Description of the medicine: Peppermint leaves (Folia Menthae piperitae)
Peppermint Leaves (Folia Menthae piperitae).
The leaves of the cultivated perennial peppermint plant (Metha pirerita L), family. cladaceae (Lamiaceae).
Contain at least 1% of essential oil, which includes menthol.
When ingested, preparations from peppermint leaves have a mild antispasmodic and mild sedative effect, as well as some choleretic effect; when applied to the mucous membranes have a moderate analgesic effect.
Applied in the form of infusion, tincture and various finished dosage forms containing extracts from leaves.
Infusion of peppermint leaves (5 g per 200 ml) is prescribed orally against nausea and as a choleretic and antispasmodic. Leaves are part of choleretic tea.
Peppermint leaf briquettes (round) are also available - Briketum folum Меthае ріреритае - weighing 8 g (in a package of 6 pieces).
One briquette is placed in an enameled bowl, 1, 5 cups of hot boiled water is poured, closed with a lid and heated in boiling water (water bath) with frequent stirring for 15 minutes, cooled, filtered, the remaining raw materials are squeezed, brought to 320 ml with boiled water (1, 5 cups). Take in the form of heat in 1/3 - 1/2 cups 2 - 3 times a day 15 minutes before meals.
Peppermint leaf is part of the carminative collection (see).
The following preparations are prepared from peppermint leaves.
Peppermint oil. Peppermint oil (0leum Меnthае ripritее). Essential oil. Obtained from leaves and other aerial parts of peppermint and other species. It contains about 50% menthol, from 4 to 9% menthol esters with acetic and valerian acids and other substances.
Easily mobile transparent liquid, colorless or painted in a slightly yellowish color, with a mint smell and a burning cooling taste. Density 0.900-0.910. The acid number is not more than 1, 30.
Included as a refreshing and antiseptic in the composition of rinses, tooth powders and pastes.
It is an integral part of the drug "Corvalol".
The calming and antispasmodic effect is associated with the presence of menthol in the oil.
Peppermint tablets (Tagulletay o1ei Methay). Contain mint oil 0.0025 g, sugar 0.5 g.
Used for nausea, vomiting, smooth muscle spasms. Assign 1 2 tablets per reception under the tongue.
Release form: in packing of 10 and 20 pieces.
Peppermint tincture. Peppermint drops (Tintura Меnthае ripritеe).
It consists of alcohol (1:20 to 90% alcohol) tincture of peppermint leaves (cut) with the addition of an equal amount of peppermint oil.
Transparent liquid of green color with a smell and taste of mint.
It is taken orally by 10-15 drops per dose as a remedy against nausea and vomiting, as a painkiller for neuralgic pains and as corigens to improve the taste of medicines.
Release form: in bottles of 15 and 25 ml.
Peppermint water. Peppermint Water (Aqua Menthai Rireritae). A clear, colorless or slightly cloudy liquid with a smell and taste of mint.
Used in potions to improve taste, as well as to rinse the mouth.
Rp :. Inf. fol.