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Quick Reference Medication



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TITLE

Short description

BUT

Adofen

tablets containing analgin and amidopyrine 0.2 g.

Acofin

acetylsalicylic acid 0.25 g, caffeine 0.05 g

Allysat

alcohol (40%) extract of garlic bulbs. Assign adults 10-20 drops (in milk) 2-3 times a day. Preparations of garlic are contraindicated in diseases of the kidneys, as they can cause irritation of the renal parenchyma.

Allylchep

alcohol extract from onions. Apply inside by 15-20 drops 3 times a day for several days with intestinal atony and diarrhea.

Allohol

tablets containing dry animal bile (0.08 g) dry garlic extract (0.04 g), nettle extract (0.005 g) and activated charcoal (0.025 g). Applied with chronic hepatitis, cholangitis, cholecystitis and habitual constipation, 2 tablets 3 times a day after meals.

Almagel

a combined preparation, each 5 ml of which contains 4.75 ml of a specially prepared gel of aluminum hydroxide and 0.1 g of magnesium oxide. Applied with gastrointestinal diseases, when shown a decrease in acidity of gastric juice. The action of the drug is associated with antacid, enveloping and adsorbing properties. Almagel A also contains anesthesin, used if gastrointestinal diseases are accompanied by nausea, vomiting, soreness. Adults dose 1-2 teaspoons 4 times a day (in the morning, afternoon and evening half an hour before meals and before bedtime). Children up to 10 years old - 1/3 adult dose, 10-15 years old - 1/2 adult dose. You should not take the liquid in the first half hour after taking the drug (so as not to dilute it), it is best to lie down and every 1-2 minutes to turn over from side to side for better distribution of the drug in the gastric mucosa. Almagel is well tolerated, in some cases, constipation may occur, with a decrease in dosage. Large doses may cause drowsiness (mild). With prolonged use of the drug should ensure adequate intake of phosphorus from food.

Amidopyrine

(pyramidone) is more active than antipyrine, the indications are the same, besides it is used for articular rheumatism (2-3 g per day). The highest dose for adults - 0.5 g (single), 1.5 g (daily). With prolonged treatment with amidopyrine, periodic blood tests are necessary, as in some cases it is possible to suppress blood formation, skin rashes, there are cases of anaphylactic shock. Amidopyrine is excreted in the urine and may give it a dark yellow or red color.

Analgin

It has a very pronounced analgesic, anti-inflammatory and antipyretic properties. Well soluble drug, suitable for use in cases where it is necessary to quickly create a high concentration of the drug in the blood. The simultaneous appointment of amidopirin and analgin allows you to get fast (due to the release of analgin in the blood) and long-term (due to the slow absorption of amidopirin) therapeutic effect. Analginum is used for pains of various origins (headache, neuralgia, radiculitis, myositis), feverish conditions, flu, rheumatism, chorea. Subcutaneous injections are painful, tissue irritation may occur. Higher doses diya adults inside - 1 g (single), 3 g (daily).

Anapirin

tablets containing analgin and apidopirin 0.25 g.

Antipyrine

from pyrazolone derivatives, introduced into therapy first (1884, amidopyrine synthesized three years later). It has a moderate anti-inflammatory effect, less active than amidopyrine, analgin, especially butadiene. Applied inside with neuralgia, rheumatism, colds, the dose of adults - 0.25-0.5 g per reception, 2-3 times a day. When applied topically, it also has some hemostatic effect: 10-20% solution for wetting tampons when bleeding from the nose.

Antiseptic Biological Paste

contains dry plasma, synthomycin, furatsilin, novocaine, castor oil. Applied in the treatment of purulent-inflammatory diseases of the oral cavity, abscess forms of periodontal disease, as well as with surgical dental procedures. Poile dental plaque removal fill gingival pockets with paste. If there are gingival abscesses, the edge of the gum is pushed to expel pus, then paste is introduced. The course of treatment is 3-6 days, with aggravation repeated.

Novikov's antiseptic liquid

composition: tannin 1 part, brilliant green 0.2 parts, alcohol 95% 0.2 parts, castor oil 0.5 parts, collodion 20 parts. Colloidal mass, which dries quickly and forms an elastic film on the skin. Used as an antiseptic to treat minor skin lesions. Do not use fluid for extensive bleeding, infected wounds.

Antiseptic Biological Powder

contains: dried erythrocytes of retroplacental blood, syntomycin, sulfacyl, novocaine. Used in the treatment of trophic ulcers, sluggishly granulating wounds after burns, boils, carbuncles. The wound surface is pretreated with a disinfectant solution, then a thin layer of powder 1-2 mm thick is applied and a sterile dressing is applied, changed daily or in 2-3 days (with a scant discharge).

Apomorphine

Obtained from morphine by heating in hydrochloric acid. Available in the form of apomorphine hydrochloride. It has a selective effect on the emetic center. It is used mainly as an emetic for the rapid removal of toxic substances and poor-quality food from the stomach, especially when it is impossible to produce a gastric lavage. Action occurs within a few minutes after subcutaneous injection. As an expectorant, it is rarely used because of the short duration of action. Children under 2 years of age are not assigned. Apomorphine is also used in the treatment of alcoholism to develop a reaction of aversion to alcohol, the principle of apomorphine therapy is to combine the perception of taste and smell of alcohol with nausea and vomiting.

Askofen

acetylsalicylic acid 0.2 g, phenacetin 0.2 g, caffeine 0.04 g

Asfen

acetylsalicylic acid 0.25 g, phenacetin 0.15 g

B

Balsam Vishnevskogo

Ingredients: 3 parts of tar, 3 parts xeroform, 94 parts of castor oil. It is used in the treatment of wounds, ulcers, bedsores and so on. It has antiseptic properties, has a mild irritant effect, contributes to the regeneration process.

Balsam Shostakovsky

(vanillin), polyvinyl butyl alcohol, used in boils, carbuncles, trophic ulcers, purulent wounds, mastitis, burns, frostbite and inflammatory diseases.
Promotes wound cleansing, tissue regeneration and epithelialization. Assign externally for wetting wipes and direct application to the wound surface and in the form of 20% solutions in oil, as well as ointment.
Inside prescribed for gastric ulcer, gastritis, colitis. It has an enveloping, anti-inflammatory, and bacteriostatic effect (gelatin capsules). They are taken 1 time per day, 5-6 hours after meals (it is recommended to be taken at 11-12 at night after a light dinner at 6 pm). On the first day, take 3 capsules, then 5 capsules, the course of treatment is 16-18 days.

Benzonaphthol

antiseptic for diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Adults appoint 0.3-0.5 g 3-4 times a day. Children up to 1 year old - 0.05 g per reception, up to 2 years - 0.1 g, 3-4 years - 0.15 g, 5-6 years - 0.2 g, 7 years - 0 , 25 g, 8-14 years old - 0.3 g

Brilliant green

golden green powder, it is difficult to dissolve in water and alcohol. Applied externally as an antiseptic in the form of a 0.1-2% alcohol or aqueous solution with pyoderma, blepharitis to lubricate the edges of the eyelids.

Butadion

anti-inflammatory reaction significantly exceeds amidopyrine and salicylic acid derivatives, also has an analgesic and antipyretic effect. The drug is rapidly absorbed and is relatively long in the blood. Used for the treatment of rheumatism in acute form, polyarthritis, gout, erythema nodosum, and so on. Quickly reduces pain, relieves attacks of gout, reduces blood levels of uric acid. Good effect with iridocyclitis (reduction of exudate and pain), thrombophlebitis of the lower extremities and hemorrhoidal veins (reduction of puffiness). A single dose of adults - 0.1-0.15 g 4-6 times a day. There may be side effects: nausea, vomiting, pain in the stomach, increased stool, skin rashes, itching. In the course of drug treatment (it is carried out under close medical supervision), regular blood tests are necessary. To reduce dyspeptic symptoms prescribe alkaline-free antacids. Allergic reaction, reduction of leukocytes in the blood - indications for discontinuation of the drug. Butadion is contraindicated in peptic ulcer disease (stomach bleeding is possible), diseases of the blood-forming organs, leukopenia, in violation of the functions of the liver and kidneys, and heart rhythm disorders. When prescribing butadion with other drugs, it is necessary to take into account its ability to delay their excretion from the body by the kidneys (amidopirin, morphine, penicillin, etc.), thereby contributing to their accumulation in the body and the development of side effects.

AT

Vaseline Boric

contains boric acid 5 parts, vaseline 95 parts. Applied externally as an antiseptic.

Validol

menthol solution in isovaleric acid menthol ester. Applied with angina, as it may, as a result of irritation of receptors of the mucous membrane of the oral cavity, reflexively cause the expansion of the coronary vessels. Use with nausea, neurosis. 2-3 drops per piece of sugar (bread) or a tablet - under the tongue for a faster and more complete action of the drug. Hold up to complete resorption.

Dill water

Ingredients: 1000 parts of water and 1 part of dill oil obtained by distilling the ground fruits of fennel. Apply: 1 tablespoon 5-6 times a day to improve bowel function, reduce flatulence.

R

Galmanin

contains: salicylic acid 2 parts, zinc oxide 10 parts, talc and starch 44 parts. Apply with sweating feet.

Hydroperite

tablets containing the complex compound of hydrogen peroxide with urea. The content of hydrogen peroxide is about 35%. The tablets are white, easily soluble in water, the weight of one 1.5 g. Used as an antiseptic instead of hydrogen peroxide. To obtain a solution corresponding to approximately 1% hydrogen peroxide solution, dissolve 2 tablets in 100 ml of water. One tablet corresponds to 15 ml (1 tablespoon) of a 3% solution of hydrogen peroxide. For gargling, dissolve one tablet in a glass of water.

White clay

(kaolin) - aluminum silicate with a small admixture of calcium and magnesium silicates. White powder, in large quantities of water mixed into a plastic mass. It has an enveloping and adsorbing effect. Assign in the form of pastes, powders, ointments for skin diseases, ulcers, diaper rash, burns, etc. Inside prescribed for adults (20-100 g), children (5-10 g) for gastrointestinal diseases (colitis, enteritis, etc. .) and intoxication.

