Methods of Foll and Nakatani
Even in antiquity, the properties of biologically active points were known. By acting on these points by various methods (acupuncture, acupressure, moxibustion), doctors affected the organs of the body.
Voll went the opposite way. Studying the state of these points, he received information about the state of the internal organs.
If one of you wants to study deeply the methods of Foll and Nakatani, then, of course, you will find literature on this issue in stores, in libraries, and on the Internet.
Here are some of these books:
Katin A.Ya. "Voll-method 2+. Acupuncture. Chronic fatigue syndrome. EHF in medicine. Homeopathy." Publishing house "DEAN"
Electropuncture diagnostics by the method of R. Voll with homeopathy. / E. I. Gonikman. - Minsk: Center for Natural Medicine "Santana", 2003. - 187 p.: Ill. Vedova
Foll method. Electrical Pulse Publisher: All
Boytsov I.V. Electropuncture diagnostics on "Riodorak". Vitebsk. 1996
F. Kramer. Textbook on electroacupuncture. Moscow. "Imedis". 1995
A.V. Samokhin, Yu. V. Gotovsky. Electropuncture diagnostics and therapy according to the method of R. Voll.
Moscow "Imedis". 1995
The last book in the list is the most simple, and it can be recommended to those who are just starting to get acquainted with this method.
I didn’t find so much about the biography of Reinhold Voll on the Internet, but I was somewhat surprised that the information I found on the Russian Internet did not coincide with what I found in English, German and Dutch Internet.
Rather, they did not coincide in one fact of biography, but the fact is important.
Reinhold Voll was born in 1909, first he wanted to become an architect, then he left this training, became a doctor, worked in tropical diseases, defended himself in this specialty, practiced sports medicine, then became interested in Chinese medicine. discovery.
Reinhold Voll was awarded three times, here are his most important awards:
In 1966, he was awarded the Vatican Gold Medal "For outstanding services to suffering humanity" by Pope Paul VI.
In 1979, he was awarded the Order of Merit for the Federal Republic of Germany.
He died in 1989.
Here everything is the same. But on the Russian Internet, I repeatedly saw mentions that a reserved attitude towards Reinhold Voll was due to the fact that during the war years he conducted experiments on prisoners in concentration camps. I have seen these messages so far only in Russian. This is quite strange. The Germans are very scrupulous in these matters, but I did not find such references in German.
Here is what can be seen on the Russian Internet:
Dr. Reinhold Voll died in 1990. At the time of the Third Reich, he was in the SS unit “Ananerbe”, which was engaged in experiments on people in the Auschwitz concentration camp. It is believed that Voll specialized in the application of ancient occult knowledge, and the beginning of his methodology was laid in the camp. (Although the German profession was a dentist.)
Archive division after the war hit the USSR as a trophy. So our country knew about Foll's research in medicine for a long time. According to O. Hesse, it was the terrible circumstances of Voll’s experiments that did not allow using his methodology in the Soviet era.
I must say that here, in addition to the mentions of the concentration camp, there are many biographical discrepancies. Voll died in 1989, was never a dentist. And the reasons for not using the Foll method at a time when genetics and cybernetics were described in the Great Soviet Encyclopedia as bourgeois pseudoscience, and scholars like Lysenko reigned supreme in science, and without that it was enough.
I don’t know how to explain this, but in the end, I didn’t set myself the task of studying Reinhold Voll’s biography, but generally speaking, the topic is quite interesting.
Achievements of Voll were so high that the method spread throughout the world. In Russia, the Voll method was legalized by Resolution No. 2 of the USSR Council of Ministers dated June 6, 1989. Those. exactly in the year of his death, for some reason he did not live to the court.
On the left, the first device, called Dermatron, created by Reinhold Voll and German engineer Werner (Fritz Werner), on the right is the high award that Voll received.
