Methods of Voll and Nakatani
Even in antiquity, the properties of biologically active points were known. Influencing these points by various methods (acupuncture, acupressure, moxibustion), doctors worked on the organs of the body.
Voll went the opposite way. Studying the state of these points, he received information about the state of internal organs.
If one of you wants to thoroughly study the methods of Voll and Nakatani, then of course you will find literature on this subject in shops, libraries and on the Internet.
Here are some of these books:
Katyn A.Ya. "Voll method 2+ Acupuncture: Chronic fatigue syndrome, EHF in medicine, Homeopathy." Publishing house "DEAN"
Electropuncture diagnostics by the method of R. Fall with homeopathy. / EI Gonikman. - Mn .: Center for Natural Medicine "Santana", 2003. - 187c .: il.Vedova
The Voll Method. Electric impulse Publisher: Ves
Boytsov I.V. Electropuncture diagnostics according to "Riodorak" .Vitebsk. 1996.
F.Kramer. Textbook on electro acupuncture. Moscow. "Imedis". 1995y.
A.V. Samokhin, Yu. V. Gotovsky. Electropuncture diagnostics and therapy according to the method of R. Voll.
Moscow "Imedis". 1995y.
The last book in the list is the most simple, and it can be recommended to those who are just starting to get acquainted with this method.
On the biography of Reinhold Voll, I was not so much on the Internet, but what surprised me was that the information I found on the Russian Internet did not match what I found on English, German and Dutch Internet.
Rather, it did not coincide in one fact of the biography, but the fact is important.
Reinhold Voll was born in 1909, at first he wanted to become an architect, then he left this training, became a doctor, practiced tropical diseases, defended this specialty, was engaged in sports medicine, then took a great interest in Chinese medicine, and so he came to his own discovery.
Reinhold Voll (Reinhold Voll) was awarded three times, here are his most important awards:
In 1966, Pope Paul VI was awarded the Vatican's gold medal "For outstanding service to the suffering humanity".
In 1979, he was awarded the Order of Merit for the Federal Republic of Germany
He died in 1989.
Here everything is the same. But on the Russian Internet, I repeatedly saw references to the fact that the restrained attitude towards Reinhold Voll was due to the fact that during the war he conducted experiments on prisoners in concentration camps. I saw these messages only in Russian. This is quite strange. The Germans are very scrupulous in these matters, but I did not find such references in the German language.
Here's what you can see on the Russian Internet:
Dr. Reinhold Voll died in 1990. In the times of the Third Reich, he was a member of the SS "Ananerbe", which was engaged in experiments on people in the concentration camp "Auschwitz." It is believed that Voll specialized in the application of ancient occult knowledge, and the beginning of his technique was laid back in the camp. (Although the profession of German was a dentist.)
The archive of the division after the war was in the USSR as a trophy. So our country knew about Voll's research in medicine for a very long time. According to O. Hesse, it was precisely the terrible circumstances of Voll's experiments that did not allow him to use his technique in the Soviet era.
I must say that here, besides the mention of the concentration camp, there are many biographical discrepancies. Voll died in 1989, he was never a dentist. And there was no reason to not use the Foll method at a time when genetics and cybernetics were described in the Great Soviet Encyclopedia as bourgeois pseudosciences, and there were plenty of such scientists as Lysenko in science.
I do not know how to explain this, but in the end, I did not set myself the task of studying the biography of Reinhold Voll, and generally speaking, the topic is quite interesting.
Voll's achievements were so high that the method spread throughout the world. In Russia the Voll method was legalized by the decision of the Council of Ministers of the USSR No. 2 of June 6, 1989. Those. exactly in the year of his death, he did not come to the court for some reason.
On the left, the first device, named Dermatron, created by Reinhold Voll, together with German engineer Werner (Fritz Werner), to the right - a high award, which was awarded to Voll.
By the way, one more reason to doubt this whole story with the concentration camp. The Pope would not have given his medals to such a person, and even soon after the war. I do not think that having received the archives in our hands, the Soviet government would be silent about this.
Especially in 1979, everything was sure to come out, and the Germans, with their guilt for the war, would not be given a high reward to the man who conducted the experiments on the prisoners. Something here ends meet do not converge.
Internet, generally a little reliable source of information. Someone can print something, the army of plagiarists will immediately move to their sites, and any duck will get the flavor of a well-proven, reliable fact. I just brought the information available to me, and, of course, I do not pretend to the truth in the final instance.
Japanese doctor Y. Nakatani / Nakatani / described the method of electropuncture diagnosis of the functional state of meridians, based on the measurement of electrical conductivity in representative points of acupuncture in 1950.
