Feelings table that helps you understand yourself
Robert Plutzk's Wheel of Emotion
It's hard for me to sort out my feelings - a phrase from books, movies or life that each of us has come across. Some people believe - and perhaps they are right that the meaning of life in feelings, that’s why it is very important for a person to be able to understand their feelings. And in fact, at the end of life, only our feelings remain - real or from memories. And the measure of what is happening can also be our experiences: the richer, more diverse, brighter, the more fully we feel life.
What are feelings?
The simplest definition: feelings is what we feel. This is our attitude to certain things (objects). There is a more scientific definition: feelings (higher emotions) are special mental states that manifest themselves as socially conditioned experiences that express a person’s long-term and stable emotional relationship to things.
How feelings differ from emotions
Sensations are our experiences that we experience through the senses, and we have five of them. Sensations are visual, auditory, tactile, taste and smell (our sense of smell). With sensations, everything is simple: stimulus - receptor - sensation.
Our consciousness interferes in emotions and feelings - our thoughts, attitudes, our thinking. Emotions are affected by our thoughts. And vice versa - emotions affect our thoughts. We will definitely discuss these relationships in more detail a little later. But now let's recall once again one of the criteria for psychological health, namely paragraph 10: we are responsible for our feelings, it depends on us what they will be. It is important.
All human emotions can be distinguished by the quality of experience. Most clearly this aspect of human emotional life is presented in the theory of differential emotions of the American psychologist K. Isard. He singled out ten qualitatively different “fundamental” emotions: interest-arousal, joy, surprise, grief-suffering, anger-rage, disgust-loathing, contempt-neglect, fear-horror, shame-shyness, guilt-repentance. The first three emotions K. Isard attributes to positive, the remaining seven to negative. Each of the fundamental emotions underlies a whole range of states that vary in severity. For example, within the framework of such a single-mode emotion as joy, joy-satisfaction, joy-delight, joy-glee, joy-ecstasy and others can be distinguished. From the combination of fundamental emotions, all other, more complex, complex emotional states arise. For example, anxiety can combine fear, anger, guilt, and interest.
1. Interest - a positive emotional state that contributes to the development of skills and knowledge. Interest-arousal is a feeling of captivity, curiosity.
2. Joy is a positive emotion associated with the ability to fully satisfy a current need, the probability of which before that was small or uncertain. Joy is accompanied by self-satisfaction and satisfaction with the outside world. Obstacles to self-realization are also obstacles to the appearance of joy.
3. Surprise - an emotional reaction to sudden circumstances that does not have a clearly defined positive or negative sign. Surprise slows down all previous emotions, directing attention to a new object and can turn into interest.
4. Suffering (grief) - the most common negative emotional state associated with obtaining reliable (or seeming such) information about the impossibility of satisfying the most important needs, the achievement of which before that seemed more or less likely. Suffering has the character of asthenic emotion and often proceeds in the form of emotional stress. The most severe form of suffering is grief associated with irreparable loss.
5. Anger - a strong negative emotional state that occurs more often in the form of affect; arises in response to an obstacle in achieving passionately desired goals. Anger has the character of stenic emotion.
6. Aversion - a negative emotional state caused by objects (objects, people, circumstances), contact with which (physical or communicative) comes into sharp conflict with aesthetic, moral or ideological principles and attitudes of the subject. Aversion, if combined with anger, can motivate aggressive behavior in interpersonal relationships. Aversion, like anger, can be directed at oneself, while reducing self-esteem and causing self-condemnation.
7. Contempt is a negative emotional state that arises in interpersonal relationships and is generated by the mismatch of the life positions, views and behavior of the subject with those of the object of feeling. The latter are presented to the subject as base, not corresponding to accepted moral standards and ethical criteria. A person is hostile to someone whom he despises.
8. Fear - a negative emotional state that occurs when a subject receives information about possible damage to his life’s well-being, about real or imagined danger. In contrast to the suffering caused by the direct blocking of critical needs, a person, experiencing an emotion of fear, has only a probabilistic forecast of possible ill-being and acts on the basis of this forecast (often not sufficiently reliable or exaggerated). The emotion of fear can be both stenic and asthenic in nature and can occur either in the form of stressful conditions, or in the form of a stable mood of depression and anxiety, or in the form of affect (horror).
9. Shame - a negative emotional state, expressed in the awareness of the mismatch of one’s own thoughts, actions and appearance, not only with the expectations of others, but also with one’s own ideas about appropriate behavior and appearance.
10. Guilt - a negative emotional state, expressed in the awareness of the unseeminess of one’s own act, intention or feelings and expressed in regret and repentance.
Table of human feelings and emotions
Feelings table that helps you understand yourself
And I also want to show you a collection of feelings, emotions, conditions that a person experiences during his life - a generalized table that does not claim to be scientific, but will help you better understand yourself. The table is taken from the site of the "Community of Dependent and Co-Dependent", by Michael.
All feelings and emotions of a person can be divided into four types. This is fear, anger, sadness and joy. To what type this or that feeling belongs can be found in the table.
- Sense of threat
- Sensation of a dead end
- Sensation of trap
- The feeling of lack of love for you
- Reproaches of conscience
- Spirit of competition
- Firm confidence
And for those who read the article to the end. The purpose of this article is to help you understand your feelings, what they are. Our feelings largely depend on our thoughts. Irrational thinking often underlies negative emotions. Having corrected these mistakes (having worked on thinking) we can be happier and achieve more in life. An interesting, but persistent and painstaking work on yourself is ahead. You are ready?