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Quick reference book of medicines



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NAME

Short description

A

Adofen

Tablets containing analgin and amidopyrine by 0.2 g.

Acofin

Acetylsalicylic acid 0.25 g, caffeine 0.05 g.

Allysat

alcohol (40%) extract from bulbs of garlic. Assign adults to 10-20 drops (on milk) 2-3 times a day. Preparations of garlic are contraindicated in diseases of the kidneys, since they can cause irritation of the renal parenchyma.

Allylchep

alcohol extract from onions. Apply inside 15-20 drops 3 times a day for several days with intestinal atony and diarrhea.

Allochol

tablets containing dry bile of animals (0.08 g) garlic extract dry (0.04 g), nettle extract (0.005 g) and activated charcoal (0.025 g). Apply for chronic hepatitis, cholangitis, cholecystitis and habitual constipation of 2 tablets 3 times a day after meals.

Almagel

a combined preparation, each 5 ml of which contain 4.75 ml of a specially prepared aluminum hydroxide gel and 0.1 g of magnesium oxide. Applied with gastrointestinal diseases, when shown a decrease in the acidity of gastric juice. The action of the drug is associated with antacid, enveloping and adsorbing properties. Almagel A contains anesthesin additionally, it is used in case if gastrointestinal diseases are accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and soreness. Dosage of adults 1-2 teaspoons 4 times a day (morning, afternoon and evening half an hour before meals and at bedtime). Children under 10 years - 1/3 of the dose of an adult, 10-15 years - 1/2 dose of an adult. You should not take the liquid in the first half hour after taking the drug (in order not to dilute it), it is best to lie down and turn over from side to side every 1-2 minutes for better distribution of the drug on the stomach mucosa. Almagel is well tolerated, in some cases, constipation occurs when the dosage is reduced. Large doses can cause a state of drowsiness (mild). With prolonged use of the drug should ensure sufficient intake into the body with food phosphorus.

Amidopyrine

(pyramidone) is more active than antipyrine, the indications are the same, in addition it is used for articular rheumatism (2-3 g per day). The highest dose for adults is 0.5 g (single), 1.5 g (daily). With long-term treatment with amidopyrin, periodic blood testing is necessary, since in some cases, it is possible to oppress hemopoiesis, skin rashes, there are cases of anaphylactic shock. Amidopyrin is excreted from the body with urine, it can give it a dark yellow or red color

Analgin

has a very pronounced painkiller, anti-inflammatory and antipyretic properties. Well soluble drug, it is convenient for use in those cases when it is necessary to quickly create a high concentration of the drug in the blood. Simultaneous administration of amidopyrine and analgin allows the rapid (due to the injection of analgin into the blood) and a long-term (due to the slow absorption of amidopyrine) therapeutic effect. Apply analgin for pain of various origins (headache, neuralgia, radiculitis, myositis), fever, flu, rheumatism, chorea. Subcutaneous injections are painful, irritation of tissues can be observed. Higher doses of adults in adults - 1 g (single), 3 g (daily).

Anapyrine

tablets containing analgin and apidopyrin by 0.25 g.

Antipyrine

from pyrazolone derivatives, was introduced into therapy first (1884, amidopyrin was synthesized three years later). Has a moderate anti-inflammatory effect, less active than amidopyrine, analgin, especially butadione. Applied internally with neuralgia, rheumatism, colds, adult dose - 0.25-0.5 g per reception, 2-3 times a day. When topical application also has some hemostatic effect: 10-20% solution for wetting tampons with nosebleeds.

Antiseptic Biological Paste

contains dry plasma, sintomycin, furacilin, novocaine, castor oil. Applied in the treatment of purulent-inflammatory diseases of the oral cavity, abscessing forms of periodontitis, as well as in surgical dental interventions. After the removal of dental deposits fill the paste with gum pockets. In the presence of gingival abscesses, the edge of the gum is removed for the outflow of pus, then the paste is introduced. The course of treatment 3-6 days, with exacerbation repeat.

Antiseptic liquid Novikov

composition: tannin 1 part, brilliant green 0.2 parts, alcohol 95% 0.2 parts, castor oil 0.5 parts, collodion 20 parts. Colloidal mass, quickly drying out and forming an elastic film on the skin. Applied as an antiseptic for treating small skin lesions. Do not use liquid for extensive bleeding, infected wounds

Antiseptic Biological Powder

contains: dried red blood cells of retrovascular blood, synthomycin, sulfacil, novocaine. Applied in the treatment of trophic ulcers, sluggishly granulating wounds after burns, boils, carbuncles. The wound surface is pre-treated with a disinfectant solution, then a thin layer of powder is applied 1-2 mm thick and a sterile bandage is applied, changed daily or 2-3 days (with a sparse discharge).

Apomorphine

are obtained from morphine by heating in hydrochloric acid. Produced in the form of apomorphine hydrochloride. Has a selective effect on the vomiting center. Apply primarily as an emetic to quickly remove from the stomach poisonous substances and poor-quality food, especially when it is impossible to make a stomach wash. The action occurs a few minutes after subcutaneous injection. As an expectorant is rarely used due to the short-term action. Children under 2 years are not assigned. Apomorphine is also used in the treatment of alcoholism for the development of a reaction to aversion to alcohol, the principle of apomorphine therapy consists in combining the perception of taste and the smell of alcohol with nausea and vomiting

Ascofen

Acetylsalicylic acid 0.2 g, phenacetin 0.2 g, caffeine 0.04 g.

Asfen

Acetylsalicylic acid 0.25 g, phenacetin 0.15 g.

B

Balsam Vishnevsky

composition: tar 3 parts, xerogene 3 parts, 94 castor oil. It is used in the treatment of wounds, ulcers, pressure sores and so on. It has antiseptic properties, has a weak irritant effect, promotes the regeneration process.

Shostakovskiy's balm

(vanillin), polyvinyl butyl alcohol, used for furuncles, carbuncles, trophic ulcers, purulent wounds, mastitis, burns, frostbites and inflammatory diseases.
Helps to cleanse wounds, tissue regeneration and epithelization. Appointed externally for wetting of napkins and direct application to the wound surface and in the form of 20% solutions in oil, as well as ointments.
Inside prescribe for peptic ulcer, gastritis, colitis. Has enveloping, anti-inflammatory, as well as bacteriostatic action (gelatin capsules). They are taken 1 time per day 5-6 hours after meals (recommended at 11-12 hours after a light dinner at 6 pm). The first day, take 3 capsules, then 5 capsules, the course of treatment is 16-18 days.

Benzonaphthol

antiseptic for diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Adults appoint 0.3-0.5 g 3-4 times a day. Children under 1 year - 0.05 g at the reception, up to 2 years - 0.1 g, 3-4 years - 0.15 g, 5-6 years - 0.2 g, 7 years - 0 , 25 g, 8-14 years - 0.3 g.

Diamond green

golden green powder, hardly soluble in water and alcohol. Apply externally as an antiseptic in the form of 0.1-2% alcohol or aqueous solution with pyoderma, blepharitis for lubricating the edges of the eyelids.

Butadione

for anti-inflammatory reaction is much higher than amidopyrine and derivatives of salicylic acid, it also has analgesic and antipyretic effect. The drug is rapidly absorbed and relatively long in the blood. Applied for the treatment of rheumatism in acute form, polyarthritis, gout, erythema nodosum, and so on. Rapidly reduces pain, stops gout attacks, reduces the uric acid in the blood. A good effect is given with iridocyclitis (decreased exudation and pain), thrombophlebitis of the lower extremities and hemorrhoidal veins (decrease in edema). A single dose of adults - 0.1-0.15 g 4-6 times a day. There may be side effects: nausea, vomiting, pain in the stomach, frequent stools, skin rashes, itching. During the treatment with the drug (it is carried out under close medical supervision) regular blood testing is necessary. To reduce dyspepsia, alkaline-free antacids are prescribed. Allergic reaction, reduction of leukocytes in the blood - indications for drug withdrawal. Butadion is contraindicated in case of peptic ulcer (gastric bleeding is possible), hemopoietic disease, leukopenia, liver and kidney function, cardiac rhythm disturbances. When prescribing butadione with other drugs, it is necessary to take into account its ability to delay their release from the body by the kidneys (amidopyrine, morphine, penicillin, etc.), thereby contributing to their accumulation in the body and the development of side effects.

AT

Vaseline boron

contains boric acid 5 parts, petroleum jelly 95 parts. Apply externally as an antiseptic.

Validol

a solution of menthol in the menthol ester of isovaleric acid. Applied with stenocardia, as it can as a result of stimulation of the receptors of the oral mucosa reflexively cause the expansion of coronary vessels. Use for nausea, neuroses. 2-3 drops on a piece of sugar (bread) or a tablet - under the tongue for a quicker and fuller action of the drug. Keep until complete resorption.

Dill water

composition: 1000 parts of water and 1 part of dill oil obtained by distillation of crushed fennel fruits. Apply: 1 tablespoon 5-6 times a day to improve bowel function, reduce flatulence.

D

Galmanin

contains: salicylic acid 2 parts, zinc oxide 10 parts, talc and starch for 44 parts. Apply with sweating feet.

Hydroperite

tablets containing a complex compound of hydrogen peroxide with urea. The content of hydrogen peroxide is about 35%. Tablets are white, easily soluble in water, weight of 1.5 g. Applied as an antiseptic instead of hydrogen peroxide. To prepare a solution corresponding to approximately 1% hydrogen peroxide solution, 2 tablets are dissolved in 100 ml of water. One tablet corresponds to 15 ml (1 tablespoon) of 3% hydrogen peroxide solution. To rinse your throat, dissolve one tablet in a glass of water.

Clay white

(kaolin) is an aluminum silicate with a small admixture of calcium and magnesium silicates. White powder, in large quantities of water is mixed in a plastic mass. It has an enveloping and adsorbing effect. Assign in the form of pastes, powders, ointments for skin diseases, ulcers, diaper rashes, burns, etc. Inside appoint adult (20-100 g), children (5-10 g) with gastrointestinal diseases (colitis, enteritis, etc.) .) and intoxication.