Gramicidin

antibiotic used only locally. For the treatment of wounds, burns, etc. Gramicidin paste is used; in pyoderma and other purulent skin diseases, alcoholic solutions are used to lubricate the skin 2-3 times a day. Gramicidin paste - also used as a contraceptive. Gramicidin tablets - for acute pharyngitis, infections of the mucous membrane of the oral cavity and pharynx, stomatitis, gingivitis, angina. Apply 2 tablets (one after another for 30 minutes) 4 times a day, keep in mouth until complete resorption.

D

Tar birch

product processing of the outer part of birch bark. Thick oily liquid, contains phenol, toluene, xylene, resins and other substances. Applied externally in the treatment of skin diseases in the form of 10-30% ointments, linimentov. The therapeutic effect arises not only as a result of local action (improvement of the blood supply to tissues, enhancement of keratinization processes), but also in connection with reactions that occur during stimulation of skin receptors. As a component, it is included in the ointment of Wilkinson, Vishnevsky, etc. With prolonged use of tar, skin irritation and exacerbation of the eczematous process can be observed.

Diocide

is a good detergent and antibacterial agent. It has bactericidal activity against various bacteria and bacterial spores, as well as fungistatic activity against fungi and mold. Used as a sterilizing agent for washing the hands of surgeons before surgery, cold sterilization of equipment (cardiopulmonary bypass), and surgical instruments.

Dichlothiazide

hypothiazide), is a highly active diuretic, also has a hypotensive effect, which is usually observed with high blood pressure. Applied with stagnation in the small and large circle of blood circulation associated with cardiovascular insufficiency, cirrhosis of the liver, signs of portal hypertension, nephrosis, nephritis (with the exception of severe progressive forms), toxicosis of pregnancy, premenstrual states, accompanied by stagnation.
The diuretic effect after the use of the drug develops quickly (within the first 1-2 hours) and lasts up to 10-12 hours or more after a single dose. It is a valuable tool in the treatment of hypertension, potentiates the action of reserpine, apressin and other antihypertensive drugs, the dose of which, when combined, can be reduced by 2-3 times. In some cases, reduces intraocular pressure.
Dichlothiazide is administered orally in tablets, adjusting the dose individually, depending on the severity of the disease and the effect it has. Increasing the dose of more than 0.2 g per day is impractical, since no further increase in diuresis occurs. The drug is well tolerated, but they should be treated on a diet rich in potassium. Potassium salts are found in large quantities in potatoes, carrots, beets, apricots, beans, peas, oatmeal, millet, beef, and caviar. With the use of large doses of the drug, weakness, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea are possible, which pass with a decrease in dose or a short break in reception (1-2-3-4 days).

F

Burov's fluid

8% aluminum acetate solution. It has astringent and anti-inflammatory effects. Applied in diluted form (20 or more times) for rinsing, lotions, douching.

Forest fluid

product of heat treatment (dry distillation) of certain tree species (hazel and alder). Applied with eczema, atopic dermatitis and other skin diseases.

AND

Izafenin

synthetic compound, white powder with a faint smell of acetic acid, similar in properties to phenolphthalein, but less toxic. Apply with habitual constipation, intestinal atony. Adult dose: 1-1 / 2 tablets 2 times a day, or once 2 tablets. The highest dose for adults: single - 0.025 g, daily - 0.05 g. Pain in the intestinal area is sometimes observed when taking the drug. Form release - powders and tablets of 0.01 g.

Imanin

antibacterial drug derived from Hypericum perforatum. It also has the ability to dry the wound surface and stimulate tissue regeneration. Used in the form of solutions, ointments, powders for the treatment of fresh and infected wounds, burns, ulcers, abscesses, nipple cracks, mastitis, furuncles, carbuncles. Use also in acute laryngitis, sinusitis, rhinitis. The solution is irrigated or washed affected areas, then apply a wet dressing soaked in the same solution, changing daily or every other day. Apply also 5-10% ointment.

Ingalipt

combined aerosol preparation containing norsulfazol and streptotsid, thymol, eucalyptus and mint oils, glycerin, alcohol, etc. substances. It is prescribed as an antiseptic anti-inflammatory agent for tonsillitis, pharyngitis, laryngitis, ulcerative stomatitis, etc. Apply by spraying from a special vial containing the drug under the pressure of compressed nitrogen. The free end of the nebulizer is inserted into the mouth and the head is pressed for 1-2 seconds. Before irrigation, the mouth is rinsed with warm boiled water, necrotic plaque is removed from the affected areas of the oral cavity with a sterile swab. Irrigation is made 3-4 times a day, the drug is kept in the mouth for 7-8 minutes. The tool is contraindicated in case of hypersensitivity to sulfapylamides and essential oils. The treatment is carried out under the supervision of a physician.

Indomethacin

(metindol) - one of the representatives of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, also has an analgesic and antipyretic effect. No effect on the pituitary-adrenal system. Apply with non-specific polyarthritis, gout, bursitis and other diseases accompanied by inflammation. Applied simultaneously with salicylates, corticosteroids, the dose of which can be gradually reduced with the replacement of (full) indomethacin. Side effects are possible: headache, dizziness, in rare cases drowsiness, confusion, other mental phenomena that disappear with decreasing dosage. There is vomiting, nausea, loss of appetite, pain in the pancreas area. To prevent and reduce dyspeptic symptoms, the drug is taken on time or after a meal, washed down with milk, take antacids. Contraindications: ulcerative processes in the intestines and esophagus, bronchial asthma, pregnancy and lactation, work on the transport, at the machine because of possible dizziness.

Iodonate

an aqueous solution of a complex of surfactant with iodine (3%). Used as an antiseptic for disinfecting the skin of the surgical field, the drug has a high bactericidal activity

Ichthyol

ammonium salt of shale oil sulfonic acids. Almost black syrupy liquid, contains 10.5% of bound sulfur. It has anti-inflammatory effect, local anesthetic and some antiseptic. Apply with skin diseases, with neuralgia, arthritis, etc. in the form of ointment or water-alcohol lotions. In diseases of the pelvic organs (prostatitis, metritis, etc.), ichthyol candles or tampons moistened with a 10% glycerin ichthyol solution are prescribed.

Th

Iodine

are obtained from seaweed ash and drilling oil waters. There are 4 groups of iodine preparations: 1) containing elemental iodine (alcohol iodine solution, Lugol solution); 2) inorganic iodides (potassium iodide, sodium iodide); 3) organic substances that break off elemental iodine (iodoform, iodinol); 4) iodine-containing organic substances (X-ray contrast agents).
Absorbing iodine has an active effect on metabolism, especially on the function of the thyroid gland. The daily need of the body for iodine is 200220 mcg. Iodine is excreted mainly from the kidneys, partially from the gastrointestinal tract, sweat and mammary glands.
Inside iodine preparations are used as an expectorant (increase the secretion of mucus by the glands of the respiratory tract), in atherosclerosis, tertiary syphilis, hypothyroidism, for the prevention and treatment of endemic goiter, in chronic poisoning with mercury and lead. With prolonged use of iodine preparations and hypersensitivity to them, the effects of iodism are possible (runny nose, urticaria, salivation, tearing, rash). Contraindications for the intake of iodine preparations are: pulmonary tuberculosis, nephritis, nephrosis, furunculosis, chronic pyoderma, hemorrhagic diathesis, pregnancy.
Externally, iodine solutions are used as an antimicrobial agent for treating wounds, preparing the surgical field, etc., causing an irritant effect can cause reflex changes in the activity of the organism.

Alcohol iodine solution - 5% or 10%, is used externally as an antiseptic, irritant and distracting agent for inflammatory and other diseases of the skin and mucous membranes. As a distracting agent used in myositis, neuralgia.

Iodinol

is a product of the addition of iodine to polyvinyl alcohol, which slows down the release of iodine and prolongs its interaction with body tissues, and at the same time reduces the irritating effect on them of iodine.
Applied with chronic tonsillitis, purulent otitis, chronic periodontitis, purulent surgical diseases, trophic and varicose ulcers, thermal and chemical burns. In chronic tonsillitis, the tonsils lacunae are washed (4-5 washes at intervals of 2–3 days), instillation (5-8 drops) and rinsing are used for purulent otitis. In case of trophic and varicose ulcers, gauze napkins (in 3 layers) moistened with iodinol are put on the ulcer surface (they first wash the skin with warm water and soap and smear the skin around the ulcer with zinc ointment). The dressing is performed 1-2 times a day, and gauze, lying on the surface of the ulcer, is not removed, but only again impregnated with iodinol. After 4-7 days, a local bath is prescribed, after which the treatment is continued again.
When purulent and infected burns impose a loose gauze bandage, impregnated with the drug. In case of fresh thermal and chemical burns of 1-11 degrees, a gauze bandage soaked with iodinol is also applied, the inner layer is irrigated as needed. When using iodinol can be observed phenomena of iodism.

Iodoform

Applied externally as an antiseptic in the form of powders, ointments for the treatment of infected wounds, ulcers

TO

Potassium permanganate

(potassium permanganate, "potassium permanganate" - dark or red-violet crystals with metallic luster, soluble in water. It is a strong oxidizing agent, which determines its antiseptic properties. Used in aqueous solutions for rinsing the mouth and throat (0.020.1%), for lubrication burn and ulcer surfaces (2-5%), for washing wounds (0.1-0.5%), for douching in gynecological and urological diseases (0.02-0.1%), in the same concentration for gastric lavage with some poisonings.

Calomel

(mercury monochloride), used externally in the form of ointments for corneal disease, more often. It has a toxic effect on the body, so at the present time as a laxative, diuretic and choleretic does not matter, it is used only externally

Calcex

tablets of white color, salty and bitter taste, easily soluble in water. Contain 0.5 g of the complex salt of hexamethylenetetramine and calcium chloride. Apply 1-2 tablets 3-4 times a day for colds.

Tooth drops

Ingredients: peppermint oil, camphor, valerian tincture, painkiller.

