Description of the medicine: Castor oil (Oleum Ricini)
BUTTER OIL (Oleum Ricini). Castor oil.
Fatty oil obtained by pressing and subsequent cleaning of the seeds of a cultivated plant of castor oil plant (Ricinus communis L.), fam. Euphorbiaceae (Euphorbiaceae).
Transparent, thick, viscous, colorless or slightly yellowish liquid with a faint odor and a peculiar, unpleasant taste. Miscible with alcohol, ether, chloroform. When cooled to - 16 'C, it solidifies into a whitish, ointment-like mass. Density 0.948 - 0.968. The acid number is not more than 1, 5.
When ingested, it is cleaved by lipase in the small intestine with the formation of ricinoleic acid, which causes irritation of the intestinal receptors (along its entire length) and a reflex increase in peristalsis. The laxative effect usually occurs after 5 to 6 hours.
When taking castor oil, a reflex contraction of the uterine muscles is also observed.
As a laxative, castor oil is prescribed orally for adults at 15 -3 g, and for children - at 5 - 10 - 15 g per reception (1 teaspoon, dessert or tablespoon). Castor oil can be used in the form of gelatin capsules (ready-made) or emulsions.
Capsules contain 1 g of castor oil; accordingly, adults are prescribed 15 - ZO capsules, for children - 5 - 15 capsules, which are taken for 30 minutes.
Castor oil as a laxative is contraindicated in cases of poisoning with fat-soluble substances (phosphorus, benzene, etc.), as well as extract of male fern.
Castor oil used to be used in obstetric practice to stimulate labor. Assigned to 40 - 50 g, usually in combination with other means.
Outwardly, castor oil is used as part of ointments, balms for the treatment of burns, wounds, ulcers (see Balsamic liniment according to A.V. Vishnevsky), to soften the skin, remove dandruff, etc.
Rp .: Ol. Ricini 25, 0
DS Ha one reception
Rp .: Ol. Ricini 1, 0
DtdN l5 in caps. gel.
S. Take in half an hour
Rp .: Ol. Ricini 10.0
Spiritus aethylici 95% 100 ml