Gramicidin

an antibiotic used only topically. For the treatment of wounds, burns, etc. applied gramicidinovaya paste, with pyoderma and other purulent skin diseases, alcohol solutions are used, which lubricate the skin 2-3 times a day. Gramicidin paste is also used as a contraceptive. Tablets gramicidin - with acute pharyngitis, yorazheniya mucous membrane of the oral cavity and pharynx, stomatitis, gingivitis, angina. Apply 2 tablets (one after another for 30 minutes) 4 times a day, keep in the mouth until complete resorption.

D

Tar birch

product of processing the outer part of birch bark. Dense oily liquid, contains phenol, toluene, xylene, resins and other substances. Applied-externally in the treatment of skin diseases in the form of 10-30% of ointments, liniments. The therapeutic effect arises not only as a result of local action (improving the blood supply of tissues, strengthening the processes of keratinization), but also in connection with reactions that occur when skin receptors are irritated. As an integral part is included in the wax of Wilkinson, Vishnevsky, etc. With prolonged use of tar, skin irritation and exacerbation of the eczematous process can be observed.

Diocid

is a good detergent and antibacterial agent. Has bactericidal activity against various bacteria and bacterial spores, as well as fungistatic activity against fungi and mold. They are used as a sterilant for washing hands of surgeons before surgery, for cold sterilization of equipment (artificial circulation), for surgical instruments.

Dichlorothiazide

hypothiazide), is a highly active diuretic, also has an antihypertensive effect, which is usually observed with high blood pressure. Applied with stagnant phenomena in a small and large circle of blood circulation associated with cardiovascular insufficiency, cirrhosis of the liver, manifestations of portal hypertension, nephroses, nephritis (with the exception of severe progressive forms), pregnancy toxicity, premenstrual conditions accompanied by stagnation.
Diuretic effect after application of the drug develops rapidly (during the first 1-2 hours) and lasts after a single dose up to 10-12 hours or more. It is a valuable tool in the treatment of hypertension, potentiates the action of reserpine, apressin and other antihypertensive agents, the dose of which can be reduced by a factor of 2-3 in combined use. In some cases, reduces intraocular pressure.
Assign dichlorothiazide inside the tablets, choosing doses individually, depending on the severity of the disease and the effect. An increase in the dose of more than 0.2 g per day is not advisable, as further increase in diuresis does not occur. The drug is well tolerated, but they should be treated against a background of a diet rich in potassium. Potassium salts are found in large quantities in potatoes, carrots, beets, apricots, beans, peas, oatmeal, wheat, beef, caviar. With the application of large doses of the drug, weakness, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea occur when the dose is reduced or a short break in admission (1-2-3-4 days).

F

Burov's fluid

8% solution of aluminum acetate. Has astringent and anti-inflammatory effect. Apply in the diluted form (in 20 and more times) for rinses, lotions, syringings.

Wood liquid

product of heat treatment (dry distillation) of certain wood species (hazel and alder). Applied with eczema, neurodermatitis and other skin diseases

AND

Isafenin

synthetic compound, a white powder with a faint smell of acetic acid, is similar in properties to phenolphthalein, but less toxic. Applied with habitual constipation, atony of the intestine. Adult dose: 1-1 / 2 tablets 2 times a day, or once 2 tablets. The highest dose for adults: one-time - 0.025 grams, daily - 0.05 g. When taking the drug, sometimes there are pain in the intestine. Form release - powders and tablets for 0.01 g.

Imanin

antibacterial drug, obtained from St. John's wort perfumed. It also has the ability to dry the wound surface and stimulate the regeneration of tissues. Apply in the form of solutions, ointments, powders for the treatment of fresh and infected wounds, burns, ulcers, abscesses, nipple cracks, mastitis, boils, carbuncles. Also used for acute laryngitis, sinusitis, rhinitis. Dilute or wash the affected area with a solution, then apply a moist dressing impregnated with the same solution, changing daily or every other day. Apply also 5-10% of ointment.

Inhaliptus

combined aerosol preparation containing norsulfazole and streptocide, thymol, eucalyptus and mint oil, glycerin, alcohol and other substances. Assign as an antiseptic anti-inflammatory agent for tonsillitis, pharyngitis, laryngitis, ulcerative stomatitis, etc. Apply by spraying from a special vial containing the drug under pressure of compressed nitrogen. The free end of the nebulizer is injected into the mouth and the head is pressed for 1-2 seconds. Before irrigation, the mouth is rinsed with warm boiled water, a necrotic plaque is removed from the affected areas of the oral cavity with a sterile swab. Irrigation is performed 3-4 times a day, the drug is kept in the oral cavity for 7-8 minutes. The drug is contraindicated for hypersensitivity to sulfapilamides and essential oils. Treatment is conducted under the supervision of a physician

Indomethacin

(methindol) - one of the representatives of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, also has an analgesic and antipyretic effect. Influence on the pituitary-adrenal system does not have. Applied with nonspecific polyarthritis, gout, bursitis and other diseases, accompanied by inflammation. Apply simultaneously with salicylates, corticosteroids, the dose of which can be gradually reduced with the replacement of (complete) indomethacin. Possible side effects: headache, dizziness, in rare cases, drowsiness, confusion, other mental phenomena, disappearing with a decrease in dosage. There is vomiting, nausea, loss of appetite, pain in the pancreas. To prevent and reduce dyspepsia, the drug is taken on time or after meals, washed down with milk, and taken antacid. Contraindications: ulcerative processes in the intestines and esophagus, bronchial asthma, pregnancy and lactation, work on transport, at the machine because of possible dizziness.

Iodine

aqueous solution of the surface-active substance complex with iodine (3%). Used as an antiseptic for disinfecting the skin of the operating field, the drug has a high bactericidal activity

Ichthyol

ammonium salt of sulfonic acids of shale oil. Almost black syrupy liquid, contains 10.5% bound sulfur. Has anti-inflammatory effect, local anesthetic and some antiseptic. Applied with skin diseases, with neuralgia, arthritis, etc. in the form of ointments or water-alcoholic lotions. In diseases of the pelvic organs (prostatitis, metritis, etc.), ichthyol suppositories or tampons moistened with 10% glyceryl solution of ichthyol are prescribed.

Y

Iodine

are obtained from the ash of seaweed and drilling oil waters. There are 4 groups of iodine preparations: 1) containing elemental iodine (a solution of iodine alcohol, Lugol's solution); 2) inorganic iodides (potassium iodide, sodium iodide); 3) organic substances that split off elementary iodine (iodoform, iodinol); 4) iodine-containing organic substances (X-ray contrast preparations).
Absorbed, iodine exerts an active influence on the metabolism, especially on the functions of the thyroid gland. The daily requirement of an organism in iodine is 200220 mkg. Iodine is excreted from the body mainly by the kidneys, partly by the gastrointestinal tract, by the sweat and by the mammary glands.
Inside, iodine preparations are used as an expectorant (increase the secretion of mucus by the glands of the respiratory tract), atherosclerosis, tertiary syphilis, hypothyroidism, for the prevention and treatment of endemic goiter, for chronic poisoning with mercury and lead. With prolonged use of iodine preparations and hypersensitivity to them, the phenomena of iodism (runny nose, urticaria, salivation, lacrimation, rash) are possible. Contraindications for the intake of iodine medications are: pulmonary tuberculosis, nephritis, nephrosis, furunculosis, chronic pyoderma, hemorrhagic diathesis, pregnancy.
Externally, iodine solutions are used as an antimicrobial agent for wound treatment, preparation of the operating field, etc., and, having an irritating effect, can cause reflex changes in the activity of the organism.

A solution of iodine alcohol - 5% or 10%, is used externally as an antiseptic, irritant and distracting agent for inflammatory and other diseases of the skin and mucous membranes. As a distraction is used for myositis, neuralgia.

Iodinol

is the product of the addition of iodine to polyvinyl alcohol, which slows the release of iodine and prolongs its interaction with the tissues of the body, while reducing the irritating effect of iodine on them.
Applied with chronic tonsillitis, purulent otitis, chronic periodontitis, purulent surgical diseases, trophic and varicose ulcers, thermal and chemical burns. In chronic tonsillitis, lacunas of tonsils (4-5 washes are washed with intervals of 2-3 days), with purulent otitis apply instillation (5-8 drops) and rinsing. When trophic and varicose ulcers are applied to the surface of the ulcer gauze wipes (in 3 layers), moistened with iodine (pre wash the skin with warm water and soap and the skin around the ulcer is smeared with zinc ointment). The dressing is performed 1-2 times a day, and the gauze lying on the surface of the ulcer is not removed, but only once again soaked in iodinol. After 4-7 days, a local bath is prescribed, after which the treatment continues again.
When purulent and infected burns impose a loose gauze dressing impregnated with the drug. With fresh thermal and chemical burns of grade 1-11, a gauze dressing impregnated with iodine is also applied, and the inner layer is irrigated as needed. When iodinol is used, iodism can occur.

Iodoform

Apply externally as an antiseptic in the form of powders, ointments for the treatment of infected wounds, ulcers

TO

Potassium permanganate

(potassium permanganate, "manganese" - dark or red-violet crystals with metallic sheen, soluble in water, is a strong oxidant, on which its antiseptic properties depend.It is used in aqueous solutions for mouth and throat rinsing (0.020.1%), for lubrication burns and ulcerous surfaces (2-5%), for wound washing (0.1-0.5%), for syringing with gynecological and urological diseases (0.02-0.1%), in the same concentration for gastric lavage with some poisoning.

Calomel

(mercury monochloride), used externally in the form of ointments for corneal disease, blennore. Has a toxic effect on the body, so at the present time as a laxative, diuretic and choleretic value does not have, only applied externally

Calcex

tablets are white, salty-bitter taste, easily soluble in water. Contain 0.5 g of the complex salt of hexamethylenetetramine and calcium chloride. Apply 1-2 tablets 3-4 times a day for colds.

Dental drops

composition: mint oil, camphor, valerian tincture, analgesic.