Carbolen

tablets of activated charcoal (0.5-0.25 g). More convenient for use than powder, but have less adsorbing activity, as they contain fillers (starch and sugar up to 20%). It is taken mainly for flatulence and dyspepsia: 1-2-3 tablets 3-4 times a day.

Alum

potassium aluminum sulfate. Colorless transparent crystals, soluble in water (1:10), used externally as a binder in aqueous solutions (0.5-1%) for rinsing, washing, lotions, douching, in inflammatory diseases of the skin and mucous membranes. It is also used in the form of pencils (hemostatic pencils) for cauterization when cuts and abrasions.

Acetylsalicylic acid

(aspirin) - on pharmacological action is close to sodium salicylate. For anti-inflammatory properties somewhat inferior to him. Apply inside with neuralgia, migraine, febrile diseases 0.25-1 g 3-4 times a day. In acute rheumatism, rheumatic endo and myocarditis, the dose of adults is 6-4 g per day. Children are prescribed as an antipyretic and analgesic agent in a dose of 0.01-0.3 g per dose, depending on age. Aspirin less frequently than sodium salicylate causes side effects associated with impaired function of the nervous system, but relatively often there are complications of the stomach. Long-term, especially without medical supervision, the use of aspirin can cause dyspeptic symptoms and even stomach bleeding. This so-called ulcerogenic effect is explained by the effect on the pituitary gland and adrenal cortex, on blood clotting factors and direct irritation of the gastric mucosa. Therefore, you should take salicylates only after a meal, crush the tablets thoroughly and drink plenty of liquid (preferably milk). To reduce the irritating effect, alkaline mineral waters and sodium bicarbonate (soda) solutions are used after acetylsalicylic acid, although they contribute to a more rapid release of salicylates from the body. Contraindications for receiving salicylates - peptic ulcer, venous congestion, blood clotting disorders. With long-term use of salicylates should consider the possibility of anemia and systematically conduct blood tests and check for blood in the feces. When using acetylsalicylic acid can be observed allergic reactions: bronchospasm, angioedema, skin reactions. The following finished dosage forms (tablets) containing acetylsalicylic acid are produced.

Boric acid

shiny, slightly oily to the touch scales, soluble in cold water and alcohol. Applied in the form of ointments and powders for skin diseases (baby powder "Bolus"), comes in a finished form paste called "Bornzinco-naphthalan".

Salicylic acid

white odorless, small needle crystals. Slightly soluble in cold water, soluble in hot, easily in alcohol. Applied externally as an antiseptic in powders (2-5%) and 1-10% ointments, pastes, alcohol solutions for lubricating the skin (salicylic alcohol), rubbing it in the area of ​​inflamed joints, for rubbing the skin during itching, seborrhea. Produced in finished form under the name "Corny Liquid" and "Bronze Patch" (salicylic acid 20 parts, rosin 27 parts, paraffin 26 parts, petrolatum 27 parts), Galmanin powder containing salicylic acid, zinc oxide (10 parts) talc and starch , paste Lassar, Kamfotsina (salicylic acid, castor oil, turpentine, methyl ether, camphor, tincture of chilli peppers) - for rubbing with rheumatism, arthritis.

Collargol, colloid silver

Used for washing purulent wounds (0.2-1%), for washing the bladder with cystitis (1-2%), purulent conjunctivitis, and swollen

Buckthorn bark

bark of trunks and branches of wild-growing buckthorn alder bushes collected in spring before flowering. By the nature of the action preparations of buckthorn are close to rhubarb. Assign inside as a mildly acting laxative in the form of decoctions, pills, extracts. The action comes after 8-10 hours after ingestion.
Buckthorn decoction is prepared as follows: 1 tablespoon of bark is poured over a glass of boiled water, boiled for 20 minutes, filtered, cooled, taken in half a cup at night and in the morning. The industry produces drugs: liquid buckthorn extract, is prescribed as a laxative for 20-40 drops per reception. Dry buckthorn extract (powder or tablets of 0.2 g). Take 1-2 tablets at bedtime.

Dandelion root

harvested in the fall and dried dandelion roots. Used as a bitterness to stimulate the appetite, with constipation and as a choleretic agent. A teaspoon of finely chopped root is brewed like tea in a glass of boiling water, infused for 20 minutes, cooled, filtered. Take 1/4 cup 3-4 times a day for half an hour before meals.

Rhubarb root

collected in autumn or early spring at least 3 years old, peeled from the outer bark, cut into pieces and dried roots and rhizomes of Tangut rhubarb cultivated in the country. The main active principles are emodin and chrysophanic acid. They irritate the intestinal receptors and cause increased peristalsis, having a predominant effect on the large intestine and causing more rapid emptying. Rhubarb preparations are used in powders, pills, decoctions, alone and in combination with other substances as laxatives, mainly in chronic (habitual) constipation. They are well tolerated and do not cause disruption of the processes of absorption and normal activity of the small intestine. Resin contained in plants may have some irritating effect on the intestines. Usually drugs are prescribed for the night. After taking it, urine, sweat and milk turn yellow, turning into red when alkali is added.
Apply the following drugs manufactured by the industry.
Rhubarb powder Dose for adults - 0.5-2 g per reception. Children up to 2 years old - 0.1 g, 3-4 years old - 0.15 g, 5-6 years old - 0.2 g, 7-9 years old - 0.25 g, 10-14 years old - 0.5-1 g. Children under 1 year are not prescribed.
Rhubarb tablets - contain 0.3-0.5 g finely ground rhubarb root, doses similar to powders.
Dry rhubarb extract. With water gives a cloudy acidic solution. Dose depending on age from 0.1 to 1-2 g per reception.
Tincture of rhubarb bitter. Prepared from rhizome and root powder (80 g), gentian root powder (20 g), calamus root powder (10 g) and 70% alcohol to obtain 1 liter of tincture. Applied with intestinal atony, flatulence and to improve digestion 1 / 2-1 teaspoon 2 times a day before meals.
Syrup is rhubarb. Ingredients: dry rhubarb extract 1.25 parts, alcohol 2 parts, water dill 3 parts, sugar syrup 94 parts. Applied as a mild laxative mainly in children's practice. Dose: 1 / 2-1 tsp.

Liquorice root

(licorice root), collected at different times of the year, the roots and underground shoots of wild-growing herb licorice. Included in the diuretic tea, powdered malolithic root. Get from the root and other drugs, including chest elixir (licorice) - composition: licorice root extract (60 parts), ammonia solution, anise oil, alcohol, water. Applied as expectorant for 20-30 drops several times a day, children are prescribed to receive as many drops as a child is years.

Potentilla Rhizome

(Kalgan) - contains a large amount of tannins, as well as resin, gum, pigment. Apply in the form of a decoction (1 tablespoon of crushed rhizomes per cup of boiling water) inside - 1 tablespoon 3 times a day for diarrhea, for rinsing - stomatitis, gingivitis, tonsillitis.

Rhizome with burnet roots

collected in the fall, well washed, dried rhizomes of the burnet drug. Apply broths and liquid extract (70% alcohol) as an astringent and styptic for diarrhea, hemoptysis, and sometimes for uterine bleeding. One tablespoon of the cut root is poured with a glass of boiling water, boiled for 30 minutes, cooled, filtered, and 1 tablespoon is drunk 5-6 times a day or 30-50 drops (extract) 3-4 times a day.

Corn silk

stiles with bars collected during the ripening period of corn cobs. Applied as a choleretic and diuretic. When taken, there is an increase in bile secretion, a decrease in its viscosity and bilirubin content, an increase in prothrombin in the blood and an acceleration of its coagulation. Therefore, along with the preparations of vitamin K is used as a styptic (mainly with hypoprothrombinemia). To prepare the broth, take 10 g of corn stigmas, grind them, pour 1.5 cups of cold water and boil for 30 minutes over low heat in a closed enamel bowl. Broth cool, filter. Take 1-3 tablespoons every 3-4 hours

L

Levomycetin

is a broad-spectrum antibiotic, acts on strains resistant to penicillin, streptomycin, sulfonamides. Practically does not affect acid-resistant bacteria, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, protozoa, anaerobes. It is easily absorbed by the gastrointestinal tract, the maximum concentration in the blood is created 2-4 hours after ingestion. Contraindicated in the oppression of hematopoiesis, psoriasis, eczema, fungal and other skin diseases, as well as in case of hypersensitivity to this drug. Form release: powder, tablets, capsules, suppositories, ointment.

Lysol

made from technically pure cresol and green potash soap. Apply to disinfect the skin.

Lysoform

formaldehyde soap solution. Ingredients: formalin 40 parts, potash soap 40 parts, alcohol 20 parts. It has a disinfecting and deodorizing effect. Used for douching in gynecological practice, for disinfecting hands (1-3% solutions).

Licorina Hydrochloride

has an expectorant effect. Strengthens the secretion of bronchial glands, dilutes sputum, reduces spasms of the bronchial muscles. In high doses causes vomiting. Used as an expectorant for chronic and acute inflammatory processes in the lungs and bronchi, asthma, etc. Contraindicated in open forms of tuberculosis (as well as other emetic and expectorant drugs) of the lungs and other diseases with a tendency to pulmonary hemorrhage, in organic diseases of the central nervous system , cardiovascular system, gastric and duodenal ulcers, lesions of the esophagus with a tendency to bleeding. Ipecaca root (emetic root) is the root of a tropical shrub of the Madder family. The main active principle is emetine alkaloid. Drugs in large doses have an emetic effect associated with stimulation of receptors in the gastric mucosa. In small doses - expectorant effect, as well as other emetics. Apply in the form of infusion, tincture, syrup, powder.

Coltsfoot leaf

The leaves are harvested in the first half of summer, they contain glycoside, insulin, essential oil, tannins, mucous membranes and other substances. 1 tablespoon pour a glass of boiling water, insist 10 minutes, cool, strain. Drink 1 tablespoon 3-4 times a day as expectorant.

