Description of the medicine: Bupivacaine hydrochloride (Bupivacaine hydrochloride)
BUPIVACAINE HYDROCHLORIDE (Bupivacaine hydrochloride) *.
1-Butyl-2 ', 6'-dimethylphenyl-2-piperidinecarboxamide hydrochloride.
Synonyms: Markain, Carbostesin, Duracain, Marcain, Narcain, Sensorcain, Svedocain.
By chemical structure is close to lidocaine. It is one of the most active and long-acting local anesthetics. It is used for local infiltration anesthesia (0.25%), peripheral nerve blockade (0.25-0.5%), epidural (0.75%) and caudal (0.25-0.5%) anesthesia; Retrobulbar blockade (0.75%). In the obstetric-gynecological practice, only 0.25-0.5% solutions are allowed, but not 0.75%. Care should be taken when applying 0.75% solution.
When used correctly, the drug provides a strong and prolonged anesthesia. At excess of doses convulsions, oppression of cardiac activity (up to a cardiac arrest) are possible.
Form release: in ampoules and vials in the above concentrations, as well as with the addition of adrenaline hydrochloride (1: 200 000).