Medication Description: Calcium Gluconate (Calcii gluconas)
CALCIUM GLUCONAT (Calcii gluconas).
Calcium salt of gluconic acid.
Synonym: Calcium gluconicum.
A white, granular or crystalline powder; odorless and tasteless. Slowly soluble in cold water (1:50), lightly in boiling (1: 5), practically insoluble in alcohol and ether. Contains 9% calcium.
Aqueous solutions for injection (pH 10% solution 6, 0 - 7, 5) are sterilized at a temperature of + 110 ° C for 1 h.
The main pharmacological properties, indications and contraindications for use are close to calcium chloride. It has less local irritant effect, therefore it is suitable for subcutaneous and intramuscular administration.
Assign intravenously, intramuscularly and inside.
Inside take before meals: adults 1 - 3 g or 2 - 6 tablets or more (0.5 g in each tablet) 2 - 3 times a day; children under 1 year old - at 0.5 g, from 2 to 4 years old - 1 g each, from 5 to 6 years old - 1, 0-1.5 g each, from 7 to 9 years old 1, 5 -2 each, 0 g, from 10 to 14 years old - 2 - 3 g 2 - 3 times a day.
For intramuscular and intravenous administration, adults are prescribed 5 to 10 ml of 10% solution daily, every other day or after 2 days, depending on the indication.
Depending on age, children are injected into a vein from 1 to 5 ml of a 10% solution every 2 to 3 days. A vial with a solution before the introduction is heated to body temperature.
It should be borne in mind that intramuscular calcium gluconate may develop necrosis. Introducing the drug into the muscles of children is not recommended.
Calcium gluconate solution is slowly injected into a vein (within 2 - 3 min). Syringe before filling should not contain residual alcohol, as in the presence of the latter, calcium gluconate precipitates.
With intravenous or intramuscular administration in rare cases, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, slowing of the pulse, which quickly pass on their own, may occur.
Method of issuance: powder; tablets of 0.5 g; 10% solution in 10 ml ampoules. For children produced tablets of 0.25 g with the addition of cocoa and 5% solution with fruit syrup.
Storage: in a well-closed container and in sealed ampoules.
R p.: Tab. Calcii gluconatis 0,5 N. 20
DS 1 to 2 tablets 3 to 4 times a day (before meals)
R p. Sol. Сalcii gluconatis 10% 10 ml
DtdN 10 in ampull.