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Full list of food supplements E


On the page:

Food additives "E" (table)

Nutritional supplements


How are food supplements divided? What are the forbidden supplements different from unauthorized ones? What supplements are not recommended by the Ministry of Health? It will be interesting to everyone who cares about their health and monitors their diet.

Classification of food additives
  • E100-E182 - dyes, enhance or restore the color of the product.
  • E200-E299 - preservatives, increase the shelf life of products, protecting them from germs and fungi.
  • E300-E399 - antioxidants, protect the products from oxidation.
  • E400-E499 - stabilizers, preserve the necessary consistency of products.
  • E500-E599 - emulsifiers, create a homogeneous mixture.
  • E600-E699 - enhancers of taste and aroma.
  • E700 - E800 - spare indexes.
  • E900-E999 - defoamers, prevent or reduce the formation of foam, give the products a pleasant appearance.

Glazovroateli, sweeteners, baking powder, acidity regulators are included in all these groups, in addition to the new group E1000.

Prohibited additives (additives for which it is proved that their action is harmful to the body)
  • E121 - citrus red 2 (dye)
  • E123 - red amaranth (dye)
  • E128 [6] - 03.09.2007. Red 2G (dye)
  • E216 [7] - para-hydroxybenzoic acid propyl ether, a group of parabens (preservative)
  • E217 [7] - para-hydroxybenzoic acid propyl ester sodium salt (preservative)
  • E240 - formaldehyde (preservative)
Unresolved additives (additives that have not been tested or are being tested, but no final result yet)
  • E127 - Erythrosine - banned in a number of countries
  • E154 - Brown FK
  • E173 - Aluminum
  • E180 - Ruby Lithium VK
  • E388 - Thiopropionic acid
  • E389 - Dilauryl thiodipropionate
  • E424 - Kurdlan
  • E512 - Tin (II) chloride
  • E537 - Hexacyanomanganate of iron
  • E557 - Zinc silicate
  • E912 - Esters of montanic acid
  • E914 - Oxidized polyethylene wax
  • E916 - Calcium iodate
  • E917 - Potassium iodate
  • E918 - Nitrogen oxides
  • E919 - Nitrosyl chloride
  • E922 - Potassium persulfate
  • E923 - Ammonium persulfate
  • E924b - Calcium bromate
  • E925 - Chlorine
  • E926 - Chlorine Dioxide
  • E929 - Acetone Peroxide
Permitted in Russia, but banned in the European Union
  • E102-Tartrazine
  • E142 - synthetic food coloring Green S
  • E425 - konjak, konzhakovaya flour, konzhakovaya gum and konjak glucomannan
List of especially harmful food supplements E according to the Ministry of Health
* - the substance is included in the list of food additives banned for use in the food industry of the Russian Federation;
** - the substance is included in the list of food additives that are not authorized for use in the food industry in the Russian Federation

Preservatives (E-200 - E-299)

Code Name Notes
E-200 Sorbic acid May cause skin reactions
E-209 ** Para-hydroxybenzoic acid heptyl ether
E-210 Benzoic acid Can provoke asthma attacks
E-213 ** Calcium Benzoate
E-214 ** Para-hydroxybenzoic acid ethyl ester Prohibited in several countries
E-215 ** Para-hydroxybenzoic acid ethyl ester sodium salt Prohibited in several countries
E-216 * Para-hydroxybenzoic acid propyl ether Prohibited in Russia
E-217 * Para-hydroxybenzoic acid propyl ester sodium salt Prohibited in several countries
E-218 ** Para-hydroxybenzoic acid methyl ester Possible skin allergic reactions
E-219 ** Para-hydroxybenzoic acid methyl ester sodium salt Prohibited in several countries
E-220 Sulphur dioxide People with kidney failure should be used with caution.
E-221 Sodium sulfite
E-225 ** Potassium sulphite
E-226 ** Calcium sulphite Prohibited in several countries
E-227 ** Calcium hydrosulphite Prohibited in several countries
E-228 ** Potassium hydrosulfite (potassium bisulphite)
E-230 ** Biphenyl, diphenyl Prohibited in several countries
E-231 ** Orthophenylphenol Prohibited in several countries
E-232 ** Orthophenylphenol sodium
E-233 ** Thiabendazole Prohibited in several countries
E-234 Nisin
E-235 Natamycin (pimaricin) May cause allergic reactions, nausea, diarrhea
E-236 Formic acid Prohibited in several countries
E-237 ** Sodium formate Prohibited in several countries
E-238 ** Calcium formate Prohibited in several countries
E-239 Hexamethylenetetramine Prohibited in several countries
E-240 * Formaldehyde Prohibited in Russia and in several countries
E-241 ** Guaiac resin
E-249 Potassium Nitrite Perhaps a carcinogen. It is forbidden to use in baby food
E-252 ** Potassium Nitrate In many countries, its use is restricted
E-261 Potassium acetate It should be avoided for people with kidney disease
E-262 Sodium acetates, sodium acetate, sodium hydroacetate (sodium diacetate)
E-263 ** Calcium acetate
E-264 ** Ammonium acetate May cause nausea
E-281 ** Sodium propionate Can cause migraine
E-282 ** Calcium propionate Also
E-283 ** Propionate of potassium Also
E-284 Boric acid
E-285 Sodium tetraborate (borax)
E-296 Apple (malonic acid) Not recommended for infants and young children
E-297 Fumaric acid

Amplifiers of taste and aroma (Е-600 - Е-699)

Code Name Notes
E-620 Glutamic acid. The substitute of salt Not recommended for use in baby food
E-621 Glutamate sodium monosubstituted Prohibited to use in baby food
E-622 ** Potassium glutamate monosubstituted Can cause nausea, diarrhea, colic
E-625 ** Magnesium Glutamate
E-627 Sodium guanilate disubstituted Prohibited to use in baby food
E-629 ** 5-guanilate calcium
E-630 Inosinic acid
E-631 Inosinate of sodium disubstituted Prohibited to use in baby food
E-635 ** 5-ribonucleotides of sodium disubstituted Prohibited in several countries

Dyes (E-100 - E-199)

Code Name Notes
E-100 Curcumin
E-102 Tartrazine Causes asthma attacks. Prohibited in several countries
E-103 ** Alkanet, alkane
E-104 Yellow quinoline Causes dermatitis. Prohibited in several countries
E-107 ** Yellow 2 G Use with caution in asthma
E-110 Yellow "sunset sunset" FCF, orange-yellow S May cause allergic reactions, nausea. Prohibited in several countries
E-120 Cochineal; Carminic acid; Carmines Some health organizations advise to avoid it
! E-121 * Citrus red 2 It is forbidden in Russia! Prohibited in several countries
E-122 Azorubine, carmoazine Prohibited in a number of countries!
E-123 * Amaranth It is forbidden in Russia! Prohibited in several countries. Including Causes malformations in the fetus
E-124 Ponso 4R (crimson 4R), cochineal red A Prohibited in several countries. Carcinogen. Provokes asthma attacks
Е-125 ** Ponce, Crimson SX
E-127 ** Erythrosin Prohibited in several countries. May cause thyroid hyperactivity
E-128 ** Red 2G Prohibited in several countries
E-129 Red charming speaker Carcinogen. Prohibited in several countries
E-131 Blue patented V Prohibited in several countries
E-132 Indigotine, indigo carmine May cause nausea, fever and other allergic reactions. Prohibited in Norway
E-133 Blue shiny FCF Prohibited in several countries
E-142 Green S Prohibited in several countries
E-151 Black shiny BN, black PN Prohibited in several countries
E-153 ** Coal, vegetable Prohibited in the USA
E-154 ** Brown FK Prohibited in the USA
E-155 ** Brown NT Prohibited in several countries
Extra paprika, capsantine, capsorubin Prohibited in several countries
E-160d ** Lycopene
E-166 ** Sandalwood
E-173 ** Aluminum Prohibited in several countries
E-174 ** Silver Prohibited in several countries
E-175 ** Gold Prohibited in several countries
E-180 ** Ruby Lithium VK Prohibited in several countries
E-181 Tannins for food
E-182 ** Orsail, Orsin

