Description of medicine: Calcium gluconate (Calcii gluconas)
CALCIUM GLUCONATE (Calcii gluconas).
Calcium salt of gluconic acid.
Synonym: Calcium gluconicum.
Flavourless white granular or crystalline powder and taste. Slowly soluble in cold water (1:50), easy in boiling (1: 5), practically insoluble in alcohol and ether. Contains 9% calcium.
Aqueous solutions for injection (pH 10% solution 6, 0 - 7, 5) are sterilized at a temperature of + 110 ° C for 1 hour.
According to the main pharmacological properties, indications and contraindications, it is close to calcium chloride. It has less local irritant effect, therefore it is suitable for subcutaneous and intramuscular administration.
Assign intravenously, intramuscularly and orally.
Inside taken before meals: adults 1 to 3 g or 2 to 6 tablets or more (0.5 g in each tablet) 2 to 3 times a day; children under 1 year old - 0.5 g each, from 2 to 4 years old - 1 g each, from 5 to 6 years old - 1, 0-1.5 g each, from 7 to 9 years old - 1, 5 -2 each, 0 g, from 10 to 14 years - 2 to 3 g 2 to 3 times a day.
For intramuscular and intravenous administration, adults are prescribed 5 10 ml of a 10% solution daily, every other day or after 2 days, depending on the indications.
Children, depending on age, are injected into a vein from 1 to 5 ml of a 10% solution every 2 to 3 days. The ampoule with the solution is heated to a body temperature before administration.
It should be borne in mind that with intramuscular administration of calcium gluconate, necrosis can develop. Introducing the drug into the muscles of children is not recommended.
A solution of calcium gluconate is injected into a vein slowly (within 2 to 3 minutes). Before filling, the syringe should not contain alcohol residues, since in the presence of the latter, calcium gluconate precipitates.
With intravenous or intramuscular administration, in rare cases, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and a slowing of the pulse can occur, which quickly pass on their own.
Method of release: powder; tablets of 0.5 g; 10% solution in ampoules of 10 ml. For children, tablets of 0.25 g are added with the addition of cocoa and a 5% solution with fruit syrup.
Storage: in well-closed containers and in sealed ampoules.
Rp.: Tab. Calcii gluconatis 0.5 N. 20
DS 1 to 2 tablets 3-4 times a day (before meals)
Rp .: Sol. Calcii gluconatis 10% 10 ml
DtdN 10 in ampull.