Medication Description: Omnopon (Omnoponum)
A mixture of opium alkaloids hydrochlorides; contains 48 - 50% morphine and 32 - 35% other alkaloids.
Powder cream to brownish yellow. Soluble in water (1:15), difficult to dissolve in alcohol (1:50). The aqueous solution foaming strongly.
A similar drug is available abroad under the names: Dormopon, Opialum, Pantopon, Papaveratum, Sompon.
Omnopon solutions contain in 1 ml of 1% solution (and respectively in 1 ml of 2% solution): morphine hydrochloride 6, 7 mg (13, 4 mg), narcotine 2, 7 mg (5, 4 mg), papaverine hydrochloride 0.36 mg (0.72 mg), codeine 0.72 mg (1, 44 mg), thebaine 0.05 mg (0.1 mg); pH of solutions 2, 5 - 3, 5.
The indications are the same as for morphine. Assign inside or under the skin. Omnopon is sometimes better tolerated than morphine, less likely to cause the development of smooth muscle spasms. Omnopon is prescribed for adults at a dose of 0.01-0.02 g per dose; Under the skin, adults are injected with 1 ml of 1% or 2% solution. Children older than 2 years are prescribed for 0,001- 0,0075 g omnopona to receive, depending on age.
Higher doses for adults (inside or under the skin): single 0.03 g, 0.1 g daily
With the use of omnophone, addiction and painful addiction can develop. Contraindications are the same as for morphine.
Method of issuance: powder; 1% and 2% solutions in 1 ml ampoules.
Storage: List A. In a well-closed container, protected from light; ampoules - in the place protected from light. In compliance with the rules of storage of narcotic substances.