Glazing agents, bread improvers and flour and other substances (E-100 - E-199)

Code Name Notes
E-900 Dimethylpolysiloxane
E-901 Beeswax, white and yellow Allergic reactions are possible
E-902 Wax candle Also
E-903 Carnauba Wax Obtained from the species of palm trees growing in Africa
E-904 Shellac Obtained from insects. Allergic reactions are possible
E-905a Vaseline oil "food"
E-905b Petrolatum
E-905c Paraffin
E-906 ** Benzoic Resin
E-908 ** Wax of rice bran
E-909 ** Spermacet wax
E-910 ** Wax ethers
E-911 ** Fatty acids methyl esters
E-912 Esters of montanic acid
E-913 ** Lanolin
E-914 Oxidized polyethylene wax
E-916 Calcium iodate Used to fortify food with iodine
E-917 Potassium iodate Also
E-918 ** Oxides of nitrogen
E-919 ** Nitrosyl chloride
E-920 L-cysteine
E-922 ** Potassium persulphate
E-923 ** Ammonium persulfate
E-924a-b ** Bromate of calcium, sodium Prohibited in Russia
E-925 ** Chlorine
E-926 ** Chlorine dioxide Carcinogen
E-927b Urea
E-928 Benzoyl peroxide
E-929 ** Acetone peroxide
E-930 Calcium Peroxide
E-938 # Argon
E-939 # Helium
E-940 Dichlorodifluoromethane Hladon-12
E-941 Nitrogen
E-942 * Diazomonoxide
E-943a * Butane
E-943b ** Isobutane
E-944 * Propane
E-945 * Chlopentafluoroethane
E-946 ** Octafluorocyclobutane
E-948 Oxygen
E-950 Acesulfame potassium
E-951 Aspartame. Sugar substitute A huge number of side effects
E-952 Cyclamic acid and its sodium, potassium and calcium salts Sugar substitute. Prohibited in the US and the UK, it is considered to be a carcinogen
E-953 Isomalt
E-954 Saccharin and its sodium, potassium and calcium salts Sugar substitute. Restrictions on its use in the US, according to some sources, a carcinogen
E-957 ** Thaumatin Sugar substitute of natural origin
E-959 ** Neohesperidin Dihydrochalcone
E-958 Glycyrrhizin
E-965 Maltite maltitol syrup
E-966 Lactitol
E-967 Xylitol Causes stone-kidney disease in laboratory animals
E-999 Quilaya Extract A substance of natural origin, causes rich foaming in carbonated beverages, beer


Full list of food supplements E

Introduction

The table you are about to offer contains a complete list of food additives E, whose chemical names are given in ascending order of digital codes in English and Russian.

Nutritional supplements are grouped according to functional classes.

The following notation is used in the table:

  • * - the substance is included in the list of food additives banned for use in the food industry of the Russian Federation [1], [2]; (Text on a black background);
  • ** - the substance is included in the list of food additives that are not authorized for use in the food industry in the Russian Federation [1]; (Text on a gray background);
  • # - substance, not mentioned in the documentation of the Russian Federation , is included in the list according to another source [3]; (Text on white background with # sign)

The list is made on the basis of the following materials:

  • [1] Food additives. Supplements to "Medical and Biological Requirements and Sanitary Standards for the Quality of Food Raw Materials and Food Products" (No. 5061-89), - M., State Committee for Sanitary and Epidemiological Surveillance of the Russian Federation, 1994
  • [2] DECISION of the Chief State Sanitary Doctor of the Russian Federation of 18.01.2005
  • [3] Food Additives in the European Union - The Department of Food Science and Technology The University of Reading, UK Food Law (compiled by Dr David Jukes)

Additional information on the toxicity of some of the substances listed below can be found in the books available in the Russian State Library (the former VI Lenin State Library):

  1. Rosival L., etc., "Foreign substances and food additives in foods", - M.: "Leg. And food industry.", 1982 - 264 p.
  2. Evaluation of some food additives and contaminants. 41 Report of the Joint FAO / WHO Expert on Food Additives, Geneva, - M: "Medicine", 1994 - 72 pp.
  3. Evaluation of some food additives and contaminants. 37 reports of joint FAO / WHO experts on food additives, Geneva, - M: "Medicine", 1974 - 48 pp.
  4. Chemistry of food additives: Abstracts of the All-Union Conference, Chernivtsi, - Kiev: NGO "Nutritional Supplements", 1989 - 256 p.
  5. Principles of assessing the safety of food additives and contaminants in food, - M .: Medicine, 1991 - 158 p.
  6. Steinberg A.I. , Etc., "Additives to food products (Hygienic requirements and rationing)", - M .: "Medicine", 1969 - 95 p.

FEDERAL SERVICE FOR SUPERVISION IN THE FIELD OF PROTECTION
CONSUMER RIGHTS
AND HUMAN WELFARE

MAIN STATE SANITARY DOCTOR
RUSSIAN FEDERATION
APPROVAL
01/18/2005 Moscow

On the prohibition of the use of food additives

The European Commission on 11.11.2004 amended Directive No. 95/2 / EC of the EU "Food additives used in the production of food products (except dyes)" for the use of food additives in the confectionery and meat industries. The ban on the use of food additives (hereinafter - additives) E 216 (para-Oxybenzoic acid propyl ester) and E 217 (para-Oxybenzoic acid propyl ether, sodium salt) from the manufacture of confectionery and meat products since 01.01.2005 is introduced.

In the Russian Federation, supplements E 216 and E 217 are included in Annex 7 "Food additives that do not have harmful effects on human health when used for food products" SanPiN 2.3.2.1078-01 "Hygienic requirements for the safety and nutritional value of food products", in Appendix 1 "Food additives for food production" SanPiN 2.3.2.1293-03 "Hygienic requirements for the use of food additives" and allowed for use in the food industry as preservatives in the production of confectionery and me GOVERNMENTAL products. The scope and conditions for the use of additives, regulated by sanitary legislation, fully comply with the EU Directive 95/2 / EC.

In order to prevent the threat of the emergence of mass non-infectious diseases (poisonings) of the population and in accordance with federal laws No. 52-FZ of 30.03.1999 "On Sanitary and Epidemiological Welfare of the Population", Article 51 (Collected Legislation of the Russian Federation, 1999, No. 14, art. 1650), 01.01.2000 No. 29-FZ "On the quality and safety of food products", Article 17.21 (Collected Legislation of the Russian Federation, 2000, No. 2, Article 150)

I hereby resolve:

1. To prohibit the import into the territory of the Russian Federation of food products manufactured with the use of additives E 216 (para-Oxybenzoic acid propyl ester) and E 217 (para-Oxybenzoic acid propyl ether, sodium salt), and also from 01.03.2005 use of these additives for Production of food products.

2. In 2005, the Research Institute for Nutrition of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences (as agreed) and the Federal State Healthcare Institution Federal Center for Hygiene and Epidemiology conduct in-depth toxicological and hygienic studies of the additives E 216 (para-Oxybenzoic acid propyl ester) and E 217 (para-Oxybenzoic Acid propyl ether, sodium salt).

3. The main state sanitary doctors of the subjects of the Russian Federation shall bring the text of this resolution to the notice of legal entities and individual entrepreneurs engaged in the production and turnover of food products, as well as importing food products to the territory of the Russian Federation.

4. To control the execution of this resolution to the Deputy Chief State Sanitary Doctor of the Russian Federation LP Gulchenko.

