Simple and effective ways to deal with heartburn
Heartburn - discomfort or burning behind the sternum, extending upward from the epigastric (epigastric) region, sometimes radiating to the neck.
Every fifth adult experiences heartburn once a week, but you can put out this fire in your stomach, read this article and share it with your friends!
In developed countries, heartburn occurs in 20-50% of the population. Frequent heartburn (at least once a week) in the countries of Western Europe and North and South America and Turkey is 10-20%, in other Asian countries - 5%. In the United States, more than 60 million residents experience heartburn at least once a month, and 15 million of them daily. According to a 2003 survey in Moscow, frequent heartburn (more often than once a week) occurred in about 18%, and rare (less often than once a week) - in about 22%. There is evidence that 50 million Europeans suffer from heartburn, including about 20% of people who have ever experienced heartburn in France, and 40% in Sweden. In Russia, 48.5% of women and 51.4% of men occasionally experience heartburn; 3.7% of women and 1.2% of men have frequent complaints.
Causes of Heartburn
Popular publications for patients say that heartburn is the result of the action of acid from the gastric juice on the mucous membrane of the esophagus, which enters the stomach as a result of gastroesophageal refluxes or regurgitation. Other sources note that in addition to hydrochloric acid, pepsin, bile acids, lysolecithin, and pancreatic enzymes also play a damaging role.
Acid, as well as other ingredients harmful to the esophagus, enter the esophagus from the stomach due to the retrograde movement of the contents of the stomach into the esophagus through the lower esophageal sphincter (NPS), caused by gastroesophageal reflux (GER) or regurgitation.
Gastroesophageal refluxes, in turn, occur due to the fact that the lower esophageal sphincter is expanded not only when a bolus passes from the esophagus into the stomach, but also at other times. HERs occur in healthy people, however, often recurring HERs are a deviation from the normal state and the reason for these refluxes is the insufficient closure function of the lower esophageal sphincter. Heartburn is common in pregnant women.
Factors that increase the likelihood of gastroesophageal reflux and heartburn
Heartburn often increases after chocolate, coffee, strong tea, peppermint, fatty foods, citrus fruits, hot or spirits. Factors that provoke heartburn are overeating, eating less than 2 times a day. Heartburn is more likely to affect overweight individuals. Smoking tobacco products stimulates the secretion of acid in the stomach, and also helps to relax the lower esophageal sphincter. Heartburn occurs more often with a horizontal position of the patient's body, as well as with bending and bending of the body. Heartburn that tightens your stomach can cause heartburn. The presence of a hiatal hernia also slightly increases the likelihood of heartburn.
Patients suffering from heartburn should try to make adjustments to their lifestyle. Refusal from the above products, eating smaller portions, but more often, refusing food at bedtime, reducing body weight, smoking and alcohol, tightening clothes, sleeping on a bed with a raised headboard can positively affect the patient's condition and reduce the number of episodes heartburn.
If heartburn torments you mainly in the days of a diet violation, it is because fatty foods are digested more slowly. But heartburn can cause any heavy meal, as large portions disrupt the muscles of the esophagus, which should let in food and not let out gastric juice. Instead, it allows the juice to enter the esophagus, where it causes that very burning sensation behind the sternum. If you do not violate the diet, the cause may be training, if after eating less than two hours have passed: the abdominal muscles contract and weaken the sphincter.
Another reason could be increased workload. If you sit in the office until late and have dinner before bedtime, the release of gastric juice may occur due to the fact that the food does not have time to digest. You go to bed with a full stomach, and gravity does not help food move through the digestive tract. Better put pillows under your back and watch a couple of episodes of some series.
Medicine from the refrigerator
If you are very sleepy, and watching the series is not an option, you can alleviate the symptoms of heartburn. Excess gastric juice indicates an increased level of acidity, which means it must be neutralized. Drink half a liter of plain water: according to The Journal of Digestive Diseases and Sciences, it is no less effective than antacids. And keep sugar-free mint chewing gum on hand. The saliva released during the process contains alkalis that neutralize acid.
Medicine from a pharmacy
If neither water nor chewing gum helps, go to the pharmacy. Antacids like Gaviscon relieve symptoms of heartburn by protecting the walls of the esophagus. If you often suffer from heartburn, pills such as Nexium, which reduce the amount of gastric juice produced, will help you. If symptoms persist for more than two weeks, see your doctor. Such a strong fire is best left to extinguish professionals.
While heartburn can be treated and is not a serious illness, its symptoms are very similar to a more terrible condition: a heart attack. Heartburn usually torments after eating, and the above medicines bring relief, while a heart attack is often accompanied by shortness of breath and the appearance of sweat. But there are no clear rules: there are cases when not all symptoms appear, so it is better to play it safe. Doctors say that it is better to come with heartburn, thinking that it is a heart than not to come with heart, thinking that it is heartburn.