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Description of the medicine: Licorice roots (Radices Glycyrrhizae)

RICE OF LICENSE (Radices Glycyrrhizae).

Synonyms: Licorice root, Radix Liquiritiae.

The roots and underground shoots of perennial wild-growing herbaceous plants of licorice (G1usurrhiza glabra L.) and Uralic (Glyсrrhiza uralensis Fisch.), Collected in different seasons. legumes (Leguminosae).

In medical practice, licorice roots (Radix Glusurrhizae naturalis), not peeled from the cork, and roots peeled from the cork (Radix

Glycyrrhizae mundata).

Contains lucurazide, glycyrrhizic acid (at least 6%); flavonoids, mucous membranes and other pharmacologically active substances. Glycyrrhizic acid, which is a triterpenoid glycoside, has anti-inflammatory properties. Likviritozide (flavone glycoside) and 2, 4, 4 trioxychalkone have an antispasmodic effect. Pentacyclic three terpenes - carbenoxolone - accelerates the healing of stomach ulcers.

Licorice root preparations are recommended as expectorants. A number of drugs (Lik Viriton, Glyciram, Gliderinin, Flacarbin), used as anti-inflammatory and antiulcer drugs, were also obtained from licorice roots and rhizomes. It is believed that the anti-inflammatory and anti-ulcer effect of drugs from licorice roots is associated with their hormonal (adrenocortic) activity.

Thoracic Elixir (Elixir Restorralis). Composition: 20.7 g of malt thick extract, 0.34 g of rectified aniseed essential oil, 1, 38 g of concentrated aqueous ammonia, 20.41 ml of 90% ethyl alcohol, up to 100 ml of distilled water. The liquid is brown in color, sweet in taste, with a smell of ammonia and anise oil.

Accepted as an expectorant, 20 to 40 drops several times a day; children are prescribed as many drops as the child is.

Release form: in bottles on 25 ml.

Collection of thoracic N 2 (Sresies restoralis N 2). Ingredients: 3 parts of crushed licorice root and crushed plantain leaves, 4 parts of crushed coltsfoot leaves.

Applied as an expectorant. One tablespoon is poured with a glass of boiling water, insisted for 20 minutes, filtered. Take 1/2 cup 2 to 3 times a day (after meals).

Dry licorice root extract (Exractractum Glycyrrhizae siccum).

Brownish-yellow dry fine powder of a faint peculiar smell, sugary but sweet taste. When agitated with water, it forms a colloidal, strongly foaming solution.

Thick licorice root extract (Extratum Giycyrrhizae spissum).

Obtained by extraction of licorice root with 0.25% ammonia solution. A dense mass of brown color, a weak peculiar smell, sugary-sweet taste.

Used as constituens for the manufacture of pills. Licorice root is part of the Diuretic Collection.

Complex licorice root powder (see Senna Leaves).