G. G. Onischenko

TABLE OF FOOD ADDITIVES E

Dyes (E-100 - E-199)

E-100 Curcumin Curcumin
E-101 (I) Riboflavin;
(Ii) Riboflavin-5'-Phosphate Sodium
(I) Riboflavin;
(II) Riboflavin-5-phosphate sodium salt;
E 102 Tartrazine Tartrazine
E-103 ** Alkanet Alkanet, alkane
E-104 Quinoline Yellow Yellow quinoline
E-107 ** Yellow 2 G Yellow 2 G
E-110 Sunset Yellow FCF, Orange Yellow S Yellow "sunset sunset" FCF, orange-yellow S
E-120 Cochineal, Carminic Acid, Carmines Cochineal; Carminic acid; Carmines
E-121 * Citrus Red 2 Citrus red 2
E-122 Azorubine, Carmoisine Azorubine, carmoazine
E-123 * Amaranth Amaranth
E-124 Ponceau 4R, Cochineal Red A Ponso 4R (crimson4R), cochineal red A
E-125 ** Ponceau SX Ponce, Crimson SX
E-127 ** Erythrosine Erythrosin
E-128 ** Red 2G Red 2G
E-129 Allura Red AC Red charming speaker
E 131 Patent Blue V Blue patented V
E-132 Indigotine, Indigo Carmine Indigotine, indigo carmine
E-133 Brilliant Blue FCF Blue shiny FCF
E-140 ** Chlorophylis and Chlorophyllins: (I) Chlorophylls (II) Chlorophyllins (I) Chlorophylls and (II) chlorophyllins
E-141 Copper Complexes of Chlorophylls and Chlorophyllins (I) Copper Complexes of Chlorophylls (II) Copper Complexes of Chlorophyllins (I) Copper complexes of chlorophylls and (II) chlorophyllins
E-142 Greens S Green S
E-143 Fast Green FCF Green durable FCF
E-150a Plain Caramel Sugar color I simple (caramel simple)
E-150b Caustic Sulphite Caramel Sugar color II, obtained by "alkaline-sulphite" technology
E-150c Ammonia Caramel Sugar Colors III, obtained by "ammonia" technology
E-150d Sulphite Ammonia Caramel Sugar color IV, obtained by "ammonia-sulfite" technology
E-151 Brilliant Black BN, Black PN Black shiny BN, black PN
E-152 Carbon Black (hydrocarbon) Coal
E-153 ** Vegetable Carbon Coal, vegetable
E-154 ** Brown FK Brown FK
E-155 ** Brown HT Brown HT
E-160a Carotenes: (i) Beta-Carotene (Synthetic) Natural Extracts (II) Carotenes: (I) b- carotene synthetic, (ii) extracts of natural carotenes
E-160b Annatto, Bixin, Norbixin Annato, bixin, norbixin
E-160c Paprika extract, Capsanthin, Capsorubin Extract of paprika, capsantine, capsorubin
E-160d ** Lycopene Lycopene
E-160e Beta-apo-8'-carotenal (C 30) B- Apo-8-carotene aldehyde (C 30)
E-160f ** Ethyl ester of beta-apo-8'-carotenic Acid (C 30) Ethyl b- apo-8-carotenic acid (C30)
E-161a Flavoxanthin Flavoxanthin
E-161b Lutein Lutein
E-161c Cryptoxanthin Cryptoxanthin
E-161d Rubixanthin Rubixanthin
E-161e Violoxanthin Viololxanthine
E-161f Rhodoxanthin Rhodoxanthine
E-161g Canthaxanthin Canthaxanthine
E-162 Beetroot Red, Betanin Beet red, betanin
E-163 Anthocyanins Anthocyanins
E-164 Saffron Saffron
E-166 ** Sandalwood Sandalwood
E-170 Calcium Carbonates Calcium carbonates
E-171 Titanium Dioxide Titanium dioxide
E-172 Iron Oxides and Hydroxides Oxides and hydroxides of iron
E-173 ** Aluminum Aluminum
E-174 ** Silver Silver
E-175 ** Gold Gold
E-180 ** Lithol Rubine BK Ruby Lithium VK
E-181 Tannins, Food Grade Tannins for food
E-182 ** Orchil Orsail, Orsin

Preservatives (E-200 - E-299)

E-200 Sorbic Acid Sorbic acid
E-201 Sodium Sorbate Sodium sorbate
E-202 Potassium Sorbate Potassium sorbate
E-203 Calcium sorbate Calcium sorbate
E-209 ** Heptyl p-hydroxybenzoate Para-hydroxybenzoic acid heptyl ether
E-210 Benzoic Acid Benzoic acid
E-211 Sodium Benzoate Sodium benzoate
E-212 Potassium Benzoate Potassium benzoate
E-213 ** Calcium Benzoate Calcium Benzoate
E-214 ** Ethyl p-hydroxybenzoate Para-hydroxybenzoic acid ethyl ester
E-215 ** Sodium Ethyl p-hydroxybenzoate Para-hydroxybenzoic acid ethyl ester sodium salt
E-216 * Propyl p-hydroxybenzoate Para-hydroxybenzoic acid propyl ether
E-217 * Sodium Propyl p-hydroxybenzoate Para-hydroxybenzoic acid propyl ester sodium salt
E-218 ** Methyl p-hydroxybenzoate Para-hydroxybenzoic acid methyl ester
E-219 ** Sodium Methyl p-hydroxybenzoate Para-hydroxybenzoic acid methyl ester sodium salt
E-220 Sulfur Dioxide Sulphur dioxide
E-221 Sodium Sulfite Sodium sulfite
E-222 Sodium Hydrogen Sulfite Hydrosulphite of sodium
E-223 Sodium Metabisulphite Sodium pyrosulfite
E-224 Potassium Metabisulphite Potassium pyrosulfite
E-225 ** Potassium Sulfite Potassium sulphite
E-226 ** Calcium Sulfite Calcium sulphite
E-227 ** Calcium Hydrogen Sulfite Calcium hydrosulphite
E-228 ** Potassium Hydrogen Sulfite Potassium hydrosulfite (potassium bisulphite)
E-230 ** Biphenyl, Diphenyl Biphenyl, diphenyl
E-231 ** Orthophenyl Phenol Orthophenylphenol
E-232 ** Sodium Orthophenyl Phenol Orthophenylphenol sodium
E-233 ** Thiabendazole Thiabendazole
E-234 Nisin Nisin
E-235 Natamycin (Pimaricin) Natamycin (pimaricin)
E-236 Formic Acid Formic acid
E-237 ** Sodium Formate Sodium formate
E-238 ** Calcium Formate Calcium formate
E-239 Hexamethylene Tetramine Hexamethylenetetramine
E-240 * Formaldehyde Formaldehyde
E-241 ** Gum Guaicum Guaiac resin
E-242 Dimethyl Dicarbonate Dimethyldicarbonate
E-249 Potassium Nitrite Potassium Nitrite
E-250 Sodium Nitrite Sodium nitrite
E-251 Sodium Nitrate Sodium nitrate
E-252 ** Potassium Nitrate Potassium Nitrate
E-260 Acetic Acid Acetic acid
E-261 Potassium Acetate Potassium acetate
E-262 Sodium Acetates (I) Sodium Acetate (II) Sodium Hydrogen Acetate (Sodium Diacetate) Sodium acetates: sodium acetate, sodium hydroacetate (sodium diacetate)
E-263 ** Calcium Acetate Calcium acetate
E-264 ** Ammonium Acetate Ammonium acetate
E-265 Dehydroacetic Acid Dehydroacetic acid
E-266 Sodium Dehydroacetate Sodium dehydroacetate
E-270 Lactic Acid Lactic acid
E-280 Propionic Acid Propionic acid
E-281 ** Sodium Propionate Sodium propionate
E-282 ** Calcium Propionate Calcium propionate
E-283 ** Potassium Propionate Propionate of potassium
E-284 # Boric Acid Boric acid
E-285 # Sodium Tetraborate (Borax) Sodium tetraborate (borax)
E-290 Carbon Dioxide Carbon dioxide
E-296 Malic Acid Apple (malonic acid)
E-297 Fumaric Acid Fumaric acid

Antioxidants (E-300 - E-399)

