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Swine Flu | Swine flu (A / H1N1, A / H1N2, A / H3N1, A / H3N2 and A / H2N3)




  • Swine Flu (English Swine flu)
  • Clinical signs of influenza type A / H1N1
  • How to prevent the spread of flu in child care?
  • What should parents know to prevent children from getting the flu?
  • What to do if a child has flu?
  • Should a child have signs of illness in a child immediately?
  • Memo to prevent the spread of influenza type A H1 N1 in closed institutions
  • Sanitation and hygiene requirements for premises during a rise in the incidence of influenza
  • How to prevent infection with influenza A H1 N1?
  • The actions of staff in detecting a sick child.



  • Swine Flu | Swine flu (A / H1N1, A / H1N2, A / H3N1, A / H3N2 and A / H2N3)

    "Swine flu" (English Swine flu) - the code name of the disease of humans and animals caused by strains of influenza virus. The name was widely distributed in the media in early 2009. Strains associated with outbreaks of so-called. "Swine flu" is found among influenza viruses of serotype C and serotype A subtypes (A / H1N1, A / H1N2, A / H3N1, A / H3N2 and A / H2N3). These strains are commonly known as the swine flu virus. Swine flu is common among domestic pigs in the United States, Mexico, Canada, South America, Europe, Kenya, mainland China, Taiwan, Japan, and other Asian countries. At the same time, the virus can circulate in the environment of people, birds and other species; This process is accompanied by its mutations.

    Symptoms - The main symptoms coincide with the usual symptoms of the flu - headache, fever, cough, vomiting, diarrhea, runny nose.

    Prevention - For the purpose of primary prevention of persons in the risk category in the Russian Federation and abroad, an accelerated development of a vaccine for the prevention of influenza is carried out on the basis of a specific strain of the pathogen. A WHO memorandum on highly pathogenic influenza points out the need to avoid close contact with people who "seem unhealthy, have a high body temperature and cough." It is recommended to wash your hands thoroughly and often with soap and water. "Keep a healthy lifestyle, including good sleep, eating healthy foods, physical activity." With proper heat treatment, the virus dies.
    The University of Southampton established the bactericidal role of surfaces made of copper and copper alloys in relation to the A / H1N1 virus. So, if within 500 hours about 500,000 units of the virus remained on the stainless steel surface, then after 1 hour 75% of the total number of virus units were inactivated on the copper surface, and after 6 hours only 500 units remained active (0.075% of the initial ). Production of household and plumbing fittings from bactericidal copper alloys has already begun in Germany and the UK.

    Treatment - A person may be vaccinated (through vaccinations) and innate immunity.
    Diseases caused by the majority of “swine flu” strains are treated with the help of the drugs Amantadine, Zanamivir, Oseltamivir and Rimantadine, which, however, have limited effectiveness.
    Most of the known antiviral agents are ineffective in the disease caused by the mutated "Mexican" strain A / H1N1. At the moment, there is no complete cure for this strain A / H1N1 - existing drugs can only ease the course of the disease, especially in its early stages (in cases when the patient is seeking medical help within 48 hours after the first symptoms of the disease appear).
    Do not use products containing aspirin, due to the risk of developing Ray's syndrome.

    Epidemics caused by the H1N1 flu virus
  • Pandemic in 1918 - "Spaniard"
  • 1976 flu outbreak
  • The flu outbreak in 1988
  • Outbreak of flu in 2007
  • Pandemic influenza A / H1N1 2009


  • Checklist for the prevention of influenza and other acute respiratory infections (ARI) - ARI is a large group of acute viral diseases that are characterized by airborne transmission and primary lesions of the upper respiratory tract. Influenza is the most common acute respiratory viral disease, a feature of which is extremely rapid spread and severe intoxication. The mechanism of transmission of influenza virus - airborne. Influenza can lead to severe complications of the pulmonary, cardiovascular, nervous, endocrine systems. Disease prevention. Preventive measures are aimed primarily at increasing the body's resistance to influenza pathogens, as well as other acute respiratory infections and acute respiratory infections.

    Effective, especially in the period of increasing incidence, experts note the following methods of prevention:
    - Good nutrition with the inclusion of vitamins in their natural form;
    - Hardening and frequent ventilation of the premises;
    - Use of fortifying and toning-immunomodulating drugs and drugs with targeted immunostimulating action.

