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Diet food


Diet is one of the important methods of treatment for many diseases, and for such as diabetes mellitus, the alimentary obesity is the only one. In clinical nutrition, not only the correct selection of products is important, but also the observance of cooking technology, the temperature of food consumed by the patient, frequency and time of eating.
Exacerbations of many diseases are associated with various excesses in the diet: chronic pancreatitis after eating sour cream, pancakes, alcoholic beverages, fried foods; violations in the diet of diabetes mellitus lead to a sharp rise in blood sugar, dry mouth, increased thirst, fatty infiltration of the liver and pancreas is progressing; An increase in blood pressure in hypertensive patients is observed when salty foods are consumed, and the treatment prescribed is not very effective.
In all treatment-and-prophylactic and sanatorium-and-spa establishments use the numbering system of diets. Many of them have several options, for example: N 1a, 16, N 7a, 76, 7b, 7g. Since you will meet with these diets in hospitals and sanatoriums, we introduce you to them, retaining the numbering indicating the diseases for which they are prescribed.
If the exacerbation of the disease has passed and the patient returned to an active lifestyle, the general principles of diet should not change: this primarily applies to products excluded from the diet, but you can expand cooking methods (stew, bake after boiling), turn on home canning vegetables. Lack of vitamins can be compensated by ready-made pharmacy forms (hexavit, dekamevit, gentavit, etc.), dogrose broth, wheat bran. In all diets alcoholic beverages are prohibited, in individual cases, the question of their use is decided by the attending physician.
When combined in one patient with two diseases that require dietary nutrition, food is assigned in compliance with the principles of both diets. So, in case of aggravation of peptic ulcer in a patient with diabetes mellitus, diet N1 is prescribed, but with the exception of all products that are contraindicated in diabetes mellitus.






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