Medication Description: Barbitalum
BARBITAL (Barbitalum). 5, 5-Diethylbarbituric acid.
Synonyms: Veronal, Aethinal, Aethybarbital, Athylbarbital, Alvenol, Barbaethyl, Barbital, Barbitone, Barbitural, Diemal, Dormanol, Dormonal, Hypnofer, Hypnogene, Malonal, Malonurea, Sedeval, Sedival, Sonal, Uronal, Veronal, menal, Malonurea, Sedeval, Sedival, Sonal, Uronal, Veronal, men, Menon, Malonurea, Sedeval
White crystalline powder of slightly bitter taste, odorless. Few soluble in cold water, soluble in alcohol, easily soluble in solutions of alkalis.
Barbital (Veronal) was the first barbiturate proposed for use in medical practice as a hypnotic (1903). It has a calming and hypnotic effect, causes deep sleep.
Currently barbital has limited use.
In rare cases, with the ineffectiveness of other agents, barbital can be used as a powder.
When prescribing barbital, one should take into account its slow splitting and elimination from the body; should not be prescribed the drug for a long time. After 3 - 4 days of admission it is recommended to take a break for 1 - 2 days. Side effects are expressed in general weakness, weakness, nausea, vomiting, headache (<veronalism>) - from one of the main synonyms of the drug - veronal).
As a hypnotic, prescribed for adults inside 0.25 - 0.5 g for 1/2 - 1 hour before bedtime; For better absorption it is recommended to drink 1/2 - 1 cup of warm tea. Depending on age, children are prescribed at 0.025 - 0.25 g. As a sedative, adults are prescribed at 0.05-0.1 g 1- 2 times a day.
Higher doses for adults inside: single 0.5 g daily 1 g,
Previously, barbital was often prescribed in combination with amidopyrine, analgin, bromides; sedative, hypnotic and analgesic action is enhanced.
Form release: powder.
The previously manufactured finished drug products of the drug company tablets of 0.25 and 0.5 g are excluded from the range of medicines.
Storage: List B. In a well-closed container.