    Recommendations of the general sanitary and hygienic direction are highly effective, in particular: - Often wash your hands with soap and water, especially after a visit;
    - Cover the nose and mouth with a handkerchief (or disposable wipes), especially when coughing and sneezing;
    - To widely use alternative medicine (traditional) medicine, homeopathic medicines, oxolinic ointment.

    What you need to pay attention to:
    - There are some features of the clinical course of influenza in different age groups. In young children, symptoms of neurotoxicosis (vomiting, convulsions) may appear, even against the background of low-grade fever. In the elderly, cardiovascular diseases are exacerbated against the background of acute respiratory viral infections, chronic foci of infection are activated, which significantly affects the clinical manifestations of the flu.
    - Diseases mainly begin acutely, from manifestations of general intoxication (chills, hot flashes, severe headache, pain in the eyes). The patient is worried about general weakness, aching in the lower back, sacrum, joints, muscle pain, sleep is disturbed. Attracts attention to the appearance of the patient's face: hyperemia, puffiness, bright eyes - all in all it resembles the face of a tear-stained child. The incubation period for influenza ranges from several hours to 3 days.
    - Basically, on the second day of the illness, a dry cough appears, and chest pain starts to bother. For 3-5 days cough becomes softer, a small amount of mucous sputum appears. Nasal breathing is impaired through swelling of the mucous membrane.
    - Already in the first hours, the body temperature can reach 39-40 ° C, to stay at this level for 2-3 days. However, if the fever continues or develops its second wave (it lasts longer than 5-7 days), this indicates the development of bacterial complications.
    - Treatment of acute respiratory viral infections and flu is a difficult problem, so the doctor must determine it. No need to self-medicate, it is dangerous! With timely and proper treatment, the disease ends with full recovery.






    Memo on influenza type A / H1N1



    Memo on influenza type A / H1N1

    Clinical signs of influenza type A / H1N1 :
    headache,
    muscle pain,
    sore throat,
    fever,
    cough,
    runny nose
    in some cases, vomiting and diarrhea.

    How do you get infected with A / H1N1 flu virus?
    From another sick person by airborne droplets, by airborne dust (viral particles are airborne from a sick person to a healthy one during a conversation, cough, sneeze), with close contact (being at a distance of about 2 meters)

    How long is an infectious A / H1N1 type flu patient?
    The infectious period (the period when the patient is dangerous to others) with influenza type A / H1N1 may be within 7 days from the onset of the disease, but if the clinical symptoms of the disease persist, then before they disappear


    How to prevent infection with influenza type A / H1N1?

    - Avoid contact with persons with manifestations of influenza infection;

    - limit visits to places of large concentrations of people;

    - often ventilate the room;

    - wash hands frequently with soap;

    - try not to touch the eyes, nose or mouth with unwashed hands;

    - avoid hugs, kisses and handshakes;

    - cover the nose and mouth when sneezing or coughing with a disposable nasal wipe, which should be discarded immediately after use;

    - if a person has flu symptoms, then you must stay at least two meters away from him.


    How to prevent the spread of flu in child care?

    - during the epidemic rise in the incidence of influenza new children in preschool institutions are not accepted;

    - the transfer of children from group to group is excluded;

    - stop unauthorized visits to the children's institution;

    - in preschool institutions, daily examination of children is of great importance when they come to her in the morning, and with the slightest signs of illness, children are not accepted into the collective;

    - the room in which children are located must be well ventilated, they must be aired several times a day;

    - you need wet cleaning of the premises at least two times a day;

    - children must observe personal hygiene (frequent hand washing during the day);

    - at the time of the epidemic (pandemic), the personnel of the institution must wear gauze;

    - staff of the institution should be vaccinated against seasonal or influenza A H1N1 (if vaccine is available);

    - Persons who have been in contact with a child who has been diagnosed with A H1N1 influenza virus should undergo a course of chemoprophylaxis with oseltamivir

    - at the time of the epidemic (pandemic) children's institutions are closed.


    What should parents know to prevent children from getting the flu?

    - teach children to wash their hands often with soap and water for 20 seconds;

    - parents must also perform this procedure, which serves as a good example for children;

    - teach children to cough and sneeze into a napkin or hand;

    - parents must also perform this procedure, which serves as a good example for children;

    - to teach children not to approach the patients closer than one and a half - two meters;

    - Sick children should stay at home (not attend preschool institutions and schools);

    - refrain children and parents from visiting crowded places.


