Soviet standards of the TRP, Ready for Labor and Defense!
Everyone is now discussing the TRP standards introduced in 2014 - let's see what the norms were in the Soviet era.
The foundations of sport education in the USSR were the standards of the TRP - "Ready for Labor and Defense". They were introduced back in 1931 on the initiative of the Komsomol (And how? Komsomol members are always ahead!) And at first made the surrender of sport standards voluntary, although it was becoming every Komsomol member.
After the war, they are gradually introduced into the school curriculum. Time goes by, standards change, and in the set of standards of the USSR TRP begin to introduce amendments.
Some of the most global ones were adopted in 1972. January 17 issued a resolution of the CPSU Central Committee and the Council of Ministers of the USSR No. 61 "On the introduction of a new all-union physical culture complex" Ready for Labor and Defense of the USSR "(TRP)."
Handed over the standards of the TRP by age. In total there were 5 stages of the TRP.
1 st stage of the TRP
Icon of the TRP
The 1 st stage of the TRP was called "Brave and Agile" and was intended for boys and girls 10-11 and 12-13 years old.
So, the 13-year-old contender for the gold badge of this stage had to jump to a height of 110 cm, throw a tennis ball at 26 meters, swim 50 meters, run 2 km on skis for 15 and a half minutes and climb the rope with the feet on 3 With a half meter, as well as run, rush a bike, jump in length, pull on the crossbar.
And all - go, shine with a gold badge!
2nd stage of TRP
Bold and Dexterous. Brochure on TRP
2 stage, teenage (14-15 years) was called "Sports shift".
Here the same thing plus running on simple skates and gymnastic exercises, such as lifting from the visas to the point of flipping, push-ups and a camping trip with a test of tourist skills.
If you want to take gold here, you also needed a sports one - the second or third - for any sport.
3 stage of TRP
The youthful stage, "Strength and Courage", showed readiness not only to work, but also to defense.
Boys and girls had the choice of throwing a grenade weighing 500-700 grams or pushing a four-five-kilogram core, firing a small-caliber rifle or a combat weapon, learning to navigate the terrain in field conditions and had to have a rank in one of the necessary sports for the country: automobile, water -motor, motorcycle, glider, parachute, airplane, helicopter, boxing.
After that, the young men were ready for the army, and the girls received the title of sandwiches.
Well, and a gold badge, of course.
4 stage of TRP
Sign TRP for the surrender of standards in the race for 50 meters
The age of physical perfection, according to the developers of Soviet standards TRP, in men lasted from 19 to 39 years, and in women - from 19 to 34.
Level 4 of the TRP provided for all the same: cross, cross-country skiing, throwing, pushing, jumping and so on.
5 stage of TRP
The 5th step of the TRP was called "Cheerfulness and Health" and again discriminated against women slightly, setting a lower bar for them at 55 years, and for men at 60.
Instead of running there was provided for accelerated walking, and instead of cross-country skiing - skiing.
And what do you think - over three years, from 1972 to 1975, the standards of the TRP of its age were fulfilled by more than 58 million people.
Basically, of course, these are schoolchildren and employees of the Soviet Army.
But, if anything, this generation and a grenade will throw, and on the ground it will orient.