Description of medicine: Chlorobutanol hydrate (Chlorobutanoli hydras)
CHLOROBUTANOLHYDRATE (Chlorobutanoli hydras): 1, 1, 1-Trichloro-2-methylpropanol-2.
Synonyms: Chloreton, Acetonchloroform, Anaesthosal, Chlorobutanolum, Chlorobutanol, Chlorobutanolum hydratum, Chlorbutolumum, Chlortran, Methaform, Sedaform.
Colorless crystals or a white crystalline powder with the smell of camphor. Volatile at room temperature. Slightly soluble in water (1: 250), very easily in alcohol.
When administered, it has a calming and mild narcotic effect, and when applied externally, it has a moderate distracting, anti-inflammatory and antiseptic effect.
As a sedative, it is practically not used.
Outwardly sometimes prescribed in the treatment of ulcers, wounds, inflammatory processes in the form of 1 - 2% powder, 5 - 10% ointment, 0.4% solution for lotions.
In the pharmaceutical industry, chlorobutanol hydrate is used to preserve galenic and other drugs (adrenaline solutions, organ preparations).
Release form: powder.
Storage: List B. In the dark place at a temperature of no higher than +15 C.
It is an integral part of the aerosol preparation "Cameton".
Rp .: Chlorobutanoli hydratis 1, 5
Spiritus aethylici 90% 20 ml
Glycerini 30 ml
Aq. destill. aa 25 ml
MDS lotions (for itching)
Chlorobutanol hydrate for inhalation.
Synonyms: Chloreton inhalant, Chloreton for inhalation.
Composition: chlorobutanol hydrate, camphor, menthol, eucalyptus oil in 1 part, vaseline oil in 96 parts.
Transparent colorless oily liquid with the smell of camphor, menthol and eucalyptus oil.
Under the name aerosol "Cameton" (Aerosolum "Camumum"), the drug is available in glass bottles (30 ml each), coated externally with a protective polymer shell, containing chlorobutanol hydrate for inhalation and propellant (freon-12), equipped with a valve device with a spray nozzle.
It is used for chronic inflammatory diseases of the nose, pharynx and larynx in the acute stage.
For diseases of the pharynx and larynx, an aerosol can is used without a metering valve. Remove the safety cap from the nebulizer and, having introduced it into the oral cavity, press on its base and inhale the nebulized preparation for 1 - 2 s. Inhalations last 1 - 2 minutes.
During the day they are repeated 3-4 times.
For inflammatory diseases of the nose, it is more convenient to use a balloon with a metering valve; with one click on the valve, 0.1 g of the drug is sprayed from the cylinder.
Aerosol "Cameton" should not be prescribed to children under 5 years of age.
Storage: away from fire, at a temperature not exceeding +40 'C. The cylinder should be protected from blows.