The first device for measuring the electrical potential of human skin was designed by Foll (Folem) in collaboration with engineer Werner in 1953.
The Institute for Electro-Puncture and Electrodiagnostics, based in Munich, is based on the original Reinhold Voll technique.
In 1955, R. Wall founded the "Working community of KUF-electro acupuncture", which was later renamed the "International Society of Electro Acupuncture", and then, in connection with the split, changed its name to "International Society of Electro Acupuncture by Voll".
In 1956 in Plochingen, the International Society for Electro-Puncture, Foll, was opened, which now unites more than ten thousand physicians from 33 countries around the world. Since the organization of the society, its members have published more than 200 original works and 120 monographs.
It must be said that the Voll championship is also contested. It is believed that the ancestor of this trend in science was the Frenchman Dr. De La Fuy. By the way, the first name of his device Voll and Werner had to be changed because of the protests of Dr. De La Fuy. There were other scientists who at the time were dealing with these problems, and even during the lifetime of Foll, there were disputes over the priority.
This happens often, then suddenly a light bulb is invented, then the radio, scientific ideas, as you know, are carried in the air. Or maybe just become available from the Earth's information field simultaneously to several people on the planet. It is no accident that so many discoveries took place in different parts of the world simultaneously. Then it is difficult for contemporaries to understand, and descendants, even more so. Well, that at least with a light bulb figured out, and it became a bulb Ilyich .
Voll and Nakatani lived in different countries, studied the same direction in science, but still created two different methods. These methods do not contradict each other, but, on the contrary, perfectly complement each other.
What else they had in common, in my opinion, is dislike for photographing. I searched their photos on the Internet for a long time, but I found only two photos of Voll, and Nakatani found a lot, but they were not all Nakatani at all. I found even a pretty dachshund called Nakatani, and even a mouse - the namesake of a scientist, as well as many players, singers, etc. It is quite obvious that this name in Japan is not uncommon. In addition, my search was hampered by the fact that I fell mainly on sites with hieroglyphics. So, the rich, the more welcome: that's another picture of Voll.
The methods of Nakatani and Voll differ both in their ideology and in technical execution. In technical terms, they differ, in the first place, by the values of currents and voltages used in diagnostics.
Inside the human body, as well as in any biological object, its own weak electrical currents flow, carrying a wide variety of information and reaching values from 3 to 6 microamps. Often in the literature they are called "own biopotentials".
The Voll method assumes the use of a voltage of 1.2 - 1.5 volts with flowing currents from 0 to 20 microamps. When exposed to a biologically active point of such currents, a confrontation of the internal EMF (electromotive force) occurs with the current being fed, resulting in a stable position of the arrow or scale on the monitor in the middle part.
The stability of the resistance of the internal EMF to the transmitted current indicates the physical state of the acupuncture point. Thus, it is possible to measure successively all the points of a certain meridian and characterize its general state, revealing pathological changes in the energy of the meridian.
Only for this purpose one meridian needs to measure several tens of points, which takes a lot of time and largely depends on the qualification of the doctor. One can imagine how much effort should be spent to assess the general condition of the organism "in general". That is why the diagnosis by the method of Voll is very expensive, and require more good preparation from the performer. On the other hand, this technique gives a more detailed picture than the technique of Nakatani.
The method of Voll is based on the testing of dietary supplements, medicines, food, etc. This method was discovered and first used by Voll himself. The testing mode is supported by the computer diagnostics of Kano "Home Doctor", and does not require the artist to have any special knowledge and skills.
The possibility of such testing was, as I said, open by Volle himself, and, as is often the case, by accident. He noticed that if the subject takes a substance in his hand, the readings of the device change. Ie, say, you take a medicine in your hand. This means that in the system the device - the organs - the meridians - the biologically active points - the Cosmos, another force interferes. This is the medicine you are holding in your hand. For the first time, this phenomenon was noticed during the demonstration of the device.
Thus, with the help of this method, you can immediately see what changes occur in your body, with the appearance of some drugs, bada, and other external influences. You can see how you feel about this medicine: positive, negative or neutral. You do not need to take this medicine, just turn it on. It is not necessary, however, to take it in hand. In the computer diagnosis of Kano "Home Doctor" this issue is resolved differently. What is measured - medicine, Bud, etc. - is put in a metal vessel connected to the device, and thus, is included in the chain.
I read several versions of exactly how this discovery happened. I'll bring one of them here.
