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Medication Description: Licorice Roots (Radices Glycyrrhizae)

ROOTS LITS (Radices Glycyrrhizae).

Synonyms: Licorice, Radix Liquiritiae.

Roots and underground shoots of perennial wild herbaceous plants of licorice (G1usrrhiza glábra L.) and Ural (Glysurrhiza uralensis Fisch.), Herewith collected at different times of the year. legumes (Leguminosae).

In medical practice, licorice roots are used (Radix Glususrrhizae naturalis), not cleared of cork, and roots cleared of cork (Radix

Glycyrrhizae mundata).

Contains lucrazide, glycyrrhizic acid (not less than 6%); flavonoids, mucous membranes and other pharmacologically active substances. Glycyrrhizic acid, which is a triterpenoid glycoside, has anti-inflammatory properties. Liquiritozid (flavone glycoside) and 2, 4, 4 trioksikhalkon have a spasmolytic effect. Pentacyclic three terpenes - carbenoxolone - accelerates the healing of gastric ulcers.

Licorice root preparations are recommended as expectorant. From the roots and rhizomes of licorice also obtained a number of drugs (Lik Viriton "," Glyciram "," Gliderinin "," Flacarbin "), used as anti-inflammatory and anti-ulcer drugs. It is believed that the anti-inflammatory and anti-ulcer effect of drugs from licorice roots is associated with their hormonal (adrenocorticoid) activity.

Chest elixir (Elixir Restoralis). Ingredients: 20.7 g of malt thick extract, 0.34 g of anise-extracted essential oil, 1, 38 g of concentrated aqueous ammonia, 20.41 ml of 90% ethyl alcohol, up to 100 ml of distilled water. Liquid brown color, sweet taste, with the smell of ammonia and anise oil.

Take as expectorant for 20 - 40 drops several times a day; children are prescribed as many drops as a child’s age.

Product: in bottles of 25 ml.

Collect chest N 2 (Soresi restoralis N 2). Ingredients: 3 pieces of crushed licorice root and crushed plantain leaves, 4 parts of coltsfoot leaves.

Applied as an expectorant. One tablespoon is poured a glass of boiling water, insist 20 minutes, filter. Take 1/2 cup 2 - 3 times a day (after meals).

Dry licorice extract (Extractum Glycyrrhizae siccum).

Brownish-yellow fine powder weak peculiar smell, clothed but sweet taste. When agitated with water, it forms a colloidal, highly foaming solution.

Licorice extract is thick (Extratum Giycyrrhizae spissum).

Obtained by extracting licorice 0.25% ammonia solution. Thick mass of brown color, weak peculiar smell, cloyingly sweet taste.

It is used as a constituen for the manufacture of pills. Licorice root is included in the collection of a diuretic.

Powder licorice complex (see Senna leaves).