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Infectious diseases for all

Infectious diseases are known to mankind since antiquity. Epidemics covered vast territories, including entire states and peoples. Not without reason infectious diseases have received the name of "morbid diseases". Prevention of infectious diseases, combating them at all times and among all peoples represented the most serious public problem.
It should be emphasized that the infectious process is one of the most complex biological processes in nature, and infectious diseases are formidable destructive factors for human society, causing him enormous economic damage.
The euphoria of the 50s and 70s of this century about the successful fight against infections and the complete elimination of some of them turned out to be premature. Only one infectious disease - a smallpox - can be considered conditionally liquidated on the planet, because, despite almost 20 years of absence of its official registration, the virus of the disease persists in a number of laboratories, and the stratum of non-immune people is very significant and constantly increases.
On the other hand, the number of new, previously unknown to science, infections increases. Suffice it to recall that in the 1950s there were about a thousand infectious diseases, but now there are more than 1200 of them, hence the emergence of new problems (AIDS, Lyme disease, legionellosis, etc.) both for professionals and for society as a whole.
In recent years, in our country, as a result of a significant deterioration in the social conditions of the population, infectious morbidity has tended to grow.
This was facilitated by ill-being with water supply systems, sewerage, belated identification of sources of infection, late referral to a doctor, etc.
Of particular importance is medical ignorance, sometimes medical illiteracy of the population. Hence the late application to the doctor and the late hospitalization of infectious patients (diphtheria, borreliosis - Lyme disease, etc.). Before health care, there are serious tasks in the prevention and control of infectious diseases. Difficulties in realizing these tasks in the current difficult conditions of our society are obvious. Therefore, it is necessary to use the entire arsenal of means and methods at our disposal for normalizing the epidemiological situation and reducing the incidence of infectious diseases.
The purpose of this book is to help a wide range of people in the detection of infectious diseases, as well as in what is indicated by this or that symptom of an infectious disease, how to behave when an infectious patient appears in the family, in an apartment, how to provide first aid and t ., Etc., and the like.