The therapeutic use of leeches (hirudotherapy) is based on the properties of hirudin secreted by the salivary glands of leeches. Hirudin reduces blood clotting, has an analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect. Hirudotherapy is indicated for hypertensive disease, angina pectoris, glaucoma, thrombophlebitis, hemorrhoids, etc. For therapeutic purposes, use specially bred medical leeches.
Treatment with leeches is carried out by a specially trained nurse. In each case, there is a definite scheme of setting leeches. After the procedure, it should be borne in mind that the bite wounds bleed for 6-24 hours, so a day after the hirudotherapy it is necessary for the nurse to examine the wound and bandage it again; if the bleeding has not stopped, apply hemostatic means.
Contraindications to the appointment of leeches are diseases in which blood clotting and blood pressure, anemia, exhaustion, sepsis are reduced.