By the way, another reason to doubt this whole story with a concentration camp. Dad would not give out his medals to such a person, and even soon after the war. I don’t also think that having received the archives in their hands, the Soviet government would have been silent about this.
Especially in 1979, everything must surely have come out, and the Germans, with their guilt for the war unleashed, would not have given a high reward to the person who conducted the experiments on prisoners. Something here ends do not meet.
The Internet, generally a little reliable source of information. Someone can print something, an army of plagiarists will urgently move it to their sites, and any duck will acquire the flavor of a well-proven, reliable fact. I just brought the information available to me, and, of course, I don’t pretend to the ultimate truth.
Japanese doctor Y.Nakatani / Nakatani / described the method of electropuncture diagnostics of the functional state of the meridians, based on the measurement of electrical conductivity at representative acupuncture points in 1950.
The first instrument for measuring the electrical potential of human skin was constructed by Voll (Foll) together with the engineer Werner in 1953.
The Institute of Electropuncture and Electrodiagnostics (The Institute for ElectroAcupuncture & ElectroDiagnostics), based in Munich, is based on the original technique of Reinhold Voll.
In 1955, R. Voll founded the "Working community of KUF-electroacupuncture", which was later renamed the "International Society of Electroacupuncture", and then, due to the schism, changed its name to "The International Society of Electroacupuncture after Voll".
In 1956, the International Society of Electropuncture Voll was opened in Plochingen, which currently unites more than ten thousand doctors from 33 countries of the world. Since the organization of the society, its members have published more than 200 original works and 120 monographs.
I must say that the primacy of Voll is also disputed. It is believed that the founder of this trend in science was the French doctor De La Fuy. By the way, the first name of his device Foll and Werner had to change because of the protests of Dr. De La Fuy. There were other scholars who dealt with these problems at that time, and during the lifetime of Voll there were disputes over priority.
It happens so often, then all of a sudden they invent a light bulb, then radio, scientific ideas, as we know, are in the air. Or maybe they just become accessible from the information field of the Earth simultaneously to several people on the planet. It is not by chance that so many discoveries took place in different parts of the world at the same time. Then it is difficult for contemporaries to understand, and even more so for descendants. It’s good that they even figured out the light bulb, and it became the light bulb of Ilyich .
Voll and Nakatani lived in different countries, studied the same direction in science, but still created two different methods. These techniques do not contradict each other, but, on the contrary, perfectly complement each other.
What else united them, in my opinion, was a dislike for photographing. I have been looking for their photos on the Internet for a long time, but I found only two photos of Voll, and Nakatani found a lot, but these were not at all those of Nakatani. I found even a pretty dachshund named Nakatani, and even a mouse - the scientist's namesake, as well as a lot of players, singers, etc. It is clear that this name is not uncommon in Japan. In addition, my search was hindered by the fact that I got mainly on sites with hieroglyphs. So, the rich, and so happy: here is another photo of Foll.
The methods of Nakatani and Voll differ both in their ideology and in their technical execution. Technically, they differ, first of all, in the values of currents and voltages used in diagnostics.
Inside the human body, as indeed, in any biological object, its own weak electric currents flow, carrying the most diverse information and reaching values from 3 to 6 microamps. Often in the literature they are called “own biopotentials”.
The Voll method assumes the use of a voltage of 1.2-1.5 volts with flowing currents from 0 to 20 microamps. When exposed to the biologically active point of such currents, an internal EMF (electromotive force) confrontation with the supplied current occurs, resulting in a stable position of the arrow or scale on the monitor in the middle part.
The resistance of the internal EMF to the flow of current indicates the physical state of the acupuncture point. Thus, it is possible to measure consistently all points of a certain meridian and to characterize its general condition, identifying pathological changes in the energy of the meridian.
Only for this purpose, it is necessary to measure several dozen points along one meridian, which takes a lot of time and largely depends on the qualifications of the doctor. You can imagine how much effort must be spent to assess the overall condition of the body "in general". That is why diagnostics by the method of Foll is very expensive, and require better preparation from the performer. On the other hand, this technique gives a more detailed picture than the Nakatani technique.