E-300 Ascorbic Acid Ascorbic acid
E-301 Sodium Ascorbate Sodium salt of ascorbic acid (sodium ascorbate)

E-302 **

Calcium Ascorbate

Calcium salt of ascorbic acid (calcium ascorbate)
E-303 ** Potassium Ascorbate Ascorbate of potassium
E-304 Ascorbyl Palmitate Ascorbyl palmitate
E-305 ** Ascorbyl Stearate Ascorbylstearate
E-306 Mixed Tocopherols Concentrate Concentrate mixture of tocopherols
E-307 Alpha-tocopherol A- Tocopherol
E-308 ** Synthetic Gamma-tocopherol G- Tocopherol Synthetic
E-309 ** Synthetic Delta-tocopherol D- Tocopherol Synthetic
E-310 ** Propyl Gallate Propyl gallate
E-311 ** Octyl Gallate Octyl gallate
E-312 ** Dodecyl Gallate Dodecyl gallate
E-313 ** Ethyl Gallate Ethyl gallate
E-314 ** Guaiac Resin Guaiac resin
E-315 Erythorbic (Isoascorbic) Acid Erythorbic (iso-ascorbic) acid
E-316 Sodium Erythorbate Sodium erythorbate
E-317 ** Potassium Isoascorbate Iso-ascorbate of potassium
E-318 ** Calcium Isoascorbate Iso-ascorbate calcium
E-319 Tertiary Butylhydroquinone Tert-butylhydroquinone
E-320 Butylated Hydroxyanisole (BHA) Butylhydroxyanisole
E-321 Butylated Hydroxytoluene (BHT) Butylhydroxytoluene
E-322 Lecithins Lecithin
E-323 ** Anoxomer Anoxomer
E-324 ** Ethoxyquin Ethoxyquine
E-325 ** Sodium Lactate Sodium Lactate
E-326 Potassium Lactate Potassium Lactate
E-327 Calcium Lactate Calcium Lactate
E-328 ** Ammonium Lactate Ammonium Lactate
E-329 ** Magnesium Lactate (D, L-) Magnesium Lactate
E-330 Citric Acid Lemon acid
E-331 Sodium Citrates (I) Monosodium Citrate (II) Disodium Citrate Trisodium Citrate Sodium Citrate: (I) monosodiumated sodium citrate, (ii) sodium disodium dihydrate, (iii) sodium trisubstituted sodium citrate
E-332 Potassium Citrates (I) Monopotassium Citrate (II) Dipotassium Citrate (iii) Tripotassium Citrate Potassium citrate: (I) potassium citrate monosubstituted, (ii) potassium citrate disubstituted, (iii) potassium citrate trisubstituted
E-333 Calcium Citrates (I) Monocalcium Citrate (II) Dicalcium Citrate (iii) Tricalcium Citrate Calcium citrates: monosodium citrate, disubstituted calcium citrate, trisubstituted calcium citrate
E-334 Tartaric Acid (L (+) -) Tartaric acid ((L +) -)
E-335 Sodium Tartrates (I) Monosodium Tartrate (II) Disodium Tartrate Sodium tartrates: sodium monosodium tartrate, sodium disodium tartrate
E-336 Potassium Tartrates (I) Monopotassium Tartrate (II) Dipotassium Tartrate Potassium tartrates: potassium tartrate monosubstituted, potassium tartrate disodium
E-337 Sodium potassium tartrate Potassium Sodium Tartrate
E-338 Phosphoric Acid Orthophosphoric acid
E-339 Sodium Ortophosphates (I) Monosodium Ortophosphate (II) Disodium Ortophosphate (iii) Trisodium Ortophosphate Sodium orthophosphates: sodium orthophosphate, mono-substituted, sodium orthophosphate, sodium orthophosphate
E-340 Potassium Ortophosphates (I) Monopotassium Ortophosphate (II) Dipotassium Ortophosphate (iii) Tripotassium Ortophosphate Potassium orthophosphates: potassium orthophosphate, monosubstituted, potassium orthophosphate disubstituted, potassium orthophosphate
E-341 Calcium Phosphates (I) Monocalcium Ortophosphate (II) Dicalcium Ortophosphate (iii) Tricalcium Ortophosphate Calcium orthophosphates: calcium orthophosphate monosubstituted, calcium orthophosphate disubstituted, calcium orthophosphate
E-342 Ammonium Phosphates (I) Monoammonium Ortophosphate (II) Diammonium Ortophosphate Ammonium orthophosphates: ammonium orthophosphate monosubstituted, ammonium orthophosphate disubstituted
E-343 ** Magnesium Ortophosphates: (I) Monomagnesium Ortophosphate (II) Dimagnesium Ortophosphate (iii) Trimagnesium Ortophosphate Magnesium orthophosphates: (1) magnesium orthophosphate monosubstituted, (ii) magnesium orthophosphate disubstituted, (iii) magnesium orthophosphate, trisubstituted
E-344 ** Lecitin Citrate Lecithin citrate
E-345 ** Magnesium Citrate Magnesium citrate
E-349 ** Ammonium Malate Ammonium malate
Е-350 ** Sodium Malates (I) Sodium Malate (II) Sodium Hydrogen Malate Malates of sodium: malate of sodium, unallocated sodium malate
E-351 ** Potassium Malate Potassium malate
E-352 ** Calcium Malates (I) Calcium Malate (II) Calcium Hydrogen Malate Calcium Malates: Calcium Malate, Malate Calcium Malate
E-353 Metatartaric Acid Meta-tartaric acid
E-354 Calcium Tartrate Calcium tartrate
E-355 ** Adipic Acid Adipic acid
E-356 ** Sodium Adipate Sodium adipate
E-357 ** Potassium Adipate Adipate of potassium
E-359 ** Ammonium Adipate Adipate ammonium
E-363 Succinic Acid succinic acid
E-365 ** Sodium Fumarates Fumarates of sodium
E-366 ** Potassium Fumarates Potassium fumarate
E-367 ** Calcium Fumarates Calcium fumarate
E-368 ** Ammonium Fumarates Ammonium Fumarate
E-370 ** 1,4-Heptonolactone 1,4-heptonolactone
E-375 ** Nicotinic Acid A nicotinic acid
E-380 Ammonium Citrates Ammonium citrate (ammonium salts of citric acid)
E-381 ** Ferric Ammonium Citrate Ammonium iron citrate
E-383 Calcium Glycerophosphate Calcium glycerophosphate
E-384 ** Isopropil Citrates Isopropyl citrate mixture
E-385 Calcium Disodium Ethylene Diamine Tetra-acetate (Calcium Disodium EDTA) Calcium disodium salt of ethylenediaminetriacetic acid (CaNa 2 EDTA)
E-386 Disodium Ethylene Diamine Tetra-acetate Ethylenediaminetetraacetate disodium
E-387 ** Oxystearin Oxystearin
E-388 ** Thiodipropionic Acid Thiopropionic acid
E-389 ** Dilauryl Thiodipropionate Dilauryl thiodipropionate
E-390 ** Dustearyl Thiodipropionate Distearyl thiodipropionate
E-391 Phytic Acid Phytic acid
E-399 ** Calcium Lactobionate Lactobionate calcium

Stabilizers, emulsifiers (E-400 - E-599)