At a congress held in the city of Freudenstadt, Dr. Voll presented the method of electro acupuncture developed by him. As a "patient", a healthy person, a doctor, one of the doctor's colleagues was invited to the demonstration. But Dr. Foll did not manage to get stable values of the measurement: that value was increased, then after a while it fell. It turned out that the riddle was solved simply: one of the "spectators", as well as a doctor by profession, had medicines in their pocket, beta-blockers. When he approached the "patient" and appeared to be above him, the measurement results changed. This incident did not go unnoticed.
In order to use this interesting opportunity with the help of the computer diagnostics of Kano "Home Doctor", you do not need any special knowledge, you do not need to measure a lot of points on the meridians, and then interpret the results - it is enough to take readings from one point on the meridian in the absence of the test substance , then repeat, but already putting it in a metal vessel. You will receive an answer from the program - yes, no or neutral.
Remove these measurements is also very simple, as the program will guide you at every step. You will have before your eyes drawings, tooltips. In general, it will not be difficult for you, even if you do not have medical training.
Another thing is the implementation of a full diagnosis of Voll. There you will need to take the testimony yourself, and interpret it yourself. But this is how all computer diagnostics are arranged according to Voll.
Diagnosis on Nakatani, which is performed by the computer diagnostic device Kano "Home Doctor", is fully interpreted programmatically. It is organized so that everyone can use it, for good reason the device is called a Home Doctor.
As I have already said, Nakatani's method is different, both ideology and technical execution. It was developed by the Japanese physician Nakatani, and was opened to the world in 1956.
When passing through the biologically active point of current from 20 to 100 microamperes and voltage of 9 to 12 volts, the resistance of the internal EMF of the point is ignored, which allows to measure the general state of the meridian.
Using a voltage of 9-12 volts and a short-circuit current of 200 microamperes, according to the Nakatani method, and the presence of representative (indicating the average value of the meridian as a whole) points, this method becomes relevant for carrying out express diagnostics of the general and energy state of the organism.
Thus, by measuring a small number of points, you can get information about the state of all major meridians. This is the main difference between these two methods. The Nakatani method is a rapid diagnostic method.
Let's draw a conclusion - the Voll method, which gives more detailed results, is a method of diagnosing one biologically active point, whereas the Nakatani method, with apparent simplicity, is the general energy state of the whole organism and separately for each meridian. Each of them has its pluses and minuses.
The Nakatani method is easily algorithmized, which makes it possible to create high-quality programs that implement this method.
To become even clearer, let's say a little differently. On the meridians there are points that characterize the state of the meridian as a whole. In order to properly assess the state of the meridian as a whole, one can not use such weak currents as in the Foll method, since the weak currents of the device interact with the currents of the organism itself. In this case, the state of a particular point is checked, and not the meridian as a whole, as in the Nakatani method.
When using higher currents and voltages, this interaction with internal currents of the organism can be neglected; then one point can really assess the state of the meridian as a whole. These are not any points, but the so-called representative points. The state of such a point characterizes the state of the entire meridian.
When using low currents (Voll), we get the state of the point itself, and not the meridian as a whole. Therefore, to assess the state of the entire meridian, you need to measure many points on this meridian.
All the points that are used in these two techniques coincide with the points known in Chinese medicine, which once again confirms the reliability of these ancient knowledge.
Qualitative algorithm for the implementation of the Nakatani methodology and its software implementation allow using this technique with the help of the computer diagnostic device Kano "Home Doctor" even unprepared people.
According to this simplest scheme it is possible to make the device independently, and the parameters of the device are practically the same as the factory models. At the same time, the data entry into the computer will have to be done manually, and the name of the control points and their location can be taken from the corresponding atlases; however, in my opinion, it is better for this service to turn to the appropriate medical center for professionals, since finding the required points requires a certain skill. The main argument of self-diagnostics enthusiasts is that the potential of any points is ideally equal to 50 percent of the scale, and the diagnostic process simultaneously is also the treatment of the corresponding organ (and this is really so, the state of health improves almost instantaneously), so that an error in the determination of points will give erroneous information, but, paradoxically, it will not worsen the process of treatment of those organs that need correction.
This technique was founded in the middle of the 20th century by the Japanese physician Nakatani, and it was based on the ideas of oriental medicine, in particular on the notions of meridians.
Here we only casually talk about the ideas of oriental medicine. But, if you subscribe to the newsletter, you will get a much more detailed idea of these things.
For many years Nakatani investigated the resistance of biologically active points. As a result, he came to the conclusion that this indicator depends on the functional state of the organs connected with them.
Nakatani defined points in the projection areas of classical Chinese acupuncture points that have a lower resistance than the surrounding skin. The position of these points coincided with the course of acupuncture meridians, i.e. lay on lines having increased electrical conductivity. Therefore, this method was called "Ryodoraku" (from Japanese: ryo - good, do - (electro) conductivity, raku - line).
