Caution! Medication! How to treat a cold (ODS)
If you catch a cold, you begin to drink liters of hot milk with a cup of honey, to soar your legs and eat aspirin in handfuls, you need to urgently stop. After all, this way you do not heal, but cripple your body
Influenza is a serious illness: it does not pass for at least two weeks, accompanied by fever, chills, nausea and muscle pain. Another thing - ARVI: runny nose, cough, not too high temperature - in a word, not a disease, but nonsense. Why go to the doctor, take sick leave, if you can eat antiviral drugs and run to work the next day?
So thinks and does most of us. Alas, we are making a serious mistake. At first glance, this is a completely non-dangerous disease, if it is started or treated incorrectly, can lead to such unpleasant complications as heat stroke, internal bleeding, and even heart problems.
“All medicines that are sold without a prescription are absolutely safe. The more I take the pills and drink the soluble powder, the faster I will heal! ”Guided by these misconceptions, people who become ill with ARVI buy antiviral drugs in batches and take them beyond measure. And they forget that any pill, even the most innocuous-looking one, is “chemistry” that can bring not only benefit, but also harm.
Ascorbic acid causes allergies. Vitamin C - the main fighter against viruses that cause colds. Everyone knows about it, some even think that if they eat a loading dose of ascorbic acid, ARVI will pass as if by magic. As a result, home-grown healers, having slightly nazlyapav nose and sneezing a couple of times, immediately run to the pharmacy and buy a dozen sachets of soluble or effervescent vitamin C. And forget that, first, the body will never absorb more nutrients than it required. So it is a waste of time and money. Secondly, against the background of raging ARVI, when all body systems are weakened, an overdose of ascorbic acid can lead to allergies, problems with the liver and blood.
Tablets beat on immunity. Today, shelves in pharmacies are literally inundated with all sorts of antiviral drugs. Therefore, at the first signs of a cold, most of us do not have the question “what to do?”. We rush headlong to the medicine known to us and begin to take it according to the instructions. If you do the same, do not be surprised that ORVI, instead of going through three days, torments you for a whole week. Miracle pills really fight viruses, but the problem is that these “pests” are thousands! There is no guarantee that the drug chosen at random is aimed at destroying the causative agents of your ARVI. However, the uncontrolled intake of antiviral drugs is not only a meaningless, but also a dangerous undertaking. Do not forget, any pill - albeit a small one, but still a blow to your liver (it cleanses the body of "chemistry"). You will be zealous with drugs - you risk disabling it.
By the way, immunomodulators (pills and potions to strengthen the body's defenses) are also not as harmless as they seem. Now only the lazy does not drink them all year round for the prevention and treatment of colds. In such volumes, drugs become dangerous: they can "break" the human immune system. Doctors say that in recent years, the number of autoimmune diseases (in which the body produces bodies that destroy healthy tissue) has increased significantly. Immunomodulators are partly to blame for this.
Antibiotics do not work . You have a date tomorrow, an important conversation with the boss, a plane to the Maldives (underline the necessary), and suddenly a cold has threatened to put an end to your plans. No wonder you decided on an extreme measure - antibiotics. Not the most useful, but a killer tablet will surely quickly put you on your feet! This is a monstrous mistake. Antibiotics are directed against bacteria, they treat a sore throat, pneumonia, antritis, but not SARS, it is a viral disease. You can eat at least a ton of pills, but your cold is not going anywhere. In this case, the antibiotic will act like a tractor, without disruptingly killing all the beneficial bacteria that live in your body. And this is fraught with dysbacteriosis.
Having decided to undergo treatment with an antibiotic, think about the fact that bacteria, like cockroaches, are very tenacious: they gradually get used to the poison, mutate, change and eventually stop reacting to it. Therefore, you should not once again feed your body with slaughter pills. Otherwise, when you really need antibiotic treatment, they will not work.
Do not beat the temperature with aspirin. Another common mistake associated with the treatment of acute respiratory viral infections - a manic desire to bring down the temperature. Of course, the heat is not the most pleasant thing that has happened to you in life, however, until the bar on the thermometer has passed the mark of 38.5º C , it should be tolerated. The forehead covered with sweat is a sign that the body has mobilized its defenses and is trying in every way to destroy the viruses that die at high temperatures. Having reduced it, you will feel a temporary improvement, but in fact you will prolong the course of the disease, because the uninhabited "infection" will still live in your body.
If the temperature is still too high (39 ° C and more), it should be brought down, but not by any means aspirin. Remember once and for all: all over the world, doctors prescribe acetylsalicylic acid for blood thinning, and only in Russia it is accepted as an antipyretic. Apparently, this habit has remained with us since Soviet times, when it was impossible to find anything in pharmacies except brilliant green and aspirin. The latter, by the way, if you overdo it with a dose, can cause internal bleeding.
Powders cause vomiting. Soluble powders with raspberry, apple, honey and lemon flavors - here it is, a panacea for ARVI! I drank three bags - and you feel great. You can go back to your usual business: go to work, go shopping and meet with friends in a cafe. Mind you, the feeling of complete recovery is deceptive. Such remedies only relieve the symptoms: paracetamol, which is part of them, reduces the temperature, phenylephrine eliminates nasal congestion, and pheniramine - pain and aches in the joints.
