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What does the pain in different parts of the head mean?

О чем говорит боль в разных частях головы?

Headache (novolat. Cephalalgia, from other Greek - brain + pain) is one of the most common non-specific symptoms of various diseases and pathological conditions, which is pain in the head or neck. The most common causes of headaches are vascular disorders associated with vasodilation or spasm of the vessels inside or outside the cranium. This general clinical symptom should be distinguished from migraine, which is its special case.

A headache is not a pain sensation in the nerve tissue of the brain, since there are no pain receptors in it. It occurs as a result of exposure to 9 areas sensitive to pain located in the head or neck: skull (periosteum), muscles, nerves, arteries and veins, subcutaneous tissue, eyes, nasal sinuses and mucous membrane. The way to treat a headache depends on the identified disease or the cause of the symptom, in most cases, analgesics are prescribed.

Cluster headaches are a pronounced pain syndrome in the areas of the projection of the brain onto the walls of the cranium, arising spontaneously and irregularly. The strength of the pain is so great that it can lead to suicidal attempts to get rid of pain.

A tension-type headache headache has been a new name since 1988, according to the nomenclature of the International Community for the Study of Headaches, of what was previously called a “tension headache”. This is the most common type of primary headache. With it, pain can come from the crown, occipital or parietal part of the head, neck, eyes, muscles of the forehead, face and other muscle groups of the head, neck and face. A headache of the tensile type accounts for approximately 90% of all headache cases.

Migraine (French migraine from other Greek novolat. Hemicrania - hemicrania or “half the head”) is a neurological disease, the most frequent and characteristic symptom of which is episodic or regular severe and painful headache attacks in one (rarely in both) half heads. In this case, there are no serious head injuries, stroke, brain tumors, and the intensity and pulsating nature of the pain is associated with a vascular headache, and not with a headache from stress. Headache with migraine is not associated with an increase or a sharp decrease in blood pressure, an attack of glaucoma or an increase in intracranial pressure. (ICP).

Head, a place that periodically hurts everyone. Sometimes we ourselves are the culprits of this headache. A good party, alcohol, nicotine or something stronger, as you know, can spoil the whole morning and the next day. But what to do when the pain appears as if from nowhere? Headache, migraine and its other types, as if trying to tell us, “Hey, slow down. I’m missing something ... ” In this article we will try to answer these questions.

1. Sudden and rapidly increasing pain in the temples or in the crown

Such pain scares the most, because it appears suddenly and intensifies very quickly. It seems to fall upon you from above. It is important to pay attention to such a headache and consult a doctor, as it can be an indicator of many health problems, including subarachnoid hemorrhage, which is fraught with human life.

2. Pain after injury

If you get a head injury, do not forget to see your doctor from time to time. Often, head injuries do not go unnoticed and may eventually manifest as frequent headaches.

3. Headache in the morning

If you wake up and feel a terrible headache - this is a clear sign that you should immediately consult a doctor. According to the National Institute of Neurology, such pain is a sure sign of serious health problems. This can be either high blood pressure, or night apnea, or even a brain tumor.

4. Pain in or around one eye (cluster pain)

A cluster headache, also known as a “suicidal headache,” is so severe that many scientists believe that this is the most severe pain a person can experience.

5. Headache accompanied by nausea, vision problems

Be sure to consult a doctor if headaches are accompanied by changes in vision, nausea, irritation, neck pain, and a bad mood.

Brief reminder

  • If you feel pain in the cheekbones or above the eyes, then perhaps the cause is sinusitis.
  • If you feel pain in the back of the head and upper neck, then the problem may be in the neck (distortion, osteochondrosis).
  • Migraines are characterized by throbbing pain, nausea, changes in vision.
  • With increased pressure, the pain often seems to squeeze the head around the entire circumference.