Testing of dietary supplements, drugs, food, etc. is based on the Voll method. This method was discovered and first used by Voll. The testing mode is supported by computer diagnostics of Kano "Home Doctor", and does not require any special knowledge and skills from the performer.
The possibility of such testing was, as I have already said, discovered by Voll himself, and, as often happens, by accident. He noticed that if the subject takes some substance in his hand, the readings of the device change. Ie, let's say you take medicine in your hand. This means that another force interferes with the device — organs — meridians — biologically active points — Cosmos. This is the medicine you hold in your hand. For the first time this phenomenon was observed when the instrument was demonstrated.
Thus, with the help of this method, you can immediately see what changes occur in your body, with the appearance of some medications, bads, and other external influences. You can see how you feel about this medicine: positive, negative or neutral. You do not need to take this medicine, it is enough to include it in the chain. It is not necessary, however, to take it in hand. In the computer diagnostics of Kano "Home Doctor" this question is solved differently. What is being measured — medicine, Bud, etc. — is put in a metal vessel connected to the device, and thus is included in the circuit.
I read several versions of exactly how this discovery occurred. I will give one of them here.
At the congress, held in the city of Freudenstadt, Dr. Voll presented his electroacupuncture method. A healthy person, a doctor, one of the doctor’s colleagues was invited to the demonstration as a “patient”. But Dr. Voll could not get a stable measurement of values: that value was elevated, then after a while it fell. It turned out that the riddle was solved simply: one of the “spectators”, also a doctor by profession, had medicine in his pocket, beta-blockers. When he moved to the "patient" and appeared as if above him, the measurement results changed. This case did not go unnoticed.
In order to use this interesting opportunity with the help of the Kano Home Doctor computer diagnostics, you do not need any special knowledge, you do not need to measure a lot of points on the meridians, and then interpret the results - it is enough to take readings from one point on the meridian in the absence of the test substance , then repeat, but already putting it in a metal vessel. You will receive a response from the program - yes, no, or neutral.
To remove these measurements is also quite simple, since the program will guide you at every step. You will have pictures in front of your eyes, tooltips. In general, it will not be difficult for you, even if you do not have medical training.
Another thing - the implementation of a complete diagnosis of Voll. There you will need to take the readings yourself and interpret them yourself. But this is how all computer diagnostics according to Voll is arranged.
Diagnosis according to Nakatani, which is carried out by the device of computer diagnostics of the organism Kano "Home Doctor", is completely interpreted programmatically. It is organized so that everyone can use it, not for nothing that the device is called the Home Doctor.
As I have already said, the Nakatani method is different, both in ideology and in technical execution. It was developed by the Japanese doctor Nakatani, and opened to the world in 1956.
When passing through a biologically active point of current from 20 to 100 microamps and a voltage of 9 - 12 volts, the resistance of the internal EMF of the point is ignored, which allows to measure the general condition of the meridian.
When using a voltage of 9 - 12 volts and a short-circuit current of 200 microamperes, according to the Nakatani method, and the presence of representative (indicating the average value of the Meridian in general) points - this method becomes relevant for conducting rapid diagnostics of the general and energy state of the body.
Thus, by measuring a small number of points, one can obtain information on the state of all the main meridians. This is the main difference between these two methods. The Nakatani method is an express diagnostic method.
We conclude that the Voll method, which gives more detailed results, is a method for diagnosing a single biologically active point, while the Nakatani method, with seeming simplicity, is the general energy state of the whole organism and separately for each meridian. Each of them has its own advantages and disadvantages.
The Nakatani method is quite easily served by algorithmization, which allows you to create high-quality programs that implement this method.