E-400 Alginic Acid Alginic acid
E-401 Sodium Alginate Sodium alginate
E-402 Potassium Alginate Potassium alginate
E-403 ** Ammonium Alginate Ammonium alginate
E-404 Calcium Alginate Calcium alginate
E-405 Propan-1,2-diol alginate Propane-1,2-diol alginate
E-406 Agar Agar
E-407 Carrageenan and its Salts Carrageenan and its salts
E-407a # Processed Eucheuma Seaweed [Note - this additive was added by an amendment agreed in December 1996] Recycled seaweed Eucheuma (note - this additive was amended in December 1996)
E-408 ** Bakers Yeast Glycan Glycan Baking Yeast
E-409 ** Arabinogalactan Arabinogalactan
E-410 Carob Bean Gum Locust bean gum
E-411 Oat Gum Oatmeal
E-412 Guar Gum Guar gum
E-413 Tragacanth Tragacaine
E-414 Acacia Gum (Gum Arabic) Gum arabic
E-415 Xanthan Gum Xanthan gum
E-416 Karaya Gum Karaya Gum
E-417 Tara Gum Containers of gum
E-418 ** Gellan Gum Gellan gum
E-419 ** Gum Ghatty Ghati Gum
E-420 Sorbitol (I) Sorbitol (II) Sorbitol Syrup Sorbitol, sorbitol syrup
E-421 Mannitol Mannitol
E-422 Glycerol Glycerol
E-425 # Konjac (I) Konjac Gum (II) Konjac Glucomannane [Note - this additive is under discussion and may be included in the future amendment to the Directive on miscellaneous additives] Cognac resin, cognac glucomannan (note - this additive is under discussion and may be included in the future as an amendment to the Directive on mixed additives)
E-429 ** Peptones Peptones
E-430 ** Polyoxyethylene (8) Stearate Polyoxyethylene (8) stearate
E-431 ** Polyoxyethylene (40) Stearate Polyoxyethylene (40) stearate
E-432 ** Polyoxyethylene Sorbitan Monolaurate (Polysorbate 20) Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monolaurate (polysorbate 20, Tween 20)
E-433 ** Polyoxyethylene Sorbitan Monooleate (Polysorbate 80) Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monooleate (polysorbate 80, Tween 80)
E-434 ** Polyoxyethylene Sorbitan Monopalmitate (Polysorbate 40) Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monopalmitate (polysorbate 40, Tween 40)
E-435 ** Polyoxyethylene Sorbitan Monostearate (Polysorbate 60) Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monostearate (polysorbate 60, twin 60)
E-436 ** Polyoxyethylene Sorbitan Tristearate (Polysorbate 65) Polyoxyethylene sorbitan tristearate (polysorbate 65)
E-440 Pectins (I) Pectin (II) Amidated Pectin Pectins: pectin, amidopectin
E-441 ** Superglycerinated Hydrogenated Rapeseed Oil Rapeseed oil with high glycerin content
E-442 ** Ammonium Phosphatides Phosphatide ammonium salts
E-443 ** Brominated Vegetable Oil Brominated vegetable oil
E-444 ** Sucrose Acetate Isobutyrate Sucrose iso-butyrate acetate
E-445 Glycerol Esters of Wood rosins Esters of glycerol and resin acids
E-446 ** Succistearin Succistearin
E-450 Diphosphate (I) Disodium Diphosphate (II) Trisodium Diphosphate (iii) Tetrasodium Diphosphate (iv) Dipotassium Diphosphate (v) Tetrapotassium Diphosphate (vi) Dicalcium Diphosphate (vii) Calcium Dihydrogen diphosphate Pyrophosphates: disubstituted sodium pyrophosphate, trisubstituted sodium pyrophosphate, tetrasodium pyrophosphate, disubstituted potassium pyrophosphate, tetrakalyldiphosphate, dicalcium pyrophosphate, calcium dihydropyrophosphate
E-451 Triphosphates (I) Pentasodium Triphosphate (II) Pentapotassium Triphosphate Triphosphates: sodium triphosphate 5-substituted, potassium triphosphate 5-substituted
E-452 Polyphosphates (I) Sodium Polyphosphates (II) Potassium Polyphosphates (iii) Sodium Calcium Polyphosphate (iv) Calcium Polyphophates Polyphosphates: sodium polyphosphate, potassium polyphosphate, sodium-calcium polyphosphate, calcium polyphosphate
E-459 # Beta-cyclodextrine [Note - this additive is under discussion and may be included in the future amendment to the Directive on miscellaneous additives B -cyclodextrin (note - this additive is under discussion and may be included in the future by an amendment to the Directive on various additives)
E-460 Cellulose (I) Microcrystalline Cellulose (II) Powdered Cellulose Cellulose: microcrystalline cellulose, cellulose in powder
E-461 Methyl Cellulose Methylcellulose
E-462 ** Ethyl Cellulose Ethyl Cellulose
E-463 ** Hydroxypropyl Cellulose Hydroxypropylcellulose
E-464 Hydroxypropyl Methyl Cellulose Hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose
E-465 ** Ethyl Methyl Cellulose Ethyl methylcellulose
E-466 Carboxy Methyl Cellulose, Sodium Carboxy Methyl Cellulose Carboxymethylcellulose, sodium carboxymethyl cellulose
E-467 ** Ethyl Hydroxyethyl Cellulose Ethyl hydroxyethylcellulose
E-468 # Crosslinked Sodium Carboxymethyl Cellulose [Note - this additive is under discussion and may be included in the future amendment to the Directive on miscellaneous additives] Carboxymethylcellulose sodium is a three-dimensional sodium salt (note-this additive is under discussion and may be included in the future as an amendment to the Directive on mixed additives)
E-469 # Enzymically Hydrolysed Carboxymethylcellulose [Note - this additive is under discussion and may be included in the future amendment to the Directive on miscellaneous additives] Hydrolysable by enzyme carboxymethyl cellulose (note-this additive is under discussion and may be included in the future as an amendment to the Directive on mixed additives)
E-470a # Sodium, Potassium and Calcium Salts of Fatty Acids Sodium, potassium and calcium salts of fatty acids
E-470b # Magnesium Salts of Fatty Acids Magnesium salts of fatty acids
E-471 Mono- and Diglycerides of Fatty Acids Mono and diglycerides of fatty acids
E-472a Acetic Acid Esters of Mono- and Diglycerides of Fatty Acids Ethers of mono- and diglycerides of acetic and fatty acids
E-472b Lactic Acid Esters of Mono- and Diglycerides of Fatty Acids Ethers of mono- and diglycerides of lactic and fatty acids
E-472c Citric acid Esters of Mono- and Diglycerides of Fatty Acids Ethers of mono- and diglycerides of citric and fatty acids
E-472d Tartaric Acid Esters of Mono- and Diglycerides of Fatty Acids Ethers of mono- and diglycerides of tartaric and fatty acids
E-472e Diacetyltartaric and Fatty Acid Esters of Glycerol Esters of glycerol, diacetyltartaric and fatty acids
E-472f Mixed Tartaric, Acetic and Fatty Acids Esters of Glycerol Mixed esters of glycerin, tartaric, acetic and fatty acids
E-472g Succinylated Monoglycerides Succinylated monoglycerides
E-473 Sucrose Esters of Fatty Acids Esters of sucrose and fatty acids
E-474 ** Sucroglycerides Sugaryglycerides
E-475 Polyglycerol Esters of Fatty Acids Esters of polyglycerides and fatty acids
E-476 ** Polyglycerol Polyricinoleate Polyglycerol polyritsineoleates
E-477 ** Propane-1,2-diol Esters of Fatty Acids Propane-1,2-diol esters of fatty acids
E-478 ** Lactylated Fatty Acid Esters of Glycerol and Propilene Glycol Esters of lactylated fatty acids of glycerol and propylene glycol
E-479b ** Thermally Oxidized Soya Bean Oil Interacted with Mono- and Diglycerides of Fatty Acids Thermally oxidized soybean and bean oil with mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids
E-480 ** Dioctyl Sodium Sulphosuccinate Sodium dioctyl sulfosuccinate
E-481 S Stearoyl-2-lactylate Stearoyl-2-lactylate sodium
E-482 ** Calcium Stearoyl-2-lactylate Stearoyl-2-lactylate calcium
E-483 ** Stearyl Tartrate Stearyl tartrate
E-484 ** Stearyl Citrate Stearyl citrate
E-485 ** Sodium Stearoyl Fumarate Sodium stearoyl fumarate
E-486 ** Calcium Stearoyl Fumarate Calcium stearoyl fumarate
E-487 ** Sodium Laurylsulfate Sodium lauryl sulfate
E-488 ** Ethoxylated Mono- and Di-glycerides Ethoxylated mono- and diglycerides
E-489 ** Methyl Glucoside - Coconut Oil Ester Ester of coconut oil and methylglycoside
E-491 ** Sorbitan Monostearate Sorbitan monostearate SPAN 60
E-492 ** Sorbitan Tristearate Sorbitan tristearate
E-493 ** Sorbitan Monolaurate Sorbitan monolaurate, SPEN 20
E-494 ** Sorbitan Monooleate Sorbitan monooleate, SPEN 80
E-495 ** Sorbitan Monopalmitate Sorbitan monopalmitate, SPAN 40
E-496 ** Sorbitan Trioleat Sorbitan trioleate, SPEN 85
Е-500 Sodium Carbonate (I) Sodium Carbonate (II) Sodium Hydrogen Carbonate (iii) Sodium Sesquicarbonate Sodium carbonates: sodium carbonate, sodium hydrogencarbonate, sodium sesquicarbonate
E-501 Potassium Carbonate (I) Potassium Carbonate (II) Potassium Hydrogen Carbonate Potassium carbonate: potassium carbonate, potassium hydrogencarbonate
E-503 Ammonium Carbonates (I) Ammonium Carbonate (II) Ammonium Hydrogen Carbonate Ammonium carbonate: ammonium carbonate, ammonium bicarbonate
E-504 Magnesium Carbonates (I) Magnesium Carbonate (II) Magnesium Hydroxide Carbonate (syn Magnesium Hydrogen carbonate) Magnesium carbonates: magnesium carbonate, magnesium hydroxycarbonate, magnesium hydroxycarbonate
E-505 ** Ferrous Carbonate Carbonate iron
E-507 Hydrochloric Acid Hydrochloric acid
E-508 Potassium Chloride Potassium chloride
E-509 Calcium Chloride Calcium chloride
E-511 Magnesium Chloride Magnesium chloride
E-512 ** Stannous Chloride Tin Chloride
E-513 Sulfuric Acid Sulfuric acid
E-514 Sodium Sulphates (I) Sodium Sulfate (II) Sodium Hydrogen Sulphate Sodium sulfates: sodium sulfate, sodium hydrogen sulphate
E-515 Potassium Sulphates (I) Potassium Sulfate (II) Potassium Hydrogen Sulphate Potassium sulphates: potassium sulfate, potassium hydrogen sulfate
E-516 Calcium Sulfate Calcium sulphate
E-517 Ammonium Sulfate Ammonium sulfate
E-519 ** Cupric Sulfate Copper sulphate
E-520 ** Aluminum Sulphate Aluminum sulphate
E-521 ** Aluminum Sodium Sulfate Sodium Aluminum Sulphate (Alumodium Alum)
E-522 ** Aluminum Potassium Sulphate Aluminum-potassium sulphate (alumalkaldium alum)
E-523 ** Aluminum Ammonium Sulfate Aluminum-ammonium sulphate (alum ammonia alum)
E-524 Sodium Hydroxide Sodium hydroxide
E-525 Potassium Hydroxide Potassium hydroxide
E-526 Calcium Hydroxide Calcium hydroxide
E-527 Ammonium Hydroxide Ammonium hydroxide
E-528 Magnesium Hydroxide Magnesium hydroxide
E-529 Calcium Oxide Calcium oxide
E-530 Magnesium Oxide Magnesium oxide
E-535 ** Sodium Ferrocyanide Sodium ferricyanide
E-536 Potassium Ferrocyanide Potassium ferrocyanide
E-537 ** Ferrous Hexacyanomanganate Hexacyanomanganate of iron
E-538 ** Calcium Ferrocyanide Calcium fentrocyanide
E-541 ** Sodium Aluminum Phosphate: (I) Acidic (II) Basic Sodium aluminophosphate: (I) acidic, (II) basic
E-542 ** Bone Phosphate (Essentiale Calcium Phosphate, Tribasic) Bone phosphate, the basis of its calcium phosphate is the 3 main
E-550 ** Sodium Silicates: (I) Sodium Silicate (II) Sodium Metasilicate Sodium silicates: (I) sodium silicate, (II) sodium meta-silicate
E-551 Silicon Dioxide Silica
E-552 ** Calcium Silicate Calcium silicate
E-553a (I) Magnesium Silicate (II) Magnesium Trisilicate (I) Magnesium silicate, (II) magnesium trisilicate
E-553b Talc Talc
E-554 ** Sodium Aluminum Silicate Sodium aluminosilicate
E-555 ** Potassium Aluminum Silicate Potassium Aluminosilicate
E-556 ** Calcium Aluminum Silicate Calcium aluminosilicate
E-557 ** Zink Silicate Zinc silicate
E-558 Bentonite Bentonite
E-559 ** Aluminum Silicate (Kaolin) Aluminosilicate (kaolin)
E-560 ** Potassium Silicate Potassium silicate
E-570 Fatty Acids Fatty acid
E-574 ** Gluconic Acid (D-) Gluconic acid (D-)
E-575 Glucono-delta-lactone Glucono- d- lactone
E-576 ** Sodium Gluconate Sodium Glukonate
E-577 ** Potassium Gluconate Potassium gluconate
E-578 Calcium Gluconate Calcium gluconate
E-579 ** Ferrous Gluconate Gluconate iron
E-580 ** Magnesium Gluconate Magnesium Gluconate
E-585 Ferrous Lactate Iron Lactate

