Horz acute respiratory diseases (acute catarrh of the respiratory tract)
Very common diseases with a primary lesion of the respiratory tract. Caused by various etiological agents (viruses, mycoplasmas, bacteria). Immunity after illness is strictly type-specific, for example, flu virus, parainfluenza, herpes simplex, rhinovirus. Therefore, the same person can get acute respiratory illness up to 5-7 times during the year. The source of infection is a person with a clinically severe or erased form of acute respiratory disease. Healthy virus carriers are less important. Transmission occurs predominantly by airborne droplets. Diseases are found in the form of individual cases and outbreaks.
Symptoms and course:ARI is characterized by relatively mild symptoms of general intoxication, a predominant lesion of the upper respiratory tract and a benign course. The defeat of the respiratory system is manifested in the form of rhinitis, rhinopharyngitis, pharyngitis, laryngitis, tracheolaryngitis, bronchitis, pneumonia. Some etiological agents, in addition to these manifestations, cause a number of other symptoms: conjunctivitis and perachosis patients with adenovirus diseases, moderate signs of herpes sore throats with enterovirus diseases, rubella eczema with adenoviral diseases and enterovirus diseases, a syndrome, and the use of the syndrome, and the use of the same syndrome, and the use of the same syndrome. The disease duration in the absence of pneumonia from 2-3 to 5-8 days. With pneumonia, which is often caused by mycoplasmas, the respiratory syncytial virus and adenovirus in combination with a bacterial infection, the disease lasts for 3-4 weeks or more, is poorly amenable to therapy.
Recognition:The main method is clinical. Diagnosis: acute respiratory disease (ARI) and its interpretation (rhinitis, rhinopharyngitis, acute laryngotracheobronchitis, etc.). Etiological diagnosis is made only after laboratory confirmation.
Treatment:Antibiotics and other chemotherapeutic drugs are ineffective because they do not act on the virus. Antibiotics can be prescribed for acute bacterial respiratory diseases. Treatment is more often carried out at home. Bed rest is recommended during the febrile period. Prescribe symptomatic antipyretic drugs and so on.
Prevention:For specific - the vaccine is applied. For the prevention of influenza A, you can use rimantadine.