Description of medicine: Sodium fluoride (Natrium phthoridum)
SODIUM FLUORIDE (Natrium phthoridum).
Synonyms: Fluossen, Koreberon, Natrium fluoratum, Sodium fluoride.
Fluorine ions accumulate in the body mainly in the tissues of the tooth and bone tissue, forming poorly soluble fluorapatites. By stimulating the mineralization of hard tissues of the tooth, they contribute to the maturation and hardening of tooth enamel and protect the teeth from tooth decay. They also have a bactericidal effect against microorganisms that appear during tooth decay.
In addition, sodium fluoride reduces bone resorption. In combination with vitamin D 3 and calcium compounds, fluoride promotes bone calcification.
The main use is sodium fluoride as a means for the prevention of dental caries.
Assign in the form of tablets for oral administration and as a rinse.
Sodium fluoride tablets (for children) (Tabulettae Natrii phthoridi pro infantibus) light yellow with a splash contain 0.0011 g each, and white - 0.0022 g sodium fluoride.
Assign for the prevention of dental caries in children aged 2 to 14 years in areas where the fluoride content in drinking water does not exceed 0.5 mg / L.
Children aged 2 to 6 years are given tablets of 0.0011 g, older than 6 years of age - 0.0022 g once a day. The drug is taken orally after a meal, washed down with water, daily for at least 250 days a year (annually until the age of 14).
In addition, rinsing the oral cavity with sodium fluoride solution after eating and brushing your teeth is recommended for adults and children over 16 years of age. First apply a 0.05% solution: rinse for 1 min 3 times daily; then apply a 0.2% solution (3 times a day) once every 1 or 2 weeks. Used in adults and children over 10 years old, 1 tablespoon of rinsing solution (for children 6 to 9 years of age, 1 dessert spoon). Rinses spend at least 9 months a year.
Perhaps the simultaneous use of solutions, tablets and fluoride (see).
The use of sodium fluoride is contraindicated in areas where the fluorine content in water exceeds 0.8 mg / L. Along with sodium fluoride, calcium-containing preparations are not recommended.
Method of release: tablets of 0.0011 or 0.0022 g; powder from which 0.05% and 0.2% aqueous solutions are prepared.
Storage: List B. In the dark place. Ready solutions store no more than 4 weeks.
In small amounts (0.5 mg), sodium fluoride is part of some combination multivitamin tablets (see Oligovit, etc.).
Sodium fluoride is also an integral part of certain types of toothpastes.
Foreign preparations of sodium fluoride fluossen - tablets of 0.015 g (15 mg) and coreberon - tablets of 0.02 g (20 mg) are used to treat osteoporosis, including steroid osteoporosis. Take 2 to 3 tablets after a meal daily for a long time. Combined with vitamin D 3 and calcium preparations (not recommended for caries prophylaxis).
Drugs should not be prescribed during pregnancy, severe liver disease, exacerbation of peptic ulcer of the stomach and duodenum.