Description of the medicine: Barbital (Barbitalum)
BARBITAL (Barbitalum). 5, 5-Diethylbarbituric acid.
Synonyms: Veronal, Aethinal, Aethybarbital, Athylbarbital, Alvenol, Barbaethyl, Barbital, Barbitone, Barbitural, Diemal, Dormanol, Dormonal, Hypnofer, Hypnogene, Malonal, Malonurea, Sedeval, Sedival, Sonal, Uronal, Veronal, Vespe
White crystalline powder, slightly bitter taste, odorless. Slightly soluble in cold water, soluble in alcohol, easily soluble in alkali solutions.
Barbital (Veronal) was the first barbiturate proposed for use in medical practice as sleeping pills (in 1903). It has a calming and hypnotic effect, causes deep sleep.
Barbital is currently of limited use.
In rare cases, with the ineffectiveness of other means, barbital can be used in powder form.
When prescribing barbital, one must take into account its slow breakdown and excretion from the body; you should not prescribe the drug for a long time. After 3 to 4 days, it is recommended to take a break for 1 to 2 days. Side effects are expressed in general weakness, weakness, nausea, vomiting, headache (<veronalism>) - from one of the main synonyms of the drug - veronal).
As a sleeping pill, adults are prescribed inside 0.25 - 0.5 g for 1/2 - 1 hour before bedtime; for better absorption, it is recommended to drink 1/2 - 1 cup of warm tea. Depending on age, children are prescribed 0.025-0.25 g. As a sedative, adults are prescribed 0.05-0.1 g 1-2 times a day.
Higher doses for adults inside: single 0.5 g daily 1 g
Previously, barbital was often prescribed in combination with amidopyrine, analgin, bromides; soothing, sleeping pills and analgesic effect is enhanced.
Release form: powder.
Previously produced finished drug companies of the drug tablets of 0.25 and 0.5 g are excluded from the range of medicines.
Storage: List B. In a well-sealed container.