Description of the medicine: Phenibutum (Phenibutum)
Phenibutum (Phenibutum). g - Amino-b - phenylbutyric acid hydrochloride.
White crystalline powder. Very soluble in water, soluble in alcohol; pH of an aqueous (2, 5%) solution of 2, 3 - 2, 7.
By its chemical structure, phenibut can be considered as a phenyl derivative of GABA, as well as a phenylethylamine derivative.
Phenibut has elements of nootropic activity, has a tranquilizing effect, reduces tension, anxiety, improves sleep; lengthens and enhances the effect of sleeping pills, drugs, antipsychotics. The drug does not have anticonvulsant activity.
Phenibut is used for asthenic and anxiety-neurotic conditions, anxiety, anxiety, fear, insomnia, and also as a sedative before surgical interventions.
It is also prescribed for Meniere's disease, dizziness associated with dysfunction of the vestibular apparatus, for the prevention of motion sickness.
Children are prescribed for stuttering and ticks.
There is evidence of an increase in the effect of antiparkinsonian drugs under the influence of phenibut (due to the presence of a dopaminopositive component in the drug).
Prescribe phenibut orally after meals for adults at 0.25-0.5 g 3 times a day in courses of 2 to 3 weeks. If necessary, increase a single dose to 0.75 g (persons over 60 years of age are prescribed no more than 0.5 g per reception).
Children under 8 years of age are prescribed 0.15 g per reception; from 8 to 14 years - 0.25 g per reception.
Phenibut is also used to relieve alcohol withdrawal syndrome. Assign in the first days of treatment 0.25-0.5 g 3 times during the day and 0.75 g at night, gradually reducing the dose.
For the prevention of motion sickness, it is prescribed 1 hour before the expected onset of the attack or at the first signs once 0.25 - 0.5 g. After the onset of severe symptoms of motion sickness (vomiting, etc.), the drug is ineffective.
Phenibut is generally well tolerated. At the first doses of phenibut or with an overdose, drowsiness may occur.
Method of release: powder; tablets of 0.25 g in a package of 50 pieces.
Storage: in a dry, cool, dark place.