Ortosiphon sheet

tropical perennial plants. Orthophyphon leaves, called kidney tea, have a moderate diuretic effect. Applied with circulatory failure and impaired renal function. The infusion should be prepared daily: 3-3.5 g of leaves brewed with a glass of boiling water and infused for 30 minutes. Filter, add boiled water to the original volume. Take in the form of heat for half a cup 20-30 minutes before meals 2 times a day. Infusion is also taken with cholecystitis, a beneficial effect is associated with moderate antispasmodic action.

Senna leaf

Separate leaves of cultivated shrubs of Norway cassia and narrow-leaved cassia. Contains emodin, chrysophane acid. The laxative effect is similar to that of rhubarb preparations. Well tolerated, due to the low content of resinous substances does not irritate the intestines. Relief occurs in 6-10 hours. The following senna preparations are used:
Water infusion of 5-10 g of senna per 100 ml of water, is prescribed 1 tablespoon 1-2-3 times a day.
Viennese drink (senna complex infusion). It is obtained from cut senine leaves (10 parts), sodium-potassium-tartrate (10 part salt), purified honey (10 parts), 95% alcohol (10 parts), boiling water (75 parts). Dark brown liquid honey smell, sweet-salty taste. Assign adults to 1-3 tablespoons at the reception, children 2-4 years - 1 teaspoon, 5-7 years - 1 dessert spoon, 8-14 years - 1 dessert - 1 tablespoon.

Bearberry leaf

(bear's ear) - perennial shrubs from the heather family. Infusion or decoction is used internally as a diuretic and disinfectant for inflammatory diseases of the bladder and urinary tract. 1 tablespoon 5-6 times a day, a 6 year old child - 1 dessert spoon 4 times a day

Sage leaf

collected during the summer, dried leaves of cultivated medicinal sage. Contains tannins and essential oil. Apply in the form of gargles as an astringent and anti-inflammatory agent for diseases of the oral cavity, pharynx, pharynx, larynx.

Eucalyptus leaf

dried leaves of cultivated eucalyptus trees. Contains essential oil, organic acids, tannins and other substances. The broth is prepared from the calculation: 10 g of leaves is poured with a glass of cold water and boiled on low heat for 15 minutes, cooled, filtered. For rinsing in diseases of the upper respiratory tract, for the treatment of fresh and infected wounds, inflammatory diseases of the female genital organs (lotions, lavage) and inhalation: 1 tablespoon per cup of water. Eucalyptus tincture - inside as an anti-inflammatory and antiseptic, sometimes as a soothing 10-15 drops per cup of water. Eucalyptus oil, the testimony is the same, 10-15 drops per glass of water.

M

Magnesia white

(magnesium carbonate basic) - white light powder, practically insoluble in water. As a mild laxative, adults are prescribed for 1-3 g, for children under one year - by 0.5 g, from 6 to 12 years old - by 1-2 g per reception, 2-3 times a day.
White magnesia is also used externally as a powder and inside - with increased acidity of the gastric juice.

Magnesia burnt

magnesium oxide) - a small, light, white powder, practically insoluble in water. With the introduction of the stomach neutralizes hydrochloric acid. It is applied inside (0.25-0.5 - 1 g) with increased acidity of gastric juice and acid poisoning. As a mild laxative - 3-5 g per reception.

Magnesium sulfate

(English salt, bitter salt) - colorless crystals, weathered in dry, warm air, soluble in 1 part of water. As a laxative prescribed inside (overnight or on an empty stomach - half an hour before meals), adults 10-30 g in half a glass of water, children at the rate of 1 g per 1 year of life. For chronic constipation, enemas can be used (100 ml 20-30%). In case of poisoning with soluble barium salts, the stomach is washed with a 1% solution of magnesium sulfate or 20-25 g is given inside in a glass of water. In case of mercury poisoning with arsenic, intravenous administration is used (5-10 ml of 5-10% solution).
Magnesium sulfate also has a choleretic effect: 1 tablespoon of a 20-25% solution 3 times a day. Magnesium sulfate has a calming effect on the central nervous system (a sedative, hypnotic or narcotic effect is observed depending on the dose), use it as an anticonvulsant, antispasmodic, in the treatment of hypertension (mainly in the early stages) with a course of treatment 15-20 injections daily. Along with a decrease in blood pressure, there may be a decrease in the effects of angina pectoris. Systematic ingestion of small doses (1-2 g per half glass of water on an empty stomach) also sometimes helps to improve the condition of patients and somewhat slows down the development of atherosclerosis. In hypertensive crises, intramuscular or intravenous (slow) doses of 10–20 ml of a 20–25% solution of magnesium sulfate are injected.

Magnesium trisilicate

white powder odorless and tasteless. Used as an adsorbing and coating agent - with high acidity, with other diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. When entering the stomach enters a jelly-like state and neutralizes the hydrochloric acid solution of gastric juice. The drug is non-toxic and well tolerated, laxative effect is possible. Assign 0.5-1 g per reception 2-3 times a day.

Autolithic ointment

Ingredients: engine oil or autol 85 parts, stearin 12 parts, zinc oxide 3 parts. Used in the treatment of ulcers, wounds, burns and as a basis for other ointments.

Wilkinson ointment

liquid tar 15 parts, calcium carbonate (chalk precipitated) 10 parts, purified sulfur 15 parts, naphthalan ointment 30 parts, green soap 30 parts, water 4 parts. Applied externally as an antiseptic for scabies and fungal skin diseases.

Konkov's ointment

composition: ethacridine 0.3 g, fish oil 33.5 g, bee honey 62 g, birch tar 3 g, distilled water 1.2 g

Naphthalene ointment

complex mixture of hydrocarbons and resins - naphthalan oil (70 parts) and paraffin (18 parts) with petrolatum (12 parts). Naftalan oil and its preparations, when exposed to the skin and mucous membranes, have a softening, absorbing, disinfecting and some analgesic effect. Applied externally to various skin diseases, inflammation of the joints and muscles (arthritis, myalgia, etc.), neuritis, neuralgia, radiculitis, burns, ulcers, bedsores. Assign alone or in combination with other drugs in the form of ointments, pastes, candles. Naftalan emulsion is also used for douching, compresses, tampons, baths.

Frosting ointment

Ingredients: tincture of chilli pepper, formic alcohol, ammonia solution, camphor oil and castor oil, lanolin, lard, vaseline, green soap. Applied for the prevention of frostbite. Rub in a thin layer in the open parts of the body

Mercury Ointment White

used as an antiseptic and anti-inflammatory for skin diseases (pyoderma, etc.).

Formaldehyde ointment

white with a faint odor of formalin and perfume. Apply with excessive sweating, rubbed into the armpits once a day, in the interdigital folds.

Zinc Ointment

composition: zinc oxide 1 part, vaseline 9 parts.

Erythromycin Ointment

for the treatment of pustular diseases, skin, infected wounds, pressure sores, burns, trophic ulcers. Ointment is usually well tolerated. Apply to the affected parts daily for a course of 1-3 months.

Anise oil

contains 80% anethole, anisic acid and other substances. Apply as an expectorant, 2-3 drops per reception.

Vaseline oil

(liquid paraffin) is a refined fraction of oil obtained after the distillation of kerosene. Colorless oily liquid without color and odor. Assign for chronic constipation 1-2 tablespoons per day. Prolonged use of vaseline oil can cause indigestion. Vaseline oil, ingested, can pass through the anal sphincter and cause contamination of the laundry. Viscous emulsions are therefore more convenient for use.

Castor oil

fatty oil obtained by pressing and subsequent purification from seeds of cultivated castor. Widely used as a laxative. The mechanism of its action on the gastrointestinal canal is that, after ingestion, is cleaved by lipase in the contents of the small intestine to form ricinoleic acid. It causes irritation of the intestinal receptors (along its entire length) and the reflex enhancement of intestinal contractions. Defecation usually occurs within 5-6 hours. When taking castor oil there is also a reduction in the muscles of the uterus. As a laxative, castor oil is prescribed for 15-30 g for adults and 5-10-15 g for children (1 teaspoon, dessert or tablespoon) for an appointment. The use of castor oil as a laxative is contraindicated in the formulations with fat-soluble substances (phosphorus, benzene, etc.), as well as extract of male fern.

Turpentine oil

(turpentine refined) - the essential oil obtained by distillation of the resin from ordinary pine. It has a local irritant, analgesic and antiseptic effect. Applied externally in ointments and liniment for grinding with neuralgia, myositis, rheumatism, sometimes inside and for inhalation with putrid bronchitis, bronchiectasis and other lung diseases. Contraindicated in lesions of the liver and kidney parenchyma.

Copper sulfate

(bluestone, copper sulphate), blue crystals, easily soluble in water. Used as an antiseptic with conjunctivitis, for washing with urethritis and vaginitis (0.25%). When skin burns with phosphorus, the burned area is abundantly moistened with a 5% solution of copper sulfate. In case of poisoning with white phosphorus, taken orally, 0.3-0.5 g of copper sulphate is prescribed for 1/2 cup of warm water and gastric lavage with a 0.1% solution.

Menthol

colorless crystals with a strong mint smell and a cooling taste. Receive from mint oil, and also in the synthetic way. When rubbed into the skin and applied to the mucous membranes causes irritation of the nerve endings, accompanied by a feeling of mild cold, burning, tingling, has a local anesthetic effect. Externally used as a sedative and anesthetic for neuralgia, arthralgia (rubbing alcohol solution, oil mist, ointments). When migraine is used in the form of menthol pencils. In inflammatory diseases of the upper respiratory tract (runny nose, pharyngitis, laryngitis, etc.), menthol is used for lubrication and inhalation, as well as in the form of nasal drops. Menthol lubrication of the nasopharynx is contraindicated in young children because of possible reflex depression and respiratory depression. Menthol is an integral part of Zelenin drops.

Methylene blue

soluble in water (1:30), it is difficult to alcohol, the aqueous solution has a blue color. Applied externally for burns, pyoderma, folliculitis, etc. In case of cystitis, urethritis is washed with aqueous solutions (0.02%). Methylene blue solutions are injected into a vein with cyanide poisoning, carbon monoxide, hydrogen sulfide.

