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Full or partial stretching of the pelvis and cups of urine due to obstacles to its emptying. The reasons may be different; stones of kidneys, ureters, swelling, bending of the ureter and so on. When urine retention, the pelvis is stretched, the renal tissue atrophies and a cavity filled with urine is formed instead of the kidney. Hydronephrosis can be congenital and acquired, the latter - permanent and intermittent.
Symptoms and course:
There are severe pains in the lumbar region on the background of "complete health", less often - dull pains, sometimes vomiting, weakness. In the lumbar part painful swelling or muscle tension. These phenomena last from several hours to days, and disappear, accompanied by increased diuresis - the release of large amounts of urine. With the addition of infection, the temperature rises, the general condition worsens, aggravated by pyonephrosis or cystitis.
Consists in eliminating the causes of hydronephrosis. With a significant change in the kidney resorted to its removal. At the same time it is necessary to make sure that the other kidney is in good condition.