Amplifiers of taste and aroma (E-600 - E-699)

E-620 Glutamic Acid Glutamic acid
E-621 Monosodium Glutamate Single Glutamate Sodium
E-622 ** Monopotassium Glutamate Potassium glutamate monosubstituted
E-623 ** Calcium Glutamate Calcium diglutamate
E-624 ** Monoammonium Glutamate Ammonium monosodium glutamate
E-625 ** Magnesium Glutamate Magnesium Glutamate
E-626 Guanylic Acid Guanyl acid
E-627 Disodium Guanylate Sodium disubstituted sodium guanylate
E-628 ** Dipotassium 5'-guanylate Potassium permangible 5'-guanylate
E-629 ** Calcium 5'-guanylate 5'-Guanilate of calcium
E-630 Inosinic Acid Inosinic acid
E-631 Disodium Inosinate Inosinate sodium disubstituted
E-632 ** Dipotassium Inosinate Inosinate of potassium disubstituted
E-633 ** Calcium 5'-inosinate 5'-inosinate calcium
E-634 ** Calcium 5'-ribonucleotides 5'-ribonucleotides of calcium
E-635 ** Disodium 5'-ribonucleotides 5-ribunucleotides sodium disubstituted
E-640 ** Glycine and its Sodium Salt Glycine and its sodium salts
E-641 ** L-leucine L-leucine