Microplast

1% solution of chloramphenicol in kolloplast (5% solution of castor oil in collodion). Used to treat minor injuries (abrasions, scratches, cracks, scuffs, etc.). After cleaning the skin around the wound with a swab moistened with an antiseptic, a layer of the drug is applied to the wound and the surrounding skin, and another 2 layers are applied to the film formed after drying. For minor bleeding, cover the wound with a piece of cotton or gauze and put layers of microplate on top. The drug should not be used for extensive or severely bleeding wounds, expressed suppurations, burns.

Sea Kale

sugary kelp, sea kelp, is found in the form of mass thickets along the Far Eastern coast, White and Black seas. Contains iodide and methyl salts. For medical purposes, available in powder form. Apply mainly as a laxative for chronic atonic constipation. The laxative effect is associated with the ability of the drug to swell strongly and, increasing in volume, cause irritation of the receptors of the intestinal mucosa. In connection with the content of iodine salts, seaweed is shown as a laxative for chronic constipation in people with symptoms of atherosclerosis. Assign 1/2 teaspoon once a day. With long-term use and increased sensitivity may occur iodism. Contraindicated in nephritis, hemorrhagic diathesis and other conditions in which iodine preparations are undesirable.

Peppermint

cultivated perennial peppermint plant, contains essential oil, which includes menthol.
Infusion of peppermint leaves (5 g per 200 ml of water) is used internally against nausea and as a choleretic.
Peppermint oil is obtained from leaves and other terrestrial parts of the plant, contains 50% menthol, about 9% menthol ester with acetic and valeric acids. Included in rinses, toothpastes, powders as a refreshing and antiseptic. Corvalol "(" Valocordin "). Calming and antispasmodic action associated with the presence of menthol.

Mint drops

consist of tincture of alcohol mint leaves and peppermint oil. Apply by mouth for 10-15 drops per reception as a remedy for nausea, vomiting, pain killer for neuralgic pains.

H

Tincture of calendula

spirit tincture of flowers and marigold flower baskets. Apply with cuts, purulent wounds, burns, for rinsing with sore throat (1 teaspoon per glass of water). Inside is also taken as a choleretic agent (10-20 drops per reception).

Tincture Sophora Japanese

used for purulent inflammatory processes (wounds, burns, trophic ulcers) in the form of irrigation, washing, for wet dressings.

Garlic tincture

used mainly to suppress the processes of decay and fermentation in the intestine, with intestinal atony and colitis, also prescribed for hypertension and atherosclerosis. Is taken orally by 10-20 drops (adults) 2-3 times a day before meals.

Sodium borate

(borax, sodium borate), colorless crystalline powder. Applied externally as an antiseptic for douching, rinsing, lubrication.

Bicarmint, tablets containing sodium borate 0.4 g, sodium bicarbonate 0.4 g, sodium chloride 0.2 g, menthol 0.004 g. Applied externally as an antiseptic and anti-inflammatory agent for rinsing, rinsing, inhalation during inflammatory processes of the upper respiratory tract. Dissolve 1-2 tablets in 1/2 glass of water.

Sodium Sulphate

Glauber's salt), crystals of bitter and salty taste, soluble in 3 parts of water. Dose for adults - 15-30 g per reception, for children - at the rate of 1 g per 1 year of life. Take on an empty stomach. Sodium sulfate, like other salt laxatives, is indicated in food poisoning, as it not only cleanses the intestines, but also delays the absorption of the poison and its entry into the blood.

Sodium usninat

sodium solusnic acid, isolated from lichen. It is an antibacterial agent. Assign in the form of a 1% water-alcohol or 0.5% oil solution (in castor oil), as well as in the form of a solution in glycerin, fir balsam. Solutions richly lubricate gauze bandages that are applied to the affected skin surface. When powdering wounds with powder, they consume 0.1–0.2 g per wound measuring about 16 sq. Cm.

Ammoniac anisic drops

Ingredients: anise oil, ammonia solution, alcohol. Apply inside as expectorant, especially for bronchitis. Doses for adults 515 drops 3-4 times a day, for children under 1 year old, 1-2 drops, 2 years - 2 drops, 3 years - 3 drops, that is, the number of drops corresponds to the number of years.

Ammonia

(ammonia solution), 10% ammonia solution in water. Transparent colorless liquid with a strong ammonia odor. Applied in surgery for washing hands and for inhalation during fainting and intoxication with alcoholic beverages.

Neoanzole

candles, composition: bismuth nitrate, iodine, tannin, zinc oxide, resorcinol, methylene blue, fatty basis. Apply with cracks and hemorrhoids of the anus.

Nystatin

levorin - antibiotics antibiotics. They suppress the growth of fungi, in particular, yeast-like Candida, which often develop on the mucous membranes, skin and internal organs when using antibiotics, especially tetracyclines, as a result of their inhibition of the normal microbial flora of the body (intestinal

Norsulfazole

used for pneumonia, cerebral meningitis, gonorrhea, staphylococcal and streptococcal sepsis and other infectious diseases. It is easily absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and is rapidly excreted from the body through urine. Higher doses for adults - single 2 g, daily 7 g. When using norsulfazol, it is recommended to maintain enhanced diuresis: administration of 1-2 liters of liquid per day, after each dose of the drug, drink 1 cup of water with 1/2 tsp of soda ( sodium bicarbonate) or Borjomi glass

ABOUT

Ozokerite

black waxy mass, fossil substance of petroleum origin. Contains ceresin, paraffin, mineral oils, resins and other substances. Used as a tool with high heat capacity and low thermal conductivity, for the treatment of heat with neuritis, neuralgia and other diseases. They are prescribed in the form of compresses (gauze pads, impregnated with ozokerite, temperature 4550 ° C, covered with wax paper, oilcloth, cotton wool) and lozenges (melted ozokerite, poured into a cuvette and cooled to a temperature of 45-50 ° C). Compress or pellet impose on 40-60 minutes. The course of treatment consists of 15-20 procedures that are carried out daily or every other day. Ozocerite is heated in a water bath. Sterilized by heating at 100 ° C for 30-40 minutes.

P

Pantotsid

release form - tablets, each containing 3 mg of active chlorine. Used for disinfecting hands (1-1.5% solutions), douching and treating wounds (0.10.5%), for disinfecting water (1-2 tablets at 0, 5-0,75 l of water), which occurs within 15 minutes.

Paraffin solid

(ceresin) - a mixture of solid hydrocarbons produced in the processing of oil and shale oil. White semi-translucent mass, slightly oily to the touch. Melting point 50-57c. Apply as a basis for ointments. Due to the high heat capacity and low thermal conductivity, paraffin is used to treat heat with neuralgia, neuritis, etc. Ozokerite is used for the same purpose. Prescribe compresses soaked in melted paraffin wax or paraffin.

Paracetamol

it is chemically close to phenacetin, it does not differ significantly from it in its analgesic activity, however, it is not so toxic and, if it is used, the possibility of formation of methemoglobin is less likely. In this regard, it is becoming more widely used both independently and in combination with other drugs - amidopyrine, caffeine and so on. Dose for adults: 0.2-0.5 g per reception (single), daily - 1.5 g. Children aged 6 to 12 months at 0.025 g-0.05 g, 2-5 years at 0, 1-0.15 g, 6-12 years, 0.15-0.25 g, 2-3 times a day.

Pasta lassara

contains: salicylic acid 2 parts, zinc oxide and starch in 25 parts, vaseline 48 parts.

Pasta teymurova

contains boric and salicylic acid, zinc oxide, formalin, lead acetate, talc, glycerin, peppermint oil. Used as a disinfectant, drying and deodorizing agent for sweating, diaper rash.

Pektol

tablets containing 0.01 g of Thermopsis extract, opium, sodium bicarbonate, licorice powder and anise oil. Used as an expectorant and sedative cough remedy 1 tablet 2-3 times a day (adults).

Pectusin

tablets, according to the composition: menthol, eucalyptus oil, sugar, other fillers. Applied with inflammatory diseases of the upper respiratory tract. Hold in your mouth until complete resorption.

Penicillin

antibiotic produced by various types of mold fungus. The phenomenon of antagonism of mold to Staphylococcus aureus was discovered by Fleming. Pure penicillin evicted from the culture fluid is chemically a compound consisting of two amino acids, i.e. on the chemical structure is an acid and from it can be obtained various salts (sodium, potassium, etc.). Benzylpenicillin (benzylpenicillin sodium salt) is the most active, a number of compounds are obtained by chemical means more stable and superior to him in the spectrum of action.

A characteristic feature of penicillin preparations is that they have a bactericidal effect on microbes that are in the growth stage — young growing microorganisms are more sensitive to penicillin than old ones. The drugs are ineffective against viruses (influenza, poliomyelitis, smallpox), Mycobacterium tuberculosis, but have a very high chemotherapeutic activity for many cocci - strepto-stafilo-pevmo and others. And the protein medium (blood, pus) does not prevent the development of the antibacterial effect of penicillins (unlike sulfonamides), i.e. against pyogenic cocci. Therefore, penicillin is most successfully used in the treatment of sepsis, phlegmon, pneumonia, abscesses, peritonitis, meningitis.

Penicillin is secreted mainly by the kidneys, part of it is destroyed in the liver. Complications in the treatment of them are relatively rare, since it has low toxicity. But when using drugs of insufficient quality, headache, urticaria, fever are possible. Allergic reactions in recent times increase, described cases of anaphylactic shock with a fatal outcome. Therefore, repeated treatment with penicillin should always be carried out with caution. In the case of a pronounced allergic reaction, adrenaline, antihistamine preparations (diphenhydramine, diprazine), calcium chloride are used. Enzyme preparation is used penicillinase. In severe allergic reactions, prednisone or other glucocorticosteroids are prescribed. Due to the possibility of the appearance of fungal infections of the mucous membranes and skin (due to the suppression of the normal intestinal flora), especially in newborns, the elderly, weakened, it is advisable to prescribe in the treatment of penicillin B vitamins, C, and if necessary, nystatin.

