Nutrition for patients undergoing gastric resection
Diet: meals every 2.5-3 hours, in small quantities, 6-7 times a day.
Meat - low-fat varieties (chicken, beef, veal, turkey), preferably boiled and minced, non-fat sausages - doctor's, dairy sausages.
Fish - low-fat varieties, herring soaked.
Meat and fish slightly fried after boiling are allowed in the absence of violations from the liver and biliary tract, accompanying pancreatitis.
Soft-boiled eggs, omelets.
Fats - a small amount of butter and refined vegetable oil, preferably in dishes.
Dairy products - cottage cheese, curd dishes, kefir, yogurt, cheese, sour cream as seasoning.
Vegetables - carrots, beets, zucchini, Ukva, tomatoes, boiled or stewed. Potatoes, white cabbage (better sauerkraut) in limited quantities.
Soups - vegetable, fruit, mucous. Soups on meat broth are allowed in the absence of concomitant diseases of the liver, pancreas and biliary tract.
Dishes and side dishes from cereals - buckwheat, oat, rice, casseroles and cereals, better viscous in milk in half with water or on water.
Fruits - apples are soft, non-acidic, apricots, non-acidic plums, berry jelly.
Drinks - tea, tea with milk, rosehip broth, apple, tangerine, tomato juices.
Significantly limit: whole milk, coffee, cocoa, sugar, honey, jam, jelly.
Exclude: fried foods, fatty meat (lamb, pork, duck, goose), fats (except for butter and vegetable oil), smoked meats, fatty sausages, spices, mushrooms, all kinds of canned food, ice cream, cream products, alcoholic drinks, sweet and baked flour products (pancakes, pancakes, cakes, pies, butter biscuits).
The first year after the operation, the diet should be strictly observed, there are 1/2 servings from the usual, in the form of heat. With dyspeptic disorders (regurgitation, bitterness in the mouth, diarrhea, etc.), the amount of fat is limited.
In case of complications after resection of the stomach (anastomositis, gastritis, dumping syndrome, esophagitis, anemia), cooking technology provides greater mechanical sparing: the dishes are mashed, semi-liquid, boiled in water or steamed. With dumping syndrome, it is advisable to lie in bed or lie in a chair after eating for 30 minutes after eating. With esophagitis and swallowing disorders, the last meal 2-3 hours before bedtime, after eating, you can not go to bed for 40-45 minutes, eat standing or sitting without leaning forward.