A table of feelings that will help you understand yourself
The Wheel of Emotions by Robert Plutchik
It's hard for me to understand my feelings - a phrase from the books, movies or life that every one of us has faced. Some believe - and perhaps they are right, that the meaning of life is in feelings, it is for this reason that it is very important for a person to be able to understand his feelings. And in fact, at the end of life only our feelings remain - real or in memories. And the measure of what is happening too can be our experiences: the more saturated, diverse, brighter, the fuller we experience life.
What are feelings?
The simplest definition: feelings are what we feel. This is our attitude to these or other things (objects). There is also a more scientific definition: feelings (higher emotions) are special mental states that are manifested by socially conditioned experiences that express the person's long and steady emotional relations to things.
Than feelings differ from emotions
Sensations are our experiences that we experience through the senses, and we have five. Sensations are visual, auditory, tactile, taste and sensation of smells (our sense of smell). With sensations everything is simple: irritant - receptor - sensation.
In our emotions and feelings our consciousness - our thoughts, attitudes, our thinking interferes. The emotions are influenced by our thoughts. And vice versa - emotions affect our thoughts. About these relationships, we'll talk in more detail later. But now let's remember once again one of the criteria of psychological health, namely, point 10: we are responsible for our feelings, it depends on us what they will be. It is important.
All human emotions can be distinguished by the quality of the experience. This aspect of the emotional life of a person is most vividly represented in the theory of differential emotions of the American psychologist K. Izard. He singled out ten qualitatively different "fundamental" emotions: interest-excitation, joy, surprise, grief-suffering, anger-rage, disgust-loathing, contempt-neglect, fear-horror, shame-shyness, guilt-repentance. The first three emotions K. Izard refers to positive, the other seven - to negative. Each of the fundamental emotions underlies the whole spectrum of states, differing in degree of severity. For example, within the framework of such a one-modal emotion as joy, joy-satisfaction, joy-delight, joy-joy, joy-ecstasy and others can be singled out. From the connection of fundamental emotions, all other more complex and complex emotional states arise. For example, anxiety can combine fear, anger, guilt and interest.
1. Interest - a positive emotional state, contributing to the development of skills and knowledge, the acquisition of knowledge. Interest-excitement is a feeling of grasping, curiosity.
2. Joy is a positive emotion associated with the ability to fully satisfy the actual need, the probability of which before that was small or vague. Joy is accompanied by self-satisfaction and satisfaction with the surrounding world. Obstacles to self-realization are obstacles for the appearance of joy.
3. Surprise - an emotional reaction to sudden circumstances that does not have a clearly expressed positive or negative sign. Surprise inhibits all previous emotions, directing attention to a new object and can move into interest.
4. Suffering (grief) is the most common negative emotional state associated with obtaining reliable (or seeming) information about the impossibility of meeting the most important needs, the achievement of which previously seemed more or less likely. Suffering has the character of an asthenic emotion and often takes the form of emotional stress. The most severe form of suffering is grief associated with irretrievable loss.
5. Anger is a strong negative emotional state, which proceeds more often in the form of affect; arises in response to an obstacle in achieving passionately desired goals. Anger has the character of a sthenic emotion.
6. Disgust is a negative emotional state caused by objects (objects, people, circumstances), contact with which (physical or communicative) comes into sharp contradiction with the aesthetic, moral or ideological principles and attitudes of the subject. Disgust, if combined with anger, can motivate aggressive behavior in interpersonal relationships. Aversion, like anger, can be directed at oneself, while reducing self-esteem and causing self-condemnation.
7. Disdain is a negative emotional state that arises in interpersonal relationships and is generated by a disagreement between the life positions, views and behavior of the subject with those of the object of feeling. The latter are presented to the subject as low-lying, not conforming to the accepted moral norms and ethical criteria. A person is hostile to the one whom he despises.
8. Fear is the negative emotional state that appears when a subject receives information about possible damage to his life's well-being, about a real or imagined danger. Unlike suffering caused by direct blocking of the most important needs, a person, experiencing the emotion of fear, has only a probabilistic forecast of a possible trouble and acts on the basis of this prediction (often insufficiently reliable or exaggerated). Emotion of fear can have both stenotic and asthenic character and proceed either in the form of stressful conditions, or in the form of a stable mood of depression and anxiety, or in the form of affect (horror).
9. Shame is a negative emotional state, expressed in the awareness of the discrepancy of one's own thoughts, actions and appearance, not only to the expectations of others, but also to one's own ideas about appropriate behavior and appearance.
10. Wines - a negative emotional state, expressed in the awareness of the unseemliness of one's own act, thought or feelings and expressed in regret and repentance.
Table of feelings and emotions of a person
A table of feelings that will help you understand yourself
And I also want to show you a collection of feelings, emotions, states that a person experiences during his life - a generalized table that does not pretend to be scientific, but will help to better understand oneself. The table is taken from the site of the "Community of Dependent and Co-Dependent", the author is Mikhail.
All the feelings and emotions of a person can be divided into four types. This is fear, anger, sadness and joy. The type of this or that feeling can be learned from the table.
- Exposure to obsession
- Sensation of threat
- The impasse
- Feeling of a trap
- Feeling of no love for you
- Pangs of conscience
- The spirit of competition
- Strong confidence
- Appreciation on merit
And for those who finished reading the article to the end. The purpose of this article is to help understand your feelings, in what they are. Our feelings largely depend on our thoughts. Irrational thinking often underlies negative emotions. Having corrected these mistakes (having worked on thinking) we can be happier and achieve more in life. There is an interesting, but hard and laborious work on yourself. You are ready?