Hydrogen peroxide (perhydrol)

Two drugs are being produced, representing a solution of hydrogen peroxide in water: a solution of hydrogen peroxide 3% and a solution of hydrogen peroxide 27.5-31% (concentrated). Both drugs are clear, colorless liquids with a faint, peculiar odor. In contact with organic substances and alkalis, hydrogen peroxide decomposes with the release of gaseous oxygen, which has antiseptic properties and promotes mechanical cleaning of tissues. It is used as an antiseptic for rinsing and rinsing in case of sore throat, stomatitis, otitis, and also when treating wounds in solutions at the rate of 1 teaspoon or 1 tablespoon of 3% solution per cup of water.

Pertussin

Ingredients: extract of thyme or thyme, potassium bromide, sugar syrup, alcohol. Used as an expectorant and emollient cough remedy for bronchitis and other diseases of the upper respiratory tract, also given to children with whooping cough. Dose for adults - 1 tablespoon, for children - from 1/2 tea to 1 dessert 3 times a day.

Bactericidal plaster

impregnated with antibacterial substances: syntomycin, furatsilinom, brilliant green. Applied as an antiseptic dressing for small wounds, burns, cuts, trophic ulcers. Sintomitsin is also included in the antiseptic biological candles and ointment "Fastin".

Pepper plaster

a mass containing extract of chilli pepper, belladonna, arnica tincture, natural rubber, pine rosin, lanolin, liquid paraffin, applied on a piece of cotton fabric. Used as an anesthetic for radiculitis, neuralgia, myositis, etc. Before applying the patch, degrease the skin with alcohol, cologne, ether, and wipe dry. The patch is not removed within 2 days, if you do not feel a strong burning sensation. When irritation is removed, the skin is smeared with vaseline.

Lead plaster simple

contains equal amounts of a mixture of lead oxide, pig fat and sunflower oil with the addition of water to form a plastic mass. Apply with purulent-inflammatory processes of the skin, boils, carbuncles.

Anise fruit

mature fruits of cultivated annual herb of anise, contain essential oil (anethole), fatty oils, and other substances. Used as an expectorant and laxative. 1 teaspoon of fruit brewed as tea in a glass of boiling water, insist 20 minutes, filtered, drink 1/4 cup 3-4 times a day half an hour before meals.

Zhostera fruit

harvested in late autumn in the mature state and dried fruits of the wild-growing bushes of the jostera laxative from the rush family. It grows mainly in Ukraine and in Bashkiria. Acts like buckthorn. Apply in the form of a decoction and infusion: 1 tablespoon of Zhoster is brewed in a glass of boiling water, infused for 2 hours, filtered, taken for the night for half a cup. Included in the laxative tea.

Paprika fruit

ripe dried fruit peppers. Tincture of chilli pepper - used externally with neuralgia, radiculitis, myositis for grinding.

Fennel Fruit

fruit Voloshsky or pharmacy fennel. Apply with flatulence in the form of dill water, as well as an expectorant.

Cherry fruit

contains tannins, malic and citric acids, sugar and other substances. Apply in the form of a decoction or infusion as blueberries.

Blueberry fruit

ripe berries of the cowberry family, contain tannins, malic and citric acids, sugar, coloring matter (anthocyanin). Used as an astringent in the form of infusion or decoction (1-2 teaspoons per cup of boiling water) or in the form of blueberry jelly with diarrhea.

Licorice powder complex

Ingredients: senna leaves 20 parts, licorice root 20 parts, fruits of fennel 10 parts, sulfur purified 10 parts, sugar powder 40 parts. Assign as a lung laxative to adults (especially with hemorrhoids) 1-2 teaspoons, children 1 / 4-1 / 2 teaspoons 1-2-3 times a day. Stir in water before taking. Keep in well-sealed jars of orange glass in a dry, dark place.

Drug ADD

derived from animal tissue. The action is similar to tar, but has a less dramatic effect on the skin. Used in the treatment of eczema, in the early hours can cause itching and burning.

Bismuth preparations

used as an astringent and partly antiseptic for gastrointestinal diseases, externally for inflammatory skin diseases (ointments, powders). Vikalin, tablets containing bismuth nitrate - anti-acid, moderately laxative effect. Vikair (Rother) - indications, doses, method of use are the same as Vikalin: 1-2 tablets after meals with 1/2 cup of warm water 3 times a day, treatment course is 1-3 months, you must follow a diet. Bisal - used as an anesthetic, astringent, antiseptic for enteritis and colitis 1 tablet 2-3 times a day.

Purgen

Phenolphthalein tablets, contain 0.1 g of it. Assign adults 1 tablet, children - 1/2 tablets 1-3 times a day.

R

Ramnil

dry standardized drug buckthorn bark. Available in the form of powder, tablets of 0.2 g. The action does not differ from other preparations of buckthorn. Take 1 tablet at bedtime.

Ammonia solution

(ammonia), a clear, colorless volatile liquid with a sharp characteristic odor - 10% ammonia solution in water. It penetrates easily into tissues, exerting a stimulating effect on the central nervous system (breathing becomes faster, blood pressure rises). In high concentrations can cause respiratory failure. Apply to remove the patient from fainting, for which carefully bring a small piece of cotton wool dipped in liquid ammonia, to the nasal openings. Inhalation of it, acting on the receptors of the upper respiratory tract (the end of the trigeminal nerve), has a stimulating effect on the respiratory center (stimulates breathing). Apply inside (2-3 drops) on a half glass of water for acute alcohol poisoning. The solution also has an antimicrobial effect and cleans the skin well.

Lugol solution

Iodine in an aqueous solution of potassium iodide - composition: iodine 1 part, potassium iodide 2 parts, water 17 parts. Lugol solution with glycerin - composition: iodine 1 part, potassium iodide 2 parts, glycerin 94 parts, water 3 parts. Apply to lubricate the mucous membranes of the pharynx, larynx.

Resorcin

used for skin diseases (eczema, seborrhea, itching, fungal diseases) externally in the form of solutions (water and alcohol) and ointments.

Rivanol

(ethacridine lactate), a yellow crystalline powder of a bitter taste, odorless. Slightly soluble in cold water, alcohol, aqueous solutions in the light of unstable, become brown. Use should be freshly prepared solutions. They have an antimicrobial effect, mainly for infections caused by cocci, especially streptococci. The drug is slightly toxic, does not cause tissue irritation. Applied as an external preventive and therapeutic agent in surgery, gynecology, urology, ophthalmology, otolaryngology. For the treatment of fresh and infected wounds, water solutions of 0.05% are used, for washing the pleural and abdominal cavities with purulent pleurisy and peritonitis, and also for purulent arthritis and cystitis - 0.5-0.1%. When boils, carbuncles, abscesses appoint 0.1-0.2% solutions in the form of lotions, tampons. For washing the uterus in the postpartum period use 0.1% solution, with cocci conjunctivitis - 0.1% in the form of eye drops. When inflammation of the mucous membranes of the mouth, throat, nose - rinsing with a 0.1% solution or lubrication with a 1% solution. In dermatology, apply different concentrations of ointments, powders, pastes.

WITH

Aloes

evaporated juice flowing from cut leaves of various types of aloe. Apply as a laxative agent. For splitting of the sabur, the presence of bile in the intestine is necessary, therefore it should not be taken with diseases of the liver and gallbladder. The laxative effect is associated with a predominant effect on the large intestine and occurs in 8-10 hours. Assign inside mainly for chronic (habitual) constipation - powders and pills of 0.03-0.2 g per reception, tincture of 10-20 drops per reception, often in combination with rhubarb preparations and other medicines. Contraindicated (due to a rush of blood to the pelvic organs) during pregnancy, menstruation, cystitis, hemorrhoids.

Lead Acetate

colorless transparent crystals with a faint acetic odor. Apply externally in the form of aqueous solutions - lead water, lead lotion (2 parts of lead acetate, 98 parts of water) in inflammatory diseases of the skin, mucous membranes. Store in a well-sealed banks, as the drug decomposes under the influence of carbon dioxide ..

Silver nitrate

(lapis) - in small concentrations has an astringent and anti-inflammatory effect, in stronger solutions it cauterizes the tissue, is bactericidal. Applied externally with erosion, ulcers, excessive granulation, acute conjunctivitis. In chronic gastritis, it is prescribed orally as a solution or pills. To prevent blistering, a 2% solution of silver nitrate is instilled into the eyes of the newborn immediately after birth.

Sintomitsin

its active principle is chloramphenicol. Complications of use are similar to chloramphenicol, in addition there are complications from the nervous system in the form of arousal, fear and other disorders

Salt Karlovy Vary artificial

Ingredients: sodium sulfate (22 parts), sodium bicarbonate (18 parts), sodium chloride (9 parts), potassium sulfate (1 part). White dry powder, soluble in water, serves as a substitute for the natural Karlovy Vary geyser salt. Applied as a laxative and choleretic agent. Dose for adults as a laxative: 1 tablespoon, children (2-6 years) and 1 teaspoon in 1/2 cup water at room temperature, drink on an empty stomach. As a choleretic 1 teaspoonful in a glass of warm water (4045c), take 30-45 minutes before a meal. Before use, the contents of the package (jars) are thoroughly mixed.

Boric alcohol

contains 0.5-5 g of boric acid, ethyl alcohol 70%. Apply in the form of ear drops 3-4 drops 2-3 times a day.

Ethanol

(wine alcohol), on pharmacological properties refer to narcotic substances. Influencing the cerebral cortex, it causes a characteristic alcoholic arousal associated with the weakening of the processes of inhibition. In medical practice, used primarily as an external antiseptic and irritant for wiping, compresses, etc. Intravenous sometimes administered with gangrene and lung abscess in sterile isotonic solution. Ethyl alcohol is widely used for the manufacture of tinctures, extracts and dosage forms for external use.

Streptomycin

and its derivatives are used in various diseases caused by bacteria susceptible to them (peritonitis, pneumonia, urinary tract infections, etc.), but it is most common as an anti-tuberculosis drug. When treating streptomycin (and its derivatives), various toxic and allergic phenomena can be observed: dizziness, headache, diarrhea. The most serious complication is the defeat of the VIII pair of cranial nerves and the associated vestibular disorders, hearing impairments, with long-term use in large doses deafness may develop. Therefore, treatment should be carried out under close medical supervision, prior to treatment and during it, systematically investigate the function of the cranial nerves, vestibular and hearing aids, monitor kidney function, blood count.