Nakatani managed to identify the pattern of changes in electrical resistance at representative points and the energy state of the meridian, and accordingly the body or organs associated with it. Nakatani has developed a convenient and intuitive diagnostic map, the most optimal for doctors who think in terms of Chinese acupuncture. In the future, many researchers developed numerous algorithms for calculating Nakatani measurements, which allowed to interpret the results in a form convenient for the European physician.
The doctrine of the meridians (channels) is the basis of eastern medicine. and is closely related to the ideas of the vital energy of the CI.
In the human body, 12 systems are distinguished, which perform 12 basic physiological functions. These systems are called meridians. In accordance with the theory of Yin-Yang, the meridians form 6 pairs. Thus, there are 6 Yin meridians and 6 Yang meridians.
Nakatani and his disciples drew attention to the fact that, depending on the functional state of the internal organs, the potential difference varies at the points of the corresponding meridians. Studies have shown that any changes in the internal environment of the body necessarily affect the skin and that the meridians behave as sensitive indicators that signal the impending danger.
With disease of certain organs, the meridian has an increased electrical conductivity that can be measured. Increased electrical conductivity has been called the Ryodoraku phenomenon (Ryodoraku).
Studies have shown that changes in electrical conductivity do not always appear in diseases, but can simply reflect a particular physiological state of the body. Therefore, it is desirable to carry out the diagnosis again.
But, on the other hand, this feature of the behavior of meridians allows you to often see the disease in advance, even a few years before it manifests itself. This makes it possible to take appropriate measures in time.
On the one hand, diagnostics using the Nakatani method is very simple, but on the other hand it requires very complicated calculations, since each meridian is counted according to its rules (algorithm). Therefore, the use of computers for decryption proved to be very useful. The technique remains the same, but the methods (algorithms) for interpreting the results differ in different computer diagnostics.
In computer diagnostics of Kano's "Home Doctor", the classical method of Nakatani is realized. It can often be seen that device designers use lower currents and voltages, which can not be done, since the dependence of measurements on the internal resistance of the point appears, which is unacceptable in the Nakatani technique. The essence of the technique itself is distorted, so it is not necessary to wait for good diagnostic results.
The main advantage of our variant of computer diagnostics of the body is that it is designed for any level of user training. Of course, if you understand the intricacies of oriental medicine or are going to all this properly to understand, you can extract more information and a better quality level than a person far from these issues. But even such a person can use the device quite calmly. On the sheet with the results of the diagnosis you will see not only the table of Riodaraku and the diagram of Nakatani, but also the table of deviations with the list of organs.
Next, you will get a list of organs and systems to which you need to pay attention.
But, if you give yourself the trouble to get a little insight into the notions of oriental medicine, which we will talk about with you later, the amount of useful information that you can extract from the diagnostic results will, of course, be great.
The measurement points are located on the meridians. Find them simply even a completely inexperienced person. Each measurement is accompanied by a picture on the screen and also a description of how to determine the point.
Using the Nakatani diagram, the program visually shows the state of your vital systems and organs. On it you can see in which mode, excited or depressed, each of the organs works, and to understand whether your body needs help or is able to cope with the problems that arise.
The Voll method (German Elektroakupunktur nach Voll, EAV)
The Voll method (German Elektroakupunktur nach Voll, EAV) is an unconventional method of medical express diagnostics using the results of measuring the skin resistance on the fingers for diagnosis. It is essentially a combination of acupuncture and galvanometer. Proposed by Dr. Reynold Voll in 1958.
In medical circles, the attitude towards the Foll method is contradictory - some sources claim that this method is not used in medicine and has no scientific basis, on the other hand, the Foll method is allowed for use by the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation. The guidelines for the application of methods are: Methodological recommendations M98 / 232 of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation "The possibilities of computerized electropuncture diagnostics using the R. Voll method in therapy by reflexotherapy and homeopathy"
Internationale Medizinische Gesellschaft fur Elektroakupunktur nach Voll
Equipment using this method
Computer diagnostics - quackery according to the "Foll method"
The question of the correctness of the diagnoses made with the use of so-called "computer diagnostics" periodically occurs both in my practice and here on the site. Therefore, I decided to put this issue in a separate topic.
So, to begin with, how professional and authoritative can my opinion be in this matter?
Judge for yourself: the direction of "electropuncture" (the same as acupuncture, but only the effect on acupuncture points is produced not by needles, but by electrodes with electrical impulses arriving at them), I started in the distant 1980.