Carbolen

Activated carbon tablets (0.5-0.25 g). More convenient for use than powder, but have less adsorptive activity, since they contain fillers (starch and sugar up to 20%). They are used mainly for meteorism and dyspepsia: 1-2-3 tablets 3-4 times a day.

Alum

potassium-aluminum sulfate. Colorless transparent crystals, soluble in water (1:10), applied externally as an astringent in aqueous solutions (0.5-1%) for rinses, washes, lotions, syringings, inflammatory diseases of the skin and mucous membranes. They are also applied in the form of pencils (hemostatic pencils) for cauterization with cuts and abrasions.

Acetylsalicylic acid

(aspirin) - on the pharmacological action is close to sodium salicylate. On anti-inflammatory properties is somewhat inferior to him. Apply internally with neuralgia, migraine, febrile diseases of 0.25-1 g 3-4 times a day. With acute rheumatism, rheumatic endo- and myocarditis, the dose of adults is 6-4 g per day. Children are prescribed as an antipyretic and analgesic in a dose of 0.01-0.3 g per reception, depending on the age. Aspirin less often than sodium salicylate, causes side effects associated with impaired functions of the nervous system, but relatively often there are complications from the stomach. Prolonged, especially without medical supervision, the use of aspirin can cause dyspepsia and even gastric bleeding. This, the so-called ulcerogenic effect, is explained by the influence on the pituitary gland and the adrenal cortex, on factors of blood coagulability and direct irritation of the gastric mucosa. Therefore, you should take salicylates only after eating, carefully crush the tablets and drink plenty of liquid (preferably milk). To reduce the irritating effect resort to receiving after acetylsalicylic acid mineral alkaline water and sodium bicarbonate solutions (soda), although they contribute to a faster release of salicylates from the body. Contraindications for the reception of salicylates - peptic ulcer, venous congestion, blood clotting disorders. With prolonged use of salicylates, the possibility of developing anemia should be considered, and blood tests should be systematically performed and the presence of blood in the stool checked. With the use of acetylsalicylic acid, allergic reactions can be observed: bronchospasm, angioedema, skin reactions. The following ready-made dosage forms (tablets) containing acetylsalicylic acid are available.

Boric acid

shiny slightly greasy to the touch scales, soluble in cold water and alcohol. Apply in the form of ointments and in powders with skin diseases (baby powder "Bolus"), is produced in a ready-made form of paste called "Bornosinco-naphthalan".

Acid Salicylic

white small needle-like crystals without a smell. Little soluble in cold water, soluble in hot, easily in alcohol. Apply externally as an antiseptic in powder (2-5%) and 1-10% ointments, pastes, alcohol solutions for lubricating the skin (salicylic alcohol), rubbing - in the area of ​​inflamed joints, for rubbing the skin - with itching, seborrhea. It is produced in a ready-made form called "Corn liquid" and "Corneal plaster" (20 parts salicylic acid, 27 parts rosin, 26 parts paraffin, 27 parts petroleum), Galmanin powders containing salicylic acid, zinc oxide (10 parts) talc and starch , Lassar paste, Camphocinum (salicylic acid, castor oil, turpentine, methyl ether, camphor, pepper tincture) - for rubbing with rheumatism, arthritis.

Collargo, silver, colloidal

Applied for washing purulent wounds (0.2-1%), for washing the bladder for cystitis (1-2%), purulent conjunctivitis and blennery

Buckthorn bark

collected in the spring before the flowering of the bark trunks and branches of the wild shrub shrub alder. According to the nature of the action, the products of buckthorn are close to rhubarb. Assign inside as a mildly acting laxative in the form of broths, pills, extracts. The action occurs 8-10 hours after admission.
Decoction of buckthorn is prepared as follows: 1 tablespoon of bark pour a glass of boiled water, boil for 20 minutes, filter, cool, take half a cup at night and in the morning. The industry produces drugs: the buckthorn extract is liquid, it is prescribed as a laxative for 20-40 drops per reception. The buckthorn extract is dry (powder or tablets 0.2 g each). Take 1-2 tablets at bedtime.

Dandelion root

collected in the fall and dried roots of dandelion drug. Applied as bitterness for the excitation of appetite, with constipation and as a cholagogue. A teaspoon of finely chopped root is brewed like tea in a glass of boiling water, insist 20 minutes, cool, filter. Take 1/4 cup 3-4 times a day for half an hour before eating.

Root of rhubarb

collected in autumn or early spring at the age of not less than 3 years, peeled from the outer crust, cut into pieces and dried roots and rhizomes cultivated in the country rhubarb Tangut. The main active principles are emodin and chryphonic acid. They irritate the intestinal receptors and cause an increase in peristalsis, exerting a predominant effect on the large intestine and causing a more rapid emptying. Rhubarb preparations are used in powders, pills, broths, alone and in combination with other substances as laxatives, mainly with chronic (habitual) constipation. They are well tolerated and do not cause disturbances in the absorption processes and normal activity of the small intestine. Containing resinous substances in plants can have some irritating effect on the intestines. Usually drugs are prescribed for the night. After it is taken, the urine, sweat and milk are colored yellow, changing when the alkali is added to red.
The following preparations are used, manufactured by industry.
Rhubarb powder. The dose for adults is 0.5-2 g per reception. Children under 2 years - 0.1 g, 3-4 years - 0.15 g, 5-6 years - 0.2 g, 7-9 years - 0.25 g, 10-14 years - 0,5-1 g. Children under 1 year are not appointed.
Rhubarb tablets - contain 0.3-0.5 grams of finely chopped rhubarb root, doses similar to powders.
Rhubarb extract is dry. With water gives a muddy solution of acidic reaction. Dose, depending on the age of 0.1 to 1-2 g per reception.
Tincture of rhubarb bitter. The rhizome and root are obtained from the powder (80 g), gentian root powder (20 g), powdered root ayr (10 g) and alcohol 70% to obtain 1 l tincture. Applied with atony of the intestine, flatulence and to improve digestion by 1 / 2-1 teaspoon 2 times a day before meals.
Syrup is a rhubarb. Ingredients: rhubarb extract of dry 1,25 parts, alcohol 2 parts, water of dill 3 parts, sugar syrup 94 parts. Apply as a mild laxative mainly in children's practice. Dose: 1 / 2-1 teaspoon.

Liquorice root

(licorice root), roots and underground shoots of a wild herbaceous licorice plant naked collected at different times of the year. It is part of the diuretic tea, licorice root powder. Other preparations are obtained from the root, including Elixir thoracic (licorice) - composition: licorice root extract (60 parts), ammonia solution, anise oil, alcohol, water. Applied as an expectorant for 20-30 drops several times a day, children are prescribed to take as many drops as the child years.

Rhizome rhinoceros

(kalgan) - contains a large amount of tannins, as well as resin, gum, pigment. Apply in the form of a decoction (1 tablespoon crushed rhizomes per cup of boiling water) inside - 1 tablespoon 3 times a day with diarrhea, for rinses - stomatitis, gingivitis, tonsillitis.

Rhizome with roots of a hemorrhage

collected in the autumn, well washed, dried rhizomes of the blood-thirsty drug. Apply broths and liquid extract (70% alcohol) as an astringent and hemostatic agent for diarrhea, hemoptysis, sometimes with uterine bleeding. One tablespoon of the cut root is poured with a glass of boiling water, boiled for 30 minutes, cooled, filtered, drunk 1 tablespoon 5-6 times a day or 30-50 drops (extract) 3-4 times a day.

Corn silk

Stigmas with stigmas collected during the ripening of corn cobs. Applied as a choleretic and diuretic. When you receive an increase in the secretion of bile, a decrease in its viscosity and bilirubin content, an increase in the blood of prothrombin and acceleration of its coagulation. Therefore, along with the preparations of vitamin K is used as a hemostatic agent (mainly in hypoprothrombinemia). To prepare the broth, take 10 g of corn stigmas, grind them, pour 1.5 glasses of cold water and boil for 30 minutes over a small fire in a closed enameled container. The broth is cooled, filtered. Take 1-3 tablespoons every 3-4 hours

L

Levomycetin

is a broad-spectrum antibiotic, acts on strains resistant to penicillin, streptomycin, sulfonamides. Virtually does not affect acid-fast bacteria, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, protozoa, anaerobes. The gastrointestinal tract is easily absorbed, the maximum concentration in the blood is created 2-4 hours after ingestion. Contraindicated in the oppression of hematopoiesis, psoriasis, eczema, fungal and other skin diseases, as well as with increased sensitivity to this drug. Form release: powder, tablets, capsules, suppositories, ointment.

Lysol

are made from commercially pure cresol and green potassium soap. Used for disinfection of the skin.

Lizoform

soap solution of formaldehyde. Composition: formalin 40 parts, potassium soap 40 parts, alcohol 20 parts. Has a disinfecting and deodorizing effect. Applied for syringing in gynecological practice, for disinfection of hands (1-3% solutions).

Lycorin hydrochloride

has an expectorant effect. Strengthens the secretion of bronchial glands, dilutes sputum, reduces spasms of bronchial muscles. In high doses, it causes vomiting. It is used as an expectorant for chronic and acute inflammatory processes in the lungs and bronchi, bronchial asthma, etc. Contraindicated with open forms of tuberculosis (like other emetic and expectorants) and other diseases with a tendency to pulmonary hemorrhage, with organic diseases of the central nervous system , cardiovascular system, stomach ulcer and duodenal ulcer, lesions of the esophagus with a tendency to bleeding. The root of ipecacuanas (the vomiting root) is the root of the tropical half-shrub of the family of the madden. The main active principle is the alkaloid emetine. Preparations in large doses have an emetic effect, associated with irritation of the receptors of the gastric mucosa. In small doses - expectorant action, as well as other emetics. Apply in the form of infusion, tincture, syrup, powder.

Mother-and-step-mother's leaf

Leaves are harvested in the first half of summer, contain glycoside, insulin, essential oil, tannic, mucous and other substances. 1 tablespoon pour a glass of boiling water, insist 10 minutes, cool, drain. Drink 1 tablespoon 3-4 times a day as an expectorant.

