Feelings table to help you understand yourself
The Wheel of Emotion Robert Plutchik
I find it difficult to understand my feelings - a phrase from a book, a movie or a life that each of us encountered. Some people think - and perhaps they are right - that the meaning of life in feelings is precisely for this, it is very important for a person to be able to understand his feelings. Indeed, at the end of life, only our feelings remain - real or in memory. Yes, and a measure of what is happening can also be our experiences: the richer, more diverse, brighter they are, the fuller we feel life.
What are feelings?
The simplest definition: Feelings - this is what we feel. This is our relationship to certain things (objects). There is a more scientific definition: feelings (higher emotions) - special mental states manifested by socially conditioned experiences that express a person’s long-term and stable emotional relationship to things.
How do feelings differ from emotions?
Feelings are our experiences that we experience through the senses, and we have five of them. Sensations are visual, auditory, tactile, taste and smell sensations (our sense of smell). With sensations, everything is simple: a stimulus - a receptor - a sensation.
Our consciousness interferes with emotions and feelings - our thoughts, attitudes, our thinking. Emotions are influenced by our thoughts. And vice versa - emotions affect our thoughts. We will talk about these interrelations in more detail later. But now let us recall once again one of the criteria of psychological health, namely paragraph 10: we are responsible for our feelings, it depends on us what they will be. It is important.
All human emotions can be distinguished by the quality of experience. This aspect of a person’s emotional life is most vividly presented in the theory of differential emotions of the American psychologist K. Isard. He identified ten qualitatively different "fundamental" emotions: interest-excitement, joy, surprise, sorrow-suffering, anger-rage, disgust-disgust, scorn-disdain, fear-horror, shame-shyness, guilt-repentance. The first three emotions K. Izard relates to positive, the other seven - to negative. Each of the fundamental emotions lies at the basis of a whole range of states, which differ in their severity. For example, in the framework of such a single-modal emotion as joy, one can single out joy-satisfaction, joy-delight, joy-jubilation, joy-ecstasy, and others. All other, more complex, complex emotional states arise from the combination of fundamental emotions. For example, anxiety can combine fear, anger, guilt, and interest.
1. Interest - a positive emotional state, contributing to the development of skills and abilities, the acquisition of knowledge. Interest-arousal is a feeling of engagement, curiosity.
2. Joy is a positive emotion associated with the ability to sufficiently fully satisfy an actual need, the likelihood of which until then was small or uncertain. Joy is accompanied by self-satisfaction and satisfaction with the surrounding world. Obstacles to self-realization are also obstacles to the emergence of joy.
3. Surprise - an emotional reaction that does not have a clearly expressed positive or negative sign to sudden circumstances. Surprise inhibits all previous emotions, directing attention to a new object and can turn into interest.
4. Suffering (grief) - the most common negative emotional state associated with obtaining reliable (or seemingly such) information about the impossibility of meeting the most important needs, the achievement of which previously seemed more or less likely. Suffering has the character of asthenic emotion and often occurs in the form of emotional stress. The most severe form of suffering is grief associated with irretrievable loss.
5. Anger - a strong negative emotional state, often occurring in the form of affect; It arises in response to an obstacle in achieving the desired goals. Anger has the character of a sthenic emotion.
6. Disgust - a negative emotional state caused by objects (objects, people, circumstances), contact with which (physical or communicative) comes into sharp contradiction with aesthetic, moral or ideological principles and attitudes of the subject. Disgust, if combined with anger, may interpersonal motivate aggressive behavior. Disgust, like anger, can be directed at oneself, while reducing self-esteem and causing self-judgment.
7. Contempt is a negative emotional state that arises in interpersonal relations and is generated by the disagreement of life positions, attitudes and behavior of the subject with those of the object of feeling. The latter are presented to the subject as base, not conforming to accepted moral norms and ethical criteria. A person is hostile to someone he despises.
8. Fear - a negative emotional state that appears when a subject receives information about possible damage to his life's well-being, real or imaginary danger. In contrast to the suffering caused by the direct blocking of the most important needs, a person, experiencing the emotion of fear, has only a probabilistic forecast of possible distress and acts on the basis of this forecast (often not sufficiently reliable or exaggerated). The emotion of fear can be both sthenic and asthenic in nature and can occur either in the form of stressful states, or in the form of a stable mood of depression and anxiety, or in the form of affect (horror).
9. Shame - a negative emotional state, expressed in the awareness of the discrepancy between one's own thoughts, actions and appearance, not only the expectations of others, but also one's own ideas about the proper behavior and appearance.
10. Guilt - a negative emotional state, expressed in the awareness of the dishonesty of one’s own act, thought, or feeling and expressed in regret and repentance.
Table of human feelings and emotions
Feelings table to help you understand yourself
And I also want to show you a collection of feelings, emotions, states that a person experiences during his life - a generalized table that does not pretend to be scientific, but will help you better understand yourself. The table was taken from the site “Communities of dependent and co-dependent”, the author is Mikhail.
All feelings and emotions of a person can be divided into four types. This is fear, anger, sadness and joy. What type of a particular feeling can be found in the table.
- Exposure to an obsession
- Feeling threatened
- Deadlock feeling
- Feeling of trap
- Feeling no love for you
- Quick temper
- Reproaches the conscience
- Spirit of rivalry
- Firm confidence
- Appreciated value
And for those who read the article to the end. The purpose of this article is to help understand your feelings, how they are. Our feelings are largely dependent on our thoughts. Irrational thinking is often the basis of negative emotions. By correcting these mistakes (by working on thinking) we can be happier and achieve more in life. There is an interesting, but persistent and painstaking work on yourself. You are ready?