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The main male hormone Testosterone

Главный мужской гормон Тестостерон


Testosterone is the main male sex hormone, androgen. It is secreted by Leydig cells of the testes in men, and also in small amounts by the ovaries in women and by the adrenal cortex in both sexes. It is a product of peripheral metabolism.

We all know how we need the main male hormone for pumping. We all know how we need the main male hormone for pumping huge muscles. And even somewhere read, and maybe looked about that it can be increased not only medically (all kinds of steroids), but also with the help of a regime and proper nutrition. Here's a list of how to increase testosterone without harm to health!

In 1935 David, Laqueu, Ruzicka managed to establish the structure of testosterone and carry out its partial synthesis (from cholesterol).

Testosterone itself is biologically inactive and weakly bound to androgen receptors (it is actually prohormone), and before acting on the androgen receptors of the target organs cells, it must be directly in cells restored to the 5-position of the carbon skeleton with the enzyme 5-reductase. This forms a biologically active form of testosterone - dihydrotestosterone. With a rare congenital genetic defect - complete absence or low activity of 5-alpha-reductase in tissues - complete or partial insensitivity of the tissues to testosterone (but not generally to androgens) develops. As a result, the male chromosome and gonadal sex is born with female external genital organs or with a significant underdevelopment of the male external genital organs.

Testosterone is involved in the development of male genital organs, secondary sexual characteristics; regulates spermatogenesis and sexual behavior, and also affects nitrogen and phosphorus metabolism. The biological effect of testosterone is most specifically manifested in target tissues, where its selective accumulation takes place: in the cells of the seminiferous tubules, epididymis, prostate gland, seminal vesicles, hypothalamus, uterus, ovarian follicles. Synthesis and secretion of testosterone are regulated by luteinizing and follicle-stimulating hormones of the pituitary gland.

Androgenic activity of testosterone is manifested in the period of intrauterine development of the embryo (from the 13th week). In the female body, testosterone is synthesized by the ovaries, turning into cells of the ripening follicle into estrogens, promotes the development of mammary glands (its concentration during pregnancy increases). The increased secretion of the hormone by the adrenal glands results in a disruption in the generative function of the ovaries, as well as in virilization.

In different clinical laboratories, testosterone levels may vary depending on the method of determination. In most laboratories, testosterone is 11-33 nmol / L in men and 0.24-2.7 nmol / L in women.

№1 A Complete Dream

Science has long established that lack of sleep negatively affects the production of sex hormones. However, like his (sleep) overabundance. The recommended amount of sleep is 8-10 hours.

№2 Lack of stress

During stress, as you already, for sure, you know how to develop a special hormone - cortisol. It triggers a huge chain of different processes in the body to help you cope with stress, but ... it comes in one steroid group along with testosterone. And the development of one hormone - prevents the other.

№3 Training in a society of beautiful ladies

In general, the female sex not bad raises testosterone. When communicating with a beautiful girl, the secretion of the male hormone increases by 40%! And this is not the limit. Take your girlfriend with you to the gym. And it is good for you, too.

# 4 Avoid overtraining

Too frequent trainings can negatively say not only on the psychological state (severe exhaustion), but also on the hormonal level. Do breaks between hikes in the hall to restore your strength. The optimal number is 3-4 workouts a week.

# 5 Remove, finally, the fat from the sides!

It has long been proven that in fatty tissues there is a transformation of the male hormone into a female hormone (estradiol) and this is another reason to add a little cardio to your exercises.

№6 No alcohol

A glass of alcohol practically disconnects the secretion of testosterone. The next day, everything is restored, but each time this process is delayed. If your goal is to raise your testosterone level, then eliminate strong alcohol.

№7 Keep yourself in good shape

More movies with shootings, racing and sex. All this is a good stimulation of our body and makes us more courageous. Meet new girls regularly at the gym.