Orthosiphon sheet

tropical perennial plant. Leaves of orthosiphon, called kidney tea, have a moderate diuretic effect. Applied with circulatory failure and impaired renal function. The infusion should be cooked daily: 3-3.5 g of leaves are brewed with a glass of boiling water and insist 30 minutes. Filter, add boiled water to the original volume. Take in warm form for half a cup for 20-30 minutes before meals 2 times a day. Infusion is also taken with cholecystitis, a favorable effect is associated with a moderate antispasmodic effect.

Senna Sheet

Separate leaves of cultivated shrubs cassia holly and cassia narrow-leaved. Contains emodin, chrysofic acid. The laxative effect is similar to that of rhubarb drugs. Well tolerated, due to the low content of tarry substances does not have an irritant effect on the intestines. Relaxation occurs after 6-10 hours. Apply the following senna preparations:
Water infusion of 5-10 g Senna for 100 ml of water, appoint 1 tablespoon 1-2-3 times a day.
Viennese drink (infusion of Senna complex). Obtained from the leaves of the Senna are rugged (10 parts), sodium-potassium-tartrate (ten salt salt), honey purified (10 parts), 95% alcohol (10 parts), boiling water (75 parts). Dark-brown liquid of a honey smell, sweet-salty taste. Assign an adult 1-3 tablespoons to the reception, children 2-4 years - 1 teaspoon, 5-7 years - 1 dessert spoon, 8-14 years - 1 dessert - 1 tablespoon.

Bearberry leaf

(bear's eye) - a perennial shrub of the heather family. Infusion or broth is used inside as a diuretic and disinfectant for inflammatory diseases of the bladder and urinary tract. 1 tablespoon 5-6 times a day, baby 6 years - 1 dessert spoon 4 times a day

Sage leaf

collected during the summer, dried leaves of cultured sage medicinal. Contains tannins and essential oil. Applied in the form of rinses as an astringent and anti-inflammatory agent for diseases of the mouth, throat, pharynx, larynx.

Eucalyptus leaf

dried leaves of cultivated eucalyptus trees. Contains essential oil, organic acids, tannins, etc. substances. Decoction is prepared from the calculation: 10 g of leaves pour a glass of cold water and boil on low heat for 15 minutes, cool, filter. For rinses in diseases of the upper respiratory tract, for the treatment of fresh and infected wounds, inflammatory diseases of female genitalia (lotion, rinsing) and inhalations: 1 tablespoon per glass of water. Tincture of eucalyptus - inside as an anti-inflammatory and antiseptic, sometimes as soothing 10-15 drops on a glass of water. The oil is eucalyptus, the readings are the same, 10-15 drops per glass of water.

M

Magnesia white

(magnesium carbonate core) - a white light powder, almost insoluble in water. As an easy laxative for adults appoint 1-3 grams, children under one year - 0.5 grams, 6 to 12 years - 1-2 grams per reception 2-3 times a day.
Magnesia white is also used externally as a powder and inside - with increased acidity of gastric juice.

Magnesia burnt

magnesium oxide) - a fine light white powder, almost insoluble in water. When injected into the stomach neutralizes hydrochloric acid. It is applied inside (0,25-0,5 - 1 g) with increased acidity of gastric juice and with poisoning with acids. As an easy laxative - 3-5 g at the reception.

Magnesium sulfate

(English salt, bitter salt) - colorless crystals, weathering in dry, warm air, are soluble in 1 part of water. As a laxative prescribe inside (at night or on an empty stomach - half an hour before meals), adults 10-30 grams in a half-glass of water, children at a rate of 1 g for 1 year of life. For chronic constipation, enemas can be used (100 ml 20-30%). When poisoning with soluble barium salts, wash the stomach with 1% magnesium sulfate solution or give inside 20-25 g in a glass of water. When poisoning with mercury, arsenic is used intravenous (5-10 ml of 5-10% solution).
Magnesium sulfate also has a choleretic effect: 1 tablespoon 20-25% solution 3 times a day. Magnesium sulfate has a calming effect on the central nervous system (depending on the dose, a sedative, hypnotic or narcotic effect is observed), it is used as an anticonvulsant, antispasmodic, in the treatment of hypertension (mainly in the early stages) with a course of treatment of 15-20 injections daily. Along with a decrease in blood pressure, there may be a decrease in angina pectoris. Systematic ingestion of small doses (1-2 g per half a cup of water on an empty stomach) also sometimes improves the condition of patients and somewhat inhibits the development of atherosclerosis. In hypertensive crises, intramuscularly or intravenously (slowly) 10-20 ml of 20-25% solution of magnesium sulfate.

Magnesium trisilicate

white powder odorless and tasteless. Applied as an adsorbent and enveloping agent - with increased acidity, with other diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Upon admission to the stomach it passes into a jelly-like state and neutralizes a solution of hydrochloric acid of gastric juice. The drug is non-toxic and well tolerated, a lax effect is possible. Assign 0.5-1 g per reception 2-3 times a day.

Autoseal ointment

composition: engine oil or autoclave oil 85 parts, 12 parts stearin, 3 parts zinc oxide. Applied in the treatment of ulcers, wounds, burns and as a basis for other ointments.

Wilkinson's Ointment

tar of liquid 15 parts, calcium carbonate (chalk precipitated) 10 parts, sulfur purified 15 parts, naftalannoy ointment 30 parts, green soap 30 parts, water 4 parts. Apply externally as an antiseptic for scabies and fungal skin diseases.

Ointment Konkova

composition: ethacridine 0.3 g, fish oil 33.5 g, honey bee 62 g, tar birch 3 g, distilled water 1.2 g.

Ointment naphthalene

a complex mixture of hydrocarbons and resins - naphthalan oil (70 parts) and paraffin (18 parts) with petrolatum (12 parts). Naftalan oil and its preparations, when exposed to the skin and mucous membranes, have an emollient, absorbable, disinfectant and some analgesic effect. Apply externally for various skin diseases, inflammation of joints and muscles (arthritis, myalgia, etc.), neuritis, neuralgias, radiculitis, burns, ulcers, pressure sores. Assign alone or in combination with other drugs in the form of ointments, pastes, candles. Emulsion of naphthalan is also used for douching, compresses, tampons, baths.

Ointment from freezing

Ingredients: tincture of peppers, formic alcohol, ammonia solution, camphor oil and castor oil, lanolin, lard, petrolatum, green soap. Applied for the prevention of frostbite. Rub a thin layer in the open parts of the body

Ointment mercurial white

It is used as an antiseptic and anti-inflammatory in skin diseases (pyoderma, etc.).

Formaldehyde Ointment

white color with a faint smell of formalin and perfume. Applied with excessive sweating, rub in the armpits once a day, in the interdigital folds.

Ointment zinc

composition: zinc oxide 1 part, 9-piece vaseline.

Ointment erythromycin

for the treatment of pustular diseases, skin, infected wounds, pressure sores, burns, trophic ulcers. Ointment is usually well tolerated. It is applied to the affected parts daily, a course of 1-3 months.

Anise oil

contains 80% anethole, anisic acid and other substances. Applied as an expectorant 2-3 drops per reception.

Oil vaseline

(paraffin liquid) is a purified fraction of oil obtained after distillation of kerosene. Colorless oily liquid without color and odor. Assign for chronic constipation of 1-2 tablespoons a day. Prolonged use of vaseline oil can cause digestive disorders. Vaseline oil, taken internally, can pass through the anal sphincter and cause contamination of the laundry. More convenient therefore for the application of viscous emulsions

Castor oil

fatty oil obtained by pressing and subsequent cleaning of the seeds of cultivated castor oil. Widely used as a laxative. The mechanism of its action on the gastrointestinal canal is that after ingestion it is cleaved by lipase in the contents of the small intestine with the formation of ricinoleic acid. It causes irritation of the intestinal receptors (throughout its entire length) and reflex strengthening of the intestinal contractions. Defecation usually comes in 5-6 hours. When taking castor oil, there is also a reduction in the musculature of the uterus. As a laxative, castor oil is prescribed inside adults 15-30 grams, and children 5-10-15 g (1 teaspoon, dessert or tablespoon) for admission. The use of castor oil as a laxative is contraindicated in fences with fat-soluble substances (phosphorus, benzene, etc.), as well as extract of male fern.

Turpentine oil

(turpentine purified) - an essential oil obtained by distilling gum from pine ordinary. Has a local irritant, analgesic and antiseptic effect. Apply externally in ointments and liniments for rubbing with neuralgia, myositis, rheumatism, sometimes inside and for inhalation with putrefactive bronchitis, bronchiectasis and other lung diseases. Contraindicated in lesions of the liver and kidney parenchyma.

Copper sulfate

(copper sulfate, copper sulfate), blue crystals, easily soluble in water. Applied as an antiseptic for conjunctivitis, for washes with urethritis and vaginitis (0.25%). When skin burns with phosphorus, a burned area with a 5% solution of copper sulphate is abundantly moistened. When poisoning with white phosphorus taken orally, 0.3-0.5 g of copper sulfate is prescribed per 1/2 cup warm water and gastric lavage 0.1% solution.

Menthol

colorless crystals with a strong smell of mint and a cooling taste. Obtained from mint oil, as well as synthetically. When rubbed into the skin and applied to mucous membranes causes irritation of the nerve endings, accompanied by a feeling of slight cold, burning, tingling, has a local anesthetic effect. External applied as a soothing and anesthetic for neuralgia, arthralgia (rubbing alcohol solution, oily suspension, ointments). When migraines are used in the form of menthol pencils. In inflammatory diseases of the upper respiratory tract (runny nose, pharyngitis, laryngitis, etc.), menthol is used for lubrication and inhalation, and also in the form of drops in the nose. Menthol lubrication of the nasopharynx is contraindicated in children of early age due to possible reflex inhibition and stopping breathing. Menthol is an integral part of Zelenin drops.

Methylene blue

soluble in water (1:30), it is difficult in alcohol, the aqueous solution has a blue color. Apply externally for burns, pyoderma, folliculitis, etc. In cystitis, urethritis is washed with aqueous solutions (0.02%). Solutions of methylene blue are injected into the vein during poisoning with cyanides, carbon monoxide, hydrogen sulphide.