However, the powders themselves do not affect the virus. They are good for emergency cases when you need to come to your senses for a couple of hours and be in shape: for example, if you are urgently called by the boss, you need to meet your mother from the train or pick up the child from kindergarten. But they can not be treated. First, eliminating the symptoms, these drugs deprive the body of the ability to fight viruses in the home. Secondly, drink more on the bag - and you can get an unpleasant bunch of side effects: allergies, nausea, abdominal pain, dizziness, increased pressure and urinary retention.
Drops dry mucous. A stuffy nose is probably the most unpleasant symptom of ARVI. No one wants to toss and turn without sleep, not being able to sigh, catch the air with his mouth and nudge, therefore, people with colds are misusing vasoconstrictor drops. And in vain. A runny nose, like fever, is a defensive reaction: along with the unpleasant mucus flowing from the nose, our body is freed from viruses. And drops stop this process. However, this is not the only danger. There is a high risk of addiction to such drugs. If this happens, you have every chance to get a chronic runny nose. And the abuse of vasoconstrictor agents is fraught with atrophy of the nasal mucosa. Drops dry it and thereby reduce the protective function. Freed from the infection that is tormenting you at the moment, you will immediately pick up some new virus: they are known to be transmitted by airborne droplets. If you do not want to hurt all year round, do not get carried away drops.
Don't listen to grandma
You are deeply mistaken if you think that herbal inhalations, mustard plasters, teas with honey and other traditional methods of treatment of acute respiratory viral infections, unlike tablets, are absolutely safe, because they contain only herbal ingredients and not an ounce of chemistry. Grandma's recipes can also worsen the course of the disease.
Do not drink alcohol. Do not listen to your lover, who exhorts you: “Honey, a shot of vodka with pepper or a glass of hot mulled wine is the best remedy for a cold!” Certainly, for some people a small amount of alcohol helps to cope with the disease. Still, alcohol has a disinfecting, antiseptic effect. But this does not mean that medicine with a degree will suit you. Not only that intoxicating drinks weaken the immune system, alcohol is also far from having the best effect on the sore throat: it irritates the mucous membrane, which means that a coughing fit after a shot of vodka is guaranteed!
But if you do not have antipyretic at hand, you can dilute the vodka in half with water and wipe the body with this solution. After the procedure, the vessels will expand and the blood flow will increase - heat transfer will increase. So, you knock down the temperature.
Forget the milk. Three mugs of hot milk with honey and four cups of tea with raspberry jam - the body was covered with sweat, stomach was heavy, but you are happy, like a boa constrictor: “I'll be fine tomorrow! Drinking plenty of fluids helps to cope with the disease, because the body's toxic toxins leave the body along with sweat and urine! ”You would hardly have begun to torture yourself in this way if you knew that burning drinks even more injured your sore throat.
Drink should be warm, but not hot. In addition, many people in the body lack the enzyme responsible for the processing of milk. If you treat them, do not hesitate, as a bonus to ORVI you will get indigestion and diarrhea. As for honey and jam, they are not as good as it seems. A large amount of sweet provokes a sharp release of insulin into the blood, which inevitably follows, as doctors say, a failure. It is characterized by drowsiness and loss of strength. And these symptoms against the backdrop of a raging disease only worsen state of health.
To get better as soon as possible, you need to drink plenty of warm non-carbonated water. The average amount of fluid needed per day for a healthy person is calculated based on body weight - 30 ml per kilogram. It turns out that a woman weighing about 70 kg needs 2 liters per day. If she is unwell, another 500 ml should be added.
Do not sweat. Some sick comrades think that monstrously hot, sweet drinks are not enough. To heal at a phenomenal speed, they act quite radically: after drinking the burning milk, they immediately put on woolen socks and sweaters and wrap themselves in rugs. Lovers of perspiration are guided by the rule: the more you sweat, the sooner you get up on your feet. On the one hand, this is a correct assumption, but on the other hand, the heat transfer processes of a person wrapped in a “cocoon” are disturbed. And this contributes to a sharp deterioration of health, up to loss of consciousness! Therefore, you should not dress like the North Pole. When the body temperature rises, everything must be done so that the body can lose heat: clothes must be free and light.
And still it is necessary to air the room as often as possible in order to clean it from “own” viruses. The optimum temperature in the room is 20-22 ° C.
Treatment by the rules
Sit at home for three days. Fully recover from ARVI you get no sooner than a week. If you can not afford to spend all this time at home in bed, try at least not to go out the first three days. This period is considered the peak of the disease, when the body is especially weak, because all its forces go to fight the virus.
If you rush through the streets, you risk making a bunch of complications . Bring down the temperature with paracetamol. You can reduce too high a temperature with the help of paracetamol or preparations based on it. Unlike aspirin, it does not thin the blood.
Call the doctor. Only a doctor will be able to establish exactly which virus caused your illness and select the right drug that will quickly set up. Without a prescription, you can take only liquid interferon, previously diluting it in water. For the body, it is safer than other antiviral drugs.
Make inhalations. On the 3-5th day after the onset of the disease, proceed to steam inhalations, which facilitate coughing and sputum discharge. Alternate between eucalyptus and soda: the first loosen the mucus well, the second soften the throat, writes Newsland.
Drip your nose. Eliminate nasal congestion will help you to oil-based drops, which, unlike the rest, do not dry the mucous. The ideal option is to alternate such drugs with absolutely safe and non-addictive salt solutions.
Eat foods with vitamins. Take vitamin C, not exceeding the daily dose - 60-70 mg. By the way, it is more beneficial to get ascorbic acid from tablets, but from products: freshly squeezed juices diluted with water (1 cup per day), sauerkraut (400 g), bell pepper (1 large fruit).