Antiflamings (E-900 - E-999) and other substances

E-900 Dimethyl Polysiloxane Dimethylpolysiloxane
E-901 Beeswax, White and Yellow Beeswax, white and yellow
E-902 Candelilla Wax Wax candle
E-903 Carnauba Wax Carnauba Wax
E-904 Shellac Shellac
E-905a Mineral Oil, Food Grade Vaseline oil "food"
E-905b Petrolatum (Petroleum Jelly) Petrolatum
E-905c Petroleum Wax Paraffin
E-906 ** Benzoin Gum Benzoic Resin
E-908 ** Rice bran Wax Wax of rice bran
E-909 ** Spermaceti Wax Spermacet wax
E-910 ** Wax Esters Wax ethers
E-911 ** Methyl Esters of Fatty Acids Fatty acids methyl esters
E-912 # Montanic Acid Esters Esters of montanic acid
E-913 ** Lanolin Lanolin
E-914 # Oxidized Polyethylene Wax Oxidized polyethylene wax
E-916 ** Calcium Iodate Calcium iodate
E-917 ** Potassium Iodate Potassium iodate
E-918 ** Nitrogen Oxides Oxides of nitrogen
E-919 ** Nitrosyl Chloride Nitrosyl chloride
E-920 L-Cysteine L-cysteine
E-922 ** Potassium Persulphate Potassium persulphate
E-923 ** Ammonium Persulphate Ammonium persulfate
E-924b ** Calcium Bromate Calcium bromate
E-925 ** Chlorine Chlorine
E-926 ** Chlorine Dioxide Chlorine dioxide
E-927b Carbamide Urea
E-928 Benzoyl Peroxide Benzoyl peroxide
E-929 ** Acetone Peroxide Acetone peroxide
E-930 Calcium Peroxide Calcium Peroxide
E-938 # Argon Argon
E-939 # Helium Helium
E-940 Dichlorodifluoromethane Dichlorodifluoromethane, Hladon-12
E-941 Nitrogen Nitrogen
E-942 ** Nitrous Oxide Diazomonoxide
E-943a ** Butane Butane
E-943b ** Isobutane Isobutane
E-944 ** Propane Propane
E-945 ** Chloropentafluoroethane Chlopentafluoroethane
E-946 ** Octafluorocyclobutane Octafluorocyclobutane
E-948 # Oxygen Oxygen
E-950 Acesulfame Potassium Acesulfame potassium
E-951 Aspartame Aspartame
E-952 Cyclamic Acid and its Na and Ca Salts Cyclamic acid and its sodium, potassium and calcium salts
E-953 Isomaltitol Isomalt
E-954 Saccharin and its Na, K and Ca Salts Saccharin and its sodium, potassium and calcium salts
E-957 ** Thaumatin Thaumatin
E-959 ** Neohesperidine Dihydrochalcone Neohesperidin Dihydrochalcone
E-958 Glycyrrhizin Glycyrrhizin
E-965 Maltitol (I) Maltitol (II) Maltitol Syrup Maltite, maltitol syrup
E-966 Lactitol Lactitol
E-967 Xylitol Xylitol
E-999 Quillaia extract Quilaya Extract
E-1000 ** Cholic Acid Cholic acid
E-1001 ** Choline Salts and Esters Salts and ethers of choline
E-1101 Proteases (I) Protease (II) Papain (iii) Bromelain (iv) Ficin Proteases: (I) protease (II) papain (iii) bromelain (iv) ficin
E-1102 Glucose Oxidase Glucose oxidase
E-1103 Invertases Invertases
E-1104 Lipases Lipases
E-1105 ** Lysozyme Lysozyme
E-1200 Polydextrose Polydextrose
E-1201 Polyvinylpyrrolidone Polyvinylpyrrolidone
E-1202 Polyvinylpolypyrrolidone Polyvinylpolypyrrolidone
E-1404 # Oxidized Starch Oxidized starch
E-1410 # Monostarch Phosphate Mono-starch phosphate
E-1412 # Distarch Phosphate Dichloromphosphate
E-1413 # Phosphated Distarch Phosphate Phosphated dicarumphosphate
E-1414 # Acetylated Distarch Phosphate Acetylated dicalcium phosphate
E-1420 # Acetylated Starch Acetylated starch
E-1422 # Acetylated Distarch Adipate Acetyl dicarhumal adipate
E-1440 # Hydroxy propyl Starch Hydroxypropyl starch
E-1442 # Hydroxy propyl Distarch Phosphate Hydroxypropyl dicalcium phosphate
E-1450 # Starch Sodium Octenyl Succinate Starch sodium sodium thiourea succinate
E-1451 # Acetylated Oxidised Starch [Note - this additive is under discussion and may be included in the future amendment to the Directive on miscellaneous additives] Acetylated oxidized starch (note-this additive is under discussion and may be included in the future by the Amendment to the Directive on Mixed Additives)
E-1503 ** Castor Oil Castor oil
E-1505 Triethyl Citrate Triethyl citrate
E-1518 Glyceryl Triacetate (triacetin) Glyceryl triacetate (triacetin)
E-1520 Propylene Glycol Propylene glycol
E-1521 ** Polyetylene Glycol Polyethylene glycol

Table
"The most harmful food additives E"

This table of the most harmful food additives E was compiled from the materials of the Center for Independent Environmental Expertise "CEDR" (below, tables are also given according to the INFO data of the Ministry of Health)

Coming to the store, we are constantly confronted with products that contain various food additives E: preservatives, dyes, emulsifiers, etc. Studies have shown that a number of such substances pose a serious threat to health.

Below is the table of the MOST harmful food supplements E

In the table opposite the indication of the food additive E, the nature of its harmful effect is indicated in accordance with the conventions indicated under the table.
Example: P - cancer-forming carcinogenic food additive.

Food supplement Harmful
act
Food supplement Harmful
act
Food supplement Harmful
act
Food supplement Harmful
act
E 102
E 103
E 104
E 105
E 110
E 111
E 120
E 121
E 122
E 123
E 124
Е 125
E 126
E 127
E 129
E 130
E 131
E 141
E 142
E 150
E 151
E 152
E 153
E 154
E 155
E 160
E 171
E 173
ABOUT!
(W)
P
(W)
ABOUT!
(W)
ABOUT!
(W)
P
OO !! (W)
ABOUT!
(W)
(W)
ABOUT!
ABOUT!
(W)
R
P
R
P
VC
(W)
R
RK, RD
ABOUT!
VC
P
P
E 180
E 201
E 210
E 211
E 212
E 213
E 214
E 215
E 216
E 219
Е 220
E 222
E 223
E 224
E 228
E 230
E 231
E 232
E 233
E 239
E 240
E 241
E 242
E 249
E 250
E 251
E 252
E 270
ABOUT!
ABOUT!
R
R
R
R
R
R
P (3)
R
ABOUT!
ABOUT!
ABOUT!
ABOUT!
ABOUT!
R
VC
VC
ABOUT!
VC
R
P
ABOUT!
R
RD
RD
R
ABOUT!
D / children
E 280
E 281
E 282
E 283
E 310
E 311
E 312
Е 320
E 321
E 330
E 338
E 339
Е 340
E 341
E 343
Е 400
E 401
E 402
E 403
E 404
E 405
Е 450
Е 451
E 452
E 453
E 454
E 461
E 462
R
R
R
R
FROM
FROM
FROM
X
X
R
PX
PX
PX
PX
Republic of Korea
ABOUT!
ABOUT!
ABOUT!
ABOUT!
ABOUT!
ABOUT!
PX
PX
PX
PX
PX
PX
PX
E 463
E 465
E 466
E 477
Е 501
E 502
E 503
Е 510
E 513E
E 527
Е 620
E 626
E 627
E 628
E 629
Е 630
E 631
E 632
E 633
E 634
E 635
E 636
E 637
E 907
E 951
E 952
E 954
E 1105
PX
PX
PX
P
ABOUT!
ABOUT!
ABOUT!
OO !!
OO !!
OO !!
ABOUT!
Republic of Korea
Republic of Korea
Republic of Korea
Republic of Korea
Republic of Korea
Republic of Korea
Republic of Korea
Republic of Korea
Republic of Korea
Republic of Korea
ABOUT!
ABOUT!
FROM
VC
(W)
R
VC

Legend of harmful effects of additives:

  • ABOUT! - dangerous
  • OO !! - very dangerous
  • (3) - Prohibited
  • RK - causes intestinal disorders
  • RD - violates blood pressure
  • C - rash
  • P is a crustacean
  • RJ - causes indigestion
  • X - cholesterol
  • P - suspicious
  • VC - harmful for the skin

LIST
"HIGHLY HARMFUL FOOD ADDITIVES"
FOR INFORMATION INFO MINZDRAV

Legend of particularly harmful effects of additives:

  • * - the substance is included in the list of food additives banned for use in the food industry of the Russian Federation;
  • ** - the substance is included in the list of food additives that are not authorized for use in the food industry in the Russian Federation [1];

Preservatives (E-200 - E-299)