Microplast

1% solution of levomycetin in the collofer (5% solution of castor oil in the collodion). Applied for the treatment of minor injuries (abrasions, scratches, cracks, scuffs, etc.). After cleaning the skin around the wound with a tampon moistened with antiseptic, a layer of the drug is applied to the wound and surrounding skin, and two more layers are applied to the film formed after drying. With small bleeding, cover the wound with a piece of cotton or gauze and apply layers of microplastic on top. The drug should not be used with extensive or very bleeding wounds, pronounced suppuration, burns.

Sea kale

Laminaria is a sugary, marine brown alga, found in mass thickets along the Far Eastern coast, the White and Black Seas. Contains iodide and bromide salts. For medical purposes, it is available as a powder. Applied mainly as a mild laxative for chronic atonic constipation. Laxative effect is associated with the ability of the drug to swell strongly and, increasing in volume, cause irritation of the receptors of the intestinal mucosa. In connection with the content of iodine salts, sea kale is shown as a laxative for chronic constipation in individuals with atherosclerosis. Assign 1/2 teaspoon once a day. With prolonged use and increased sensitivity, iodism can occur. Contraindicated in nephritis, hemorrhagic diathesis and other conditions in which undesirable preparations of iodine.

Peppermint

cultivated perennial plant peppermint, contains an essential oil, which includes menthol.
Infusion of peppermint leaves (5 g per 200 ml of water) is used inward against nausea and as choleretic.
Peppermint oil is obtained from leaves and other terrestrial "parts of the plant, contains 50% menthol, about 9% menthol ester with acetic and valeric acid. It is part of rinses, toothpastes, powders as a refreshing and antiseptic agent. "(Valocordinum.) Calming and spasmolytic action is due to the presence of menthol.

Mint drops

consist of tincture of spirituous leaves of mint and mint oil. Apply inside 10-15 drops per reception as a remedy for nausea, vomiting, painkiller for neuralgic pain.

H

Tincture of calendula

alcohol tincture of flowers and flower baskets of marigolds. Apply for cuts, purulent wounds, burns, for rinsing with angina (1 teaspoon per glass of water). Inside is also taken as a cholagogue (10-20 drops per reception).

Tincture of Japanese Sophora

apply in purulent inflammatory processes (wounds, burns, trophic ulcers) in the form of irrigation, washing, for moist dressings.

Tincture of garlic

are used mainly to suppress the processes of putrefaction and fermentation in the intestine, with intestinal atony and colitis, and are also prescribed for hypertension and atherosclerosis. Take inside 10-20 drops (adults) 2-3 times a day before meals.

Sodium borate

(borax, sodium borate), colorless crystalline powder. Apply externally as an antiseptic for syringing, rinsing, lubrication.

Bicarmint, tablets containing sodium borate 0.4 g, sodium bicarbonate 0.4 grams, sodium chloride 0.2 g, menthol 0.004 g. Used externally as an antiseptic and anti-inflammatory for rinsing, rinsing, inhalation in the inflammatory processes of the upper respiratory tract. Dissolve 1-2 tablets in a 1/2 cup of water.

Sodium sulfate

Glauber's salt), crystals of bitter-salty taste, soluble in 3 parts of water. The dose for adults is 15-30 g per reception, for children - at a rate of 1 g for 1 year of life. Accepted on an empty stomach. Sodium sulfate, like other saline laxatives, is indicated in food poisoning, as it not only cleanses the intestines, but also delays the absorption of the poison and its entry into the blood.

Sodium usinate

sodium sulfusnic acid, isolated from lichens. It is an antibacterial substance. Assign in the form of 1% water-alcohol or 0.5% oil solution (castor oil), as well as a solution in glycerin, fir balsam. Solutions gently lubricate gauze bandages, which are applied to the affected surface of the skin. When powder wounds are powdered, 0.1-0.2 g per wound of about 16 square centimeters is used.

Contiguous anise drops

composition: anise oil, ammonia solution, alcohol. Apply inside as an expectorant, especially with bronchitis. Doses for adults 515 drops 3-4 times a day, children under 1 year 1-2 drops, 2 years - 2 drops, 3 years - 3 drops, that is, the number of drops corresponds to the number of years.

Ammonia

(ammonia solution), 10% ammonia solution in water. Transparent colorless liquid with a strong smell of ammonia. Applied in surgery for washing hands and for inhaling with fainting and intoxication with alcoholic beverages.

Neoanusole

candles, composition: bismuth nitrate, iodine, tannin, zinc oxide, resorcinol, blue methylene, fat base. Apply for cracks and hemorrhoids anus.

Nystatin

levorin - antibiotics "against antibiotics". Suppress the growth of fungi, particularly the yeast-like genus Candida, which often develop on the mucous membranes, skin and internal organs with the use of antibiotics, especially tetracyclines, as a result of their inhibition of the normal microbial flora of the body (intestine

Norsulfazole

apply for pneumonia, cerebral meningitis, gonorrhea, staphylococcal and streptococcal sepsis and other infectious diseases. Easily absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and quickly excreted from the body with urine. Higher doses for adults - single 2 g daily 7 g. With the use of norsulfazole, it is recommended to maintain a strong diuresis: the introduction of 1-2 liters of liquid per day, after each intake of the drug, drink 1 glass of water with the addition of 1/2 teaspoon of soda sodium bicarbonate) or a glass of Borjomi

ABOUT

Ozokerite

a waxy mass of black color, a fossil substance of oil origin. Contains ceresin, paraffin, mineral oils, resins and other substances. Applied as a tool with a large heat capacity and low thermal conductivity, for heat treatment in neuritis, neuralgia and other diseases. Assign in the form of compresses (gauze pads soaked with ozocerite, the temperature of 4550 ° C, covered with wax paper, oilcloth, cotton wool) and cakes (melted ozocerite, poured into a cuvette and cooled to a temperature of 45-50C). Compress or tortillum is applied for 40-60 minutes. The course of treatment consists of 15-20 procedures that are performed daily or every other day. Ozokerite is heated on a water bath. Sterilize by heating at 100 ° C for 30-40 minutes.

P

Pantocide

form of release - tablets, each contains 3 mg of active chlorine Used for disinfection of hands (1-1.5% solution), douching and wound treatment (0.10.5%), for water disinfection (1-2 tablets per 0, 5-0.75 l of water), which occurs within 15 minutes.

Paraffin wax

(ceresin) is a mixture of solid hydrocarbons obtained during the processing of oil and shale oil. White semi-translucent mass, slightly oily to the touch. The melting point is 50-57 ° C. Apply as a base for ointments. Due to the high heat capacity and low thermal conductivity, paraffin is used for heat treatment in neuralgia, neuritis, and the like. For the same purpose, ozokerite is used. Prescribe compresses impregnated with molten paraffin or paraffin cakes.

Paracetamol

is chemically close to phenacetin, its analgesic activity is not significantly different from it, but it is also not so toxic, and when it is used, the possibility of methhemoglobin formation is less likely. In this regard, it finds an increasing use both independently and in combination with other drugs - amidopyrine, caffeine and so on. Dose for adults: 0.2-0.5 g per reception (single), daily - 1.5 g. Children aged 6 to 12 months to 0,025 g-0,05 g, 2-5 years to 0, 1-0.15 g, 6-12 years for 0.15-0.25 g, 2-3 times a day.

Pasta Lassara

contains: Salicylic acid 2 parts, oxide and starch zinc for 25 parts, Vaseline 48 parts.

Pasta Teymurova

contains boric and salicylic acid, zinc oxide, formalin, lead acetate, talc, glycerin, mint oil. Applied as a disinfectant, drying and deodorizing agent for sweating, diaper rash.

Pectol

tablets containing 0.01 g of extract of thermopsis, opium, sodium bicarbonate, licorice powder and anise oil. Apply as an expectorant and soothing cough remedy for 1 tablet 2-3 times a day (adults).

Pectusin

tablets, in composition: menthol, eucalyptus oil, sugar, other fillers. Applied with inflammatory diseases of the upper respiratory tract. Keep in the mouth until completely absorbed.

Penicillin

an antibiotic produced by various kinds of mold fungus. The phenomenon of antagonism of mold to golden staphylococcus was discovered by Fleming. Evacuated from a culture fluid, pure penicillin chemically represents a compound consisting of two amino acids, i.e. by chemical structure is an acid and various salts (sodium, potassium, etc.) can be obtained from it. Benzylpenicillin (benzylpenicillin sodium salt) is the most active, chemically produced a number of compounds more resistant and superior in its spectrum of action.

A characteristic feature of penicillin drugs is that they have a bactericidal effect on microbes that are in the growth stage - the young growing microorganisms are more sensitive to penicillin than the old ones. Preparations are ineffective against viruses (influenza, poliomyelitis, smallpox), mycobacteria tuberculosis, but they have very high chemotherapeutic activity for many cocci - strepto-staphylo-pepmo, etc. And the protein medium (blood, pus) does not prevent the development of antibacterial action of penicillins (in contrast to sulfanilamides), i.e. against pyogenic cocci. Therefore penicillin with the greatest success is used in the treatment of sepsis, phlegmon, pneumonia, abscesses, peritonitis, meningitis.

Penicillin is secreted mainly by the kidneys, part is destroyed in the liver. Complications in the treatment of them are relatively rare, since it is low-toxic. But when using drugs that are not of high quality, headache, hives, and fever are possible. Allergic reactions have recently become more frequent, cases of anaphylactic shock with a fatal outcome have been described. In this regard, a repeated course of treatment with penicillin should always be done with caution. In case of severe allergic reaction, adrenaline, antihistamines (diphenhydramine, diprazine), calcium chloride are used. Apply the enzyme preparation penicillinase. In case of severe allergic reactions prednisolone or other glucocorticosteroids are prescribed. In connection with the possibility of fungal lesions of the mucous membranes and skin (due to suppression of normal intestinal flora), especially in newborns, elderly people weakened, it is advisable to prescribe in the treatment of penicillin B vitamins, C, and if necessary, nystatin.

