Description of the medicine: Simethicone (Simethicone)
A mixture of poly (dimethylsiloxane) - dimethicone and silicone (silicon dioxide).
Synonyms: Gascon Drop, Disflatil, Sub Simplex, Simikol, Espumisan, Disflatyl, Espumisan, Gascon Drop, Sab simplex, Simicol.
Gray translucent viscous liquid. Insoluble in water and alcohol.
The drug belongs to the group of “defoamers”, that is, substances that reduce the surface tension of gas bubbles. Used in the manufacture of drugs.
How drugs have found application to reduce the "foaming" of gastric juice and excess gas formation in the intestine and facilitate the removal of gases from it. When ingested, it is not absorbed, but passes into the intestine and reduces the surface tension of gases.
They are used for flatulence, reflux esophagitis, aerophagy, colon irritation syndrome, as well as in preparing patients for diagnostic (radiological, ultrasound) examinations of the stomach and intestines.
The drug is available in different forms and in various concentrations: Gascon Drop - in 1 ml of emulsion 0.02 g (20 mg) of simethicone in 300 ml bottles; Disflatil - in 1 ml of a solution (drop) of 0.04 g in 30 ml bottles and chewable tablets of 0.01 g; Sub simplex - in 1 ml suspension of 0.069 g in 30 ml vials; Simikol - in 0.6 ml of a solution (drop) of 0.04 g in 30 ml vials; Espumisan - 0.04 g in 5 ml of emulsion in 100 ml vials and 0.04 g capsules.
Dysflatil is prescribed by mouth for adults, 25-50 drops or 0.04-0.08 g (1-2 tablets); children aged 6 to 15 years - 15-20 drops or 0.04 g (1 tablet), young children - 10-15 drops 2-3 times a day during or after meals.
Gascon Drop is taken by adults 1 tablespoon 2 times a day.
Espumisan is prescribed for 1-2 teaspoons or 1-2 capsules 3-5 times a day.
In all cases, bottles with emulsions (suspensions) must be shaken before use.
Simikol is prescribed in 0.3-0.6 ml before each meal.
Simethicone potassium salt is also available, which is used in the form of tablets of 0.04 g and is used as part of antacids (Asidopan, Gas X, Mylanta Gas Relief, Simeco, Di-Gel Liquid, Di-Gel Tablets, Maalox Plus, Riopan Plus and etc.).