Streptocid

one of the first chemotherapeutic drugs of the sulfonamide group. With the introduction of the body is rapidly absorbed, the highest concentration in the blood is detected in 1-2 hours, after 4 hours is detected in the cerebrospinal fluid. Used in the treatment of epidemic cerebrospinal meningitis, erysipelas, tonsillitis, cystitis, pyelitis, for the prevention and treatment of wound infections. The highest racial dose for adults inside: 0.5-1 g, daily C-b. When taking a streptocide, headache, nausea, vomiting are sometimes noted, and complications are possible with the hematopoietic system, the nervous and cardiovascular systems. Recently, instead of a streptocide, it is increasingly used etazol, sulfadimezin and other more effective sulfonamides, causing fewer side effects.
Locally, streptocid is used to treat purulent wounds, fissures, ulcers, burns in the form of powder, streptocid ointment, liniment. In cases of acute cold, powder (mixed with norsulfazole, penicillin, ephedrine) is blown into the nasal cavity using a special powder blower or is drawn into the nose during inhalation.

Sulema

(mercury dichloride), a heavy white powder, is a very active antiseptic and highly toxic. When working with him need to be very careful.
Do not allow the ingestion of the drug and its solutions in the oral cavity, mucous membranes and skin. Solutions can be absorbed and cause poisoning. Apply mercury dichloride in solutions (1: 1000 - 2: 1000) to disinfect linen, clothes, to wash walls, items for patient care, to disinfect skin. Use also in the treatment of skin diseases.

Sulsen

contains about 55% selenium and 45% sulfur. Applied in the treatment of seborrhea of ​​the scalp.

Sulsen soap

contains 2.5% sulsen, the same sulsen paste mixed with a special foaming base. Apply sulsenovy soap or paste after usual washing of the head. Then wet hair is washed with sulsen soap and carefully rubbed into scalp. 2-3 g of soap are used for washing (one bar of soap for 8-10 procedures). The foam is left on the hair for 5-10 minutes, after which it is thoroughly washed off with warm water (no higher than 40 ° C) and the hair is wiped dry. Tuba with sulsenovy paste is calculated on 6-8 procedures, one teaspoon on reception. Sulsen preparations are used once a week (for oily seborrhea in the first 2 weeks, twice a week) for 1-1.5 months. With relapse, repeat the treatment. Foam and washable water should not fall into the eyes. After the procedure, wash your hands thoroughly with warm water. Sulsen soap should be stored in a tight package that protects from the action of light.

Berberine sulfate

Berberine alkaloid is found in the leaves of barberry and a number of other plants (buttercups, rut ones, etc.). Berberine has various pharmacological properties: lowers blood pressure, slows heart activity, causes a contraction of the uterus, enhances the separation of bile. Alcohol tincture of the leaves of barberry is taken orally by 30-40 drops, berberine sulfate 5-10 mg (1-2 tablets. 3 times a day before meals.

T

Mint tablets

used as a sedative and antispasmodic for nausea, vomiting, smooth muscle spasms, 1-2 tablets per reception under the tongue.

Talc

magnesium silicate, a very fine white or slightly grayish powder, almost insoluble in water. Apply for powders (baby powder), as well as for the preparation of pastes and tablets.

Tannin

gallodubic acid, obtained from ink nut, growths of the Asian oak of the sumach family. Powder astringent taste. Aqueous solutions form precipitates with alkaloids, proteins, salts of heavy metals. Used as an astringent and anti-inflammatory agent. For rinsing the mouth, nose, larynx, throat, mouth, use 1-2% aqueous solution and lubrication with 5-10% solution for burns, cracks, ulcers, bedsores. Included in the antiseptic liquid Novikov

Tetracycline

substances of this series were obtained as a result of systematic testing of a huge number of soil samples for the content of microorganisms capable of producing antibiotics. Chemically, tetracycline - “base” is characterized by the fact that it contains a condensed four-cyclic (tetra) system in the molecule. Other drugs in this group have a similar structure. They turned out to be active not only against many cocci, but also against rickettsia, brucella, some large viruses, as well as the simplest (amoebae, trichomonads). Thus, penicillin and many other antibiotics are superior in latitude to the spectrum. After ingestion, tetracyclines appear in the blood after 1 hour, then their concentration reaches a maximum level within 2-6 hours, after which it gradually decreases. They are distributed evenly in the body, but they penetrate into the cerebrospinal fluid in relatively small amounts. Excreted in the urine within 12-24 hours, mostly unchanged. In severe septic conditions, tetracycline can be prescribed together with penicillin, streptomycin and other antibiotics. The highest dose for adults a single - 0.5 g daily - 2 g.
Tetracyclines are usually well tolerated, but they can also cause side effects: loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, changes in the mucous membranes of the mouth and the gastrointestinal tract (glossitis, stomatitis, gastritis). Skin sensitivity to sunlight may increase. Prolonged use during the period of tooth formation (prescribed for children in the first months of life, as well as for women in the last 3 months of pregnancy) can cause dark yellow teeth. When treating with tetracycline, it is necessary to carefully monitor the patient's condition, with signs of increased sensitivity to it, take a break or switch to another group of antibiotics. For the prevention of side effects, the development of candidiasis (damage to the skin and mucous membrane), it is recommended to use vitamins (Vititclin tablets), antifungal agents (nystatin, levorin) at the same time, there are also special pills containing tetracycline along with nystatin. Tetracycline is contraindicated in dystrophic liver diseases, impaired renal function, caution is needed during pregnancy and hypersensitivity to it and related antibiotics.

Tetracycline ointment

used for skin diseases: acne, furunculosis, folliculitis, trophic ulcers, eczema, etc. Applied to the lesion 1-2 times a day or used as a dressing for 12-24 hours. The duration of treatment from several days to 2-3 weeks. In the event of itching, burning, redness of the skin, ointment treatment is stopped.

Hypericum grass

collected during flowering and dried herb of Hypericum perforatum, contains tannins, essential oils and other substances. It is used as an astringent and antiseptic for colitis (one tablespoon of grass should be poured with a glass of water, boiled for 10 minutes, allowed to cool, drain, take 1/2 cup 3 times a day for half an hour before meals), for rinsing gums (30-40 drops of alcohol tincture for 1/2 cup water), to lubricate the gums.

Grass wormwood

the ground parts collected during flowering (leaves and tops) of wormwood contain essential oils, vitamin C, tannins and other substances. Apply in the form of infusion, tincture, extract to stimulate appetite and enhance the activity of the digestive organs. Brew one teaspoon of chopped herb in 2 cups of boiling water, leave for 20 minutes, strain and drink 1/2 cup 3 times a day half an hour before meals, Wormwood Extract: 15-20 drops before a meal (half an hour), 3 times in a day.

Thermopsis herb

Mushatnika grass, collected at the very beginning of flowering before the formation of fruits. Wild-growing perennial plant, common in the Trans-Volga region, Siberia, Kazakhstan and other areas. The substances contained in it, including alkaloids (cytisine, pahicarpin, thermopsy, etc.) have a complex effect on the body - stimulate breathing, increase blood pressure, inhibit the nodes of the autonomic nervous system. The plant as a whole has an expectorant effect, in large doses - emetic. Partially replaces drugs ipecac. The highest dose for adults single-0.1 g, daily-0.3 g. Thermopsis extract dry-1 tablet 2-3 times a day.

Thyme herb

dried aerial parts of perennial shrubs. Distributed in Siberia, the European part, in the Caucasus. It contains tannic, bitter and other substances. Apply in the form of a decoction (1 tablespoon 2-3 times a day) as an expectorant, as well as painkiller for radiculitis, neuritis.

Have

Activated carbon

flavourless black powder and taste. Coal of animal or vegetable origin, specially treated and possessing in connection with this large surface capable of adsorbing gases, alkaloids, toxins. Apply with dyspepsia, flatulence, food poisoning with alcohol, salts of heavy metals, etc. In case of poisoning - 20-30 g per reception suspension in the water, with a suspension also produce gastric lavage. With increased acidity and flatulence 1-2 g (in water) inside 3-4 times a day.

Urzalin

essential oil derived from bear onions. Applied in the treatment of purulent wounds, ulcers, pressure sores and so on. 0.3% ointment on petroleum jelly is applied to gauze and applied to the damaged surface. The dressing is changed every 2-3 days.

Urosal

tablets containing 0.3 g of hexamethylenetetramine and phenyl salicylate.

Urotropin

(hexamethylenetetramine), colorless, odorless crystals, easily soluble in water. Aqueous solutions are alkaline. Applied mainly in infectious processes of the urinary tract (cystitis, pyelitis).
The action is based on the ability of the drug to decompose in an acidic environment with the formation of formaldehyde. Prescribe the drug on an empty stomach. The indications for its use are cholecystitis, cholangitis, allergic diseases of the skin, eyes (keratitis, iridocyclitis, etc.). The drug can cause irritation of the renal parenchyma, with these signs stop taking the drug.

F

Fastin

ointment containing furatsilin (2%), syntomycin, anestezin, lanolin, vaseline, stearin (fastin 1) or spermaceti (fastin 2), is used for burns of I-III degrees, purulent wounds, pyoderma. The ointment is applied on sterile gauze wipes and impose on the affected skin surface. Change the bandage after 7-10 days. With the accumulation of wound exudate, pain, bandage change before.

Phenacetin

used for neuralgic pains, especially headaches, inflammatory diseases. The highest dose of adults inside: 0.5 g (single), 1.5 g (daily). Take 2-3 times a day. Well tolerated, in some cases, possible allergic phenomena. In large doses, it can cause methemoglobinemia. Phenacetin is part of the combined pills - "Pirafen", "Adofen", "Analfen", "Dikafen", "Sedalgin" (the latter is used mainly as an analgesic and sedative, 1 tablet 2-3 times a day).