Code Name Notes
E-200 Sorbic acid May cause skin reactions.
E-209 ** Para-hydroxybenzoic acid heptyl ether  
E-210 Benzoic acid Can provoke asthma attacks
E-213 ** Calcium Benzoate  
E-214 ** Para-hydroxybenzoic acid ethyl ester Prohibited in several countries
E-215 ** Para-hydroxybenzoic acid ethyl ester sodium salt Prohibited in several countries
E-216 * Para-hydroxybenzoic acid propyl ether Prohibited in Russia
E-217 * Para-hydroxybenzoic acid propyl ester sodium salt Prohibited in several countries
E-218 ** Para-hydroxybenzoic acid methyl ester Possible skin allergic reactions
E-219 ** Para-hydroxybenzoic acid methyl ester sodium salt Prohibited in several countries
E-220 Sulphur dioxide People with kidney failure should be used with caution.
E-221 Sodium sulfite  
E-225 ** Potassium sulphite  
E-226 ** Calcium sulphite Prohibited in several countries
E-227 ** Calcium hydrosulphite Prohibited in several countries
E-228 ** Potassium hydrosulfite (potassium bisulphite)  
E-230 ** Biphenyl , diphenyl Prohibited in several countries
E-231 ** Orthophenylphenol   Prohibited in several countries
E-232 ** Orthophenylphenol sodium  
E-233 ** Thiabendazole   Prohibited in several countries
E-234 Nisin  
E-235 Natamycin (pimaricin) May cause allergic reactions, nausea, diarrhea
E-236 Formic acid Prohibited in several countries
E-237 ** Sodium formate Prohibited in several countries
E-238 ** Formation of capitation Prohibited in several countries
E-239 Hexamethylenetetramine   Prohibited in several countries
E-240 * Formaldehyde Prohibited in Russia Prohibited in several countries
E-241 ** Guaiac resin  
E-249 Potassium Nitrite Perhaps a carcinogen. It is forbidden to use in baby food
E-252 ** Potassium Nitrate In many countries, its use is restricted
E-261 Potassium acetate It should be avoided for people with kidney disease
E-262 Sodium acetate, sodium acetate, sodium hydroacetate ( sodium diacetate)  
E-263 ** Calcium acetate  
E-264 ** Ammonium acetate May cause nausea
E-281 ** Sodium propionate Can cause migraine
E-282 ** Calcium propionate Also
E-283 ** Propionate of potassium Also
E-284 Boric acid  
E-285 Sodium tetraborate (borax)  
E-296 Apple ( malonic acid) Not recommended for infants and young children
E-297 Fumaric acid  

Amplifiers of taste and aroma (Е-600 - Е-699)

Code Name Notes
E-620 Glutamic acid. The substitute of salt Not recommended for use in baby food
E-621 Single Glutamate Sodium Prohibited to use in baby food
E-622 ** Potassium glutamate monosubstituted Can cause nausea, diarrhea, colic
E-625 ** Magnesium Glutamate  
E-627 Sodium disubstituted sodium guanylate Prohibited to use in baby food
E-629 ** 5-guanilate calcium  
E-630 Inosinic acid  
E-631 Inosinate sodium disubstituted Prohibited to use in baby food
E-635 ** 5-ribonucleotide sodium disubstituted Prohibited in several countries

Dyes (E-100 - E-199)

Code Name Notes
E-100 Curcumin    
E-102 Tartrazine   Causes asthma attacks Prohibited in several countries
E-103 ** Alkanet , alkane  
E-104 Yellow quinoline Causes dermatitis. Prohibited in several countries
E-107 ** Yellow 2 G Use with caution in asthma
E-110 Yellow "sunset sunset" FCF, orange-yellow S May cause allergic reactions, nausea. Prohibited in several countries.
E-120 Cochineal; Carminic acid; Carmines Some health organizations advise to avoid it.
! E-121 * Citrus red 2 It is forbidden in Russia! Prohibited in several countries.
E-122 Azorubine , carmoazine Prohibited in several countries.
! E-123 * Amaranth It is forbidden in Russia! Prohibited in several countries. Including Causes malformations in the fetus
E-124 Ponso 4R (crimson 4R), cochineal red A Prohibited in several countries. Carcinogen. It provokes asthma attacks.
Е-125 ** Ponce , Crimson SX  
E-127 ** Erythrosin   Prohibited in several countries. May cause hypertension of the thyroid gland.
E-128 ** Red 2G Prohibited in several countries.
E-129 Red charming speaker Carcinogen. Prohibited in several countries
E-131 Blue patented V Prohibited in several countries
E-132 Indigotine , indigo carmine May cause nausea, elevated and other allergic reactions Prohibited in Norway
E-133 Blue shiny FCF Prohibited in several countries
E-142 Green S Prohibited in several countries
E-151 Black shiny BN, black PN Prohibited in several countries
E-153 ** Coal, vegetable Prohibited in the US
E-154 ** Brown FK Prohibited in the US
E-155 ** Brown NT Prohibited in several countries
Extra paprika, capsantine, capsorubin Prohibited in several countries
E-160d ** Lycopene  
E-166 ** Sandalwood  
E-173 ** Aluminum Prohibited in several countries
E-174 ** Silver Prohibited in several countries
E-175 ** Gold Prohibited in several countries
E-180 ** Ruby Lithium VK Prohibited in several countries
E-181 Tannins for food  
E-182 ** Orsail , Orsin  

Glazing agents, bread improvers and flour and other substances (E-900 E-999)

Code Name Notes
E-900 Dimethylpolysiloxane  
E-901 Beeswax, white and yellow Allergic reactions are possible
E-902 Wax candle Also
E-903 Carnauba Wax Obtained from the species of palm trees growing in Africa
E-904 Shellac Obtained from insects. Allergic reactions are possible
E-905a Vaseline oil "food"  
E-905b Petrolatum  
E-905c Paraffin  
E-906 ** Benzoic Resin  
E-908 ** Wax of rice bran  
E-909 ** Spermacet wax  
E-910 ** Wax ethers  
E-911 ** Fatty acids methyl esters  
E-912 Esters of montanic acid  
E-913 ** Lanolin  
E-914 Oxidized polyethylene wax  
E-916 Calcium iodate Used to fortify food with iodine
E-917 Potassium iodate Also
E-918 ** Oxides of nitrogen  
E-919 ** Nitrosyl chloride  
E-920 L-cysteine  
E-922 ** Potassium persulphate  
E-923 ** Ammonium persulfate  
E-924a-b ** Bromate of calcium, sodium It is forbidden in Russia!
E-925 ** Chlorine  
E-926 ** Chlorine dioxide Carcinogen
E-927b Urea  
E-928 Benzoyl peroxide  
E-929 ** Acetone peroxide  
E-930 Calcium Peroxide  
E-938 # Argon  
E-939 # Helium  
E-940 Dichlorodifluoromethane Hladon-12  
E-941 Nitrogen  
E-942 * Diazomonoxide  
E-943a * Butane  
E-943b ** Isobutane  
E-944 * Propane  
E-945 * Chlopentafluoroethane  
E-946 ** Octafluorocyclobutane  
E-948 Oxygen  
E-950 Acesulfame potassium  
E-951 Aspartame Sugar substitute A huge number of side effects
E-952 Cyclamic acid and its sodium, potassium and calcium salts Sugar substitute. Prohibited in the US and the UK, considered to be a carcinogen
E-953 Isomalt  
E-954 Saccharin and its sodium, potassium and calcium salts Sugar substitute. Restrictions on its use in the US, according to some sources, a carcinogen
E-957 ** Thaumatin Sugar substitute of natural origin
E-959 ** Neohesperidin Dihydrochalcone  
E-958 Glycyrrhizin  
E-965 Maltite maltitol syrup  
E-966 Lactitol  
E-967 Xylitol Causes stone-kidney disease in laboratory animals
E-999 Quilaya Extract A substance of natural origin, causes rich foaming in carbonated beverages, beer