Herpes simplex (herpes)
Caused by a virus, and occurs in both sexes and all age groups.
Silttolsh and over. Disease begins acutely, and is accompanied by itching, tingling, sometimes pain. At the same time (or after 1-2 days) is formed red, slightly swollen spot where bubbles appear group size of a pinhead or a small pea, filled with clear serous content. After 3-4 days blisters dry up the formation of purulent crusts, serous or slightly wet erosions. Sometimes it is a painful swelling of the lymph nodes. Some patients have discomfort, muscle pain, chills, fever up to 38-39 ± C. Gradually disappear crust, erosion and epiteliziruyutsya disease lasts 1-2 weeks.
Favourite places of herpes simplex location - the area around the natural orifices: wings of the nose, corners of the mouth and red border of the lips. With the localization of genital herpes may resemble a chancre, which makes it necessary to carry out a differential diagnosis with syphilis.
For recurrent herpes is characterized by recurrent (for many months) eruption of bubbles, often in the same areas of the skin. In women, this may be due to the menstrual period.
Treatment:Outwardly - alcoholic solutions of aniline dyes, ointments containing antiviral agents - oksolinovuyu 3%, 3-5% tebrofenovuyu, 30-50% of interferon, "gossypol", "florenal" The good effect is observed on leukocyte interferon solution is applied to the lesion 5-6 times a day with a glass (eye) sticks.
Abort further development of lesions in some cases it is possible by applying for several minutes with an alcohol swab, freezing skin ethyl chloride. If it affects the mucous membranes of the mouth -. Rinse decoction of chamomile, sage, solutions comprising ethacridine lactate, hydrogen peroxide, potassium permanganate and other simple genital herpes (after excluding primary syphiloma) treated lubrication 2% silver nitrate solution, a 5% solution of tannin.
In cases of recurrent herpes shown: Hermetic polyvalent vaccine that is administered at 0.1-0.2 ml intradermally in the outer surface of the shoulder 2 times a week (at the rate of 5-10 injections); immunomodulators - dekaris; gamma globulin; pyrogenic agents, etc..
Prevention:It is to eliminate the factors that contribute to the development of the disease: chronic infection foci, disorders of the gastrointestinal tract function, endocrine glands, and so on. It is recommended to avoid cooling, overheating, skin trauma.