Description medications: Barbital (Barbitalum)
Barbital (Barbitalum). 5, 5-Dietilbarbiturovaya acid.
Synonyms: veronal, Aethinal, Aethybarbital, Athylbarbital, Alvenol , Barbaethyl, Barbital, Barbitone, Barbitural, Diemal, Dormanol, Dormonal, Hypnofer, Hypnogene, Malonal, Malonurea, Sedeval, Sedival, Sonal, Uronal, Veronal, Vesperal and others.
The white crystalline powder slabogorkogo tasteless, odorless. Slightly soluble in cold water, soluble in alcohol is readily soluble in alkaline solutions.
Barbital (veronal) was the first barbiturate, proposed for use in medical practice as a hypnotic (in 1903). It has a calming and sedative effect, causing a deep sleep.
Currently barbital it has a limited application.
In rare cases, the ineffectiveness of other means, barbital can be used in powder form.
When you need to consider the appointment of barbital slow its breakdown and excretion from the body; should not be prescribed the drug for a long time. After 3 - 4 days of admission is recommended to make a break for 1 - 2 days. Side effects are expressed in general weakness, weakness, nausea, vomiting, headache (<veronalizm>) - one of the main drug synonyms - veronal).
As relief funds are designated for adults inside 0.25 - 0.5 g for 1/2 - 1 hour before sleep; for better absorption is recommended to wash down 1/2 - 1 cup of warm tea. Children, depending on age appoint 0,025 - 0.25 g as a sedative designate an adult to 0.05 -0.1 g of 1- 2 times a day.
Higher doses for adults inside: single 0.5 g daily 1 g,
Earlier, barbital is often prescribed in combination with amidopirinom, analgin, bromides; sedative, hypnotic and analgesic action while enhanced.
Previously issued finished pharmaceutical preparation firm tablets of 0.25 g, and 0.5 - excluded from the range of medicines.
Storage: List B. The well-closed container.