Description of the medicine: Ammonia solution 10% (Solutio Ammonii caustici 10%)
AMMONIA SOLUTION 10% (Solutio Ammonii caustici 10%).
Synonyms: Ammonia, Liquor Ammonii caustici, Ammonium causticum solutum.
Transparent colorless volatile liquid with a sharp characteristic odor, a highly alkaline reaction. Miscible with water and alcohol in all ratios. Contains 9.5 - 10.5% ammonia.
When inhaled, it reflexively stimulates the respiratory center, acting through the receptors of the upper respiratory tract (the end of the trigeminal nerve).
In high concentrations, ammonia can cause reflex respiratory arrest.
It is used as an ambulance to stimulate breathing and remove patients from a swoon, for which they carefully gently bring a small piece of cotton wool or gauze moistened with ammonia to the nasal openings (for 0.5 - 1 s) or use an ampoule with a braid. When breaking off the tip of the ampoule, the cotton-gauze braid is impregnated with the solution.
Sometimes taken orally as an emetic (5 to 10 drops per 100 ml of water); use only in diluted form.
When insect bites are used externally in the form of lotions.
In surgical practice, they are used to wash hands according to the method of Spasokukotsky and Kochergin (25 ml per 5 l of warm boiled water). The solution has an antimicrobial effect and cleanses the skin well.
Local application of ammonia solution is contraindicated in dermatitis, eczema and other skin diseases.
Taking undiluted drug causes burns to the esophagus and stomach.
Release form: in bottles (with ground traffic jams) on 10; 40 and 100 ml and in ampoules of 1 ml (with a braid) in a package of 10 pieces.
Storage: in a cool place.
Drops are ammonia anise (see).
Chest elixir (see).
Ammonia liniment (Linimentum ammoniatum) contains 25 g of ammonia solution, 74 g of sunflower oil, 1 g of oleic acid. A thick yellowish-white liquid with a smell of ammonia.
Used for grinding with neuralgia, myositis, etc.