Hydrogen peroxide (perhydrol)

two preparations are produced, representing a solution of hydrogen peroxide in water: a solution of hydrogen peroxide of 3% and a solution of hydrogen peroxide of 27.5-31% (concentrated). Both preparations are clear, colorless liquids with a weak odor. When in contact with organic substances and alkalis, hydrogen peroxide decomposes with the release of gaseous oxygen, which has antiseptic properties and promotes mechanical cleaning of tissues. Applied as an antiseptic for rinsing and rinsing with angina, stomatitis, otitis, as well as when treating wounds in solutions at the rate of 1 teaspoon or 1 tablespoon 3% solution per glass of water.

Pertussin

composition: extract of thyme or thyme, potassium bromide, sugar syrup, alcohol. Applied as an expectorant and cough-softening agent for bronchitis and other diseases of the upper respiratory tract, also given to children with whooping cough. Dosage for adults - 1 tablespoon, for children - from 1/2 tea to 1 dessert 3 times a day.

Plaster bactericidal

impregnated with antibacterial substances: sintomycin, furatsilinom, brilliant green. Applied as an antiseptic bandage for small wounds, burns, cuts, trophic ulcers. Synthomycin is also a part of antiseptic biological suppositories and "Fastin" ointment.

Patchwork plaster

mass containing pepper extract, belladonna, arnica tincture, natural rubber, pine rosin, lanolin, vaseline oil applied to a piece of cotton fabric. Applied as an anesthetic for radiculitis, neuralgia, myositis, etc. Before applying the patch, the skin is degreased with alcohol, cologne, ether and wipe dry. The plaster is not removed within 2 days, if there is no burning sensation. If irritation is removed, the skin is lubricated with petroleum jelly.

Plaster lead simple

contains in equal amounts a mixture of lead oxide, pork fat and sunflower oil with the addition of water to form a plastic mass. Applied with purulent inflammatory processes of the skin, boils, carbuncles.

Fruit of anise

mature fruit of a cultivated annual herbaceous anise plant, contain essential oil (anethole), fatty oils and other substances. Applied as an expectorant and a laxative. 1 teaspoon of fruit is brewed like tea in a glass of boiling water, insist 20 minutes, filter, drink 1/4 cup 3-4 times a day for half an hour before meals.

Fruit jostera

collected in late autumn in a mature state and dried fruits of wild shrub hopper laxative from the family krushinovyh. It grows mainly in the Ukraine and in Bashkortostan. Acts like buckthorn (breaking). Apply in the form of a decoction and infusion: 1 tablespoon zoster is brewed in a glass of boiling water, insist 2 hours, filter, take for the night half a cup. It is part of the laxative tea.

Fruit of chilli peppers

mature dried fruits of peppers. Tincture of chilli peppers - used externally for neuralgia, radiculitis, myositis for grinding.

Fennel fruit

fruit of volost or pharmacies. Applied with flatulence in the form of dill water, and also as an expectorant.

Fruit of bird cherry

contains tannins, malic and citric acids, sugar, other substances. Apply in the form of a decoction or infusion as blueberries.

Bilberry fruit

mature berries of the cowberry family, contain tannic substances, malic and citric acids, sugar, coloring matter (anthocyanin). Applied as an astringent in the form of infusion or broth (1-2 teaspoons per glass of boiling water) or as a blueberry jelly with diarrhea.

Licorice powder complex

Ingredients: senna leaves 20 parts, licorice root 20 parts, fennel fruit 10 parts, sulfur purified 10 parts, powder sugar 40 parts. Assign as an easy laxative to adults (especially with hemorrhoids) for 1-2 teaspoons, children 1 / 4-1 / 2 teaspoons 1-2-3 times a day. Before reception stir in water. Store in well-ukuporennyh jars of orange glass in a dry, protected from light place.

SDA preparation

are obtained from animal tissues. The action is similar to tar, but it has a less dramatic effect on the skin. Apply in the treatment of eczema, in the first hours can cause itching and burning.

Bismuth preparations

used as an astringent and partly an antiseptic for gastrointestinal diseases, externally with inflammatory skin diseases (ointments, powder). Vikalin, tablets containing bismuth nitrate - antioxidant, moderately laxative effect. Vicair (Rother) - indications, doses, the method of application are the same as Vikalin: 1-2 tablets after eating with 1/2 cup of warm water 3 times a day, treatment course - 1-3 months, you must follow a diet. Bisal - is used as an anesthetic, astringent, antiseptic for enteritis and colitis 1 tablet 2-3 times a day.

Purgen

phenolphthalein tablets, contain 0.1 g of it. Assign adults 1 tablet, children - 1/2 tablet 1-3 times a day.

R

Ramnil

dry standardized drug of buckthorn bark. Produced in the form of powder, tablets of 0.2 g. By action does not differ from other preparations of buckthorn. Take 1 tablet at bedtime.

Ammonia solution

(liquid ammonia), a transparent colorless volatile liquid with a sharp characteristic odor - 10% solution of ammonia in water. Easily penetrates into tissues, exerting an exciting effect on the central nervous system (breathing becomes more rapid, blood pressure rises). In high concentrations, it can cause respiratory arrest. Apply to remove the patient from an unconscious state, for which they carefully bring a small piece of cotton wool, moistened with ammonia, to the nasal aperture. Inhalation of it, acting on the receptors of the upper respiratory tract (end of the trigeminal nerve), has an exciting effect on the respiratory center (stimulates breathing). Apply inside (2-3 drops) for half a cup of water for acute alcohol poisoning. The solution also has an antimicrobial effect and cleanses the skin well.

Lugol's solution

Iodine in an aqueous solution of potassium iodide - composition: iodine 1 part, potassium iodide 2 parts, water 17 parts. Lugol solution with glycerin - composition: iodine 1 part, potassium iodide 2 parts, glycerin 94 parts, water 3 parts. Applied to lubricate the mucous membranes of the pharynx, larynx.

Resorcinol

apply for skin diseases (eczema, seborrhea, pruritus, fungal diseases) externally in the form of solutions (water and alcohol) and ointments.

Rivanol

(ethacridine lactate), yellow crystalline powder of bitter taste, odorless. Little soluble in cold water, alcohol, aqueous solutions in the light are unstable, become brown. Use freshly prepared solutions. Antimicrobial effect, mainly in infections caused by cocci, especially streptococci. The drug is slightly toxic, does not cause tissue irritation. Applied as an external preventive and therapeutic agent in surgery, gynecology, urology, ophthalmology, otolaryngology. For the treatment of fresh and infected wounds, 0.05% aqueous solutions are used, for washing the pleural and abdominal cavities with purulent pleurisy and peritonitis, and also with purulent arthritis and cystitis - 0.5-0.1%. For boils, carbuncles, abscesses, 0.1-0.2% solution in the form of lotions, tampons. For washing the uterus in the postpartum period, use 0.1% solution, with coccov conjunctivitis - 0.1% in the form of eye drops. When inflammation of the mucous membranes of the mouth, throat, nose - rinse with 0.1% solution or lubrication 1% solution. In dermatology apply a different concentration of ointments, powders, pastes.

FROM

Aloes

evaporated to dry juice, flowing from cut leaves of various kinds of aloe. Apply as a laxative. For the splitting of the sabura, the presence of bile in the intestine is necessary, so it should not be taken with liver and gallbladder diseases. The laxative effect is associated with a predominant effect on the large intestine and comes in 8-10 hours. Assign inside mainly with chronic (habitual) constipation - powders and pills of 0.03-0.2 g per reception, tincture of 10-20 drops per reception, often in combination with rhubarb preparations and other medicines. Contraindicated (because of the rush of blood to the pelvic organs) during pregnancy, menstruation, cystitis, hemorrhoids.

Lead Acetate

colorless transparent crystals with a weak vinegar smell. Applied externally in the form of aqueous solutions - lead water, lead lotion (2 parts of lead acetate, 98 parts of water) with inflammatory diseases of the skin, mucous membranes. Store in well-sealed jars, as the drug under the influence of carbon dioxide decomposes ..

Silver nitrate

(lapis) - in small concentrations has astringent and anti-inflammatory effect, in stronger solutions - cauterizes tissues, bactericidal. Applied externally with erosions, ulcers, excessive granulation, acute conjunctivitis. With chronic gastritis appoint inward in the form of a solution or pills. To prevent blenorrhea, 2% solution of silver nitrate is instilled in the eyes immediately after birth.

Synthomycin

the active ingredient is levomycetin. Complications when used are similar to levomycetin, in addition, there are complications from the nervous system in the form of excitement, feelings of fear and other disorders

Carlsbad artificial salt

Ingredients: sodium sulfate (22 parts), sodium bicarbonate (18 parts), sodium chloride (9 parts), potassium sulfate (1 part). White dry powder, soluble in water, serves as a substitute for natural Karlovy Vary geyser salt. Applied as a laxative and cholagogue. Dosage for adults as a laxative: 1 tablespoon, children (2-6 years) 1 teaspoon in 1/2 cup water at room temperature, drink on an empty stomach. As cholagogue for 1 teaspoon in a glass of warm water (4045 ° C), take 30-45 minutes before eating. Before use, the contents of the package (jars) are thoroughly mixed.

Boron alcohol

contains 0.5-5 g of boric acid, ethyl alcohol 70%. Apply in the form of ear drops on 3-4 drops 2-3 times a day.

Ethanol

(wine alcohol), by pharmacological properties refer to narcotic substances. Influencing the cortex of the brain, it causes a characteristic alcoholic excitement, associated with the weakening of the processes of inhibition. In medical practice, it is used primarily as an external antiseptic and irritant for wiping, compresses, etc. Intravenous is sometimes given with gangrene and lung abscess in a sterile isotonic solution. Ethyl alcohol is widely used for the manufacture of tinctures, extracts and dosage forms for external use.

Streptomycin

and its derivatives are used for various diseases caused by sensitive bacteria (peritonitis, pneumonia, urinary tract infections, etc.), but it is most widely used as an anti-tuberculosis drug. When treating streptomycin (and its derivatives), various toxic and allergic phenomena can be observed: dizziness, headache, diarrhea. The most serious complication is the defeat of the VIII pair of cranial nerves and associated vestibular disorders, hearing impairment, with prolonged use in large doses deafness may develop. Therefore, treatment should be carried out under close medical supervision, before the treatment and during it, systematically examine the function of the cranial nerves, the vestibular and auditory apparatus, monitor the kidney function, the blood formula.

