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Drug classification


All modern medicines are grouped according to the following principles:
1. Therapeutic use. For example, drugs for the treatment of tumors, lowering blood pressure, antimicrobial.
2. Pharmacological action, i.e. the effect caused (vasodilators - dilating blood vessels, antispasmodics - eliminating vasospasm, analgesics - reducing pain irritation).
3. Chemical structure. Groups of drugs similar in structure. These are all salicylates derived from acetylsalicylic acid - aspirin, salicylamide, methyl salicylate, etc.
4. Nosological principle. A number of different medicines used to treat a strictly defined disease (for example, drugs for the treatment of myocardial infarction, asthma, etc.).
Adopted a classification of drugs proposed by academician MD. Mashkovsky.
1. Drugs that act mainly on the central nervous system: anesthetics, sleeping pills, psychotropic drugs (tranquilizers, antipsychotics, sedatives, antidepressants, stimulants); anticonvulsants (antiepileptic drugs); drugs for the treatment of parkinsonism, analgesics, antipyretic, anti-inflammatory drugs, antitussives.
2. Drugs with action in the area of ​​the end of efferent (centrifugal) nerves: anticholinergics, ganglioblokiruyuschie, curariform, etc.
3. Drugs that act primarily on sensitive nerve endings, including mucous membranes and skin: local anesthetic drugs, enveloping and absorbing agents, astringents, vomiting, expectorant and laxatives.
4. Medicines acting on the cardiovascular system.
5. Medicines that enhance renal excretory function.
6. Choleretic drugs.
7. Drugs affecting the uterine lining.
8. Means affecting the metabolic processes: hormones, vitamins and their analogues, enzymes, histamine and antihistamines, biogenic, etc.
9. Antimicrobial: antibiotics, sulfonamides, nitrofuran derivatives, anti-tuberculosis, antisyphilitic, antiviral drugs, etc., antiseptics (halogen group, oxidizers, acids and alkalis, alcohols, phenols, dyes, tar, gums, etc.).
10. Preparations for the treatment of malignant neoplasms.
11. Diagnostic tools.
12. Other drugs of various pharmacological groups.