What does pain in different parts of the head mean?
Headache (novolat. Cephalalgia, from the ancient Greek - brain + pain) - one of the most common non-specific symptoms of various diseases and pathological conditions, representing pain in the head or neck. The most common cause of headache is vascular disorders associated with dilation or spasm of blood vessels inside or outside the skull. This clinical symptom should be distinguished from migraine, which is its particular case.
Headache is not a painful sensation of the nervous tissue of the brain, since it lacks pain receptors. It occurs as a result of exposure to 9 areas sensitive to pain: the skull (periosteum), muscles, nerves, arteries and veins, subcutaneous tissue, eyes, sinuses and mucous membrane. The treatment of headache depends on the identified disease or the cause of the symptom, in most cases, analgesics are prescribed.
Cluster headaches are a pronounced pain syndrome in the areas of brain projection on the walls of the skull, arising spontaneously and irregularly. The strength of the pain is so great that it can lead to suicidal attempts to get rid of pain.
Tension-type headache (tension-type headache) - since 1988 a new name, according to the nomenclature of the International Community for the Study of Headaches, what was previously called “tension headache”. This is the most common type of primary headache. With it, the pain can come from the top of the head, the occipital or parietal parts of the head, neck, eyes, muscles of the forehead, face, and other muscle groups of the head, neck, and face. Tension-type headache accounts for approximately 90% of all cases of headache.
Migraine (fr. Migraine from ancient Greek. Novolat. Hemicrania - hemicrania or "half head") is a neurological disease, the most frequent and characteristic symptom of which are episodic or regular severe and painful headache attacks in one (rarely in both) half heads. At the same time, there are no serious head injuries, stroke, brain tumors, and the intensity and pulsating nature of pain is associated with vascular headache, and not with tension headache. Migraine headache is not associated with an increase or a sharp decrease in blood pressure, an attack of glaucoma, or an increase in intracranial pressure. (ICP).
Head, the place that hurts periodically at all. Sometimes we ourselves are the perpetrators of this headache. A good party, alcohol, nicotine or something stronger, as you know, can spoil all morning and all the next day. But what to do when pain appears as if from nowhere? Headache, migraine and other types of pain, as if trying to tell us “Hey, slow down. I lack something ... ”. In this article we will try to answer these questions.
1. Sudden and rapidly increasing pain in the temples or in the crown
This pain is most frightening because it appears suddenly and increases very quickly. It seems to fall on you from above. It is important to pay attention to such a headache and consult a doctor, as it can be an indicator of many health problems, including subarachnoid hemorrhage, which is fraught with human life.
2. Pain after injury
If you have a head injury, do not forget to see a doctor from time to time. Often, head injuries do not disappear without a trace, and over time they can manifest as frequent headaches.
3. Headache in the morning
If you wake up and feel a terrible headache, this is a clear sign to see a doctor immediately. According to the National Institute of Neurology, such pain is a sure sign of serious health problems. This can be either high blood pressure, or sleep apnea, or even a brain tumor.
4. Pain in one eye or around it (cluster pain)
Cluster headache, also known as “suicidal headache”, is so strong that many scientists believe that this is the most severe pain a person can experience.
5. Headache accompanied by nausea, vision problems
Be sure to consult your doctor if headaches are accompanied by changes in vision, nausea, irritability, neck pain, or a bad mood.
- If you feel pain in the cheekbones or above the eyes, then perhaps the reason is antritis.
- If you feel pain in the back of the head and the upper part of the neck, then the problem may lie in the neck (curvature, osteochondrosis).
- Migraines are characterized by throbbing pain, nausea, changes in vision.
- With increased pressure, pain often seems to squeeze the head around the entire circumference.