Once, in the research laboratory of the department of the institute, during which I worked as a part-time student, one professor brought a scheme of the first (and at that time the only) Soviet copy of the apparatus for electropuncture and the search for acupuncture points on the body (prototype of future computer diagnostics) from the conference in Riga.
In addition to the circuit itself, there were output characteristics of the device - that's all!
The professor set the task of making the same device.
There were no nominal radio elements, so it was not possible to repeat the process of assembling the scheme. In this regard, the interest of the laboratory staff to the apparatus was quickly extinguished and the scheme from the professors was decided to be passed on to someone younger, so that he tinkered, counted, and provided the result.
I was the youngest.
At that time I was not enthusiastic, and after sitting for a couple of weeks without making the slightest effort, having made the necessary calculations, I gave the management the result.
I also did the device. For myself.
The first experiments were also conducted exclusively on oneself.
Then at the familiar students-students, moonlighting on the "ambulance", appeared atlas on acupuncture points (then deficit).
Knowing that I have an apparatus, I was asked to borrow for a while. The result shocked them and me - with the help of the apparatus they raised to their feet a half-paralyzed grandfather of 73 years old.
Since then, one of the areas of my activity was electropuncture and electropuncture diagnostics (at that time I believed in it firmly).
I developed, improved and manufactured instruments of this direction, simultaneously gaining experience and drawing conclusions.
After the appearance in this field of commercial orientation, that is, the same "computer diagnostics" and "diagnostics by the Foll method" (which is the same, whoever said anything), I repeatedly conducted adjustment and commissioning of this technique.
Do you think the above arguments are sufficient for me to consider myself an expert in this matter? I hope so.
But all this is a foreword. Now - specifically on the topic.
The history of the issue, if interesting, can be read by entering in any search engine the words: "ryodoraku" and "Voll method."
Take into account, however, that it is a question of diagnostics , and not about the medical effect, the positive effect of which really takes place!
I briefly, very simply, I will state the idea: every acupuncture point on the body has its own, certain electrical potential (or electrical resistance).
In theory, if you know the potential of each key point on the body of a healthy average person, then having measured it in a particular person and seeing a deviation from the norm, and also knowing for which body the point having a deviation is responsible, one can conclude that it has that or another disease.
Similarly, for example, any radio equipment is diagnosed - by voltage (and its form) at control points.
But this, I repeat, in theory.
In practice, everything is much more complicated.
- Data of normal, "healthy" points potentials in computer diagnostics - averaged, based on research data, is unknown how, when and by whom received. But after all, each person is an individual! And, if for one person a certain potential at some point is the norm, then for another person the same potential indicates a pathology. And vice versa.
- Resistance of the skin is also individual for each person.
Not only is it non-linear, it also depends on a huge heap of factors, such as the moisture content of the skin and air arms, temperature, skin condition, skin fat, physiological state of the human body during diagnosis, and most importantly, the force of pressing the probe to the point to be diagnosed .
For example, the diagnostic operator slightly presses the probe to the point - the computer reports the presence of a disease that is not in sight, a little weaker - and a really sick person can be considered healthy!
How do you like this prospect?
In order to more or less draw a conclusion about deviations in the body, it would be correct to conduct several diagnostic sessions and see the changes in the potentials of the points in dynamics.
The computer "diagnostics" issues a "diagnosis" for one examination!
- When the probe is applied to the skin, the point (both electrical and mechanical) is affected, and if the disease is at the very beginning and the deviation from the norm is small, the point can come back to normal only from this effect!
Not for long, of course, but it will be enough to not notice a real deviation from the norm.
- 4. Particularly cynical and outrageous fraud is the determination by means of "computer diagnostics" of substances - allergens.
It does not fit in any way! This is impossible in principle!
An allergic reaction is a pure biochemistry and can be diagnosed only and exclusively by introducing into the body small doses of a specific, real allergen (which is done in laboratory medical research). And nothing else!
No points have any place to this process have no relation and can not have !!!
In principle, theoretically, the idea of diagnostics by points has the right to exist, but for this:
- Every person, as long as he is healthy, needs to make his own, individual map of the potentials of the main points.
- Regularly monitor the status of points, and each control measurement must be carried out at least 3 times with a short break.
- And most importantly, you need to completely exclude any impact on the points (electrical or mechanical) during the diagnostics, which is absolutely impossible at this stage of the development of technology !!!
Therefore, theoretically - all this is interesting, in practice - it does not work!
Yes, you can earn money on this, but here's the right diagnosis - never (except by chance).
So, all this "computer diagnostics" - pure water deception, charlatanry, fraud.
Anything, but not real diagnostics!
It's a pity only people who bought this bullshit, threw money into the wind and lost precious time, so necessary for real medical diagnosis and real treatment ...