Streptocide

one of the first chemotherapeutic drugs of the sulfanilamides group. When administered into the body, it is quickly absorbed, the highest concentration in the blood is detected after 1-2 hours, after 4 hours it is found in the cerebrospinal fluid. Applied in the treatment of epidemic cerebrospinal meningitis, erysipelas, tonsillitis, cystitis, pyelitis, for the prevention and treatment of wound infection. The highest racial dose for adults inside: 0.5-1 g, daily ZB. When streptocid is sometimes seen, headache, nausea, vomiting, complications from the hematopoietic system, nervous and cardiovascular. Recently, instead of streptocides, etazol, sulfadimezin and other more effective sulfanilamides, which cause fewer side effects, are increasingly being used.
Locally streptocide is used to treat purulent wounds, cracks, ulcers, burns in the form of powder, streptocid ointment, liniment. With an acute cold, the powder (in a mixture with norsulfazole, penicillin, ephedrine) is injected into the nasal cavity with a special powder blower or drawn into the nose during inspiration.

Corrosive sublimate

(mercury dichloride), a heavy white powder, is a very active antiseptic and has a high toxicity. When working with it, you must be very careful.
Do not let the drug and its solutions enter the oral cavity, mucous membranes and skin. Solutions can be absorbed and cause poisoning. Mercury dichloride is used in solutions (1: 1000 - 2: 1000) for disinfection of clothes, clothes, for washing walls, items for nursing patients, for skin disinfection. They are also used in the treatment of skin diseases.

Sülsen

contains about 55% of selenium and 45% of sulfur. Applied in the treatment of seborrhea of ​​the scalp.

Sulsen Soap

contains 2.5% of sulsen, the same amount of sul- sene paste mixed with a special foaming base. Apply sulsenic soap or paste after the usual washing of the head. Then soap wet hair with sulsen soap and carefully rub it into the scalp. On washing use 2-3 g of soap (one bar of soap for 8-10 procedures). The foam is left on the hair for 5-10 minutes, after which it is thoroughly washed off with warm water (not above 40 ° C) and wiped dry with hair. Tuba with sulsen paste is designed for 6-8 procedures, one teaspoon per reception. Sulsen drugs are used once a week (with oily seborrhea in the first 2 weeks can be twice a week) for 1-1.5 months. When relapse treatment is repeated. Foam and washable water should not get into the eyes. After the procedure, you should wash your hands thoroughly with warm water. Sulsen soap should be stored in a dense package, which protects from the effects of light.

Berberine sulphate

the berberine alkaloid is found in the leaves of barberry and a number of other plants (buttercup, rut, etc.). Berberine has various pharmacological properties: lowers arterial pressure, slows heart activity, causes uterine contraction, increases bile secretion. Spirituous tincture of leaves of barberry ordinary take inside 30-40 drops, berberine sulfate 5-10 mg (1-2 tablets 3 times a day before meals.

T

Mint tablets

apply as a soothing and antispasmodic agent for nausea, vomiting, smooth muscle spasms, 1-2 tablets to receive under the tongue.

Talc

magnesium silicate, very fine white or slightly grayish powder, almost insoluble in water. Applied for powders (Baby powder), as well as for the preparation of pastes and tablets.

Tannin

gallodubic acid, is obtained from the ink nut, outgrowths of the Little Asian oak tree of the Sumahov family. Powder of astringent taste. Aqueous solutions form precipitates with alkaloids, proteins, heavy metal salts. Applied as an astringent and anti-inflammatory agent. For rinsing the mouth, nose, larynx, throat, mouth, apply 1-2% aqueous solution and lubrication 5-10% solution for burns, cracks, ulcers, pressure sores. It is part of Novikova's antiseptic fluid

Tetracycline

substances of this series were obtained as a result of systematic testing of a huge number of soil samples for the content of microorganisms capable of producing antibiotics. Chemically, tetracycline - the "base" is characterized by the fact that it contains a condensed four-ring (tetra) system in the molecule. Other preparations of this group have a similar structure. They proved to be active not only against many cocci, but also against rickettsia, brucella, some large viruses, and also protozoa (amoebae, trichomonads). Thus, the latitude of the spectrum is superior to penicillin and many other antibiotics. Tetracyclines after ingestion appear in the blood after 1 hour, then their concentration within 2-6 hours reaches the maximum level, after which it gradually decreases. Distributed in the body evenly, but in the cerebrospinal fluid penetrate in relatively small amounts. Excreted in the urine for 12-24 hours, mostly unchanged. In severe septic conditions, tetracycline can be administered together with penicillin, streptomycin, and other antibiotics. The highest dose for adults is one-time - 0.5 g, daily - 2 g.
Tetracyclines are usually well tolerated, but can also cause side effects: decreased appetite, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, changes in the mucous membranes of the mouth and the gastrointestinal tract (glossitis, stomatitis, gastritis). May increase the sensitivity of the skin to the action of sunlight. Long-term use during the formation of teeth (prescribing to children in the first months of life, as well as women in the last 3 months of pregnancy) can cause a dark yellow color of the teeth. When treating tetracycline, you must carefully monitor the patient's condition, with signs of increased sensitivity to him to take a break or move on to antibiotics of another group. To prevent side effects, the development of candidamycosis (skin and mucous membrane damage), it is recommended to use vitamins ("Vitacyclin" tablets), antifungal agents (nystatin, levorin) at the same time, there are also special pills containing tetracycline together with nystatin. Tetracycline is contraindicated in dystrophic liver diseases, impaired renal function, caution is needed in pregnancy and hypersensitivity to it and related antibiotics.

Tetracycline ointment

apply for skin diseases: acne, furunculosis, folliculitis, trophic ulcers, eczema, etc. Apply to the lesion 1-2 times a day or apply in the form of bandages for 12-24 hours. Duration of treatment from several days to 2-3 weeks. In case of itching, burning, reddening of the skin, the treatment with ointment is stopped.

The herb of St. John's wort

collected during flowering and dried herb St. John's wort, contains tannins, essential oils and other substances. Applied as an astringent and antiseptic for colitis (one tablespoon of grass to pour a glass of water, boil for 10 minutes, cool, strain, take 1/2 cup 3 times a day for half an hour before meals), to gargle gums (30-40 drops of alcohol tinctures for 1/2 cup water), for lubricating the gums.

Grass of wormwood

collected during flowering ground parts (leaves and tops) wormwood bitter, contain essential oils, vitamin C, tannins, etc. substances. Apply in the form of infusion, tincture, extract to stimulate appetite and strengthen the activity of the digestive organs. One teaspoon of sliced ​​grass to brew in two cups of boiling water, insist 20 minutes, strain and drink 1/2 cup 3 times a day for half an hour before meals, Wormwood extract: 15-20 drops before meals (for half an hour), 3 times in a day.

Thermopsychic grass

grass mice collected at the very beginning of flowering until the formation of fruits. A wild-growing perennial plant, common in the Trans-Volga, Siberia, Kazakhstan, and other regions. The substances contained in it, including alkaloids (cytisine, pachycarpine, thermopsin, etc.) have a complex effect on the body - they stimulate breathing, increase arterial pressure, inhibit the nodes of the vegetative department of the nervous system. The plant as a whole exerts an expectorant effect, in large doses - vomiting. Partially replaces the preparations of ipecacuanas. The highest dose for adults is single - 0.1 g, daily - 0.3 g. Extract of thermopsis dry - 1 tablet 2-3 times per day.

Grass of thyme

dried aerial parts of a perennial half-shrub. Distributed in Siberia, the European part, in the Caucasus. Contains tannic, bitter and other substances. Apply as a decoction (1 tablespoon 2-3 times a day) as an expectorant, as well as an analgesic for radiculitis, neuritis.

Have

Activated carbon

black powder odorless and tasteless. Coal of animal or vegetable origin, specially processed and possessing in connection with this large surface, capable of adsorbing gases, alkaloids, toxins. Applied with dyspepsia, flatulence, food poisoning with alcohol, salts of heavy metals, etc. When poisoning - 20-30 g at reception as a suspension in water, suspension also produce gastric lavage. With increased acidity and flatulence, 1-2 g (in water) inside 3-4 times a day.

Urzalin

essential oil derived from bear onions. Applied in the treatment of purulent wounds, ulcers, pressure sores and so on. 0.3% ointment on petroleum jelly is applied to gauze and applied to the damaged surface. The bandage is changed every 2-3 days.

Urosal

tablets containing 0.3 grams of hexamethylenetetramine and phenyl salicylate.

Urotropin

(hexamethylenetetramine), colorless crystals are odorless, readily soluble in water. Aqueous solutions have an alkaline reaction. Applied mainly in infectious processes of the urinary tract (cystitis, pyelitis).
The action is based on the ability of the drug to decompose in an acidic environment with the formation of formaldehyde. Assign the drug on an empty stomach. Indications for its use are cholecystitis, cholangitis, allergic skin diseases, eyes (keratitis, iridocyclitis, etc.). The drug may cause irritation of the kidney parenchyma, with these symptoms stop taking the drug.

F

Fastin

ointment containing furacilin (2%), synthomycin, anestezin, lanolin, petrolatum, stearin (fastin 1) or spermaceti (fastin 2), used for burns of I-III degrees, purulent wounds, pyoderma. The ointment is applied to sterile gauze wipes and applied to the affected surface of the skin. Change the bandage after 7-10 days. With the accumulation of wound exudate, pain, the bandage is changed earlier.

Fenacetin

used for neuralgic pain, especially headache, inflammatory diseases. The highest dose of adults inside: 0.5 g (single), 1.5 g (daily). Take 2-3 times a day. Well tolerated, in some cases, allergic events are possible. In large doses can cause methemoglobinemia. Fenacetin is a part of the combined tablets - "Pirafen", "Adofen", "Analfen", "Dykafen", "Sedalgin" (the latter is used mainly as an analgesic and calming agent, 1 tablet 2-3 times a day).

