Description of the medicine: Carbocysteine (Carbocysteine)
Synonyms: Bronkatar, Bronchobos, Bronchocode, Drill expectorant, Mukodin, Mukopront, Mukosol, Fluifort, Fluvik, Fluditek, Actithiol, Anatac, Broncatar, Bronchipect, Bronchocod, Caltusine, Carsitil Flux, Flux, Flux, Drill, Drift, Expect Karbocistein, Lagan, Lisomucil, Mucifan, Mucodyne, Mucolase, Mucolisil, Mucolit, Mucopront, Mucosol, Pectox, Pneumoclar, etc.
Mucolytic and expectorant, similar in structure to acetylcysteine.
It causes the activation of sialic transferase (an enzyme of goblet cells of the bronchial mucosa), which results in normalization of the ratio of acidic and neutral sialomucins of bronchial secretion, restoration of viscosity and a decrease in mucus secretion; promotes the regeneration of the mucous membrane of the bronchi.
It is used for lung diseases accompanied by the accumulation of viscous sputum (acute and chronic bronchitis, tracheobronchitis, asthmatic bronchitis, etc.), for inflammatory diseases of the middle ear and paranasal sinuses, as well as in preparation for bronchoscopy and bronchography.
Assign inside adults with 1 tablespoon of 5% syrup (0.75 g) 3 times a day or 1-2 capsules 2-3 times a day (depending on the course of the process and effectiveness).
Children under 2Ѕ years of age are given Ѕ teaspoon of 2.5% syrup 2 times a day, from 2 до years to 5 years - 1 teaspoon of 2.5% syrup 2 times a day, 5 years and older - 1 teaspoon 5 % syrup or 2 teaspoons 2.5% syrup 3 times a day.
The drug is usually well tolerated. In some cases, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, gastrointestinal bleeding, allergic reactions (skin rash, Quincke's edema, etc.) are possible.
Carbocysteine is contraindicated in peptic ulcer of the stomach and duodenum in the acute stage, impaired renal function, in the first trimester of pregnancy.
Enhances the effect of glucocorticosteroids and theophylline; antitussive and atropine-like drugs weaken the effect of carbocysteine.
Method of release: 2.5% syrup for children in bottles of 100, 125 and 200 ml, 5% syrup in bottles of 100, 110, 125, 150, 200 and 300 ml or 9% - 100 ml; capsules of 0.375 g (N. 8, 10, 20); chewable tablets of 0.75 g (N. 20); granules in bags of 5 g (2.7 g).
Storage: List B.