To make it even clearer, let's say a little differently. There are points on the meridians that characterize the state of the meridian as a whole. In order to correctly assess the state of the meridian as a whole, it is impossible to use such weak currents, as in the Voll method, since the interaction of the weak currents of the device with the currents of the organism itself occurs. In this case, the state of a specific point is checked, and not the meridian as a whole, as in the Nakatani method.
When using higher currents and voltages, this interaction with the internal currents of the body can be neglected; then, by one point, one can truly appreciate the state of the meridian as a whole. These are not any points, but so-called representative points. The state of such a point characterizes the state of the whole meridian.
When using small currents (Voll) we get the state of the point itself, and not the meridian as a whole. Therefore, in order to assess the state of the whole meridian, you need to measure a lot of points on this meridian.
All the points that are used in these two techniques coincide with the points known in Chinese medicine, which once again confirms the reliability of this ancient knowledge.
The qualitative algorithm for the implementation of the Nakatani technique and its software implementation make it possible to use this technique with the help of the Kano Home Doctor computer diagnostics tool of the body, even to unprepared people.
According to this simplest scheme, the device can be made independently, and the parameters of the device practically do not differ from the factory models. In this case, data entry into the computer will have to be done manually, and the name of control points and their location can be taken from the corresponding atlases, however, in my opinion, this service is still better to contact the appropriate medical center from professionals, since finding the right points requires a certain amount of information. skill. The main argument of self-diagnosis lovers is that the potential of any points is ideally equal to 50 percent of the scale, and the diagnostic process is at the same time the treatment of the corresponding organ (and this is true, the state of health improves almost instantly), so the error in determining the points will give erroneous information but, paradoxically, it does not worsen the process of treating those organs that need correction.
This technique was founded in the middle of the 20th century by the Japanese doctor Nakatani, and it was based on the ideas of oriental medicine, in particular, on ideas about the meridians.
Here we will only briefly talk about the ideas of Eastern medicine. But, if you subscribe to the newsletter, you will get a much more detailed picture of these things.
For many years, Nakatani investigated the resistance of biologically active points. As a result, he came to the conclusion about the dependence of this indicator on the functional state of the organs associated with them.
Nakatani defined points in the areas of projection of classical Chinese acupuncture points that have lower than the surrounding skin resistance. The position of these points coincided with the course of acupuncture meridians, i.e. lay on the lines with increased electrical conductivity. Therefore, this method is called "Riodoraku" (from Japanese: ryo - good, do - (electro) conductivity, raku - line).
Nakatani was able to identify patterns of change in electrical resistance at representative points and the energy state of the meridian, and accordingly the organ or organs associated with it. Nakatani has developed a convenient and intuitive diagnostic map, the most optimal for doctors who think in categories of Chinese acupuncture. Subsequently, many researchers developed numerous measurement calculation algorithms for Nakatani, which made it possible to interpret the results in a form convenient for a European doctor.
The doctrine of meridians (channels) is the basis of oriental medicine. and is closely connected with ideas about the vital energy of Chi.
In the human body, there are 12 systems that perform 12 basic physiological functions. These systems are called meridians. In accordance with the theory of Yin-Yang, the meridians form 6 pairs. Thus, there are 6 Yin meridians and 6 - Yansky.
Nakatani and his students paid attention to the fact that, depending on the functional state of the internal organs, the potential difference at the points of the corresponding meridians changes. Studies have shown that any changes in the internal environment of the body will certainly affect the skin and that the meridians behave as sensitive indicators that signal an imminent danger.
With the disease of certain organs, the meridian has a high electrical conductivity, which is measurable. Increased electrical conductivity has been called the Ryodoraku (Ryodoraku) phenomenon.
Studies have shown that changes in electrical conductivity do not always appear in diseases, but may simply reflect a certain physiological state of the body. Therefore, the diagnosis is desirable to re-conduct.
But, on the other hand, this feature of the behavior of the meridians often allows one to see the disease in advance, even several years before it manifests itself. This allows you to take appropriate action on time.