Phenol

carbolic acid. It turns out when distilling coal tar. Phenol is pure, the solution has a strong bactericidal effect. Applied for disinfection of household and hospital items, tools, linen, excreta. Soap-carbolic solution is used for disinfection of premises. In medical practice phenol is used for some skin diseases (sycosis, etc.) and for inflammation of the middle ear (ear drops). Phenol has an irritant and cauterizing effect on the skin and mucous membranes, it is easily absorbed through them and can be toxic in large doses (dizziness, weakness, respiratory distress, collapse).

Phenolphthalein

synthetic compound, white or slightly yellowish fine crystalline powder. According to the nature of the laxative effect, it resembles rhubarb preparations, and also has a predominant effect on the large intestine. In an alkaline reaction, faeces stain them red. Accept for chronic constipation. Adult dose - 0.10.2 g per reception (up to 0.3 grams per day), children 3-4 years - 0.05 g, 5-6 years - 0.1 g, 7-9 years - 0.15 g, 10-14 years - 0.15-0.2 g, children under 3 years are not appointed. Phenolphthalein should not be taken for a long time, it can have an irritating effect on the kidneys.

Formaldehyde

(formalin), a transparent colorless liquid with a peculiar acute odor. Applied as a disinfectant and deodorant for washing hands, washing the skin with excessive sweating (0.5-1%), for disinfection of instruments (0.5%), for douching (1: 2000 - 1: 3000). Included in the composition of lysoform

Formidron

liquid containing formaldehyde solution 10 parts, ethyl alcohol 95% 40 parts, water 50 parts, cologne 0.5 parts. Applied for wiping the skin with excessive sweating.

Phthalazole

slowly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract. The bulk is retained in the intestine, which is created with a high concentration of the drug in combination with its activity against the intestinal flora, explain the specialization of phthalazole - intestinal infections. It is characterized by low toxicity, combined with tetracycline and other antibiotics. Applied with dysentery (in acute and chronic cases in the acute stage), colitis, gastroenteritis. The highest dose for adults is 2 g (single), daily - 7 g. It is also necessary to prescribe well-absorbed sulfanilamides (sulphadimezine, ethazole, norsulfazole, etc.) simultaneously with phthalazole.

Furacilin

an antibacterial substance that acts on various microbes (staphylococci, streptococci, dysentery bacillus, paratyphoid rod, causative agent of gas gangrene, etc.). Used internally for the treatment of bacterial dysentery. External - for treatment and prevention of purulent-inflammatory processes. In case of anaerobic infection (gas gangrene), in addition to the usual surgical intervention, the wound is treated with furacilin, in chronic purulent otitis, an alcoholic solution of furacilin is used as drops. In addition, the drug is used for furuncles of the external auditory canal and empyema of the paranasal sinuses. To wash the maxillary sinus and the paranasal sinuses, an aqueous solution of furacilin is used. With conjunctivitis of the eyes, an aqueous solution is also instilled, in blepharitis the eyelid edges are smeared with furacilin ointment.
Furaplast - a drug used to treat abrasions, scratches, cracks, cuts and other minor skin injuries. A liquid of light yellow color, of a syrupy consistency, contains 0.25 g of furacilin, dimethyl phthalate 25 g, perchlorovinyl resin, acetone, chloroform. Furaplast can also be released as a solution of furacilin in a collofer (5% castor oil solution in collodion). The damaged skin area is cleaned (hydrogen peroxide or alcohol), rubbed with a dry sterile gauze swab, then a thin layer of furaplast is applied with a glass or wooden stick. After 1-2 minutes the preparation dries, forming a dense, elastic film. It is stable, not washed with water, it usually lasts 1-3 days. In case of damage to the film, the preparation is repeatedly applied until the wound is healed. To use furaplastom should not be at a strong suppuration of a wound, the phenomena of an inflammation, a pyoderma, a strong bleeding. With a slight bleeding, it must first stop in the usual way, then cover the wound with a furaplast.

Furosemide

(lasix, furantril), chemical structure similar to dichlorothiazide, is a strong diuretic. The effect is most pronounced during the first 2 days of admission, but does not disappear even with prolonged treatment. Effective rapidly, with intravenous administration for several minutes, which makes it possible to use it in urgent cases (pulmonary edema, brain, acute poisoning with barbiturates and other substances excreted predominantly by urine). In some cases, furosemide has an effect with insufficient effectiveness of other agents. Furosemide can be taken with reserpine and other antihypertensive drugs, the effect of which is enhanced. With long-term treatment with furosemide, side effects similar to dichlorothiazide are possible. Also take on a background of a diet rich in potassium, if necessary, prescribe potassium salts.

X

Chloramine B

White or slightly yellowish powder with a faint smell of chlorine. Soluble in water, alcohol, contains 25-29% of active chlorine. Has an antiseptic effect. Applied in the treatment of infected wounds (washing, wetting tampons and napkins 1-2% solutions), hand disinfection (0.25-0.5%), and disinfection of non-metallic tools. To disinfect the objects of care and discharge during typhoid fever, paratyphoid, cholera and other infections of the intestinal group and in case of drip infections (scarlet fever, diphtheria, influenza, etc.) 1-2-3% solutions are used, with tuberculosis infection - 5%.

Chagolol

total drug containing the root substance of turmeric root, emodin from buckthorn, magnesium salicylate, essential oils, alcohol, olive oil. Has choleretic and spasmolytic effect, take with cholelithiasis, cholecystitis, hepatitis. The action is close to the preparations of olimethine, enatin. Assign inside 5 drops (on sugar) 3 times a day, half an hour before meals. In bile colic attacks, 20 drops are taken once. With dyspeptic phenomena take with food or after eating.

Holenzim

a preparation containing bile dry (1 part), dried powdered pancreas and intestines of slaughtered cattle (1 part each). Applied as a choleretic agent for hepatitis, cholecystitis and diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (gastritis, achilles, etc.), 1 tablet 2-3 times a day

Holosas

syrup from the condensed water extract of hips and sugar. Take with hepatitis, cholecystitis. Children: 1 / 4-1 / 2 teaspoons, adults - 1 teaspoon 2-3 times a day.

C

Flowers immortelle sand

collected before the blossoming of the basket flowers, is used as a decoction, liquid extract, dry concentrate as a cholagogue. Decoction of 10 grams per 250 ml of water is drunk in a warm form for half a glass 2-3 times a day before meals.

Chamomile flowers

collected at the beginning of flowering and dried baskets of a wild or cultivated plant - chamomile pharmacy. It has anti-inflammatory properties, weakens allergic reactions, strengthens regeneration processes, and has an antispasmodic effect. Apply chamomile flowers in the form of tea (brew 1 tablespoon chamomile in a glass of boiling water) or infusion inside and in enemas with intestinal spasms, flatulence, diarrhea. It also has a diaphoretic effect. As a weak antiseptic and astringent is used for rinses, lotions and baths.

Tsigerol

transparent oily liquid, used to treat ulcers, granulating wounds, burns, etc. Wet a sterile bandage (gauze napkin), which is applied to the wound surface and covered with compress paper. With large wound surfaces and abundant detachable compress paper is not applied. The dressing is done after 1-2 days, with burns after - 4-5 days.

Ciminal

suppresses (locally) Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, promotes epithelization and healing of wounds. Apply externally in the treatment of wounds, pyoderma, trophic ulcers, burns.

Assign a powder (for dusting) or 1-3% of the suspension, which is applied to the damaged surface, dressings after 3-4 days. With prolonged use of the drug may cause dermatitis, burning sensation and itching.

Zinc oxide

applied externally as an astringent and disinfectant for skin diseases

Citramon

Acetylsalicylic acid 0.24 g, phenacetin 0.18 g, caffeine 0.03 g, cocoa 0.03 g, citric acid 0.02 g, sugar 0.5 g. All these pills are used for headache, neuralgia, colds and the like, 1 tablet, 2-3 times a day.

H

Tea appetizing

composition: herb wormwood 8 parts, yarrow herb 2 parts. A teaspoon is brewed as tea in 2 glasses of water (boiling water). Take one tablespoon 2-3 times a day for 15-20 minutes before eating.

Cholagogue tea

composition: flowers of the immortelle (3 parts), trefoil leaves (3 parts), mint leaves (2 parts), coriander (2 parts). One tablespoon brew 2 cups of boiling water, insist 20 minutes, drain. Take half a cup 3 times a day for half an hour before meals.

Tea diuretic

composition: a sheet of bearberry (3 parts), flowers of cornflower (1 part), licorice root (1 part), one tablespoon brew with a glass of boiling water, insist 30 minutes, cool, strain, drink 1 tablespoon 3-4 times a day.

Laxative tea

Ingredients: Senna leaf (3 parts), buckthorn bark and jostler fruits (2 parts each), anise fruits and licorice root (1 part each). One tablespoon brew a glass of boiling water, insist 30 minutes, strain, take a night for 1 / 2-1 glass.

E

Ipecacuana extract is dry

used to prepare water infusions (1 part of the extract corresponds to 1 part of the root), as well as tinctures. Infusion of ipecacans - adults 1 tablespoon (0.5 g) per 180 ml of water, children up to 12 months - 1 teaspoon per 100 ml, children of middle age - 1 dessert spoon per 100 ml, 3-5 times a day.
Higher doses for adults as an expectorant: 0.1 g (single) and 0.4 g (daily). The highest single dose as an emetic to adults - 1 g (once). Ipecakuana tincture - 5-10 drops per adult (single dose), daily 30 drops.

Emulsion of Vaseline Oil

thick creamy white mass, with a pleasant smell, sour-sweetish taste, contains: vaseline oil, methylcellulose, glycerin, emulsifier, vanillin, sugar, and other substances. Take 1 tablespoon 1-3 times a day.

Erythromycin

the so-called antibiotic reserve, which should be used in cases where other antibiotics are ineffective. Erythromycin is used primarily to treat diseases caused by resistant strains of staphylococci. Side effects (nausea, vomiting, diarrhea) are relatively rare. With prolonged use, reactions from the liver (jaundice) are possible.



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