Description of the medicine: Salbutamol (Salbutamolum)
SALBUTAMOL (Salbutamolum) *. 2-tert-Butylamino-1- (4-hydroxy-3-hydroxymethyl-phenyl) ethanol.
Synonyms: Astalin, Astakhalin, Ventolin, Aerolin, Albuterol, Asmatol, Bentrin, Proventil, Salbumol, Salbutan, Salbuvent, Sultanol, Venetlin, Ventilan, Ventolin, Volmax, etc.
The domestic drug saventol (Sventolum) is similar in structure and action to salbutamol. '
In structure and action, salbutamol is close to other b 2 -adrenostimulants. It has a bronchodilatory and tocolytic effect. In therapeutic doses, it usually does not cause tachycardia and changes in blood pressure.
Applied with bronchial asthma and other respiratory diseases that occur with spastic bronchial conditions.
They are produced in aerosol aluminum cans with a metering valve spraying with each press of 0.1 mg of the drug (in the form of fine particles, the size of which does not exceed 5 microns).
To stop a starting attack of suffocation, 1 to 2 doses of aerosol are inhaled. In severe cases, if 5 minutes after inhalation of the first dose there is no noticeable improvement in respiration, another 2 doses of aerosol can be inhaled. Subsequent inhalations are performed at intervals of 4 to 6 hours (no more than 6 times a day).
Possible side effects and contraindications are the same as when using other ~ -adrenostimulants (see Izadrin).
Release form: in aerosol aluminum cylinders with a capacity of 10 ml containing 200 single doses.
Tablets are also available containing 0.002 or 0.004 g (2 or 4 mg) of salbutamol.
Assign to an adult 1 tablet 3-4 times a day.
For use in obstetric practice as a tocolytic agent (see Fenoterol), salbutamol is available under the name "Salbupart" (see Means that relax the muscles of the uterus).
Combined dosage forms containing salbutamol are produced abroad.
Theo-Astakhalin (India) contains in one tablet 2 mg (0.002 g) of salbutamol and 100 mg (0.1 g) of theophylline.
The combination of drugs enhances the bronchodilator effect.
Theo-Astahalin Forte contains 4 mg of salbutamol and 200 mg of theophylline in one tablet.
Theo-Astahalin SR is a sustained release drug. One tablet contains 4 mg of salbutamol and 300 mg of theophylline.