The disease is caused by chlamydia, parasitic on the mucous membranes of various organs. This completely harmless infection is sick 2-3 times more often than gonorrhea. In men, it can cause inflammation of the urethra, prostate gland, epididymis, rectum with homosexual connections and even affected joints. In women, it causes inflammation of the urethra, fallopian tubes and cervix, a change in the structure of its mucous membrane, can cause an ectopic pregnant gi. In children, due to this disease, lesions of the mucous membranes of the eyes, lungs, and ear occur; it can lead to the death of newborns. Chlamydia is the cause of venereal lymphogranuloma in adults who become infected, usually in tropical countries.
Symptoms and course:The first signs of the disease usually appear within 1-2 weeks after contact with the patient. Men usually complain of mucopurulent, translucent, or watery discharge from the urethra, itching, or pain when urinating. The sponges of the urethra are slightly reddened, swollen, often sticky. In some cases, there are no signs of the disease, although the person is infected and through sexual contact is able to infect his partner.
Over time, itching in the urethra decreases or disappears completely, the discharge becomes insignificant and is usually observed only in the morning before the “first” urine. However, this does not mean that the disease has passed, from acute it turned into chronic with the spread of infection along the urethra.
Quite often, lesions of the prostate gland occur. Unpleasant sensations appear in the perineum, rectum, pulling pain in the lower back. Discharge from the urethra is slight, mucous or watery, usually in the morning. Another common complication of chlamydia in men is inflammation of the epididymis. It often starts suddenly. The temperature rises, the scrotum becomes edematous, its skin is hot, red and tense, the epididymis increases. Sometimes the pain spreads to the inguinal canal. In patients, sperm formation may be impaired, infertility may develop. A serious complication is Reiter's syndrome. In this disease, in addition to the urethra, the mucous membrane of the eyes and joints (usually the knee and ankle) are affected. Sometimes the disease lasts several months.
In women, most often chlamydia parasitize on the mucous membrane of the urethra and cervix. There are discharge, itching, burning, frequent urination, mucopurulent discharge, pain, heaviness in the pelvis. Often the infection passes to the mucous membrane of the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries. It is accompanied by pain in the lower abdomen, general malaise, fever, menstrual irregularities, an increase in the uterine appendages, mucosal discharge. Sometimes the temperature rises to 40 ± C. However, more than half of the patients have no signs of the disease, and therefore they do not seek medical help. Meanwhile, the consequences of this inflammatory process are quite serious - from infertility and ectopic pregnancy to premature birth and death in childbirth of the mother and child.
Nulliparous women with chlamydia should not use intrauterine contraceptives (spirals), since their use contributes to the complication of the inflammatory process of the appendages. It is better to avoid the introduction of a spiral after an inflammation of the fallopian tubes. The cause of exacerbations of chlamydia in women may be sexual partners who, not knowing that they are sick, endlessly “endow” them with this infection.
Cytomegalovirus infection. Sexually transmitted. The causative agent - cytomegalovirus is found in saliva, urine, blood, breast milk, secretions from the vagina and cervix, as well as in extremely large quantities in semen. Most often found in the genital tract of women with promiscuous sexual intercourse.