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How to choose a watermelon: tricks that the farmer told me

How to choose a watermelon

Watermelon ordinary (lat. Citrullus lanatus) is an annual herb, a species of the genus Watermelon (Citrullus) of the Pumpkin family (Cucurbitaceae). Gourd culture. The fruit is a pumpkin, spherical, oval, flattened or cylindrical; color of the bark from white and yellow to dark green with a pattern in the form of a grid, stripes, spots; the flesh is pink, red, crimson, less often - white and yellow. Tykvina morphologically (in structure) is similar to a berry.

Watermelons ... Everyone loves these huge emerald-pink berries. Sometimes it seems to us that choosing a good copy is very difficult and this is only possible, for example, to our grandfather gardener. But in fact, everything is not so difficult, because the maturity of this striped fruit can be determined without having a keen eye and without removing the skin. We have collected signs on which farmers usually determine that inside the watermelon is juicy and tasty.

Chemical composition

The fruit pulp of watermelon contains from 5.5 to 13% of easily digestible sugars (glucose, fructose and sucrose). By the time of ripening, glucose and fructose predominate, sucrose accumulates during storage of watermelon. The pulp contains pectins - 0.68%, proteins - 0.7%; calcium - 14 mg /%, magnesium - 224 mg /%, sodium - 16 mg /%, potassium - 64 mg /%, phosphorus - 7 mg /%, iron in organic form - 1 mg /%; vitamins — thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, folic acid, carotene — 0.1—0.7 mg /%, ascorbic acid — 0.7—20 mg /%, alkaline substances. 100 grams of the edible part of the fruit contains 38 kilocalories. Watermelon seeds contain up to 25% fatty oil. Watermelon seed oil contains linoleic, linolenic and palmitic acids, physico-chemical properties similar to almond oil and can replace it, to taste with olive oil.

Pharmacological properties

As a medicinal raw material is used fruits of ripe watermelon (pulp, peel) and seeds. Watermelon has a strong diuretic, choleretic, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, laxative and tonic properties. Normalizes metabolic processes, increases intestinal peristalsis.

On the ground spot

Как правильно выбрать арбуз

The yellow (otherwise earthen) spot is the place where the watermelon lay on the ground when it ripened. In a mature fetus, this spot should be brownish-yellow or even orange-yellow, but not white.

According to the "bee spider"

Как правильно выбрать арбуз

These not very beautiful brown spots on watermelon suggest that bees often touched the ovary of the fetus during pollination. The more pollination occurred, the sweeter the watermelon.

By gender

Как правильно выбрать арбуз

Among gardeners, the division of watermelon fruits into "boys" and "girls" is common. “Boys” have a more elongated shape, their taste is somewhat watery. And the “girls” are more round and very sweet.

By weight and volume

Как правильно выбрать арбуз

It is best to choose not the biggest, but not the small watermelon. Optimal - medium. And remember that a good watermelon is always heavy enough for its size.

By tail

Как правильно выбрать арбуз

A dry tail always indicates that the watermelon has reached the desired degree of maturity. And if the tail is green and fresh, the fruit has not yet ripened.

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