Oral contraceptives are artificial hormones that neutralize the effects of those present in the body. Reproductive hormones are so safe these days that experts say: the likelihood that you die during a trip to the pharmacy for these drugs is ten times higher than death from taking these pills.
The bill, therefore, is quite high in favor of security, especially considering that they are often used by women who intend to have children in the future, but do not want their appearance now.
A huge achievement was that, slowly, tablet by tablet, these contraceptives brought us to the sexual revolution. After all, a little over one generation has grown since most women were so horrified by the prospect of becoming pregnant that they avoided sex until they wore a wedding ring.
Oral contraceptives have completely changed this attitude towards sex and its supporting social structure. By eliminating the likelihood of an unwanted pregnancy, oral contraceptives also eliminated the need for marriage before a woman could show her sexuality.
How do oral contraceptives work? In fact, according to scientists, they completely change the reproductive function of a woman’s body. They suppress ovulation, change the composition of the cervical mucus in such a way that it is difficult for sperm to penetrate it, affect the advancement of the egg through the fallopian tube and alter the lining of the uterus (endometrium), which prevents the implantation of a fertilized egg.
They are very effective. Only 3.8-8.7 percent of women taking birth control pills become pregnant, and in most cases due to improper use.
Of course, like any medicine, these pills have side effects and taking them is associated with some risk. The most common problems that occur when taking them are bleeding or spotting, most often seen with low estrogen pills. The less estrogen in the pill, the more likely it is that you will have spotting.
Severe bleeding is, of course, an unpleasant thing, but at the same time women avoid even more unpleasant side effects, which were given by pills with a high content of estrogen, released in the 60s: nausea, weight gain, swelling of the breasts, headaches and discoloration of the skin. All these side effects are mostly a thing of the past, their creators say, as well as problems with the cardiovascular system that sometimes arose when taking old pills.
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