On the one hand, diagnostics using the Nakatani method is very simple, but on the other hand, it requires very difficult calculations, since each meridian is calculated according to its own rules (algorithm). Therefore, the use of computers to decrypt it turned out to be more than necessary. The method remains the same, but the methods (algorithms) of interpreting the results differ in different computer diagnostics.
In computer diagnostics of Kano's organism “Home Doctor” the classical method Nakatani is implemented. It is often possible to see that the developers of the devices use lower currents and voltages, which cannot be done, since measurements appear to depend on the internal resistance of the point, which is unacceptable in the Nakatani technique. The essence of the method itself is distorted, so it is not necessary to wait for good diagnostic results.
The main advantage of our version of computer diagnostics of the organism is that it is designed for any level of user training. Of course, if you understand the intricacies of Eastern medicine or are going to thoroughly understand all this, you will be able to extract more information and a better quality level than a person who is far from these questions. But even such a person can safely use the device. On the sheet with the results of diagnostics, you will see not only the Riodaraku table and the Nakatani diagram, but also the deviation table with the list of organs.
Then you will receive a list of organs and systems that need attention.
But, if you give yourself a little insight into the concepts of Eastern medicine, which we will talk about later, the amount of useful information that you can extract from the results of diagnostics will, of course, be great.
Measurement points are located on the meridians. To find them is easy even for a completely inexperienced person. Each measurement is accompanied by a picture on the screen and also a description of how to determine the point.
Using the Nakatani diagram, the program vividly shows the state of your main vital systems and organs. From it you can see in which mode, excited or depressed, each of the organs is working, and you can see if your body needs help or is able to cope with the problems that arise.
Voll method (German Elektroakupunktur nach Voll, EAV)
The Voll method (German Elektroakupunktur nach Voll, EAV) is a non-traditional method of medical rapid diagnosis, using the results of measuring the resistance of the skin on the fingers for diagnosis. It is essentially a combination of acupuncture and a galvanometer. Offered by Dr. Reynold Voll in 1958.
In medical circles, the attitude towards the Foll method is controversial - some sources claim that this method is not used in medicine and has no scientific basis, on the other hand, the Foll method is approved for use by the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation. Guidelines for the application of methods are: Methodical recommendations M98 / 232 of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation "Possibilities of computerized electro-puncture diagnostics according to R. Voll in therapy with methods of reflexotherapy and homeopathy"
Internationale Medizinische Gesellschaft fur Elektroakupunktur nach Voll (German)
Equipment using this method
Computer diagnostics - quackery by the "Foll method"
The question of the correctness of diagnoses posed using the so-called "computer diagnostics" periodically arises both in my practice and here on the site. Therefore, I decided to put this issue in a separate topic.
So, to begin with, how professional and authoritative can my opinion be on this issue?
Judge for yourself: the direction of "electropuncture" (the same as acupuncture, but only the impact on acupuncture points is not done by needles, but by electrodes with electrical impulses coming in on them) I started back in 1980.
Once, a professor brought the first (and at that time the only) Soviet copy of the apparatus for electroacupuncture and the search for acupuncture points on the body (a prototype for future computer diagnostics) to the research laboratory of the department of the institute where I was working during the holidays.
In addition to the circuit itself, there were still output characteristics of the device - and that was all!
The professor set the task to make the same device.
There were no ratings of radio elements, so to repeat, to collect the scheme, the meeting did not work. In this regard, the interest of the laboratory staff to the apparatus quickly faded away and the scheme from the professorate decided to pass on to someone younger to tinker, recount and provide the result.
I was the youngest.
At that time I was not enthusiastic about enthusiasm, and after sitting, without straightening, a couple of weeks, having made the necessary calculations, I provided the management with the result.
I also made the device. For myself.
The first experiments also conducted exclusively on himself.
Then, among friends of fellow students who worked on the ambulance, an atlas on acupuncture points (the then deficit) appeared.
