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The main male hormone Testosterone

Главный мужской гормон Тестостерон


Testosterone - the main male sex hormone, androgen. It is secreted by Leydig cells of the testes in males, as well as in small amounts by the ovaries in females and by the adrenal cortex in both sexes. It is a product of peripheral metabolism.

We all know how we need the main male hormone for pumping We all know how we need the main male hormone for pumping huge muscles. And even read somewhere, and maybe they looked at the fact that it can be increased not only with medication (all sorts of steroids), but also with the help of the regime and proper nutrition. Here is a list of how to increase testosterone without harm to health!

In 1935, David, Laqueu, Ruzicka managed to establish the structure of testosterone and to carry out its partial synthesis (from cholesterol).

Testosterone itself is biologically inactive and weakly binds to androgen receptors (is actually a prohormone), and, before acting on the androgen receptor of target organ cells, it must directly undergo a 5-position reduction of the carbon skeleton in the cells using the 5-reductase enzyme. This forms a biologically active form of testosterone - dihydrotestosterone. With a rare congenital genetic defect - the complete absence or low activity of 5-alpha reductase in the tissues - a complete or partial insensitivity of the tissues to testosterone (but not in general to androgens) develops. As a result, the fetus of the male chromosomal and gonadal sex is born with female external genital organs or with significant underdevelopment of male external genital organs.

Testosterone is involved in the development of male genital organs, secondary sexual characteristics; regulates spermatogenesis and sexual behavior, and also affects the nitrogenous and phosphorus metabolism. The biological effect of testosterone is most specifically manifested in target tissues, where its selective accumulation takes place: in the cells of the seminiferous tubules, epididymis, prostate gland, seminal vesicles, hypothalamus, uterus, ovarian follicles. The synthesis and secretion of testosterone are regulated by luteinizing and follicle-stimulating hormones of the pituitary gland.

Androgenic activity of testosterone is manifested in the period of fetal development of the embryo (from the 13th week). In the female body, testosterone is synthesized by the ovaries, turning into the estrogens in the cells of the maturing follicle, contributes to the development of the mammary glands (its concentration increases during pregnancy). Increased secretion of the hormone by the adrenal glands leads to disruption of the generative function of the ovaries, as well as virilization.

In various clinical laboratories, testosterone levels may vary depending on the method of determination. In most laboratories, testosterone is the norm of 11–33 nmol / l for men and 0.24–2.7 nmol / l for women.

№1 Full sleep

Science has long established that a lack of sleep affects the production of sex hormones. However, like his (sleep) surplus. The recommended amount of sleep is 8-10 hours.

# 2 Lack of stress

During stress, as you probably already know, a special hormone is produced - cortisol. He runs a huge chain of different processes in the body to help you cope with stress, but ... he is in one steroid group with testosterone. And the production of one hormone - prevents another.

№3 Training in the company of beautiful ladies

In general, the female sex raises testosterone well. When communicating with a beautiful girl, the secretion of the male hormone is increased by 40%! And this is not the limit. Take your girlfriend with you to the gym. And it is useful for you and for you well.

# 4 Avoid Overtraining

Too frequent exercise can negatively say not only on the psychological state (severe exhaustion), but also on the hormonal level. Take breaks between trips to the hall to restore their strength. The optimal amount is 3-4 workouts per week.

№5 Remove, finally, the fat from the sides!

It has long been proven that the conversion of male hormone into female (estradiol) occurs in fatty tissues and this is another reason to add a little cardio to your exercises.

№6 No alcohol

A glass of alcohol almost disables the secretion of testosterone. The next day, everything is restored, but each time this process is delayed. If your goal is to raise your testosterone level, then eliminate strong alcohol.

№7 Keep yourself in good shape

More movies with shooting, racing and sex. All this not bad spurs our body and makes us more courageous. Meet new girls, exercise regularly in the gym.