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The main male hormone Testosterone

Главный мужской гормон Тестостерон


Testosterone is the main male sex hormone, androgen. It is secreted by the Leydig cells of the testes in men, as well as in small quantities by the ovaries in women and the adrenal cortex in both sexes. It is a product of peripheral metabolism.

We all know how we need the main male hormone for pumping We all know how we need the main male hormone for pumping huge muscles. And even read somewhere, or maybe watched that it can be increased not only medically (all kinds of steroids), but also with the help of a regimen and proper nutrition. Here's a list of how to increase testosterone without harming your health!

In 1935, David, Laqueu, and Ruzhichka managed to establish the structure of testosterone and carry out its partial synthesis (from cholesterol).

Testosterone itself is biologically inactive and weakly binds to androgen receptors (it is actually a prohormone), and before acting on the androgen receptors of target organ cells, it must undergo reduction directly in the cells at the 5-position of the carbon skeleton using the 5-reductase enzyme. In this case, a biologically active form of testosterone - dihydrotestosterone - is formed. With a rare congenital genetic defect - the complete absence or low activity of 5-alpha reductase in the tissues - complete or partial tissue insensitivity to testosterone (but not generally to androgens) develops. As a result, the fetus of the male chromosomal and gonadal sex is born with the female external genital organs or with significant underdevelopment of the male external genital organs.

Testosterone is involved in the development of male genital organs, secondary sexual characteristics; regulates spermatogenesis and sexual behavior, and also affects nitrogen and phosphorus metabolism. The biological effect of testosterone is most specifically manifested in target tissues, where its selective accumulation occurs: in the cells of the seminiferous tubules, epididymis, prostate gland, seminal vesicles, hypothalamus, uterus, ovarian follicles. The synthesis and secretion of testosterone are regulated by luteinizing and follicle-stimulating pituitary hormones.

Androgenic activity of testosterone is manifested during the period of fetal development of the embryo (from the 13th week). In the female body, testosterone is synthesized by the ovaries, turning in the cells of the ripening follicle into estrogens, contributes to the development of mammary glands (its concentration during pregnancy increases). Increased secretion of the hormone by the adrenal glands leads to a violation of the generative function of the ovaries, as well as virilization.

In different clinical laboratories, testosterone levels may vary depending on the method of determination. In most laboratories, the norm of testosterone is 11–33 nmol / L in men and 0.24–2.7 nmol / L in women.

No. 1 Full sleep

Science has long established that lack of sleep negatively affects the production of sex hormones. However, like his (sleep) oversupply. The recommended amount of sleep is 8-10 hours.

# 2 No Stress

During stress, as you probably already know, a special hormone is produced - cortisol. It launches a huge chain of various processes in the body to help you cope with stress, but ... it belongs to the same steroid group along with testosterone. And the production of one hormone interferes with another.

№3 Training in the society of beautiful ladies

In general, the female sex raises testosterone well. When communicating with a beautiful girl, the secretion of male hormone is increased by 40%! And this is not the limit. Take your girlfriend with you to the gym. And it is good for her and you feel good.

# 4 Avoid Overtraining

Excessive training can negatively affect not only the psychological state (severe exhaustion), but also at the hormonal level. Take breaks between trips to the hall to restore your strength. The optimal amount is 3-4 workouts per week.

№5 Finally, remove the fat from the sides!

It has long been proven that in the adipose tissues, the male hormone is converted to female (estradiol) and this is another reason to add a little cardio to your exercises.

No. 6 No alcohol

A glass of alcohol almost disables the secretion of testosterone. The next day, everything is restored, but each time this process is delayed. If for your purposes to raise your testosterone level, then exclude strong alcohol.

№7 Keep yourself in good shape

More movies with gunfights, racing and sex. All this spurs our body well and makes us more courageous. Meet new girls, exercise regularly in the gym.