Groups of drugs
The main groups of drugs
- Drugs that act primarily on the central nervous system
- Drugs acting mainly on peripheral neurotransmitter processes
- Means, operating mainly in the field of sensitive (afferent) nerve endings
- Means acting on the cardiovascular system
- Means that enhance renal excretory function
- Hepatotropic drugs
- Means affecting the muscles of the uterus (uterine means)
- Means regulating metabolic processes
- Drugs, corrective processes of immunity
- Antihypoxants and antioxidants
- Drugs of different pharmacological groups
- Means for the treatment and prevention of infectious diseases
- Drugs used to treat cancer
- Radiocontrast and some other diagnostic tools
All modern medicines are grouped according to the following basic principles:
- For therapeutic use (therapeutic groups): for example, drugs for the treatment of inflammation, lowering blood pressure, antimicrobials.
- Pharmacological action, that is, the effect caused (vasodilators - dilating blood vessels, antispasmodics - eliminating vasospasm, analgesics - reducing pain irritation).
- Chemical structure: for example, salicylates derived from acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin, salicylamide, methyl salicylate), fluoroquinolones.
- The nosological principle, that is, some medicines are used to treat a strictly defined disease (for example, drugs to treat myocardial infarction, bronchial asthma, etc.), others can be used to treat several diseases.
All drugs can be divided into the following groups:
- Drugs that act primarily on the central nervous system (anesthetics, hypnotics, anticonvulsants, tranquilizers and neuroleptics, antidepressants, psychostimulants, noootropic drugs, parkinsonian drugs, painkillers, antitussives and antiemetics).
- Drugs that act primarily on the peripheral nervous system.
- Means acting in the field of sensitive nerve endings, i.e., having a local anesthetic effect, such as, for example, novocaine, astringents, drugs that neutralize hydrochloric acid in the stomach, drugs with a "distracting" effect - menthol, validol, bee-based ointment or snake venom, laxatives and expectorants.
- Means acting on the cardiovascular system (cardiac glycosides, antiarrhythmics, drugs that improve the blood supply to individual organs and tissues, antispasmodics, blood pressure regulators).
- Means that increase urination (otherwise - diuretics), and drugs that inhibit the formation of urinary stones.
- Drugs that improve the function of the liver.
- Means affecting the muscles of the uterus (stimulating or relaxing).
- Means regulating metabolic processes (hormones, their analogues and antihormonal drugs; vitamins; enzymes and their antagonists; drugs affecting blood clotting, blood cholesterol levels; nonspecific metabolic stimulants; drugs used to correct water and electrolyte balance and elimination toxic products).
- Drugs that affect the immune system (immunomodulators and immunomodulators).
- Antimicrobial, antiviral, antiparasitic, antifungal agents (antibiotics, interferon, antiseptics and various synthetic drugs).
- Drugs used in the treatment of cancer (mainly substances that inhibit cell proliferation, as well as antagonists of certain hormones).
- Diagnostic tools (radiopaque substances, dyes).
- Other drugs of various pharmacological groups (sugar, sorbents, photoprotective drugs; drugs for the treatment of alcoholism; appetite suppressants).