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Soviet standards TRP, Ready for Labor and Defense!

Советские нормы ГТО, Готов к Труду и Обороне!

Everyone is now discussing the standards of the TRP, introduced in 2014 - let's see what the rules were in Soviet times.

The foundation of sports education in the USSR was the standards of the TRP - "Ready for Labor and Defense." They were introduced back in 1931 on the initiative of the Komsomol (What about it? Komsomol members are always ahead!) And at first made the delivery of sports standards voluntary, although it befits every Komsomol member.

After the war, they are gradually introduced into the school curriculum. As time goes on, standards change, and amendments are being made to the body of norms of the GTO USSR.

Some of the most global were adopted in 1972. On January 17, the Central Committee of the CPSU and the Council of Ministers of the USSR No. 61 “On the Introduction of the New All-Union Sports Complex“ Ready for Labor and Defense of the USSR ”(TRP)” were issued.

Passed the rules of the TRP on age. In total there were 5 steps of the TRP.

1 stage TRP

Советские нормы ГТО, Готов к Труду и Обороне!
TRP badge

Stage 1 of the TRP was called “Brave and deft” and was intended for boys and girls of 10-11 and 12-13 years old.

So, the 13-year-old contender for the gold badge of this stage had to jump 110 cm high, throw a tennis ball 26 meters, swim 50 meters, run 2 km on skis for 15 and a half minutes and climb the rope with the help of legs for 3 with a half meter, and also to run, to rush by bicycle, to jump at length, to be pulled up on a crossbeam.

And all - go, shine with a gold badge!

2 stage TRP

Советские нормы ГТО, Готов к Труду и Обороне!
Brave and Dexterous. TRP Brochure

Stage 2, teenage (14-15 years) was called "Sports shift."

Here is the same thing, plus simple skating and gymnastic exercises, such as lifting up from a hanging point-blank coup, push-ups and a hiking trip with a check of tourist skills.

Those who wanted to take gold there needed a sport — second or third — in any kind of sport.

3 stage TRP

Советские нормы ГТО, Готов к Труду и Обороне!
Poster of the TRP

The youthful stage, “Strength and courage”, showed readiness not only for work, but also for defense.

Boys and girls threw a grenade with a weight of 500-700 grams or pushed a four-five-kilogram core, fired a small-caliber rifle or military weapon, learned to navigate the terrain in field conditions and had to have a category in one of the country’s sports: -motor, motorcycle, glider, parachute, aircraft, helicopter, boxing.

After that, the young men were ready for the army, and the girls were given the rank of sand-riders.

Well, the golden badge, of course.

4 stage TRP

Советские нормы ГТО, Готов к Труду и Обороне!
Sign of the TRP for the delivery of standards in the run for 50 meters

According to the developers of the Soviet TRP standards, the age of physical perfection in men lasted from 19 to 39 years, and in women from 19 to 34.

The 4th stage of the TRP provided for all the same: cross-country skiing, throwing, pushing, jumping and so on.

5 stage TRP

Советские нормы ГТО, Готов к Труду и Обороне!
Poster of the TRP

The level 5 of the TRP was called “Vigor and Health” and again slightly discriminated against women, setting the bar for them at 55, and for men at 60.

Instead of running there was provided accelerated walking, and instead of cross-country skiing - skiing.

Советские нормы ГТО, Готов к Труду и Обороне!
Poster of the TRP

And what do you think - in three years, from 1972 to 1975, more than 58 million people fulfilled the standards of the TRP of their age.

Basically, of course, these are schoolchildren and employees of the Soviet army.

But, if that, this generation will throw a grenade, and will orient on the ground.

Советские нормы ГТО, Готов к Труду и Обороне!
Poster of the TRP