Phenol

carboxylic acid. It turns out at distillation of coal tar. Phenol pure, the solution has a strong bactericidal effect. Apply to disinfection of household and hospital items, tools, linen, discharge. For disinfection of premises used soap-carbol solution. In medical practice, phenol is used for some skin diseases (sycosis, etc.) and for inflammation of the middle ear (ear drops). Phenol has an irritating and cauterizing effect on the skin and mucous membranes, it is easily absorbed through them and can be toxic in large doses (dizziness, weakness, respiratory disorders, collapse).

Phenolphthalein

synthetic compound, white or slightly yellow crystalline powder. By the nature of the laxative effect has similarities with rhubarb preparations, also has a predominant effect on the large intestine. When alkaline feces stains them red. It is taken for chronic constipation. Dose for adults - 0.10.2 g per reception (up to 0.3 g per day), children 3-4 years old - 0.05 g, 5-6 years old - 0.1 g, 7-9 years. - 0.15 g, 10-14 years old - 0.15-0.2 g, children under 3 years old are not prescribed. Phenolphthalein should not be taken for a long time, it can be irritating to the kidneys.

Formaldehyde

(formalin), a clear, colorless liquid with a peculiar pungent odor. Used as a disinfectant and deodorizing agent for washing hands, washing the skin with excessive sweating (0.5-1%), for disinfecting instruments (0.5%), for douching (1: 2000 - 1: 3000). Included in the lysoform

Formidron

a liquid containing a solution of formaldehyde 10 parts, ethyl alcohol 95% 40 parts, water 50 parts, cologne 0.5 parts. Apply to wipe the skin with excessive sweating.

Phthalazole

slowly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract. The bulk is retained in the intestines, which is created by the high concentration of the drug in combination with its activity against the intestinal flora, which explain the specialization of phthalazole - intestinal infections. Differs low toxicity, combined with tetracycline and other antibiotics. Applied with dysentery (in acute and chronic cases in the acute stage), colitis, gastroenteritis. The highest dose for adults - 2 g (single), daily - 7 g. It is also advisable to administer well-absorbed sulfonamides (sulfadimezin, ethazole, norsulfazole, etc.) simultaneously with phthalazole.

Furacilin

antibacterial substance acting on various microbes (staphylococci, streptococci, dysenteric bacillus, paratyphoid bacillus, the causative agent of gas gangrene, etc.). Apply inside for the treatment of bacterial dysentery. Externally - for the treatment and prevention of inflammatory processes. In case of anaerobic infection (gas gangrene), in addition to the usual surgical intervention, the wound is treated with furacilin, in chronic purulent otitis media, furatsilin alcohol solution is used in the form of drops. In addition, the drug is used in boils of the external auditory canal and empyema of the paranasal sinuses. For washing the maxillary cavity and sinuses of the nose, an aqueous solution of furacilin is used. In conjunctivitis, an aqueous solution is also instilled in the eyes; in blepharitis, the edges of the eyelids are smeared with furacilin ointment.
Furaplast - the drug is used to treat abrasions, scratches, cracks, cuts and other minor injuries of the skin. Liquid light yellow color, syrupy consistency, contains 0.25 g furatsilina, dimethyl phthalate 25 g, perchlorovinyl resin, acetone, chloroform. Furaplast can also be produced in the form of furatsilin solution in the colloplast (5% solution of castor oil in collodion). The damaged skin area is cleaned (with hydrogen peroxide or alcohol), wiped with a dry sterile gauze pad, then a thin layer of furaplast is applied with a glass or wooden stick. After 1-2 minutes, the drug dries out, forming a dense, elastic film. It is stable, not washed off with water, usually lasts 1-3 days. In case of damage to the film before the wound heals, the preparation is applied again. It is not necessary to use a furaplastom at strong suppuration of a wound, the phenomena of an inflammation, a pyoderma, a heavy bleeding. With a slight bleeding, it should first be stopped in the usual way, then cover the wound with furaplast.

Furosemide

(lasix, furantryl), chemical structure similar to dichlothiazide, is a strong diuretic. The effect is most pronounced during the first 2 days of administration, but does not disappear even with long-term treatment. It acts quickly when administered intravenously for several minutes, which makes it possible to use it in emergency cases (pulmonary edema, brain, acute poisoning with barbiturates and other substances excreted mainly by urine). In some cases, furosemide has the effect of insufficient effectiveness of other means. Furosemide can be taken along with reserpine and other antihypertensive drugs, the effect of which is enhanced. With prolonged treatment with furosemide possible side effects similar to dichlothiazide. Also taken on the background of a diet rich in potassium, if necessary, appoint potassium salts.

X

Chloramine B

White or slightly yellowish powder with a faint odor of chlorine. Soluble in water, alcohol, contains 25-29% active chlorine. It has an antiseptic effect. Used in the treatment of infected wounds (washing, wetting tampons and wipes with 1-2% solutions), hand disinfection (0.25-0.5%), and disinfection of non-metallic tools. For disinfection of care items and excretions in typhoid, paratyphoid, cholera and other infections of the intestinal group and with drip infections (scarlet fever, diphtheria, influenza, etc.) use 1-2-3% solutions, with tuberculosis infection - 5%.

Holagol

total preparation containing dye of turmeric root, emodin from buckthorn, magnesium salicylate, essential oils, alcohol, olive oil. It has a choleretic and antispasmodic effect, taken with cholelithiasis, cholecystitis, hepatitis. The action is similar to drugs olimetin, enatin. Assign inside 5 drops (on sugar) 3 times a day, half an hour before meals. In attacks of biliary colic, take 20 drops once. When dyspeptic symptoms are taken with or after meals.

Cholenyme

preparation containing dry bile (1 part), dried powdered pancreatic and intestinal cattle powders (1 part). Used as a choleretic agent for hepatitis, cholecystitis and diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (gastritis, achilia, etc.), 1 tablet 2-3 times a day

Holosas

syrup from condensed water extract of hips and sugar. Accepted with hepatitis, cholecystitis. Children: 1 / 4-1 / 2 teaspoons, adults - 1 teaspoon 2-3 times a day.

C

Flowers of immortelle sandy

collected before blooming basket flowers, used in the form of a decoction, liquid extract, dry concentrate as a choleretic agent. A decoction of 10 g per 250 ml of water is drunk in a warm form, half a glass 2-3 times a day before meals.

Chamomile flowers

harvested at the beginning of flowering and dried baskets of wild-growing or cultivated plants - pharmaceutical chamomile. It has anti-inflammatory properties, reduces allergic reactions, strengthens the regeneration processes, has an antispasmodic effect. Apply chamomile flowers in the form of tea (brew 1 tablespoon of chamomile in a glass of boiling water) or infusion inside and in enemas for bowel cramps, flatulence, diarrhea. It also has a diaphoretic effect. As a weak antiseptic and astringent used for rinsing, lotions and baths.

Zigerol

transparent oily liquid, used to treat ulcers, granulating wounds, burns, etc. Moisten a sterile dressing (gauze), which impose on the wound surface and cover with compress paper. With large wound surfaces and abundant discharge compress paper is not imposed. Dressing is done in 1-2 days, with burns in 4-5 days.

Ciminal

inhibits (locally) gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, promotes epithelialization and wound healing. Applied externally in the treatment of wounds, pyoderma, trophic ulcers, burns.

Assign in the form of a powder (for dusting) or 1-3% of the suspension, which is applied to the damaged surface, dressings in 3-4 days. With prolonged use of the drug may cause dermatitis, burning sensation and itching.

Zinc oxide

used externally as an astringent and disinfectant for skin diseases

Citramon

acetylsalicylic acid 0.24 g, phenacetin 0.18 g, caffeine 0.03 g, cocoa 0.03 g, citric acid 0.02 g, sugar 0.5 g. All these tablets are used for headache, neuralgia, colds etc., 1 tablet, 2-3 times a day.

H

Appetizing tea

Ingredients: 8 parts wormwood herbs, 2 parts yarrow herbs. A teaspoon is brewed as tea in 2 cups of water (boiling water). Take one tablespoon 2-3 times a day for 15-20 minutes before meals.

Bile tea

Ingredients: immortelle flowers (3 parts), trefoil leaves (3 parts), mint leaves (2 parts), coriander fruits (2 parts). One tablespoon brew 2 cups of boiling water for 20 minutes, strain. Take half a cup 3 times a day half an hour before meals.

Diuretic tea

Ingredients: bearberry leaf (3 parts), cornflower flowers (1 part), licorice root (1 part), brew one table spoon with a glass of boiling water, leave for 30 minutes, cool, strain, drink 1 tablespoon 3-4 times a day.

Tea laxative

Ingredients: senna leaf (3 parts), buckthorn bark and fruits of Zhoster (in 2 parts), fruits of anise and licorice (in 1 part). One tablespoon brew a glass of boiling water, insist 30 minutes, strain, take at night for 1 / 2-1 glass.

Uh

Ipecac dry extract

used for the preparation of aqueous infusions (1 part of the extract corresponds to 1 part of the root), as well as tinctures. Ipekakuanas infusion - for adults 1 tablespoon (0.5 g) per 180 ml of water, children up to 12 months - 1 tsp per 100 ml, children of middle age - 1 dessert spoon per 100 ml, 3-5 times day.
Higher doses for adults as expectorant: 0.1 g (single) and 0.4 g (daily). The highest single dose as an emetic adult - 1 g (once). Ipecacuanas tincture - 5-10 drops per reception for adults (one-time), daily 30 drops.

Vaseline oil emulsion

thick creamy mass of white color, with a pleasant smell, sweet-sourish-sweet taste, contains: liquid paraffin, methylcellulose, glycerin, emulsifier, vanillin, sugar, etc. substances. Take 1 tablespoon 1-3 times a day.

Erythromycin

the so-called antibiotic reserve, which should be used in cases where other antibiotics are ineffective. Erythromycin is used primarily for the treatment of diseases caused by resistant strains of staphylococci. Side effects (nausea, vomiting, diarrhea) are relatively rare. With prolonged use possible reactions from the liver (jaundice).



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