    What to do if a child has flu?

    - at the first signs of a child’s illness, it is necessary to go to bed and call a doctor;

    - leave the sick child at home, except in cases when she needs urgent medical care. Do not send a child to school or to preschool;

    - people with influenza are dangerous to others and should be immediately isolated. Their unacceptable appearance in public transport, children's groups and other places of mass stay of people.

    - the patient must be placed in a separate room or enclosed with a screen, he must be provided with individual dishes, towels, and personal hygiene items;

    - avoid contact of the patient with healthy family members, except for those who care for him;

    - The person who cares for the sick should wear a two-layer gauze bandage or a one-time mask that needs to be changed every 4 hours. After each contact with the patient, hands should be washed thoroughly with soap and water;

    - the mask should be either disposable, which after the change should be thrown into the basket, or multiple, which after washing should be carefully ironed with a hot iron;

    - conduct airing the room several times a day;

    - do daily wet cleaning at home;

    - indoor air must be sufficiently humid;

    - have one-time nasal wipes and a basket for used wipes within the reach of the patient;

    - to create comfortable conditions for a sick child. Extremely important is rest, bed rest;

    - if the child has a fever, then she needs to give antipyretic drugs (paracetamol or ibuprofen preparations), then call the doctor;

    - before the arrival of the doctor, give the child to drink a lot of liquid (juice, water, juice, compote, etc.);

    - Do not self-medicate. Appropriate drug treatment is prescribed to the patient only by a doctor!


    What are the signs of the disease in a child should make immediately seek medical help?

    - accelerated or difficulty breathing

    - Cyanosis around a mouth, other integuments

    - The appearance on the body of the child hemorrhages (even very small), nosebleeds

    - High body temperature

    - Refusing a child to drink

    - The inability to wake the child or the absence of her reaction to treatment

    - Excessive arousal or convulsions

    - The appearance of vomiting, frequent loose stools

    - Complaints of a child with a severe headache.

    - No urination or tears while crying.


    Memo to prevent the spread of influenza type A H1 N1 in closed institutions

    I. Organizational events:

    - during the epidemic rise in the incidence of influenza, new children are not admitted to children's institutions;

    - the transfer of children from group to group is excluded (from class to class;

    - access to the children's institution of unauthorized persons is terminated

    Ii. Sanitation and hygiene requirements for premises during the rise of the incidence of influenza:

    - rooms where children are located should be well ventilated,

    they need to be aired several times throughout the day;

    - indoor air must be sufficiently humid;

    - it is necessary to clean the rooms at least twice a day;

    - door handles, taps in sinks, toilet bowl surfaces should be handled with disinfectant solutions several times a day.

    Iii. How to prevent infection with influenza A H1 N1?

    - all staff of the institution should often wash their hands with soap and water;

    - at the time of the epidemic (pandemic), the personnel of the institution must wear gauze bandages;

    - outside the children's institution of personnel, one should avoid being in crowded places, contact with people with the flu;

    - older children should be taught to wash their hands frequently with soap;

    - Older children need to be taught to cough and sneeze in a napkin or hand. After that, be sure to throw the napkin in the basket, and wash your hands with soap and water.

    V. Actions of staff in detecting a sick child:

    - at the first signs of illness of the child must be isolated, and then immediately hospitalized;

    - before the child is hospitalized, to prevent contact with her other children, staff, except those who care;

    - A person who is caring for a sick child must wear a respirator, or a two-layer gauze bandage or a one-time mask. Masks need to be changed every 4 hours. Mask, respirator should be tightly adjacent to the face. After each contact with the patient, replacing the mask, you must wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water;

    - a sick child should have separate dishes, toys, pot

    V. Actions of the staff in the outbreak after isolating the patient:

    - after a child is hospitalized, his dishes, toys, and pot should be washed using detergents and disinfectants;

    - after the hospitalization of the child, his bedding should not be carried in an armful; after contact with the patient's linen, you should thoroughly wash your hands with soap and water.

    - do not allow persons with flu signs to work;

    - staff of the institution should be vaccinated against seasonal or influenza A H1N1 (if vaccine is available);

    - Persons who have been in contact with a child who has been diagnosed with influenza A H1N1 flu need a course of chemoprophylaxis with oseltamivir