Knowing that I have a machine, they asked me to borrow it for a while. The result shook both them and me - with the help of the apparatus they raised the semi-paralyzed grandfather of 73 years old to his feet.
Since then, one of the areas of my business has been electropuncture and electropuncture diagnostics (at that time I truly believed in it).
I developed, perfected and manufactured devices of this direction, along the way gaining experience and drawing conclusions.
After appearing in this area of commercial orientation, that is, the very "computer diagnostics" and "diagnostics by the method of Voll" (which is the same thing, no matter what anyone said), I repeatedly carried out the adjustment and commissioning of this technique.
Do you think the above arguments are enough for me to consider myself an expert in this matter? I hope so.
But all this is a preface. Now - specifically on the topic.
The history of the issue, if interested, can be read by typing in any search engine the words: "riodoraku" and "Voll method".
Consider, however, that it is a question of diagnostics , and not of a therapeutic effect, the positive effect of which is really the place to be!
I will briefly, in a very simplified way, set forth the idea: each acupuncture point on the body has its own, specific electrical potential (or electrical resistance).
In theory, if you know the potential of each key point on the body of a healthy average person, then by measuring it in a particular person and seeing a deviation from the norm, and also knowing which organ is responsible for the point that has a deviation, we can conclude that he or she has other disease.
In the same way, for example, any radio equipment is diagnosed - by voltage (and its form) at control points.
But this, I repeat, in theory.
In practice, everything is much more complicated.
- The data of normal, “healthy” potentials of points in computer diagnostics are averaged, based on research data, and it is not known how, when and by whom it was obtained. But after all, every person is an individual! And, if for one person a certain potential at some point is the norm, then for another, the same potential speaks of pathology. And vice versa.
- Skin resistance is also individual for each person.
Not only is it non-linear, it also depends on a huge pile of factors, such as: moisture of the skin and surrounding air, temperature, condition of the skin, oily skin, physiological state of the human body during the diagnosis, and most importantly, the force of the instrument probe on the diagnosed point .
Suppose the operator-diagnostician pressed the point a little harder with the probe - the computer reports the presence of a disease, which is absent, slightly weaker - and a really sick person can be considered healthy !!!
How do you like this prospect?
In order to more or less conclude that there are deviations in the body, it would be correct to conduct several diagnostic sessions and look at changes in the potential values of the points in dynamics.
The same computer "diagnosis" gives a "diagnosis" in one examination!
- When the device probe is exposed to the skin, the point (both electrical and mechanical) is affected and, if the disease is at the very beginning and the deviation from the norm is small, the point can only return to normal from this effect!
Not for long, of course, but this will be quite enough not to notice a real deviation from the norm.
- 4. Particularly cynical and outrageous deception is the determination by means of "computer diagnostics" of substances - allergens.
This is generally in no frame climbs! This is impossible in principle!
An allergic reaction is pure biochemistry and can be diagnosed only and exclusively by introducing small doses of a specific, real allergen into the body (which is done in laboratory medical research). And nothing else!
No points have any place in this process and they cannot have it !!!
In principle, theoretically, the idea of diagnostics by points has the right to exist, but for this:
- Each person, while he is healthy, needs to make his own, individual map of potentials of the main points.
- Regularly monitor the condition of the points, and each control measurement should be carried out at least 3 times with a short break.
- And the most important thing is that during diagnostics it is necessary to completely exclude any effect on points (electrical or mechanical), which is absolutely impossible at this stage in the development of technology !!!
Therefore, theoretically, all this is interesting, practically it does not work!
Yes, you can earn money on this, but to make the correct diagnosis - never (unless by chance).
So, all this "computer diagnostics" - pure deception, quackery, fraud.
Anything, but only not a real diagnosis!
It’s a pity only for people who have bought into this bullshit, who have thrown money to the wind and have lost precious time so necessary for real medical diagnosis and real treatment ...