene  
E-166 ** Sandalwood  
E-173 ** Aluminum Banned in several countries
E-174 ** Silver Banned in several countries
E-175 ** Gold Banned in several countries
E-180 ** Ruby Litol VK Banned in several countries
E-181 Tannins food  
E-182 ** Orsail Orsin  

Glazing agents, bread and flour improvers and other substances (E-900 E-999)

Code Title Notes
E-900 Dimethylpolysiloxane  
E-901 Beeswax, white and yellow Allergic reactions are possible.
E-902 Candle wax Also
E-903 Wax carnauba Harvested from a species of palm trees growing in Africa
E-904 Shellac It is extracted from insects. Allergic reactions are possible.
E-905a Edible oil  
E-905b Vaseline  
E-905c Paraffin  
E-906 ** Benzoin Resin  
E-908 ** Rice bran wax  
E-909 ** Spermaceti wax  
E-910 ** Wax Esters  
E-911 ** Fatty acid methyl esters  
E-912 Montanic acid esters  
E-913 ** Lanolin  
E-914 Oxidized Polyethylene Wax  
E-916 Calcium Iodate Used to fortify food with iodine
E-917 Kalia iodate Also
E-918 ** Nitrogen oxides  
E-919 ** Nitrosyl chloride  
E-920 L-cysteine  
E-922 ** Potassium persulphate  
E-923 ** Ammonium persulfate  
E-924a-b ** Bromate calcium, sodium Banned in Russia!
E-925 ** Chlorine  
E-926 ** Chlorine dioxide Carcinogen
E-927b Urea  
E-928 Benzoyl Peroxide  
E-929 ** Acetone peroxide  
E-930 Calcium peroxide  
E-938 # Argon  
E-939 # Helium  
E-940 Dichlorodifluoromethane freon-12  
E-941 Nitrogen  
E-942 * Diazomonium oxide  
E-943a * Butane  
E-943b ** Isobutane  
E-944 * Propane  
E-945 * Clapentafluoroethane  
E-946 ** Octafluorcyclobutane  
E-948 Oxygen  
E-950 Acesulfame potassium  
E-951 Aspartame Sugar Substitute A huge number of side effects
E-952 Cyclamic acid and its sodium, potassium and calcium salts Sugar substitute. Banned in the USA and the UK, considered a carcinogen
E-953 Isomalt  
E-954 Saccharin and its sodium, potassium and calcium salts Sugar substitute. Restrictions on its use in the US, according to some carcinogen
E-957 ** Thaumatin Natural Sugar Substitute
E-959 ** Neohesperidin Dihydrochalcon  
E-958 Glycyrrhizin  
E-965 Maltitol Maltitol Syrup  
E-966 Lactit  
E-967 Xylitol Causes stone-kidney disease in laboratory animals
E-999 Quillaia Extract Substance of a natural origin, causes rich foaming in carbonated drinks, beer